Beyond the Great Recession: Labor Market Polarization and Ongoing Fertility Decline in the United States
In this study, I propose an economic explanation for why fertility rates have continued to decline regardless of improvements in conventional economic indicators. I argue that ongoingstructural changes in U.S. labor markets have prolonged the financial uncertainty that leads women and couples to delay or forgo childbearing. Combining statistical and survey data with restricted-use vital registration records, I examine how cyclical and structural changes in metropolitan-area labor markets were associated with changes in total fertility rates (TFRs) across racial/ethnic groups from the early 1990s to the present day, with a ...
Source: Demography - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Recession, recovery and suicide in mental health patients in England: time trend analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Recession-associated increases in suicide were seen in male mental health patients as well as the male general population, with those in mid-life at particular risk. Support and targeted interventions for patients with financial difficulties may help reduce the risk at times of economic hardship. Factors such as drug and alcohol misuse also need to be considered. Recent decreases in suicide may be related to an improved economic context or better mental healthcare.Declaration of interestN.K. is supported by Greater Manchester Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust. L.A. chairs the National Suicide Prevention Strat...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - June 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Chronic ulcerative stomatitis: a lichenoid or vesiculobullous disease?
ConclusionSince CUS has overlapping clinical, histological, and immunofluorescence features with lichen planus and vesiculobullous diseases, clinicians and pathologists should consider this unusual, but significant, entity whenever oral ulcerative diseases with mixed features are encountered. (Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology)
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - June 13, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Discrepancy between patient satisfaction and biologic complication rate in patients rehabilitated with overdentures and not participating in a structured maintenance program after 7 to 12 years of loading.
CONCLUSION: Despite high levels of satisfaction, patients rehabilitated with overdentures not participating in a structured supportive schedule show high rates of biologic complications. For this reason, they should be strongly motivated, at the time of prosthesis delivery, to participate in a structured maintenance program. PMID: 31184632 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants - June 13, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants Source Type: research

Supra-alveolar attachment gain in the treatment of combined intra-suprabony periodontal defects by non-incised papillae surgical approach.
se RG Abstract AIM: To assess the effectiveness of non-incised papillae surgical approach (NIPSA) in periodontal reconstructive surgery of combined intra-suprabony defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with deep periodontal defects treated with NIPSA (n=20) were analyzed. Defects were treated with EMD plus xenograft. Clinical outcomes were assessed before surgery and at 12 months. Wound closure was assessed one week post-surgery. Supra-alveolar attachment gain (SUPRA-AG) was recorded at 12 months post-surgery. RESULTS: NIPSA showed significant improvements in clinical attachment gain (5.9 ± 2.38mm; p
Source: Journal of Clinical Periodontology - June 13, 2019 Category: Dentistry Authors: Moreno Rodríguez JA, Ortiz Ruiz AJ, Caffesse RG Tags: J Clin Periodontol Source Type: research

