Cancer Location in Upgrading and Detection after Transperineal Template-Guided Mapping Biopsy for Patients in Active Surveillance and Negative Transrectal Ultrasonography-Guided Prostate Biopsy
Conclusions: TTMB is efficient for patients on AS in the detection of upgraded cancer located in anterior or apex or those with previous negative TRUS-Bx in the detection of anterior or apex cancer. In PI-RADSTM score 1 –2, a substantial proportion of patients after experienced upgrade in GS on AS patients or cancer detection on previous negative TRUS-Bx. Moreover, we identified prostate volume is the independent predictor for a positive biopsy result after TTMB with previous negative TRUS-Bx.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - July 3, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Bacillus Calmette-Gu érin in Immunosuppressed Patient with High-Grade Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Carcinoma
Due to their immunosuppressed status, solid organ transplant recipients are a special group of patients with an incidence of bladder cancer greater than the rest of the population, especially in the first 6 years after transplantation. Also, treatment with Bacillus Calmette-Gu érin, a reference therapy in nonmuscle invasive high-risk bladder cancer, may be less effective in this group of patients and could cause more adverse effects. However, the data published so far and the experience initiated in the Virgen de la Arrixaca Clinical University Hospital do not support th ese hypotheses.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - July 3, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A Novel Technique to Intelligently Monitor and Control Renal Pelvic Pressure during Minimally Invasive Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
Conclusion: The patented devices including the platform and the sheath can reliably and stably monitor and control RPP in real time and within a safe range during MPCNL.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - July 3, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Preoperative Thrombocytosis in Patients Undergoing Radical Cystectomy for Urothelial Cancer of the Bladder: An Independent Prognostic Parameter for an Impaired Oncological Outcome
Conclusion: PTC is significantly associated with an impaired oncological outcome in patients undergoing RC for UC. PTC therefore represents an independent and easy to determine prognostic parameter for patients ’ oncological outcome. Intriguingly, PTC is significantly associated with an increased rate of PBT.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 26, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Laparoscopic Partial versus Total Adrenalectomy in Nonhereditary Unilateral Adrenal Masses
Conclusions: Our results showed that LPA is safe and feasible, and has similar therapeutic results compared with LTA in patients with a nonhereditary hormonally active unilateral adrenal mass. Furthermore, LPA can obviate the need for steroid replacement in these patients.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 26, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A Prediction Model of Operation Efficacy Using Protruding Prostate Lobe Volume in Patients Who Are Candidates for Transurethral Resection of Prostate
Conclusion: When determining candidate patients for TURP surgery, measurements of the PPLV and especially the PR should be taken into consideration in the preoperative prediction of efficacy.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 26, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comparison of the Upgrading Rates of International Society of Urological Pathology Grades and Tumor Laterality in Patients Undergoing Standard 12-Core Prostate Biopsy versus Fusion Prostate Biopsy for Prostate Cancer
Conclusion: The results suggested that FPB can provide more accurate results compared to SPB.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 26, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Urology on Display: Museum, Library and Archives of the DGU Duesseldorf-Berlin
Within a modern changing academic society, it has become necessary and important for scientific collections and museums as decentralized infrastructures for research, teaching, and education, to define and redefine their missions, their goals, their functions, and their strategies to reflect the expectations of a changing society and the academic world, especially museums of scientific associations as possessing critical resources. For example, the dues of the members are on task for education and promotion of the specials values of these communities under aspects of historical marketing and corporate museums which promote...
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

No Treatment Required for Asymptomatic Vaginal Mesh Exposure
Conclusion: No treatment seems to be required for asymptomatic and small vaginal mesh exposures after prolapse or incontinence surgery.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 21, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Oncologic Outcomes of Adjuvant versus Salvage Radiotherapy after Prostatectomy
Conclusion: Our study suggests that patients treated by AR have better results in terms of OS, disease-specific survival, survival without metastatic recurrence, and survival without biochemical recurrence compared with SR. Toxicity was comparable between both groups.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 21, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Adherence to the European Association of Urology Guidelines Regarding the Therapeutic Indications for the Treatment of Urinary Lithiasis: A Spanish Multicenter Study
Conclusions: In our study, the overall adherence to the clinical guidelines regarding the therapeutic indication for urinary lithiasis has been low. In the case of both renal and ureteral stones, the adherence in small lithiasis has been greater, compared with larger ones. In our survey, a trend has been observed in favor of endoscopic procedures even in large lithiasis.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 19, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Dystrophic Calcification of the Bladder after Photovaporization of the Prostate with GreenLight < sup > TM < /sup > Laser 180 W: A Case Report
A 69-year-old patient who underwent photovaporization of the prostate (PVP) with GreenLightTM Laser presented chronic abdominal pain, in the following and after 7 months, an abdominal MRI showed a bladder mass and the cystoscopy revealed an 8 cm of diameter grayish mass of the anterior wall and the dome. Malignancy, infectious, and granulomatous diseases were ruled out. Biopsy showed necrotic tissue and dystrophic calcification (DC) with crystals and Gram-positive cocci, so a transurethral resection was intended failed due to the mass hard consistency and size. The patient was taken to partial cystectomy and the pain resol...
