Real-world anti-viral treatment decisions among chronic hepatitis C patients in Taiwan: The INITIATE study.
CONCLUSION: A minority of Taiwanese CHC patients were recommended PEG-IFN/RBV, of which few were willing to receive treatment. PMID: 30448077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - November 15, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Liu CH, Yu ML, Peng CY, Hsieh TY, Huang YH, Su WW, Cheng PN, Lin CL, Lo CC, Chen CY, Chen JJ, Ma Q, Brooks-Rooney C, Kao JH Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis - Etiology, serum autoantibodies, anemia, hematinic deficiencies, and management.
Abstract Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is one of the most common oral mucosal diseases characterized by recurrent and painful ulcerations on the movable or nonkeratinized oral mucosae. Clinically, three types of RAS, namely minor, major, and herpetiform types, can be identified. RAS more commonly affects labial mucosa, buccal mucosa, and tongue. Previous studies indicate that RAS is a multifactorial T cell-mediated immune-dysregulated disease. Factors that modify the immunologic responses in RAS include genetic predisposition, viral and bacterial infections, food allergies, vitamin and microelement deficienc...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - November 14, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chiang CP, Yu-Fong Chang J, Wang YP, Wu YH, Wu YC, Sun A Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Sleep and emotional disturbance in patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease.
Abstract BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sleep disorder and depression are prevalent in patients on dialysis but less investigated in earlier-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of depression, anxiety, health anxiety, and sleep disturbance and explore the association between CKD stage, psychological symptoms and sleep quality. METHODS: We recruited 326 patients with CKD (stage 1-5) not on dialysis from the nephrology clinic. All participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Health Anxiety Questionnaire (HAQ), and Pittsburgh Sle...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - November 9, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tu CY, Chou YH, Lin YH, Huang WL Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Erythropoietin modulates macrophages but not post-ischemic acute kidney injury in mice.
CONCLUSION: Use of rHuEPO can modulate macrophage function but not the post-ischemic AKI severity, functional recovery and survival in mice. PMID: 30414800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - November 7, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chou YH, Liao FL, Chen YT, Yeh PY, Liu CH, Shih HM, Chang FC, Chiang WC, Chu TS, Lin SL Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Association of initial mucogingival status with clinical outcome of non-surgical periodontal therapy: A retrospective analysis of 204 patients.
This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of mucogingival parameters, including keratinized mucosa (KM) and attached gingiva (AG), on the outcome of non-surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT). METHODS: A total of 204 non-smoking patients with generalized chronic periodontitis who received NSPT between 2012 and 2014 were included. The Mantel-Haenszel chi-square test was used to assess the associations between initial mucogingival parameters and initial clinical parameters on the buccal aspect, and the associations between initial mucogingival parameters and outcome clinical parameters on the buccal aspect of the ...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - November 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chang PC, Chen YW, Tu CC, Yen-Ping Kuo M, Liu CM, Wang CY Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Reply letter to "Chikungunya in Bolivia: Domestic imported case series in Cochabamba".
Reply letter to "Chikungunya in Bolivia: Domestic imported case series in Cochabamba". J Formos Med Assoc. 2018 Nov 03;: Authors: Tsai CH, Teng HJ PMID: 30401505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - November 3, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tsai CH, Teng HJ Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Elevated body mass index is a risk factor associated with possible liver cirrhosis across different etiologies of chronic liver disease: More questions than answer?
PMID: 30396691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - November 2, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chen PZ, Wang CC Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Night eating syndrome in patients with eating disorders: Is night eating syndrome distinct from bulimia nervosa?
CONCLUSION: NES has its clinical significance; however, it overlaps with BN in several dimensions of psychopathology. Presence of night eating in a BN group may not contribute clinically meaningful psychopathology. PMID: 30396692 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - November 2, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tu CY, Meg Tseng MC, Chang CH Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

The association between Type 1 diabetes mellitus and periodontal diseases.
CONCLUSION: T1DM patients are at higher risk of developing PDs than non-T1DM individuals. Our results further showed that the number of T1DM interventions; that is, annual emergency visits and hospitalizations were associated with increased the risk of developing PDs. PMID: 30391109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 31, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Sun KT, Chen SC, Lin CL, Hsu JT, Chen IA, Wu IT, Palanisamy K, Shen TC, Li CY Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Chikungunya in Bolivia: Domestic imported case series in Cochabamba.
e;guez-Morales AJ PMID: 30389275 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Escalera-Antezana JP, Murillo-García DR, Gómez C, Unzueta-Quiroga RC, Rodríguez-Morales AJ Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