The Role of Botulinum Toxin in the Treatment of Strabismus.
Discussion: Despite its transient kinetics, BTA can have permanent effects on ocular alignment, promoting binocularity and reduction of diplopia, and can serve as a primary treatment or a muscle sparing option in patients at risk of anterior segment ischemia or need for future surgeries. PMID: 31177893 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Seminars in Ophthalmology)
Source: Seminars in Ophthalmology - June 12, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Semin Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Root surface demineralization by citric acid/tetracycline gel and aPDT associated to subepithelial connective tissue graft improves root coverage outcomes. A 12-month preliminary randomized clinical trial
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2019Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: BiologyAuthor(s): Carla Andreotti Damante, Paula Stephania Brandão Hage Karam, Rafael Ferreira, Maria Lúcia Rubo Rezende, Sebastião Luiz Aguiar Greghi, Adriana Campos Passanezi Sant'Ana, Mariana Schutzer Ragghianti ZangrandoAbstractRoot conditioners are used to promote root surface biomodification to increase the success rate of root coverage. Citric acid and tetracycline are commonly used. There is recent indication for using antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) with this purpose. The aim of this s...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - June 5, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Randomised clinical studies investigating immediate and short-term efficacy of an occluding toothpaste in providing dentine hypersensitivity relief
Dentine hypersensitivity (DH) can occur after gum recession or enamel loss and may impact quality of life. Treatments include toothpastes that decrease DH by occluding dentine tubules. One effective occluding ... (Source: BMC Oral Health)
Source: BMC Oral Health - June 4, 2019 Category: Dentistry Authors: Jonathan Creeth, John Gallob, Farzana Sufi, Jimmy Qaqish, Paola Gomez-Pereira, Chandrashekhar Budhawant and Chhaju Goyal Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Problem Gambling in Greece: Prevalence and Risk Factors During the Financial Crisis
AbstractIn Greece no study has ever been conducted on the prevalence of problem gambling. Therefore, a cross-sectional survey was carried out amid the recession aiming to (1) estimate past year prevalence of problem gambling, (2) explore socio-economic and demographic differences among gamblers and non gamblers, (3) explore socio-economic and demographic differences among gamblers who started gambling prior and during the downturn and (4) identify its risk factors with a special interest in the influence of the recession. To this end, data emanating from a telephone and patron survey were combined. A random and representat...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Does recession of the posterior cruciate ligament influence outcome in total knee arthroplasty?
For a PCL-retaining (CR) TKA to function suitably, proper soft tissue balancing, including PCL recession, is required. Yet, when the recession of the PCL is needed, there is still a debate as to whether a CR TKA should be converted to a Posterior stabilized (PS) TKA due to the concern of instability and poorer clinical outcomes. (Source: The Journal of Arthroplasty)
Source: The Journal of Arthroplasty - June 4, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: C. Dion, J. Howard, J. McAuley Source Type: research

Income in Jeopardy: How Losing Employment Affects the Willingness to Take Risks
Publication date: Available online 1 June 2019Source: Journal of Economic PsychologyAuthor(s): Clemens Hetschko, Malte PreussAbstractIdentifying the determinants of risk-taking is crucial for our understanding of a variety of choices. Using German panel data, we find that people become more risk-averse when losing work. The immediate income loss does not mediate this effect. It seems also unrelated to the loss of non-monetary benefits of work and to changes of worker’s emotional state. However, we find that risk aversion responds the more strongly to losing work the more future income is at stake, and that the effect...
Source: Journal of Economic Psychology - June 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Social Inequalities in Following Official Guidelines on Healthy Diet During the Period of Economic Crisis in Spain.
This article aims to analyze trends in inequalities related to adherence to government guidelines concerning healthy diet during the period of economic crisis based on the data obtained from the National Health Surveys conducted by the National Statistics Institute. The approach involves studying first the data from the 2006 survey, shortly before the crisis, and then comparing these with the data from the 2011-2012 survey. Applying models of logistic regression shows that certain social inequalities were accentuated by the crisis. However, the general and widespread pattern of eating habits does not disappear in times of ...
Source: International Journal of Health Services - June 1, 2019 Category: Health Management Tags: Int J Health Serv Source Type: research

Treatment of Resorbed Mandibles with Titanium Plate and Immediate Implant-Supported Prosthesis - Case Series.
Abstract Severely resorbed mandibles with only cortical bone remaining can fracture during or after implant placement. This case series presents a technique to reduce the risk or the consequences of mandibular fracture. Seven patients with only cortical mandibular bone remaining were treated with the fixation of a titanium plate in the frontal surface previously to implant placement, during the same surgical procedure. Immediate complete-arch implant supported prosthesis were installed. Patient's systemic and local conditions that could influence implant survival were registered previously to surgery and during th...
Source: Braz Dent J - June 1, 2019 Category: Dentistry Authors: Fabris V, Reginato VF, Smaniotto C, Bacchi A, Consani RLX Tags: Braz Dent J Source Type: research