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 19, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The Predictive Value of Ischemia-Modified Albumin in Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury
Conclusion: Serum IMA values increased in parallel with the duration of ischemia, and this increase was supported by histopathological damage findings.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Impact of Body Mass Index and Pretreatment Hemoglobin Level on Prognosis Following Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Cancer in Males and Females
Conclusion: Our results found that both higher pretreatment Hb and higher BMI were associated with favorable prognosis for OS in BCa treated with RC. The differing impact of Hb and BMI on prognosis in progression of BCa in males versus females suggests there is involvement of sex hormone pathways.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

What Is the Significance of Rete Testis Invasion by Malign Germ Cell Tumor and Does Hilum Predict Metastasis?
Conclusions: We concluded that there is a strong association between hilar soft tissue invasion and vascular invasion. Especially in NS germ cell tumors, hilar soft tissue involvement a risk factor for prognosis and to determine the need for additional treatment. According to our study, hilar soft tissue status should be reported on routine pathology report.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 14, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Cure of Underactive and Overactive Bladder Symptoms in Women by 1,671 Apical Sling Operations Gives Fresh Insights into Pathogenesis and Need for Definition Change
Conclusions: These symptoms may be consistent with symptoms of the posterior fornix syndrome, which comprises 4 main symptoms: micturition difficulties, urge/frequency, nocturia, chronic pelvic pain, all consequent on USL laxity. Surgical cure of OAB and UAB is inconsistent with existing definitions, which imply pathogenesis of the detrusor muscle itself. A reconsideration and reformulation of existing definitions may be required. Altering UAB definition to “bladder emptying difficulties” and return to former definitions for OAB such as “detrusor” or “bladder instability” may help to res...
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 11, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Pain Control after Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy: Comparison between Unilateral Transversus Abdominis Plane Block and Wound Infiltration
Conclusion: Unilateral TAP block might improve pain control more pronounced after LRP than wound infiltration.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 6, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comparisons of Therapeutic Efficacy and Safety of Solifenacin versus Tolterodine in Patients with Overactive Bladder: A Meta-Analysis
Conclusion: Solifenacin and tolterodine yielded similar results on daily micturition frequency, daily urgency episodes, daily incontinence episodes, micturition volume per voiding, and the incidence of dry mouth. However, tolterodine can decrease the constipation rate at 12 weeks compared with solifenacin.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 6, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Transurethral-Assisted Transumbilical Laparoendoscopic Single-Site Radical Cystectomy: Initial Short-Term Experience
Conclusion: LESS can serve as a feasible and effective surgical procedure for RC to treat bladder cancer. With increasing experience and improvements, LESS-RC is promising to be a relatively acceptable alternative for minimally invasive surgery in some specific patients (with generally poor conditions that cannot be tolerated for a long time surgery, short life expectancy, advanced cancer, or associated with intestinal disease).Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Positive Association between Basal Total Testosterone Circulating Levels and Tumor Grade Groups at the Time of Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer
Conclusions: Increased endogenous circulating basal TT levels were positively associated with ISUP tumor grade groups at the time of diagnosis indicating a close association with tumor biology. Basal TT levels may reflect the heterogeneity of the cancer population.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Contents Vol. 102, 2019
Urol Int 2019;102:I –VI (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - June 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Study of the Apoptotic Effect in Patients with Urological versus Gynaecological Chronic Pelvic Pain
The objective is to observe if it could be possible to use the apoptosis test to distinguish different aetiologies in chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS). A prospective study was done, 106 patients, 57 had previously been diagnosed with urological chronic pelvic pain (UCPP)/interstitial cystitis (IC) and 49 patients with gynaecological chronic pelvic pain (GCPP). Neoplastic cells cultures were exposed to the urine of patients with UCPP/IC and patients with GCPP. The urine ability to provoque apoptosis on them was analysed. The apoptosis degree was measured by quantifying the percentage of cells in phase subG0, determined b...
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A Multicenter, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study Evaluating the Efficacy of a Combination of Propolis and Cranberry ( < b > < i > Vaccinium macrocarpon < /i > < /b > ) (DUAB ®) in Preventing Low Urinary Tract Infection Recurrence in Women Complaining of Recurrent Cystitis
Conclusions: We demonstrate for the first time that cranberry and propolis supplementation significantly reduces the incidence of UTIs during the first 3 months and delays the onset of an episode of cystitis.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 22, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Can Oral Fesoterodine Be an Alternative for Intravesical Oxybutynin Instillations in Children with Neuropathic Bladder Dysfunction?