The prospects and opportunities of age-friendly Taiwan.
PMID: 30366770 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lin LJ, Hsu YC, Kuo HW Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Risk factors for upper gastrointestinal bleeding among aspirin users: An old issue with new findings from a population-based cohort study.
CONCLUSION: In addition to age, male gender, H. pylori infection, and concomitant use of NSAIDs, COX-2 inhibitors, steroids, and thienopyridines, underlying co-morbidities including diabetes, CKD, cirrhosis, history of PUD are also important risk factors for first-time occurrence of non-variceal UGIB in aspirin users. PMID: 30366771 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 23, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Luo PJ, Lin XH, Lin CC, Luo JC, Hu HY, Ting PH, Hou MC Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Fever and jaundice caused by hemophagocytic syndrome.
PMID: 30352718 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 20, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lee SY, Wu CW, Chang WH, Ku HC Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Bilateral cementoblastomas of the two mandibular first molars.
PMID: 30348491 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 19, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Wu YH, Hu KY, Kuo YS, Chiang CP Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Comorbidity profiles among patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis: A case-control study.
CONCLUSION: Patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis were associated with increased risk of specific comorbidities. Physicians should screen for these comorbidities for early detection and treatment. PMID: 30348492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 19, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lin KC, Tsai LL, Ko EC, Sheng-Po Yuan K, Wu SY Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics and risk factors of active bleeding in colonic angiodysplasia among the Taiwanese.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Colonic angiodysplasia (AGD) is a common cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. However, information on the characteristics and prevalence of colonic AGD is limited. We determined the clinical features of and risk factors for active bleeding in colonic AGD in a Taiwanese population. METHODS: From February 2007 to December 2016, 13,047 patients undergoing 16,760 colonoscopies at the Tri-Service General Hospital were included in this study. Eighty-four patients were diagnosed with AGD. We conducted a retrospective study by analyzing the medical records of these patients. The clinical features ...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 19, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tsai YY, Chen BC, Chou YC, Lin JC, Lin HH, Huang HH, Huang TY Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Genomic analysis of enterovirus D68, including one strain isolated from a child with Wilson's disease in Taiwan.
Abstract North America experienced life-threatening outbreaks of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) in 2014. We retrospectively detected EV-D68 from a child with Wilson's disease in 2008 in Taiwan. After comparing this EV-D68/Taiwan/2008 strain with EV-D68 genomes obtained from the public domain, it was classified as genome type 1-B; it is phylogenetically related to the predominant EV-D68 viruses that circulated in 2009 in Vietnam. It is necessary to strengthen EV-D68 detection globally, including in children with acute liver failure. Moreover, harmonization of genomic analysis of EV-D68 is desirable to understand glo...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 18, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chien YS, Luo ST, Tsao KC, Wang YH, Lin TY, Huang YC, Lee MS Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Using procalcitonin to predict acute kidney injury in septic patients: Caveat emptor?
PMID: 30340820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 16, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Shiao CC, Chueh YF, Yang L, NSARF (National Taiwan University Hospital Study Group on Acute Renal Failure) Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Cerebral blood flow in a migraine patient with fluctuated sensorineural hearing loss.
PMID: 30322732 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 12, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lai JT, Huang SK, Liu TC, Wang KB Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Real-world effectiveness and safety of sofosbuvir plus daclatasvir with or without ribavirin for genotype 2 chronic hepatitis C in Taiwan.
CONCLUSIONS: SOF/DCV with or without ribavirin is highly effective and safe for patients with genotype 2 HCV infection in real-world experience in Taiwan. PMID: 30316677 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 11, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cheng PN, Chiu YC, Chien SC, Chiu HC Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Melatonin and their analogs as a potential use in the management of Neuropathic pain.
Abstract Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine), secreted by the pineal gland is known to perform multiple functions including, antioxidant, anti-hypertensive, anti-cancerous, immunomodulatory, sedative and tranquilizing functions. Melatonin is also known to be involved in the regulation of body mass index, control the gastrointestinal system and play an important role in cardioprotection, thermoregulation, and reproduction. Recently, several studies have reported the efficacy of Melatonin in treating various pain syndromes. The current paper reviews the studies on Melatonin and its analogs, particularly in Neur...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 10, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kuthati Y, Lin SH, Chen IJ, Wong CS Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Quality gaps and priorities for improvement of healthcare service for patients with prolonged mechanical ventilation in the view of family.
CONCLUSION: Gaps exist between expectation and perception in multiple dimensions of the quality of healthcare service in the care setting of prolonged MV, indicating unmet needs and priorities for improvement. PMID: 30301580 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 6, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chang BL, Kao HO, Lin SJ, Yang SH, Kuo YW, Jerng JS Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