[Corrigendum to: Contextual indicators to assess social determinants of health and the Spanish economic recession].
Authors: Cabrera-León A, Daponte-Codina A, Mateo I, Arroyo-Borrell E, Bartoll X, Bravo MJ, Domínguez-Berjón MF, Renart G, Álvarez-Dardet C, Marí-Dell'Olmo M, Bolívar-Muñoz J, Saez M, Escribà-Agüir V, Palència L, López MJ, Saurina C, Puig V, Martín U, Gotsens M, Borrell C, Serra-Saurina L, Sordo L, Bacigalupe A, Rodríguez-Sanz M, Pérez G, Espelt A, Ruiz M, Bernal M PMID: 31122670 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

WITHDRAWN: Guided tissue regeneration for periodontal infra-bony defects.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Conventional treatment of destructive periodontal (gum) disease arrests the disease but does not usually regain the bone support or connective tissue lost in the disease process. Guided tissue regeneration (GTR) is a surgical procedure that specifically aims to regenerate the periodontal tissues when the disease is advanced and could overcome some of the limitations of conventional therapy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of GTR in the treatment of periodontal infra-bony defects measured against conventional surgery (open flap debridement (OFD)) and factors affecting outcomes. SEA...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - May 29, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Needleman I, Worthington HV, Giedrys-Leeper E, Tucker R Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Tracking the leavers: towards a better understanding of doctor migration from Ireland to Australia 2008 –2018
The recession of 2008 triggered large-scale emigration from Ireland. Australia emerged as a popular destination for Irish emigrants and for Irish-trained doctors. This paper illustrates the impact that such an... (Source: Human Resources for Health)
Source: Human Resources for Health - May 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: Niamh Humphries, John Connell, Joel Negin and James Buchan Tags: Research Source Type: research

Gingival Recession and Localized Aggressive Periodontitis Among HIV-infected Children and Adolescents Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy
This study reports on the prevalence of these conditions among children and adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods: A cross-sectional study on HIV-infected children and adolescents attending a Pediatric HIV clinic in Gauteng, South Africa, between January 2013 and June 2016. Patients received an oral examination and oral hygiene instructions, irrespective of oral- or dental-related complaints. Hard and soft tissue pathology was managed and recorded, together with relevant demographic and clinical data. Statistical analysis was performed in Stata 14 with P (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - May 25, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: HIV Reports Source Type: research

Correction to: Measuring Personal Economic Hardship and Its Impact on Political Trust During the Great Recession
In the original publication of this article, the alignment of Tables  5 and 6 has been placed incorrectly. (Source: Social Indicators Research)
Source: Social Indicators Research - May 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Temporary employment, work stress and mental health before and after the Spanish economic recession
ConclusionThe economic recession has not affected poor mental health, but it has accentuated the adverse effects of work stress among some specific subgroups of male workers. These subgroups require specific preventive and support actions as the Spanish firms have not substantially changed their hiring practices after the recession. (Source: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health)
Source: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health - May 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1812: A Motivational Perspective on Job Insecurity: Relationships Between Job Insecurity, Intrinsic Motivation, and Performance and Behavioral Outcomes
omi Lee As a result of the global economic recession over the past decade, employees have been exposed to constant threats of job insecurity. Despite having conducted extensive research on job insecurity, scholars have paid little attention to the motivational processes underlying employees’ reactions to job insecurity. The purpose of the present study is to examine the relationship between job insecurity, intrinsic motivation, and performance and behavioral outcomes. Drawing on self-determination theory (SDT), we propose a mediated relationship in which job insecurity decreases intrinsic motivation, whic...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - May 22, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yuhyung Shin Won-Moo Hur Tae Won Moon Soomi Lee Tags: Article Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes following resection-recession versus plication-recession in children with intermittent exotropia.
Abstract BACKGROUND/AIMS: To compare the long-term surgical outcomes between unilateral lateral rectus recession-medial rectus resection (RR) and lateral rectus recession-medial rectus plication (RP) in children with intermittent exotropia. METHODS: Children who underwent RR or RP for intermittent exotropia between January 2008 and July 2016, with a minimum follow-up period of 2 years were retrospectively reviewed. Postoperative angle of deviations and clinical factors including sex, age, refractive errors, preoperative angle of deviation, types of exotropia and stereopsis were investigated. Based on the angl...
Source: The British Journal of Ophthalmology - May 22, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lee HJ, Kim SJ Tags: Br J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Minimally Invasive and Endoscopic Treatment of Haglund Syndrome
Haglund syndrome is a triad of posterosuperior calcaneal prominence (Haglund deformity), retrocalcaneal bursitis, and insertional Achilles tendinopathy. The sources of pain include the posterior calcaneal wall cartilage, retrocalcaneal and subcutaneous adventitial bursa, and the Achilles tendon. Resection of the posterosuperior calcaneal tubercle, bursectomy, excision of the Achilles tendon pathology, reattachment of the Achilles tendon, gastrocnemius aponeurotic recession, and flexor hallucis longus transfer have been proposed as surgical treatment options. All of them can be performed endoscopically or under minimally in...
Source: Foot and Ankle Clinics - May 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tun Hing Lui, Cho Yau Lo, Yuk Chuen Siu Source Type: research

