Evaluation of Timeliness, Simplicity, Acceptability, and Flexibility in Child Mortality Surveillance System for Children Aged 1 –59 Months in Iran
Conclusions:Thefindings of the present study reveal that CMSS has some limitations and problems in the timeliness,simplicity, and acceptability criteria, which can be resolved. But this program has an appropriatesituation in terms of flexibility.Keywords:Child mortality, program evaluation, public health surveillance, Iran (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cost ‑Effectiveness of Herpes Zoster Vaccination
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exercise Improves Glycemic Control Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Summary of Meta ‑analysis and Systematic Reviews
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exercise as Preventative Therapy against Neurodegenerative Diseases in Older Adults
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

mHealth in Screening for Noncommunicable Diseases: The Untold Tale
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Breast Cancer on Instagram: A Descriptive Study
Conclusions:Future research can focus on best practices for developing breast cancer ‑related information on social media.Keywords:Breast cancer, Instagram, social media (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association between Dietary Intakes of Tea, Coffee, and Soft Drinks in Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography with Coronary Artery Stenosis
Conclusions:Dietary intakes of tea, coffee, and caffeine may have a negative relationship with CAD and cardio vascular diseases. Healthy dietary lifestyle is an important issue for the prevention of chronic diseases.Keywords:Caffeine, carbonated beverages, coffee, coronary stenosis, tea (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Introduction of a Community ‑Based Participatory Model for Women’s Mental Health Promotion in Iran: A‑Z
Conclusions:The resulting conceptual model illustrates the utility of using a CBPR approach to develop women ’s mental health promotion programs.Keywords:Community ‑based participatory model, Iran, mental health promotion, women (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Antiproliferative and Anti ‑invasion Effects of Carvacrol on PC3 Human Prostate Cancer Cells through Reducing pSTAT3, pAKT, and pERK1/2 Signaling Proteins
Background:One of the most effective parameters in the progression of the prostate cancer is interleukin (IL) ‑6 through affecting pSTAT3, pERK1/2, and pAKT cell signaling proteins. Carvacrol is an herbal antioxidant with antitumor effects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of carvacrol onIL‑6gene expression, pSTAT3, pAKT, pERK1/2 cellular signaling proteins, and invasion in human prostate cancer PC3 cells.Methods:PC3 cell viability was evaluated by MTT assay with different concentrations of carvacrol (0 –800µM).IL ‑6gene expression and cellular concentration of pSTAT3, pERK1/2, and...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Osteoporosis with Anthropometric Measures in a Representative Sample of Iranian Adults: The Iranian Multicenter Osteoporosis Study
Background: Osteoporosis and obesity are two major public health problems worldwide. Considering the conflicting results about the association between anthropometric measurement and bone mineral density (BMD) and also differences between various races, this study was designed to examine the relationship between anthropometric measurements and BMD in a sample of Iranian adults.Methods: This cross ‑sectional population‑based study was conducted on 2625 Iranian adults aged 18 and above who were selected using multistage, cluster sampling method from Sanandaj and Arak (two cities of Iran). The evaluated variables included ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Future Trends of the Primary Healthcare System in Iran: A Qualitative Study
Conclusions:The identified factors can be turned into opportunities for Iran primary healthcare system if health planners and policymakers have a deep and accurate look at these influential factors and manage them properly.Keywords:Forecasting, Iran, primary healthcare (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Revising the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire Used in Planning Preventive Overweight, Obesity, and Underweight Programs for 2 –5‑year‑old Children
Conclusions:The revised CFPQ is a valid tool for determining the variousaspects of parental feeding practices aiming to prevent overweight, obesity, and underweight among 2 –5‑year‑old children.Keywords:Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire, feeding behaviors, feeding practices,validation studies (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Personal, Social, and Environmental Factors Associated with the Behavior of Plastic Bag Use among Urban Residents: A Study with Socioecological Approach
Conclusions:Health ‑care providers may consider purchase frequency and SEA as a framework for developing educational, environmental, and social interventions aiming at reducing the consumption of plastic bags.Keywords:Environmental factor, personal factor, plastic bag, social support (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk Factors of Breast Cancer in Hadramout Valley and Desert, Yemen
Conclusions:The main risk factors for breast cancer among women in Yemen are divorced marital status, never breastfed a child, having hypertension, family history of malignancy, and postmenopause. Regular screening especially among women with high risk is needed.Keywords:Breast neoplasm, case –control study, risk factors, Yemen (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Does Plastic Incise Drape Prevent Recolonization of Endogenous Skin Flora during Lumbar Spine Procedures?