Conclusions: The urodynamics after 40 days of fesoterodine were in 16 (80%) identical or better and could be a safe alternative for oxybutynin instillations in children with neuropathic bladder dysfunction.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 22, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Real-Life Data on Mirabegron in Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction
Conclusions: Mirabegron is continued in more than half of patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction for more than 6 months. Further research is needed to identify eventual predictive factors.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

No Wound for Stones & #x3c;2 cm in Horseshoe Kidney: A Systematic Review of Comparative Studies
Conclusion: For a stone #x3c;2 cm in HSK, both SWL and URS are safe treatment modalities. URS alone is a more feasible and sufficient option for stone in HSK #x3c;2 cm than SWL with possibilities of a second session.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Is There any Association between Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder and Human Papillomavirus? A Case-Control Study
Conclusion: A statistically significant relationship exists between HPV infection and UCB, regardless of the tumor grade.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Use of Prostate Specific Antigen Density Combined with Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging Improves Triage for Prostate Biopsy
Conclusions: A combination of mpMRI and PSAD might reduce the number of biopsies performed with the cost of missing #x3c;4% of CSPC.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Lymph Nodes Invasion of Marcille ’s Fossa Associates with High Metastatic Load in Prostate Cancer Patients Undergoing Extended Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection: The Role of “Marcillectomy”
Conclusions: Marcille ’s nodes involvement is associated to contemporarily multiple LN metastases in other template locations in high-risk PCa patients. The Marcille’s lymphadenectomy would be recommended when planning an ePLND in high-risk PCa.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Efficacy of the Oestrogen Antagonist Tamoxifen on Sperm Parameters in Patients with Idiopathic Oligoathenoteratozoospermia
Conclusions: Tamoxifen is effective in improving the total sperm count as well as motility and can thus be safely used as empiric medical therapy in iOAT.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The Effect of Intravesical Prostatic Protrusion in Patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Controlled, Clinical Study
Conclusions: This study demonstrated that IPP results in a decreased PSA level, even with a higher PV.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 5, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Ultrasonography Can Replace CT Scans as the Initial Imaging Examination of Ureteral Calculi
Conclusions: US confirmed that UC do not require confirmatory CT. US can replace CT as the initial imaging examination of UC.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 5, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Super-Mini Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Reduces the Incidence of Postoperative Adverse Events in Pediatric Patients: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Conclusions: Compared to MPCNL, SMP has a lower incidence of postoperative complications and appears to be a safer treatment for children with kidney stones.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 5, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Reconsideration on Clinical Benefit of Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection during Radical Prostatectomy for Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer
We conducted a review of the literature to identify the clinical benefits of pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) during radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer. The most recent guidelines recommend PLND, particularly extended PLND, during radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer. PLND is undoubtedly the most accurate method for nodal staging, and most patients, particularly those with high-risk cancer, are likely to undergo PLND during radical prostatectomy. Although many retrospective studies have assessed oncologic outcomes after PLND, its therapeutic benefit remains controversial. Patie...
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 5, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Urinary Bladder Associated with Hypoglycemia: An Unusual Case of Doege-Potter Syndrome
Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are rare mesenchymal tumors, mostly benign. Less than 30 cases have been described for the urinary bladder, 2 of them malignant. These lesions show infrequent clinical and radiological usual features, making the diagnosis difficult. Therefore, an immunohistochemical and morphological comprehensive study, which will provide the main prognostic factors, is necessary for histological diagnosis. The hypoinsulinemic hypoglycemia, as a paraneoplastic syndrome associated with SFTs – also known as the Doege-Potter Syndrome – is an infrequent finding, and quite incidental when located in th...