Tunneling Technique in Conjunction with Autogenous Graft or Graft Substitutes is a Predictable Surgical Approach to Achieve Root Coverage in Isolated or Multiple Gingival Recession Defects
ConclusionsTUN is a predictable surgical procedure for achieving root coverage in localized or multiple GR defects. When compared to TUN, CAF was associated with higher CRC, when the same graft (CTG or ADM) was used in both the techniques. No published study that directly compared CAF with TUN without any adjunctive grafts or its substitutes was identified. (Source: Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice)
Source: Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice - May 8, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Laser therapy as an adjunct treatment for peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis provides no extra benefit for most clinical outcomes
ConclusionsBased on the meta-analysis of only 2 studies, the BOP reduction in the short term was more significant in the laser group. No statistical difference was evident, however, between the control and test groups when the other clinical endpoints were assessed in non-surgical and surgical comparisons. (Source: Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice)
Source: Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice - May 8, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Occurrence of periodontitis and dental wear in dairy goats
Publication date: Available online 6 May 2019Source: Small Ruminant ResearchAuthor(s): Paula L. Campello, Ana C. Borsanelli, Sabrina D. Agostinho, Christiane M. Schweitzer, Elerson Gaetti-Jardim, Jürgen Döbereiner, e Iveraldo S. DutraAbstractPeriodontitis and excessive tooth wear are considered two of the most important oral diseases affecting the health, performance, and welfare of small ruminants. The present study aimed to describe the occurrence of periodontitis and excessive wear of the incisor and masticatory teeth among a herd of dairy goats, the presence of possible risk factors, and the presence of micro...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - May 7, 2019 Category: Zoology Source Type: research

Evaluation and comparison of hydroxyapatite crystals with collagen fibrils bone graft alone and in combination with guided tissue regeneration membrane
Conclusion: The findings of the study demonstrated superior clinical results obtained with hydroxyapatite with collagen fibers, used in combination with polyglycolide and polylactide copolymer as compared to used alone in the treatment of Grade II furcation defects. (Source: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology)
Source: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology - May 2, 2019 Category: Dentistry Authors: Shalabh Mehrotra Zoya Chowdhary Tanushree Rastogi Source Type: research

Periodontal microsurgery for management of multiple marginal tissue recession using Zucchelli & #39;s modification of coronally advanced flap and pericardium membrane in an esthetic zone
Dinesh Yadav, Sangeeta Singh, Subrata RoyJournal of Indian Society of Periodontology 2019 23(3):284-289 Marginal tissue recession (MTR) by definition is an apical shift of gingival margin, which leads to exposure of root surface. Patients affected with MTR often complain of sensitivity to cold on exposed root surfaces apart from esthetic concerns. In this article, a case of multiple Miller's class I MTR who presented with sensitivity to cold in relation to maxillary anterior teeth region was treated using Zucchelli's coronally advanced flap with pericardium membrane under operating microscope. The application of p...
Source: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology - May 2, 2019 Category: Dentistry Authors: Dinesh Yadav Sangeeta Singh Subrata Roy Source Type: research