Conclusions:The results showed that using PID is unable to reduce recolonization and regrowth of bacteria on patients ’ skin adjacent to surgical wound in clean lumbar spine surgeries. However, making a definite decision about using or notusing of PID requires further studies.Keywords:Bacteria, lumbar vertebrae, surgical drapes, surgical wound (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Discretionary Salt Intake and Readiness for Behavioral Change Among Women in Tehran
Background:Since women ’s readiness for dietary behavioral change can be one of the most effective fundamental measures for reducing dietary salt intake in line with preventing chronic diseases in developing countries, the present study is aimed to determine the readiness for behavioral change in discretionary salt inta ke among women living in Tehran.Methods:The present cross ‑sectional study was conducted on 561 women referring to the women care units across city of Tehran. The self‑administered questionnaire included assessment of nutrition‑related knowledge on salt intake and its association with diseases, ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of Two Validation Nutrition Tools in Hospitalized Elderly: Full Mini Nutritional Assessment and Short ‑form Mini Nutritional Assessment
Background:The aim was to determine validity, reliability, and cutoff of full ‑mini nutritional assessment (MNA) and MNA‑short form (SF) also which one was better for the screening of malnutrition in the Iranian hospitalized elderly.Methods:In this cross ‑sectional validation study, 96 hospitalized elderly ≥60 years selected from two hospitals in Tehran. Anthropometric measures (bodymass index [BMI], mid ‑arm circumference [MAC], calf circumference [CC], abdomen, and waist skinfold thickness) and laboratory tests (albumin and hemoglobin levels, and red blood cell count were performed. Nutrition tools (full‑MNA...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Social Determinants of Positive Mental Health in Iranian Society: A Qualitative Approach
Conclusions:Improvement of living conditions, with emphasis on working conditions as one of the intermediary social determinants, will play an important role inKeywords:Iran, positive mental health, qualitative research, social determinants of health (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

From Iceberg of Pre ‑diabetes to Poor Glycemic Control in Diabetics: An Elderly Based Study in Shiraz, South of Iran
Conclusions:The pre ‑diabetic elderly were mostly undiagnosed, while one‑third to one‑fourth of DMs had poor glycemic indices. These figures show the need for pre‑diabetes and diabetes screening in the elderly, especially in those with low levelof education, hyperlipidemia, liver disease, or HTN. Furthermore, regular monitoring of glycemic indices in the diabetic and pre ‑diabetic elderly is recommended.Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, diabetic, elderly, glycemic index, pre ‑diabetes (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Socioeconomic Status and Food Security with Anthropometric Indices Among 2 –5‑year‑old Urban Children in Eight Different cities in Iran
Conclusion:It was shown that 2 –5 years old children’s life are the most vital and vulnerable to the hazards of undernutrition or overweight and obesity, which could affect the whole health of the person. As food security affects BMI, it is important to focus more on this issue in order to improve child’s health status.Keywords:Body mass index, malnutrition, obesity, overweight, thinness (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Unintentional Injuries in the Three References Laboratories: Sana ’a, Yemen
Background:The aim is to determine the incidence rate of unintentional injuries and its associated factors and determine the pattern of these injuries among laboratory staff in three reference laboratories in Sana ’a, Yemen.Methods:A cross ‑sectional study was conducted among laboratory staff in the three reference laboratories in Sana’a, Yemen. A pretested structured questionnairewas used to collect data on the unintentional injuries during the past 12 months including the type of injury.Results:A total of 93 technicians responded and filled the questionnaires. Of the93 technicians, 51 (54.8%) technicians re...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Challenges of Iran ’s Type 2 Diabetes Prevention and Control Program
Conclusions:Despite the well ‑developed policy of type 2 diabetes prevention and control, the implementation is faced with some problems which endangers the effectiveness of the plan. Any attempt to improve the successful implementation of the type 2 diabetes prevention and control program requires effective measures, deep un derstanding of the problems and solving them.Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, health plan implementation, prevention and control, type 2 (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protective Effect of Thioctic Acid on Renal Ischemia –reperfusion Injury in Rat
Background:We investigated the effect of thioctic acid (TA) on kidney function, oxidative stress, and inflammatory status in serum and kidney homogenates of a rat subjected to ischemia –reperfusion injury (IRI).Materials and Methods:Thirty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into threeequal groups: sham, IR, and IR + TA in 50 mg/kg once ‑daily intraperitoneal injection for 2 weeks, before IR induction. The levels of urea and creatinine (Cr) in the serum of rats were measured. Malondialdehyde and nitric oxide (NO) as stress oxidative markers; tumor necrosis factor‑α, interleukin ‑6, and myeloperoxidase ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparing the Frequency of Some Oral Lesions in Prediabetic and Healthy Individuals: Is There Any Difference?
