Association of Mental Disorders and Consultation with Family Members and Friends in Children and Adolescents: The CASPIAN-IV Study
This study aims to assess the relationship between the frequency of behavioral and mental disorders and counselingwith family members and friends in a representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents.Methods: In this nationwide study, 14880 school students, aged 6–18 years, were selected by cluster and stratified multi‑stage sampling method from 30 provinces in Iran. The World HealthOrganization Global School‑based Health Survey questionnaire was used.Results: Overall, 13486 students (49.2% girls) with the mean (standard deviation) age of 12.47 (3.36) years completed the study. According to the students&...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Impact of Educational Intervention Based on Interactive Approaches on Beliefs, Behavior, Hemoglobin A1c, and Quality of Life in Diabetic Women
This study aimed to examine the effect of educational program on beliefs, behavior, glycemic control indicator, and QOL among diabetic women.Methods: In this interventional study, 90 female outpatients with type 2 diabetes were randomly selected from those referred to diabetes clinic in Khoy, Iran, during 2011. They were dividedinto two groups, 45 participants as the intervention group and 45 subjects as the comparison group. Knowledge, beliefs, and behavior by valid and reliable questionnaires, and health‑relatedQOL (HRQOL) by means of WHOQOL‑BREF questionnaire were assessed. Hemoglobin A1c level (HbA1c) was measured ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Effect of Cucurbita ficifolia and Probiotic Yogurt Consumption on Blood Glucose, Lipid Profile, and Inflammatory Marker in Type 2 Diabetes
Background: Control of blood sugar, hypertension, and dyslipidemia are key factors in diabetes management. Cucurbita ficifolia (pumpkin) is a vegetable which has been used traditionally as a remedy for diabetes in Iran. In addition, consumption of probiotics may have beneficial effects on people with Type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was an investigation of the effects of C. ficifolia and probiotic yogurt consumption alone or at the same time on blood glucose and serum lipids in diabetic patients.Methods: Eighty eligible participants randomly were assigned to four groups: 1 ‑ green C. ficifolia (100 g); 2 ‑ probio...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Health‑related Quality of Life Among People Participating in a Metabolic Syndrome E‑screening Program: A Web‑based Study
Background: Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of death worldwide. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is the clustering of risk factors for developing the disease. Strong evidence exists for the efficacy of screening for MetS. However, the potential of novel web‑based studies for MetS and online assessing of the quality of life (QOL) for these high‑risk participants have not been explored.Methods: This was a web‑based, cross‑sectional study. Participants were recruited through online registering on the study website. Then, those who met the study criteria (waist circumference [WC] ≥90 and blood pressure [BP...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 31, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Can Antidepressant Drug Impact on Blood Pressure Level in Patients with Psychiatric Disorder and Hypertension? A Randomized Trial
Conclusions: Three months treatment with SSRIs and alprazolam did not have any effect onlowering BP level in patients with the psychiatric disorder.Keywords: Alprazolam, hypertension, psychiatric disorder, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 31, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Validity and Reliability of the Persian Version of the PERception de la Scle’rose En Plaques et de ses Pousse’es Questionnaire Evaluating Multiple Sclerosis‑related Quality of Life
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects all aspects of patients. Recently, the “PERception de la Scle’rose En Plaques et de ses Pousse’es” (PERSEPP) scale was designed to assessMS‑related relapse on quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to evaluate validity and reliability of Persian version of PERSEPP scale in Iranian patients with MS.Methods: Two‑hundred eleven patients with relapsing‑remitting form of the disease asked to fill the PERSEPP scale, MSQOL‑54, and SF‑36 questionnaires. Fifty cases filed the questionnaire2 weeks later to assess reliability. The intraclass corre...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

First Aid Knowledge Among University Students in Jordan
Conclusions: The students’ knowledge about first aid is not at an adequate level. It would be advisable that first aid course be handled as a separate and practical course at secondary schoollevel.Keywords: First aid, knowledge, university students (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Silymarin for the Prevention of Contrast‑Induced Nephropathy: A Placebo‑Controlled Clinical Trial
Conclusions: We found a trend toward the efficacy of silymarin in preventing contrast‑induced renal dysfunction. Further trials with larger sample size and in patients with higher risk of CINare warranted.Keywords: Acute kidney injury, contrast media, coronary angiography, herbal medicine, silymarin (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Palliative Care: An Integral Component of Human Right to Health
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 18, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

World Health Organization Advocates for Expansion in the Role of Health Workforce to Prevent Unsafe Abortions
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 18, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Recommended Strategies to Move Closer Toward the Global Eradication of Polio: International Health Regulations
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 18, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Growing Global Problem of Vaccine Hesitancy: Time to Take Action
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 18, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Public Health Interventions to Reduce the Incidence of Tobacco Associated Cancers
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 18, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Tackling the Rising Trends of Noncommunicable Diseases During Public Health Emergencies
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 18, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

A Comparison of the Effect of Nasal bi‑level Positive Airway Pressure and Sigh‑positive Airway Pressure on the Treatment of the Preterm Newborns Weighing Less than 1500 g Affiliated with Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Conclusions: In this study, SiPAP showed no significant clinical preference over N‑BiPAP in the treatment of the newborns with RDS weighing
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 18, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Inequality in Health for Women, Infants, and Children: An Alarming Public Health Concern
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Is There No Solution to Minimize the Aftermaths of Heat Waves? World Health Organization Comes Up with an Answer!!!
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

How can we Improve the Universal Uptake of HIV Testing Services? World Health Organization
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Risk Communication: An Integral Element in Public Health Emergencies
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