A Young Girl With Bilateral Atypical Epiretinal Membranes
An 8-year-old girl with a history of bilateral lateral rectus muscle recession for exotropia presented with preretinal lesions in the maculas of both eyes. What would you do next? (Source: JAMA Ophthalmology)
Source: JAMA Ophthalmology - May 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Relationship between periodontal status of mandibular incisors and selected cephalometric parameters
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the correlation between the periodontal tissue of mandibular incisors and several dentoalveolar and skeletal cephalometric parameters.Materials and methodsThe sample consisted of 35  patients (mean age 26.42 ± 8.02 years). Eligibility criteria included good overall health status with no history of dental trauma, congenital defects, active periodontal diseases, restorative and prosthetic treatment in the area of the mandibular incisors. Gingival recession width and height (GRW, GRH), gingival thickness (GT), width of keratinized g...
Source: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics/Fortschritte der Kieferorthopadie - April 30, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1475: Different Associations between DC-SIGN Promoter-336G/A (rs4804803) Polymorphism with Severe Dengue in Asians and South-Central Americans: a Meta-Analysis
Conclusions: Dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) promoter-336G/A (rs4804803) polymorphism is association with severe dengue, and it acts in different directions for Asians and South-central Americans. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 25, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jiangping Ren Zhengting Wang Enfu Chen Tags: Article Source Type: research

Repeat Surgery for Patients Operated in Childhood for Early-Onset Esotropia and Suffering from Persistent Residual, Recurrent or Consecutive Strabismus.
DISCUSSION: The two main difficulties are to assess (1) the imbalance of the active and passive muscle force and (2) the surgically induced incomitances. PMID: 30999328 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - April 20, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Plication versus Resection in Horizontal Strabismus Surgery.
DISCUSSION: Our findings show that recession/plication is a valid alternative to recession/resection in horizontal strabismus without the need to cut the muscle, as we saw no difference in surgical effectiveness in either eso- or exodeviations at 1 week or at 3 months. PMID: 30999327 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - April 20, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Characterization of Resilient Adolescents in the Context of Parental Unemployment
The objective was to identify sociodemographic and contextual factors that promote resilience in this context. Using th e Extreme Group Approach and the theoretical framework of resilience, two groups of adolescents living in households with no employed parent were selected from the HBSC-2014 edition in Spain depending on their adaptive response to the risk, measured by a global health score. Therefore, from a total sample of 1336 adolescents at high risk (living in households with no employed parent), 290 resilient adolescents (those who presented the highest scores in their global health score) and 618 maladaptive adoles...
Source: Child Indicators Research - April 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Does Despair Really Kill? A Roadmap for an Evidence-Based Answer.
Abstract Two seemingly associated demographic trends have generated considerable interest: income stagnation and rising premature mortality from suicides, drug poisoning, and alcoholic liver disease among US non-Hispanic Whites with low education. Economists interpret these population-level trends to indicate that despair induced by financial stressors is a shared pathway to these causes of death. Although we now have the catchy term "deaths of despair," we have yet to study its central empirical claim: that conceptually defined and empirically assessed "despair" is indeed a common pathway to s...
Source: Am J Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shanahan L, Hill SN, Gaydosh LM, Steinhoff A, Costello EJ, Dodge KA, Harris KM, Copeland WE Tags: Am J Public Health Source Type: research

Split-Mouth Comparison of Coronally Advanced Flap with Connective Tissue Graft or Collagen Matrix for Treatment of Isolated Gingival Recessions.
Authors: Matoh U, Petelin M, Gašperšič R Abstract Collagen matrices (CMs) could be used instead of connective tissue grafts (CTGs) for treatment of gingival recession (GR). The authors aimed to compare clinical outcomes after treatment of isolated GR affecting both maxillary canines of 10 patients (n = 10) with CM (OsteoBiol Derma) or CTG in conjunction with coronally advanced flap. After 12 months, CM and CTG showed complete correction in 7/10 and 10/10 of sites, respectfully, and percentage of root coverage was 85% ± 24% and 100%, respectively. For treatment of isolated GR, CM is a viable al...
Source: International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry - April 17, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent Source Type: research