The choice of antiviral therapy for hepatitis C recurrence after liver transplantation in the real world.
PMID: 30301581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 6, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lee TY, Yang SS Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Outcome and prognostic factors of patients treated in the intensive care unit for carbon monoxide poisoning.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, we observed that APACHE II score>25, GCS 3, and dysfunction of more than 3 organ systems on admission to emergency department was associated with a significant mortality risk in patients treated in the ICU for CO poisoning. Moreover, HBO therapy could reduce the risk of mortality in patients with CO poisoning in ICU. PMID: 30293927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Liao WC, Cheng WC, Wu BR, Chen WC, Chen CY, Chen CH, Tu CY, Hsia TC Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Short-term heart rate variability as a predictor of long-term survival in patients with chronic hemodialysis: A prospective cohort study.
CONCLUSION: A short ECG recording and an analysis of the frequency domain of the HRV is clinically predictive of the long-term survival of patients with chronic hemodialysis. PMID: 30293929 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kuo G, Chen SW, Huang JY, Wu CY, Fu CM, Chang CH, Liu SH, Chan YH, Wu IW, Yang HY Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Early percutaneous cholecystostomy versus antibiotic treatment for mild and moderate acute cholecystitis: A retrospective cohort study.
This study aims to investigate whether PC could be a first-line treatment for these patients. METHODS: Adult patients admitted through the emergency department between October 2004 and December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with mild or moderate AC who did not undergo emergent cholecystectomy were included. Early PC was defined as a PC tube inserted within 24 h of diagnosis. The outcomes were compared between patients who received antibiotics plus early PC (early PC group) and those who received antibiotic treatment alone (antibiotic group). RESULTS: A total of 698 patients were included. The ...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 4, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Wang CH, Wu CY, Lien WC, Liu KL, Wang HP, Wu YM, Chen SC Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Significance of preoperative acute kidney injury in patients with acute type A aortic dissection.
Abstract BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Acute type A aortic dissection (AAD) is a medical emergency with high mortality even with emergency repair. We explored the risk factors for in-hospital mortality and the impact of preoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with AAD. METHODS: Our hospital database contained records for 156 consecutive patients who underwent AAD repair between March 2000 and February 2013. They were assigned to the in-hospital mortality or the survival group. All data were collected retrospectively. RESULTS: The 30-day mortality, including intraoperative deaths, was 14.1% (22/156). Tot...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 3, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chien TM, Wen H, Huang JW, Hsieh CC, Chen HM, Chiu CC, Chen YF Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Reply to "The choice of antiviral therapy for hepatitis C recurrence after liver transplantation in the real world".
Reply to "The choice of antiviral therapy for hepatitis C recurrence after liver transplantation in the real world". J Formos Med Assoc. 2018 Oct 01;: Authors: Yu ML PMID: 30287149 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - October 1, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Yu ML Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Is sarcopenia associated with hepatic encephalopathy in liver cirrhosis? A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: In patients with liver cirrhosis, there is a significant association between sarcopenia and HE. A greater number of prospective studies are necessary to clarify whether the association remains even after adjusting relevant confounders and to suggest effective prevention of HE in patients with coexisting sarcopenia. PMID: 30279030 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 29, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chang KV, Chen JD, Wu WT, Huang KC, Lin HY, Han DS Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Bacillus Calmette-Gu érin vaccination-associated axillary lymphadenopathy in a 2-year-old girl: Case report.
Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccination-associated axillary lymphadenopathy in a 2-year-old girl: Case report. J Formos Med Assoc. 2018 Sep 29;: Authors: Wang TC, Wu HJ, Yong SB PMID: 30279031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 29, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Wang TC, Wu HJ, Yong SB Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

