Association of CYP1A1 M2 (A2455G) Polymorphism with Susceptibility to Breast Cancer in Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran: A Case –control Study
Background:Breast cancer is one of the most frequent women malignancies in the world. The cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) is a key enzyme in xenobiotics metabolism. Moreover, CYP1A1 plays a critical role in the etiology of breast cancer by involving in 2 ‑hydroxylation of estrogen. Therefore, single‑nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of its coding gene have been verifed to be important in cancer susceptibility. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association ofCYP1A1M2 (A2455G) includes rs1048943 of this SNP polymorphism with the risk of breast cancer in Mazandaran province.Methods:Ninety ‑six breast cancer patients w...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Higher Physician Body Mass Index is Associated with Increased Weight Bias in an Arab Country with High Prevalence of Obesity
Conclusions:Although our study did not fnd signifcant weight bias, negativeattitudes were directly correlated with physician BMI, a signifcant concern as half of physicians surveyed reported BMIs consistent with overweight and obesity.Keywords:Attitudes, obesity, physician, weight bias (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Health Education Intervention Study on Tobacco Consumption Among the Urban Slum Residents of Central India
This study is done with objectives to access the prevalence of tobacco consumption, evaluate the impact of healtheducation and intervention.Methods:It was community ‑based health educational interventional study conducted in urban slum setting in Bhopal India, comprising 1598 subjects, and out of these 520 participants were assessed for fnal outcome with 3 months study duration. A predesigned, pretested questionnaire proforma was developed containing the stud y variables including socio‑demographic, education, age, occupation, type of tobacco product consumed and so on and distributed to all study participants in pre...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Harmine on Nicotine ‑Induced Kidney Dysfunction in Male Mice
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of harmine against nicotine‑induced damage to the kidneys of mice.Methods:In this study, 64 male mice were randomly assigned to eight groups: saline and nicotine ‑treated groups (2.5 mg/kg), harmine groups (5, 10, and 15 mg/kg), and nicotine (2.5 mg/ kg) + harmine‑treated groups (5, 10, and 15 mg/kg). Treatments were administered intraperitoneally daily for 28 days. The weights of the mice and their kidneys, kidney index, glomeruli characteristics, thiob arbituric acid reactive species, antioxidant capacity, kidney function indicators, and serum nitrite oxide levels wer...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Social Differences in the Prevalence of Road Traffc Injuries among Pedestrians, and Vehicle and Motorcycle Users in Iran: Results of a National Multiple Indicator Demographic and Health Survey (IrMIDHS, 2010)
Conclusions:RTIs in Iran are higher than previous estimates due to consideration of non ‑hospitalized cases. Considering the high contribution of human factors indeveloping countries, these measures should prioritize vulnerable groups.Keywords:Crush injury, motor vehicles, pedestrian, socio ‑economic factor, traffc accidents (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Maternal Tobacco use during Pregnancy in South Africa: Results from a National Population ‑based Survey
Conclusions:Findings suggest links between sociodemographic and health variables and prenatal tobacco use, which may have public health policy implications.Keywords:Health status, mental health, pregnancy, South Africa, tobacco use (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effcacy of Vitamin D Supplementation in Physical Performance of Iranian Elite Athletes
This study was performed to evaluate the effcacy of weekly vitamin D supplementation on athletic performance in Iranian athletes expedited to Asian competition in Taipei, China, 2015.Methods:This study was a randomized controlled clinical trial. Seventy subjects were enrolled in the study. The athletes were randomly divided into two groups: vitamin D supplement (D; received 50,000 IU of vitamin D supplement weekly) and control (P, received a placebo weekly). Duration of the study was 8 weeks.   Anthropometric, dietary, athletic performance, and biochemical evaluations were performed for all subjects in the beginning a...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Role of Interictal Epileptiform Discharges in Epilepsy Surgery Outcome
Conclusions:Our study showed that concordance of IZ with SOZ and MRI has no independent effect on postsurgical outcome of patients with TLE and ETLE. We suggest that excluding exceptional cases, v ‑EEG monitoring should be considered as the mainstay of presurgical evaluation.Keywords:Electroencephalography, epilepsy, neurosurgery, treatment outcome (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Training with or without Ziziphus Jujuba Extract on Cardiokines in Heart Tissue of Myocardial Infarcted Rats
Background:Today, the importance of physical activity as a preventative way for cardiovascular disease has attracted much attention.The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of 6 weeks of interval training with or without extract of Ziziphus jujuba on lipocalcin ‑2 (LCN2) and adiponectin levels in heart tissue in male Wistar rats with myocardial infarction.Methods:Thirty male Wistar rats (mean weight, 180 –220 g and age, 2–3 months) were divided into fve groups, including (1) Healthy control; (2) Isoprenaline‑treated group (ISO); (3) ISO + jujube extracts (JE); (4) Trained ISO rats; and (5) Trained...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correlation of Resting Heart Rate with the Severity and Complexity of Coronary Artery Disease: A Single ‑Center Retrospective Study