This study aimed to compare some oral complications between prediabetic andhealthy control groups.Methods:The   present two‑group cross‑sectional study was carried outon 302 prediabetic and non ‑diabetic (healthy) 20‑ to 60‑year‑old subjects. In this study, dataon age, gender, educational level, medications use, smoking, and some other variables wereextracted through history taking. In addition, orodental examination was carried out by an oralmedicine specialist to diagnose oral lesions including candidiasis, lichen planus, periodontitis,gingivitis, xerostomia, delayed wound healing, geographic tongue, fissur...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Anabolic Androgenic Steroid Abuse and their Health Impacts: A Cross ‑sectional Study among Body Builders in a City of Eastern India
Conclusions:Frequency of ASS use was substantialamong young bodybuilders. Awareness about side effects was not a deterrent factor. Abusers werehighly influenced by coaches. Efforts should be made for preventing easy access to AAS.Keywords:Fitness centers, steroids, substance ‑related disorders (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Design, Formulation, and Physicochemical Evaluation of Vaginal Cream Containing Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Viola odorata, and Mentha piperita extracts for Prevention and Treatment of Trichomoniasis
Conclusions:The mixed concentrates containing 2.5 mg/mlE. camaldulensis, 0.06 mg/mlofV. odorata,and 1 mg/ml ofM. piperitaare the mixture which showed the highest percentage ofGI (100%) after 24 h. The selective formulation of vaginal cream containing this mixture of extractswas detected 100% GI in the first 24 h.Keywords:Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Mentha piperita, trichomoniasis, vaginal cream, Violaodorata (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Protective Effect of Cystone Against Cisplatin ‑induced Nephrotoxicity in Patients with Cancer: A Pilot Study
Conclusions:The use of Cystone resulted in more stable kidney functionindices in the intervention group, as compared with the control group. Therefore, Cystone seems tohave a protective effect against nephrotoxicity induced by Cisplatin in cancer patients.Keywords:Cisplatin, cystone, neoplasm, nephrotoxicity (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Gender, Depressive Symptoms, Chronic Medical Conditions, and Time to First Psychiatric Diagnosis among American Older Adults
Conclusions:Men and women differ in how depressive symptomsand CMC influence their risk of receiving a psychiatric diagnosis over time. Depressive symptomsare more salient promotor for men than women while CMC is only a barrier for men.Keywords:Chronic medical conditions, depressive symptoms, gender (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Decomposing Socioeconomic Inequality in Health Literacy in Iran: A Concentration Index Approach
Conclusions:The results of this study revealed that there is inequality in distribution ofhealth literacy in Iran, and people of higher economic status in Iran enjoy from better health literacylevels.Keywords:Healthcare disparities, health literacy, health status disparities, socioeconomic factors (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Are Lipid Profile, Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, and Blood Pressure of Depressed Elderly Patients Different from Healthy Subjects?