Source: Urologia Internationalis - May 5, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

How Effective Is Retrograde Semirigid and Flexible Ureteroscopic Lithotripsy for the Treatment of Large Ureteral Stones Equal of or Greater than 15 mm? Results from a Single Center
Conclusion: Endoscopic lithotripsy is safe and effective in treating large ureteral stones. After a single endoscopic procedure, approximately 4 out of 5 patients are expected to become stone free. This rate increases to 95% with a second session of lithotripsy.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - April 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Assessment of Intermittent Self-Catheterization Procedures in Patients with Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction: Dutch Translation and Validation of the Intermittent Catheterization Satisfaction Questionnaire, Intermittent Catheterization Acceptance Test, Intermittent Self Catheterization Questionnaire and Intermittent Catheterization Difficulty Questionnaire
Conclusion: The translated versions of InCaSaQ, ICAT, ISCQ and ICDQ are reliable and valid, allowing self-reported assessment of satisfaction, acceptance, difficulties and quality of life related to ISC in Dutch-speaking patients with NLUTD.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - April 18, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Pilot Experience with ABO-Incompatible Kidney Transplantation as a Second Transplant
Conclusions: ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation may be an acceptable treatment for patients who need a second renal replacement therapy after their initial graft failure.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - April 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Characteristics and Findings of Childhood Urinary Tract Infection in the Last Decade
Conclusions: First UTI in a group of Thai children occurred in approximately equal proportion in boys and girls but boys were younger at diagnosis. Kidney and urinary tract anomalies were detected in half of the children.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - April 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Stable Ozonides with Vitamin E Acetate versus Corticosteroid in the Treatment of Lichen Sclerosus in Foreskin: Evaluation of Effects on Inflammation
Conclusions: On the basis of our biochemical data, a randomized clinical trial might be useful to verify the actual clinical effect of OZOILE as alternative treatment to corticosteroids in children affected by LS of the foreskin.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - April 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Testicular Sonographic Color Doppler Dynamic Tissue Perfusion Measurements in Adolescents with Varicocele
Conclusion: Testicular parenchymal perfusion decreases in patients with varicocele, mostly in higher grades of varicocele. In case of validation, the method can be used in determining the damage of the testis with varicocele and the need for surgery.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - April 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Application of a Self-Made Equipment for Patient Positioning during Percutaneous Nephroscopy in the Oblique-Supine Position
Conclusion: The self-made surgical position frame met the position requirements for the oblique-supine PCNL operation. This surgical position frame deserves clinical application and promotion.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - April 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Ejaculation Sparing Bladder Neck Incision with Holmium Laser in Patients with Urinary Symptoms and Small Prostates: Short-Term Functional Results
Conclusions: ES-HoBNI is a safe, reproducible technique to relieve obstructive LUTS in men with small prostates while preserving ejaculation in younger and sexually active individuals.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - April 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

A Contemporary High-Volume Center Analysis of Postoperative Complications Following Surgical Management of Renal Cell Carcinoma with Tumor Thrombus
Conclusions: We constructed an accurate preoperative model to predict overall postoperative complications in patients with level I –IV thrombus. External verification is still needed to evaluate its general application.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - April 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Prostate: A Systematic Review and Pooled Analysis
Conclusions: LCNEC of the prostate is a rare entity that mostly occurs after long-standing hormonal therapy of prostatic adenocarcinoma. The prognosis was universally poor irrespective of the systematic chemotherapy. However, patients ofde novo tumor mixed with prostatic adenocarcinoma may respond to ADT and harbor a better outcome than those of purede novo or post-ADT LCNEC of the prostate.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - April 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Axitinib-Induced Hypothyroidism as a Predictor of Long-Term Survival in Patients with Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that hypothyroidism may be a predictive marker of therapeutic effect of axitinib against mRCC.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - April 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Transvaginal Repair of Vesico Vaginal Fistula: A 10-Year Experience with Analysis of Factors Affecting Outcomes
Conclusion: The transvaginal approach is less invasive and achieves comparable success rates as compared to other methods of vesico-vaginal fistula repair. This surgery with Foley catheter has a high success rate with reduced morbidity. We postulate that vaginal approach should be preferred over abdominal approach for repair of all vaginally accessible vesico vaginal fistulae, both of obstetrical and gynaecological origin.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - April 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Renal Parenchymal Thickness as a Predictor of Post Percutaneous Kidney Biopsy Complication
Conclusion: This is the first study investigating the impact of structural perimeters on complication risks of percutaneous renal biopsy. Renal parenchymal thickness is a significant predictor of presence of hematoma evident on post-biopsy ultrasound evaluation, which would be used in the early prevent the complications of percutaneous renal biopsy.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - April 3, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Retrospective Analysis to Determine the Optimal Timing to Discontinue Continuous Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients with Primary Vesicoureteral Reflux
Conclusion: Among the risk factors examined, patients administered CAP for less than 1 year after the last fUTI and those with bilateral VUR had significantly more frequent recurrence. Our study suggests that the administration of CAP for more than 1 year after the last fUTI is beneficial in avoiding recurrent fUTI.Urol Int (Source: Urologia Internationalis)
Source: Urologia Internationalis - March 31, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Between Cardiology and Urology: Werner Forssmann ’s Double Career
Werner Forssmann (1904 –1979) was awarded the Nobel Prize for his self-experiments in catheterization of the heart and thus entered the annals of medicine. But he had turned to urology long before he received the Nobel Prize. Who was this person associated with both cardiology and urology? It is precisely this question that the present article explores with the help of both new and reevaluated primary sources. In 1999 Truss et al. already published an article in the World Journal of Urology about the many and varied facets of Forssmann’s life and work. Our article ties in with that of Truss et al. and expands t...
Source: Urologia Internationalis - March 31, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research