Background:We aimed to explore the association between resting heart rate (RHR) and the severity and complexity of atherosclerosis in coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods:Clinical and laboratory data of 388 patients who underwent coronary angiography were evaluated retrospectively. SYNTAX and Gensini scores were calculated based on angiographic fndings. These scores which indicate the severity of atherosclerosis was calculated for all the patients. Patients were dividedinto three main groups according to RHR. Group 1 composed of patients with RHR ≤70 (n= 217), group 2 composed of patients with RHR between 70 and 89 (n=...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Associations of Subclinical Peripheral Artery Disease among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes without Clinical Macrovascular Disease
Background:Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an important marker of cardiovascular (CV) risk and the risk of PAD is markedly increased in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Consequently, early diagnosis and treatment of PAD in patients with T2DM are critically important to reduce the risk of CV events. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic PAD in patients with T2DM and to investigate the demographic and clinical associations of PAD among them.Methods:This cross ‑sectional study included 2423 diabetic patients>20 years old, who were regularly followed up at the regional di...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Predictors of Perceived Stress among Medical and Nonmedical College Students, Minia, Egypt
Background:Nowadays, stress has been tagged a global phenomenon. Many undergraduate students undergo considerable stress, and a variety of sources of stress have been identifed among university students. The aim of this study is to identify the level of perceived stress and its predictors among medical and nonmedical Minia University students.Methods:This was a cross ‑sectional study comparing between medical and nonmedical students in Minia University, conducted during the period from March to April 2017. The sample consisted of 314 medical and 291 nonmedical students chosen through cluster random sampling as a section ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiological, Risk Factors, Clinical, and Laboratory Features of Brucellosis in the Southwest of Iran within 2009 –2015
Background:Brucellosis is a serious disease affecting many individuals in the world and in Iran. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological and clinical features of patients diagnosed with brucellosis in Kohgilouyeh and Boyerahmad province, southwest of Iran.Methods:This retrospective descriptive ‑analytic study included all individuals diagnosed with brucellosis during 2009–2015. The clinical and epidemiological information were gathered from recorded data available in the health center of Kohgilouyeh and Boyerahmad province, the southwest of Iran.Results:The total number of patients diagnosed wi...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of Preventive Antibacterial Properties of a Glass ‑Ionomer Cement Containing Purifed Powder of Salvia offcinalis: An In vitro Study
Conclusions:The present study revealed direct inhibitory activitiesofS. offcinalis‑containing GIC againstS. mutansandL. caseiin a dose ‑response manner.Keywords:Antimicrobial agents, dental material, glass ionomer, Salvia offcinalis (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a Peer ‑Led Behavioral Intervention Program on Tobacco Use‑Related Knowledge, Attitude, Normative Beliefs, and Intention to Smoke among Adolescents at Iranian Public High Schools
Conclusions:Participation in the peer ‑led education program to tobacco use prevention may have improvement in knowledge, normative beliefs, and intention totobacco use. An implementation of the peer ‑led behavioral intervention components in the school setting may have a benefcial effect on public health by decreasing intention to tobacco use among nonsmoker adolescents.Keywords:Cigarette smoking, high school children, intervention, peer ‑led intervention, tobacco use prevention, water‑pipe use (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Altmetric Analysis of Contemporary Iranian Medical Journals
Conclusions:Iranian biomedical journal editors and research scientists needsto be more dynamic in World Wide Web using social media, post-publication peer review tools, Stack Exchange (Q and A) sites, research highlight tools, Wikipedia, and etc. In spite, more attention to the concept of evidence-based policymaking, by Iranian government along with the health policymakers seems necessary.Keywords:Altmetrics, Facebook, Iran, medical journal, social media, Twitter (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Optimal Choice of Pharmacological Therapy – Prevention of Stroke and Assessment of Bleeding Risk in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation
This study analyzed data obtained from 103 patients with diagnosis of atrial fbrillation (AF) (39 of them had a stroke). Patients were divided into groups according to the CHADS2, CHA2DS2‑VASc, and HASBLED scores.Results:An analysis showed that anticoagulant drugs were more often prescribed to subjects