Background:Depression and obesity are among the increasingly publicized health problems,both being related to critical complications, and increasing the risk of substantial morbidity andmortality. An increasing number of documents indicate that obesity affects mental status, lowserum cholesterol levels, and is related to depressive symptoms. The purpose of the present studywas to evaluate the possible significant difference in lipid profile levels, body mass index (BMI),waist circumference (WC), and blood pressure (BP), between depressive and nondepressive olderadults.Methods:This was a case –control study where 107 ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Application of Social Cognitive Theory to Prevent Waterpipe Use in Male High ‑school Students in Kerman, Iran
Background:The growing supply and prevalence of waterpipe (WP) smoking among Iranianadolescents have become a concern for both families and policymakers. The aim of this study wasto determine the factors underlying WP use and also to design an intervention program based onsocial cognitive theory (SCT) aimed to reduce the demand for WP smoking among male adolescents.Methods:This quasi ‑experimental study involved 189 high‑school students in Kerman, Iran, whowere split into two groups, an intervention group and a control group. A validated questionnairebased on SCT constructs was used to collect data. The intervention wa...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of Changes in Levels of Hyperandrogenism, Hirsutism and Menstrual Regulation After a Period of Aquatic High Intensity Interval Training in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
This study is aimed to determine changes in levelsof hyperandrogenism, hirsutism and menstrual regulation after a period of aquatic high intensityinterval training (AHIIT) in women with PCOS.Methods:Thirty patients with PCOS having agebetween 20 and 35 and body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2in obstetrics and gynaecology clinicsin Isfahan were selected based on Rotterdam Diagnostic Criteria. They were randomly dividedinto experimental (AHIIT + metformin,N= 15) and control groups (metformin,N= 15). Theexercises were done for 12 weeks, three sessions of 20 minutes. Metformin (1500 mg) was takendaily for 3 consecutive days for ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cigarette Smoking and Health ‑related Quality of Life in the General Population of Iran: Independent Associations According to Gender
In this study,P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Qualitative Study to Determine Stressors Influencing Dietary and Physical Activity Behaviors of Overweight and Obese Adolescents in Iran
Conclusions:Our findings highlighted the sources and role of stress in emerging unhealthy lifestylepractices including emotional overeating and physical inactivity among adolescents which could leadto weight gain. Therefore, to improve lifestyle behaviors of students and prevent childhood obesity,addressing school, and family stressors is a crucial subject.Keywords:Adolescent, emotional eating, obesity, physical activity, qualitative research (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Registry and Monitoring: Feasibility Study and Application (Isfahan Inflammatory Bowel Disease Surveillance Project)
Conclusions:Valid data from a standard surveillance system area relevant, trustworthy tool for making decision by health policy ‑makers. Integrated comprehensiveinterventional programs for disease control and management is the second phase of IISP.Keywords:Colitis, Crohn ’s disease, inflammatory bowel diseases, Iran, registries, ulcerative (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dietary Intake of Antioxidants in the Elderly People under Nursing Care: A Case –Control Study
Conclusions:The findings indicated that nursingcare leads to improved intake of energy, vitamin E, and selenium, while diminished beta ‑caroteneintake in the elderly. Intake of vitamin E, A, C, zinc, and selenium was high among elderly peoplewith and without care, compared with the dietary reference intake. It seems that further studies arerequired to confirm these findings.Keywords:Antioxidants, diet, elderly, energy intake, Iran (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pattern of Antibacterial Resistance in Urinary Tract Infections: A Systematic Review and Meta ‑analysis
Conclusions:The results of this study showed that the most common resistance are antibiotics that are commonly used. The most effective antibiotics forE. coliwere imipenem, nitrofurantoin, amikacin, chloramphenicol, and ciprofloxacin. Considering this study, it had better, use less gentamicin, second ‑generation cephalosporins, and nalidixic acid in the initial treatment of infections caused byE. coli, and no use penicillins, tetracyclines, cotrimoxazole, and first-generation cephalosporins.Keywords:Antibiotics, antimicrobial resistance, Gram ‑negative bacteria, Gram‑positive bacteria, urinary tract infections (Sourc...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk of Seizure after Naloxone Therapy in Acute Tramadol Poisoning: A Systematic Review with Meta ‑Analysis
 Many studies have focused on the relationship between naloxone and seizurein tramadol poisoning but the results are in conflict. We performed a meta ‑analysis study to see whether naloxone prevents or increase the risk of seizure in tramadol poisoning.Bibliographic literature searches were conducted in the ISI Web of Science, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), PubMed, and Cochrane from January 1990 to December 2017 for relevant articles. Pooled data were analyzed by calculating odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The outcome includes seizure. To investigate the publication bias, Begg ’s and...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Expected Under ‑Recorded Incidence of Dengue in Thailand–Myanmar Border Provinces