Cryopreserved Umbilical Cord Allograft for Root Coverage of Gingival Recession Defects: A Case Series.
Authors: Ross B, Ross SB Abstract Gingival recession is a component of periodontal disease that leads to exposure of the root surface, root hypersensitivity, and esthetic concerns. Treatment of these cases is typically performed with autologous grafts harvested from the palate. However, this is associated with a second surgical site that increases surgical time and patient morbidity. A potential alternative is the use of cryopreserved umbilical-cord allografts, which are known to contain anti-inflammatory properties and have been used clinically by numerous medical specialties. In this observational series, three p...
Source: International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry - April 17, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent Source Type: research

Long-Term (15 to 20 Years) Outcomes of Papillae Preservation Flap Surgery in Esthetic Areas.
Authors: Guarnieri R Abstract Several techniques have been proposed to maintain full papillary form and preserve soft tissue during periodontal surgical access. However, very little evidence of long-term results is available. The aim of the present paper is to report the 15- to 20-year follow-up outcomes of a case series study of papillae preservation flap surgery in esthetic areas. Twenty-two patients (10 women, 12 men; mean age: 41.3 years) with moderate to advanced generalized periodontitis were included in this study carried out in a private office from 1994 to 1996. In each patient, nonsurgical therapy with sc...
Source: International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry - April 17, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent Source Type: research

NF κB and Kidney Injury
Conclusion As a critical regulator of inflammation and cell survival, the NFκB pathway is a promising target for diagnosing and treating kidney diseases. For modulation of the NFκB pathway in the clinic, a number of molecules can effectively inhibit NFκB signaling by targeting the receptors, associated adaptors, IKKs, IκBs and transcriptional regulators (144). There is further clinical evidence on small-molecule inhibitors of IKKα and NIK from recent trials on anti-cancer therapies (145). These clinical trials showed that the cancer-selective pharmacodynamic response of DTP3, the co-inhibitor...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - April 16, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Age assessment in the living using modified Gustafson ’s criteria in a northern Chinese population
The objective of this study was to test the applicability and reliability of this method in a Chinese population. For this purpose, 1300 orthopantomograms of 650 female and 650 male Chinese aged between 15 and 40  years were evaluated. The characteristics of secondary dentin formation, periodontal recession, attrition, and cementum apposition were reviewed in all the mandibular premolars. The sample was split into a training and test dataset. Based on the training set, the correlation of the individual char acteristics with chronological age was studied with a stepwise multiple regression analysis, in which individual...
Source: International Journal of Legal Medicine - April 15, 2019 Category: Medical Law Source Type: research

Standardization of endometriosis surgery – the coloproctologist's vision
ConclusionSurgical standardization is important to guide the general/colorectal surgeon in the effective approach of intestinal endometriosis.ResumoObjetivoDemonstrar a padronização da cirurgia de endometriose profunda com acometimento intestinal.MétodosEstudo prospectivo que avaliou 74 mulheres submetidas à cirurgia padronizada para endometriose profunda intestinal. Divididas em dois grupos, segundo os achados da ultrassonografia anorretal tridimensional, o Grupo I com lesões acometendo a gordura perirretal e o Grupo II com lesões acometendo, pelo menos, a camada muscular pr&oacut...
Source: Journal of Coloproctology - April 14, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

Complications and survival rates of 55 metal-ceramic implant-supported fixed complete-arch prostheses: A cohort study with mean 5-year follow-up
ConclusionsHigh implant and prosthesis survival rates (above 98%) were achieved, yet substantial complication rates were encountered. The most frequent major biologic complication was peri-implantitis, with a 5-year implant-based rate of 8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.8-11.1), whereas the most frequent major complication was fracture of porcelain with a 5-year dental unit-based rate of 4%. The estimated cumulative rates for “prosthesis free of biologic complications” were 50.4% (95% CI: 36.4% to 63.0%) at 5 years and 10.1% (95% CI: 3.5% to 20.8%) at 10 years, whereas for “prosthesis free of technical...
Source: The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - April 12, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Frequency of Porphyromonas gingivalis fimA in smokers and nonsmokers after periodontal therapy
Conclusion The most prevalent P. gingivalis fimA genotypes detected in periodontal and smoker patients were genotypes I and II. However, the presence of fimA genotype II was higher in SM. Periodontal treatment was effective in controlling periodontal disease and reducing type II and V P. gingivalis fimA. (Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science)
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science - April 12, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes of strabismus surgery in Mobius sequence.
This study retrospectively reviews the long-term outcome of strabismus surgery for such patients. METHODS: The long-term follow-up results in five children with Mobius sequence, who were observed after strabismus surgery for congenital esotropia, were analyzed. RESULTS: All patients had a limitation of abduction in both eyes. Preoperative esotropia ranged from 20 to 30 prism diopters (PD) (mean 27 PD). Patient age at surgery ranged from 4.5 to 14 months. Bilateral medial rectus muscle recession was performed in all cases, ranging from 4.0 to 6.5 mm. Inferior transposition of the medial rectus muscles was performed ...
Source: Strabismus - April 9, 2019 Category: Research Tags: Strabismus Source Type: research