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Migrants and Health Status: Assessing Adherence to Treatment in Noncommunicable Diseases is Important
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of Compliance to Breast Cancer Screening and Referral in Low Socio-Economic Regions of Urban India
Conclusions:The programme ensured good compliance with screening, referral and treatment indicating feasibility and acceptability of CBE based BC screening programme by the community.Keywords:Awareness, breast cancer, compliance, counseling, screening (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Using Oaxaca Decomposition to Study Socioeconomic Inequity of Physical Activity among Children Aged 10 –12 Years: A Study in West of Iran
Conclusions:According to the fndings, most of the children especially in the poor groups didn ’t have suffcient PA and socioeconomic factors could have the important role.Keywords:Children, concentration index, Oaxaca decomposition, physical activity, socioeconomic inequality (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Yoga on Lipid Profle and C ‑reactive Protein in Women
Conclusions:The result showed that yoga reduced TC and LDL ‑C signifcantly, but had no signifcant effect on TG, HDL‑C, and CRP.Keywords:Cholesterol, C-reactive protein , triglycerides, yoga (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Visual Cues and Food Intake: Distortion Power of Plate and Spoon Size on Overweight and Obese University Staff
Conclusions:It seems that only the amount of grain products consumption changes with changing in dishware size with no signifcant effect on total energy intake. It is recommended that the independent effect of visual cues on food intake forfoods with different textures be investigated in future studies.Keywords:Cooking and eating utensils, eating, overweight (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Strength Training on Plasma Levels of Homocysteine in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Conclusions:This study concluded that strength training does not improve homocysteine levels, but help to improve the lipoprotein profle in type 2 diabetic patients.Keywords:Cholesterol, glucose, hyperhomocysteinemia, obesity, strength exercise (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trends and Risk Factors of Gastric Cancer in Iran (2005 –2010)
Conclusions:During the study period, GC has decreased in Iran. Nevertheless, GC risk was generally high in Northern and Northwestern provinces of Iran. Different health policies according to GC risk and trend are required for each province.Improvements in screening and education programs and conducting further epidemiological studies could help to reduce the incidence of GC in high risk provinces.Keywords:Bayesian, disease mapping, gastric cancer, hierarchical space ‑time (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Time Series Analysis of Monthly Suicide Rates in West of Iran, 2006 –2013
Conclusions:In this study, we had no signifcant trend but seasonal variations in the suicide rates that were identifed. However, additional data from other parts of the country with longer duration are needed to visualize the reliable trend of suicide and identify seasonality of suicide across the country.Keywords:Exponential smoothing state space model, forecast, suicide, time series (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Vitamin D Status and Metabolic Syndrome Components in Iranian Children
Conclusions:Vitamin D defciency is alarming among Iranian children. Among the components of MetS, lower serum Vitamin D concentration was only associated with TG that could contribute in onset and progression of cardiometabolic disorderslater in life.Keywords:Children, metabolic syndrome, triglyceride, Vitamin D (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Intersectoral Expectations for Promoting Mental Health: A Qualitative Case Study of Islamic Republic of Iran
Conclusions:Due to the growing burden of mental disorders in the country, informing national organizations and attracting their active participation based on intersectoral expectations and developing interaction mechanisms amongthem can be an effective step in promoting mental health and reducing the environmental factors threatening mental health.Keywords:Intersectoral expectations, Islamic Republic of Iran, mental health (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Finger and Nail Lesion, Formaldehyde Exposure, and Vegetable for Sale
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Exploration of Barriers and Enablers of Retention in a Program to Reduce Vertical Transmission of HIV at Health Centers in Zimbabwe
Conclusions:Reinforcing hope for the women and their children, active management of side effects of antiretroviral medicine, consistent peer support, enhancing confdentiality among community cadres, and commitment from community or religious leaders may improve retention of women in PMTCT programs; for women with HIV during pregnancy, delivery and post ‑natal care.Keywords:HIV infection, prevention and control, retention, vertical infection transmission (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Tobacco: A Serious Threat to the Development of a Nation
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relations between Coping Skills, Symptom Severity, Psychological Symptoms, and Quality of Life in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Conclusions:However, IBS patients involved in this study utilized adaptive coping strategies more frequently. Our study showed that use of maladaptive coping strategies had positive correlation with symptom severity and degree of anxiety and depression among patients, while implementation of optimistic strategies were found to be negatively correlated to severity of symptoms and also utilization of adaptive coping styles was associated with lesser degree of anxiety and depression.Keywords:Anxiety, coping skills, depression, irritable bowel syndrome, psychological stress, quality of life (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of Weight Effcacy Lifestyle Questionnaire ‑Short Form