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Potential Gains of Screening Family Members of Suspected Coronary Artery Disease: A Pilot Study
Conclusions: Window of opportunity for secondary prevention exists among the family members of suspected CAD.Keywords: Coronary stenosis, mass screening, risk assessment (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Serum Chromium Level is Increased in Jordanian Smokers, Decreased in Jordanians with Prediabetes and type 2 Diabetes, But not Altered in Jordanians with Hypertension, With Obesity, or With Family History of Diabetes
Conclusions:Higher levels of serum chromium were observed in smokers, whereas lower levels were found to be present in patients with T2D and patients with prediabetes. In addition, serum chromium level may not be affected by hypertension, overweight and obesity, and family history of diabetes.Keywords:Obesity, overweight, serum chromium, smokers, type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, hypertension (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Social Health from Young Adults ’ Perspective: A Qualitative Study
Conclusions:Our fndings shown that social support considered as effective elements in providing social health of young adults. The evidence on controlling factors should be considered in promoting the social health of specifc target groups. The results of the present study could be used for better planning of interventions in youth social health domains.Keywords:Iran, qualitative study, social health, young adults (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relationship between Bone Mineral Density and Oral Health Status among Iranian Women
Conclusions: This investigation suggests a negative association between bone mineral status and oral health condition regarding DMFT and number of missing teeth. It could be concluded that inadequate bone mass could coexist with higher number of missing teeth or a worse oral health condition; nevertheless, further studies are required to assess these relationships precisely.Keywords: Absorptiometry, bone density: Oral health, dental caries, dual ‑energy X‑ray absorptiometry scan, osteoporosis, periodontal diseases (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Palliative Care on Quality of Life and Survival after Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Systematic Review
Cardiac and respiratory arrest is reversible through immediate cardiopulmonaryresuscitation (CPR). However, survival after CPR is very low for various reasons. This systematic review study was conducted to assess the effect of palliative care on quality of life and survival after CPR.In the present meta ‑analysis and systematic review study, two researchers independently searched Google Scholar and MagIran, MedLib, IranMedex, SID, and PubMed for articles publishedduring 1994 –2016 and containing a number of relevant keywords and their Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) combinations. A total of 156 articles were initia...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Using the Blood Coagulation Factors as a Predictor Component of the Occupational Vibration Exposure
Conclusions:The considered samples showed longer time for blood coagulation as compared to the reference time. Thus, it can be concluded that the main reason is the acceleration in three different coordinate axes of x, y, and z. Hence, the values beyond permissible standard rate of hand –arm vibration in 8 h shifts affect the blood parameters, among which the considered coagulation parameters in this study showed more tangible changes in that respect.Keywords:Blood coagulation, occupational exposure, vibration (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Eugenol on Pain Response to the Formalin Test and Plasma Antioxidant Activity in High Fructose Drinking Water in Male Rats
This study shows that fructose administration does not change any pain response and there are not any changes in pain response between Fr group and control group. However, treatment with single and continuous dose of eugenol in Fr + EoS and Fr + EoC groups significantly decreases response to pain in the first and second phase of formalin test in comparison with Fr group (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Physical Exercise as a Strategy of Reduce Costs with Medicine for Aged
Conclusions: The physical activity was inversely associated with the number of medications, the more physical activity and fewer drug expenses. The need to implement programs for orientation and for the promotion of health through physical activity was also verified.Keywords: Aged, exercises, medicine, primary prevention, public health (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sociodemographic Pattern of Physical Activity in the Northwest of Iran: Results of the Pilot Phase of the Azar Cohort Study
Background:Sedentary lifestyle plays a key role in the emergence of many noncommunicable diseases. Given the importance of physical activity (PA) in population ‑based studies, the present study was conducted to investigate the pattern of PA and its correlates in the pilot phase of Azar cohort study.Methods:In the pilot phase of Azar cohort study, 1236 individuals aged 35 –70 years in Khameneh, a city in East Azarbaijan, Iran, were invited to participate in thestudy. A total of 952 individuals completed the overall and the PA questionnaire, a response rate of 82%. The PA level was evaluated using the classifed PA qu...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Brain ‑Derived Neurotrophic Factor: A Promising Biomarker for Predicting Prematurity‑Related Complications
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Middle ‑aged Health Checks Program Outputs in Non‑communicable Diseases Screening in Iran
Conclusions: The MAHCP utilization rate in both the genders, particularly in men, was lower than it had been expected.Keywords: Cancer, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, hypertension, screening (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research