The dentin permeability of anti-inflammatory and antibacterial drugs: In  vitro study.
CONCLUSION: Regarding the dentin permeability, Ginsenoside Rg1 is the best among the seven anti-inflammatory drugs tested and ampicilin sodium is the better one between the two anti-bacterial drugs tested. Therefore, these two drugs may have high potential for treating exposed dentinal tubule diseases. PMID: 30274828 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 28, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lin CP, Wang YL, Shen LJ, Lin CP Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Metabolome analysis for investigating host-gut microbiota interactions.
Abstract Dysbiosis of the gut microbiome is associated with host health conditions. Many diseases have shown to have correlations with imbalanced microbiota, including obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, cancer, and even neurodegeneration disorders. Metabolomics studies targeting small molecule metabolites that impact the host metabolome and their biochemical functions have shown promise for studying host-gut microbiota interactions. Metabolome analysis determines the metabolites being discussed for their biological implications in host-gut microbiota interactions. To facilitate understanding the critical aspects...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 27, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chen MX, Wang SY, Kuo CH, Tsai IL Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Double-balloon enteroscopy for pediatric patients: Application and feasibility evaluation in a medical center in northern Taiwan.
CONCLUSIONS: DBE has a high diagnostic yield and leads to therapeutic interventions in pediatric patients and shows promise for assessment and treating small-intestinal diseases in children in Taiwan. PMID: 30268344 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 26, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Yeh HY, Su MY, Lin WP, Lai MW, Chao HC, Chen SY, Chiu CT Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Clinicopathologic correlation of ocular surface squamous neoplasia from a university hospital in North Taiwan 1994 to 2014.
CONCLUSION: Superior location was associated with high-grade OSSN, and papilliform OSSN might have a tendency of severe and invasive lesions. Multifocal lesions might be associated with higher-grade OSSN and higher recurrence rates. PMID: 30266199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 25, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ma IH, Hu FR, Wang IJ, Chen WL, Hsu YJ, Chu HS, Yuan CT, Hou YC Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Moody microbiome: Challenges and chances.
In conclusions, the roles of microbiota in depression and mania state are not fully elucidated. One of the challenges is to find reliable targets for functional analyses and experiments. Notwithstanding some inconsistencies and methodological limitations across studies, results from recent clinical trials support for the beneficial effects of probiotics on alleviating depressive symptoms and increasing well-beings. Moreover, modifying the composition of gut microbiota via antibiotics can be a viable adjuvant treatment option for individuals with depressive symptoms. PMID: 30262220 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 25, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kuo PH, Chung YE Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Calycosin-7-O- β-D-glucoside reduces myocardial injury in heat stroke rats.
CONCLUSION: We thus conclude that myocardial injury can be a pressing need for the design of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for heat stroke. In particular, our data indicate that CG protects against heat stroke in rats by mitigating myocardial injury. PMID: 30245143 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 20, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tsai CC, Wu HH, Chang CP, Lin CH, Yang HH Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Comparison of tunneled central venous catheters and native arteriovenous fistulae by evaluating the mortality and morbidity of patients with prevalent hemodialysis.
CONCLUSION: Catheter use for maintenance HD was associated with increased all-cause mortality. PMID: 30245144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 20, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chiu CH, Wang CY, Moi SH, Wu CH, Yang CH, Chen JB Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Impact of type D personality on clinical outcomes in Asian patients with stable coronary artery disease.
CONCLUSION: Type D personality was an independent predictor of CV outcomes in an Asian cohort of stable CAD patients. This personality type may be identified in risk stratification for secondary prevention after PCI. PMID: 30243505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 19, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Leu HB, Yin WH, Tseng WK, Wu YW, Lin TH, Yeh HI, Cheng Chang K, Wang JH, Wu CC, Chen JW Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Computed tomography-guided dye localization prior to uniportal thoracoscopic surgery for lung nodules: A propensity score matching analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Uniportal VATS is a feasible, effective, and safe procedure for the treatment of undetermined pulmonary nodules. The use of preoperative computed tomography-guided dye localization may be associated with a lower risk of conversion of uniportal VATS. PMID: 30237041 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 17, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tsai TM, Hung WT, Lin MW, Hsu HH, Chen JS Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes of surgical treatment for intravascular leiomyomatosis.
CONCLUSION: One-stage operation to completely remove IVL is feasible and with good long-term outcomes, which is recommended if the patient can tolerate the operation. Concomitant intrapulmonary tumors can be followed up watchfully except when associated with pleural effusion or the pathology indicating trend of increasing malignancy. PMID: 30217410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 11, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Yu HY, Tsai HE, Chi NH, Kuo KT, Wang SS, Chen CA, Chen YS Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Hepatitis B: From control to cure.
PMID: 30201191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 7, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kao JH Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Management of dental extractions in patients on warfarin and antiplatelet therapy.
CONCLUSION: The study indicated that there is no need to interrupt warfarin (INR
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lu SY, Lin LH, Hsue SS Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