Conclusions:The Persian version of WEL ‑SF had excellent psychometric properties.Keywords:Body weight, reliability, self ‑effcacy, validity (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Economic Inequality in Life Satisfaction and Self ‑perceived Health in Iranian Children and Adolescents: The CASPIAN IV Study
Conclusions:SES inequality in LS and good SPH was in favor of high SES group. These fndings are useful for health policies, better programming and future complementary analyses.Keywords:Inequality, life satisfaction, self ‑perceived health (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Nonpharmacologic Treatments Alone are Enough to Prevent the Neurally Mediated Syncope: A 3 Years Follow ‑up Study
Background:Recurrences are common in neurally mediated syncope. The aim of this study is the evaluation of the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments alone in preventing of syncope relapse.Methods:70 patients (age 5 –20 years) with neurally mediated syncope were enrolled. Thirty patients received pharmacologic therapies along with nonpharmacological methods, and 40 patients received just nonpharmacological treatments then followed them for 36 months. The incidences of differentoutcomes were analyzed with descriptive statistics using percentages.Results:The recurrence rate of syncope was signifcantly higher in p...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protective Effect of Zinc Supplementation on Renal Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rat: Gender ‑related Difference
Background:Zinc (Zn) knows as essential microelement which prevents oxidative stress. The effect of Zn supplement on renal function parameters in rats subjected to renal ischemia ‑reperfusion (IR) injury was investigated.Methods:Male and female rats were subjected to renal IR with and without Zn sulfate (10 mg/kg/day for 5 days) supplementation. The kidney function markers and histology fndings in Zn ‑treated group were compared with sham and control groups.Results:The serum levels of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine (Cr) and kidney tissue damage score were increased signifcantly after renal injury (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevention for Zika Virus Infection
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

How Sensitive are Dipstick Urinalysis and Microscopy in Making Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection in Children?
Conclusions:Dipstick urinalysis may not be reliable in ruling out UTI in children. However, considering both positive dipstick and pyuria will be more useful inmaking the diagnosis.Keywords:Mass screening, microscopy, pyuria, urinalysis, urinary tract infections (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Strategies for Prevention and Treatment of Peritoneal Fibrosis: A Scientometric Study
Background:Interest in using peritoneal dialysis (PD) shows global and national increase. However, it remains a challenge to prevent the progression of PD ‑associated fbrosis in clinical practice. Here, we assessed the status of scientifc publications in prevention and management of PD‑associated fbrosis in a scientometric study.Methods:We retrieved the bibliometric data by search terms “encapsulating peritoneal fbrosis,” “treatment or prevention,” and their synonyms in the Scopus databases until December 2, 2017. Data were analyzed using Scopus analysis tools, SPSS version 15 and Visualizing Sc...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors Associated with the Development of Secondary Multidrug ‑resistant Tuberculosis
Conclusions:Government of India should devise strategy to prevent interruption of treatment to stop the emergence and spread of MDR ‑TB. We need to better integrate TB control activities with diabetes and tobacco control programs for better health outcome among patients.Keywords:India, multidrug resistance, risk factors, tuberculosis (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Quality of Life in Different Chronic Diseases and Its Related Factors
Conclusions:Some patients, such as those with asthma and COPD, had less QoL than other patients and should be prioritized while planning for the promotion of healthcare services. Due to the negative effects of economic status on QoL, the fnancial support programs should be among the major priorities of the patients ’ QoL improvement programs.Keywords:Asthma, chronic obstructive, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, multiple sclerosis, neoplasms, peptic ulcer, pulmonary disease, quality of life (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Performance of Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers: A Case Study from Chhattisgarh, India
Conclusions:Regular review and supportive supervision could play a crucial role in improving the quality of services. The awareness level and expectation of mothers could be improved through NRC ‑based education and outreach services.Keywords:Assessment, Chhattisgarh, malnutrition of children, Nutrition Rehabilitation Center (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protective Role of Angiotensin Type 1 Receptor Blockade in 4/6 Nephrectomized Male and Female Rats