Zika Virus Potentiates the Development of Neurological Defects and Microcephaly: Challenges and Control Strategies
Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 9, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Comparing demographic and health characteristics of new and existing SNAP recipients: application of a machine learning algorithm.
CONCLUSION: We developed a novel algorithm for predicting new and existing SNAP recipiency that can be applied to other data sets, and subsequently demonstrated differences in health characteristics between new and existing recipients. The expansion of SNAP since the Great Recession enrolled a population that differed from the existing SNAP population and that may benefit from different types of nutritional and health services than those traditionally offered. PMID: 30949659 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hamad R, Templeton ZS, Schoemaker L, Zhao M, Bhattacharya J Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

A Randomized, Controlled, Multicenter Clinical Study Evaluating The Crestal Bone Level Change Of SLActive Bone Level Ø 3.3 mm Implants Compared To SLActive Bone Level Ø 4.1 mm Implants For Single-Tooth Replacement.
CONCLUSION: The results of this prospective randomized clinical trial suggest noninferiority of the narrow- vs standard-diameter Ti-Zr implant. In addition, bone remodeling was less pronounced for the narrow-diameter implants. PMID: 30934041 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants - April 3, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes of bilateral lateral rectus recession versus unilateral lateral rectus recession-medial rectus plication in children with basic type intermittent exotropia
Long-term outcomes of bilateral lateral rectus recession versus unilateral lateral rectus recession-medial rectus plication in children with basic type intermittent exotropia, Published online: 03 April 2019; doi:10.1038/s41433-019-0422-2Long-term outcomes of bilateral lateral rectus recession versus unilateral lateral rectus recession-medial rectus plication in children with basic type intermittent exotropia (Source: Eye)
Source: Eye - April 3, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Haeng-Jin Lee Seong-Joon Kim Young Suk Yu Source Type: research

Spontaneous recession of a posterior cerebral artery aneurysm concurrent with carotid rete mirabile and moyamoya-pattern collateral vessels: a case report
Carotid rete mirabile (RM) is a meshwork of multiple, freely intercommunicating arterioles that reconstitute the absent or hypoplastic segments of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Carotid RM has been reporte... (Source: BMC Neurology)
Source: BMC Neurology - April 2, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Hao Chen, Kun Hou, Xin Wang, Kan Xu and Jinlu Yu Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Elections, recession expectations and excessive debt: an unholy trinity
AbstractIn the literature, it has been suggested that political budget cycles are context-conditional, i.e., do not occur in all countries or under all circumstances. What about the underlying economic conditions? It has already has been shown that recessionary expectations reinforce the political budget cycle. This paper argues theoretically that opportunistic policymakers expecting a recession during an election year allow the primary deficit to increase even more when the stock of debt is very high, but reduce the deficit by more during an expected boom (in an election year). For the empirical estimation we use panel da...
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - April 1, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Correction to: Socioeconomic inequalities in suicide mortality before and after the economic recession in Spain
It has been highlighted that the original article (Source: BMC Public Health)
Source: BMC Public Health - April 1, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Carme Borrell, Marc Mar í-Dell’Olmo, Mercè Gotsens, Montse Calvo, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Xavier Bartoll and Santiago Esnaola Tags: Correction Source Type: research