A single-institution study of predisposing factors of patients with BAVMs to flow-related aneurysm.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to assess the potential risk factors leading to flow-related aneurysm (FA) formation in patients with brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) in Taiwanese. METHODS: We recruited 890 patients with BAVMs: 72 had FA(s) and 818 did not. Several factors were assessed including patient's age, gender, BAVM volume and location, and Spetzler-Martin grade. RESULTS: The 890 patients with BAVM had a mean age of 30 years (range: 2-84), mean BAVM volume of 10.6 mL (range: 0.13-91.4). BAVMs were ruptured in 42% of patients. Compared to BAVM patients wit...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Yang WY, Luo CB, Tsuei YS, Guo WY, Wu HM, Chung WY Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

The prevalence and association of patients with impaired left ventricular ejection fraction and complete left bundle-branch block in Taiwan.
This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and association of cLBBB and impaired LV ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients at the National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH). METHODS: We enrolled 164,049 patients who underwent standard 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) between January 2010 and December 2013 at NTUH. Echocardiographic examinations within one year of the index ECG were analyzed. Baseline clinical characteristics, electrocardiography and ECG parameters, in patients with cLBBB were compared among those with three different LVEFs (EF
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 4, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Huang HC, Chien KL, Lin HJ, Liu YB Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Multiple subependymal pseudocysts in neonates play a role in later attention deficit hyperactivity and autistic spectrum disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data revealed multiple SEPCs in normal-term neonates as a risk factor for neurobehavioral outcome, particularly in ADHD and ASD. Simultaneously, the utility of CUS examination as a health examination item for neonates was confirmed. PMID: 30193835 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 4, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Chang H, Tsai CM, Hou CY, Tseng SH, Lee JC, Tsai ML Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

The association between clinical diagnostic factors and the prevalence of vertical root fracture in endodontic surgery.
This study was aimed at evaluating the potential relationship between VRFs and commonly used clinical diagnostic factors. METHODS: 330 root-filled teeth with endodontic failures were subjected to endodontic microsurgery over a six-year period. VRFs were identified in 61 teeth. A randomly age- and sex-matched retrospective case-control study was conducted on a subset of 59 root-filled teeth with VRFs (cases) and 177 root-filled teeth without VRFs (controls). The strength of association between preoperative signs and radiographic findings and VRFs was evaluated using logistic regression model. RESULTS: Sinus tract,...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 4, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: See WK, Ho JC, Huang CF, Hung WC, Chang CW Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Public knowledge, attitudes and willingness regarding bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A nationwide survey in Taiwan.
CONCLUSION: The expressed willingness to perform bystander CPR was high if the respondents possessed the required skills. Attempts should be made to recruit potential bystanders for CPR courses or education, targeting those respondent subgroups less likely to express willingness to perform CPR. The reason for lower bystander CPR willingness among healthcare providers deserves further investigation. PMID: 30190091 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 3, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Pei-Chuan Huang E, Chiang WC, Hsieh MJ, Wang HC, Yang CW, Lu TC, Wang CH, Chong KM, Lin CH, Kuo CW, Sun JT, Lin JJ, Yang MC, Huei-Ming Ma M Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Factors increasing the detection rate of intrauterine lesions on hysteroscopy in infertile women with sonographically normal uterine cavities.
CONCLUSION: AUB, hypomenorrhea, and previous D&C are the three factors that increase the detection rate of intrauterine lesions on office hysteroscopy in infertile women with sonographically normal uterine cavities. PMID: 30190092 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 3, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Yang JH, Chen MJ, Yang PK Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

National survey of ABC (A1C, blood pressure, cholesterol) of Diabetes Health Promotion Institutes in Taiwan: 2002-2018.
PMID: 30181014 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Formos Med Assoc)
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 1, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Wang CY, Tu ST, Sheu WH, Chen IC, Chuang LM, Wu MS, Yu CJ Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research

Fecal microbiota transplantation: Review and update.
Abstract Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a method to directly change the recipient's gut microbiota to normalize the composition and gain a therapeutic benefit. The history of FMT has been traced back to the 4th century and has been highly regarded since 2013, when the United States Food and Drug Administration approved FMT for treating recurrent and refractory Clostridium difficile infection. Since then, the range of FMT applications extended rapidly and broadly not only in gastrointestinal disorders, but also in extra-gastrointestinal diseases. Donor selection with questionnaire, interview, blood tests...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - September 1, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Wang JW, Kuo CH, Kuo FC, Wang YK, Hsu WH, Yu FJ, Hu HM, Hsu PI, Wang JY, Wu DC Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research