Background:Chronic kidney disease associated with serious morbidity and mortality rate while it is affected by renin ‑angiotensin system. The effects of losartan as angiotensin II Type 1 receptor antagonist on renal functional in 4/6 nephrectomized rats was evaluated.Methods:Twenty ‑six male and female Wistar rats underwent 4/6 nephrectomy, and the animals from each gender were randomly divided into two groups which treated with vehicle and losartan (10 mg/kg/day for 1 week). The parameters related to kidney function were measured.Results:Creatinine (Cr) clearance and urine flow were improved in losartan‑treated group signifcantly (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Flaxseed Oil Omega ‑3 Fatty Acids Supplementation on Regression and Metabolic Status in Endometrial Hyperplasia: A randomized, Double‑Blind, Placebo‑Controlled Trial
Background:Data on the effects of omega ‑3 fatty acid supplementation on clinical symptoms and metabolic profles in patients with endometrial hyperplasia (EH) are limited. This intervention was performed to assess the effects of omega‑3 fatty acid supplementation on clinical symptoms and metabolic profles in patients with endometrial hyperplasia (EH).Methods:This randomized, double ‑blind, placebo‑controlled trial was conducted among 40 women diagnosed with simple endometrial hyperplasia (EH). EH diagnosis was performed based on specifc diagnostic procedures of biopsy. Participants were randomised into two groups t...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pattern of Substance Abuse and Prevalence of Risk Factors of HIV and Hepatitis among Addicted Women in Western Iran
Conclusions:Although women do not constitute a signifcant part of substance abuse, increasing trend of women addiction, on one hand, and high prevalence of risk factors related to HIV or hepatitis in women, on the other hand; show that offcials and experts are required to seriously consider prevention and harm reduction programs for women.Keywords:Addicted women, addictive, behavior, methadone maintenance treatment, methadone,substance abuse, substance ‑related disorders (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Celery Extract on Thyroid Function; Is Herbal Therapy Safe in Obesity?
This report aimed to demonstrate celery would induce hyperthyroidism after oral celery extract consumption for weight loss. A 36 ‑year‑old female patient came to our clinic with blurred vision, palpitation, and nausea. Dietary history showed that she used 8 g/day of celery extract in powder form for weight reduction. Weight loss during 78 days of celery extract consumption was 26 kg. Thyroid function test showed that seru m level of thyroid‑stimulating hormone (TSH) and T4 were 0.001 mIU/L and 23 ng/dl, respectively). Grave’s and thyrotoxicosis ruled out by other laboratory evaluations. Methimazole 10 mg/day wa...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Diet Quality and Total Daily Price of Foods Consumed among Iranian Diabetic Patients
Background:The aim is to investigate the association between diet quality and daily price of foods consumed among Iranian diabetic patients.Methods:This cross ‑sectional study was conducted among 200 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) aged 30–70 years. General information, socioeconomic status, anthropometric and biochemical characteristics, and food prices were collected by pretested questionnaires. Dietary intakes were assessed using a se mi‑quantitative reliable and valid food frequency questionnaire. Modifed nutritionist IV and SPSS software were used for analyses.Results:The results of the present...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Gestational Diabetes and Risk of Developing Postpartum Type 2 Diabetes: How to Improve Follow ‑up?
Conclusions:Women with GD history demonstrated high risk of developingT2D. Simple changes of lifestyle were shown to be an effcient prevention protocol. Despite therapeutical education, few women spontaneously complied with T2D screening. The telephone reminders could improve the screening observance therefore patient ’s outcome.Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, follow ‑up, gestational diabetes (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Role of Fatty Acids Intake in Generalized Vitiligo
Conclusions:Total ‑fat content of the diet had more impressive role than the specifc subclasses of fats on the incidence risk of vitiligo. High‑fat diet escalated the vitiligo risk. Regarding the role of fats on skin autoimmune diseases especially vitiligo, future studies are crucial.Keywords:Autoimmune diseases, fatty acids, vitiligo (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Developing “Aryan:” Diabetes Self‑care Mobile Application
Conclusions:“Aryan” has been designed in compliance with Iranian experts’ opinions. It is expected “Aryan” plays an effective role in self‑care of patients with diabetes.Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, mobile applications, self ‑care (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of the “Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue Scale”
Background:Fatigue is a common symptom in offce workers. The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue (P ‑MAF) scale and its association with productivity among Iranian offce workers.Methods:In order to validate the MAF scale, using “forward-backward” translation, cognitive debriefng, and cultural adaptation procedure, the English version of the MAF was translated into Farsi. A total of 129 Iranian offce workers with at least 1‑year job experience were included in the study. The Persian version of the Health and Work...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research