2000 to 2015: How Far Have We Progressed in Achieving the Health Related Millennium Development Goals?
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Comment on: Effect of Pomegranate Flower Extract on Cisplatin‑induced Nephrotoxicity in Male Rats
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Global Food Safety: Challenges and Recommended Public Health Strategies
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Protective Effect of γ‑aminobutyric Acid on Kidney Injury Induced by Renal Ischemia‑reperfusion in Ovariectomized Estradiol‑treated Rats
This study was designed to investigate the roleof γ‑aminobutyric acid (GABA) against IRI in ovariectomized estradiol‑treated rats.Methods: Thirty‑five ovariectomized Wistar rats were used in six experimental groups. The first three groups did not subject to estradiol treatment and assigned as sham‑operated, control, andGABA‑treated groups. GABA (50 μmol/kg) and saline were injected in the treated and control groups 30 min before the surgery, respectively. The second three groups received the same treatments but received estradiol valerate (500 μg/kg, intramuscularly) 3 days prior to the surgery.The IR...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Primary Care Physicians Practicing Preventive Medicine in the Outpatient Setting
Conclusions: Our study found a high predisposition to practicing preventive medicine. Providers seem to practice according to published evidence-based medicine recommendations.Keywords: Preventive medicine, primary care medicine, United States Preventive Services Task Force guidelines (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Tuberculosis Awareness Program: Need for Longer and More Rigorous Follow‑up
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction Toward Urban Family Physician Program: A Population Based Study in Shiraz, Southern Iran
Background: A national project of extending a family physician program to urban areas has been started since May 2013 in Iran. The present study aimed to detect correlates of people’ssatisfaction and dissatisfaction about urban family physician program.Methods: This cross‑sectional and population‑based study was conducted in Shiraz, Southern Iran. Multistage and proportional to size random sampling were used. Different items about satisfaction and dissatisfaction toward urban family physician program were queried. Single variable and then multiple variable analyses of data were done using SPSS software (Chicago, ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Dairy Consumption and Risk of Stroke: A Case‑control Study
In this study, 195 stroke patients (recognized based on clinical findings and computed tomography scan) hospitalized in neurology ward of Alzahra University Hospital were enrolled.Controls (n = 195) were selected with convenience nonrandom sampling procedure from other wards of this hospital. A validated food frequency questionnaire was used to assess participants’usual dietary intakes. Data on other variables were collected by the use of questionnaires.Results: Patients with stroke were older (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Ebola‑free Liberia: Scrutinizing the Efforts of Public Health Sector and International Agencies
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Race and Ethnic Differences in Additive and Multiplicative Effects of Depression and Anxiety on Cardiovascular Risk
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Health Promotion Methods for Smoking Prevention and Cessation: A Comprehensive Review of Effectiveness and the Way Forward
Tobacco smoking is one of the greatest causes of mortality in the world, responsible for over 5 million deaths per annum. The prevalence of smoking is over 1 billion people, with the majoritycoming from low or middle income countries. Yet, the incidence of smoking varies vastly between many countries. Some countries have been able to decline the smoking and tobacco related morbidity and mortality through the introduction of health promotion initiatives and effective policies in order to combat tobacco usage. However, on the other hand, in some countries, the incidence of smoking is increasing still further. With the growin...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Breast Cancer: The Perspective of Northern Nigerian Women
Conclusions: There is insufficient knowledge, as well as poor practices in relation to important factors associated with breast cancer prevalence.Keywords: Attitudes, breast cancer, knowledge, Nigeria, practice, women (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 30, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Preventive Role of Endothelin Antagonist on Kidney Ischemia: Reperfusion Injury in Male and Female Rats
Background: Renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (RIRI) is the most common cause of acute kidney injury. We tested the protective role of endothelin‑1 receptor blocker; bosentan (BOS) in animal model of RIRI in two different genders.Methods: Male and female Wistar rats were assigned as sham operated (sham), control group (ischemia), and case group (ischemia + BOS) treated with BOS (50 mg/kg) 2 h before bilateral kidney ischemia induced by clamping renal vessels for 45 min followed by 24 h of renal reperfusion.Results: The RIRI significantly increased the serum levels of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine in both genders (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 28, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Is the Use of Nutritional Supplements in Dosage Forms a “Gateway” to Oral Substance Abuse?
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 27, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Effect of Fingolimod on Platelet Count Among Multiple Sclerosis Patients
This study will elucidate what effects fingolimod treatment has on multiple sclerosis (MS) patients’ plasma Plt levels. In addition, it will propose possible reasoning for these effects and suggest further investigation into this topic.Methods: This quasi‑experimental study used patients from the Isfahan Multiple Sclerosis Society to produce a subject pool of 80 patients, including 14 patients who ceased fingolimod use due tocomplications. The patients had their blood analyzed to determine Plt levels both 1‑month prior to fingolimod treatment and 1‑month after fingolimod treatment had been started.Results: The ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 27, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Assessment of three "who" patient safety solutions: Where do we stand and what can we do?
Conclusions: There are some limitations of resources, protocols, and standard checklists in all three areas. We designed some tools that will help both wards to improve patient safety by theimplementation of adapted WHO suggested actions.Keywords: Correct procedure at correct body site, hand hygiene, patient hand-over, patient safety (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 22, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Low Birth Weight as a Predictor of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Childhood and Adolescence? The PEP Family Heart Study
Conclusions: Overall we did not find significant associations between birth weight and nine traditional cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents. However, the 2nd quintile ofbirth weight might suggest clustering of risk factors.Keywords: Birth weight, CVD risk factors, associations in youths (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 22, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Body Composition in Type 2 Diabetes: Change in Quality and not Just Quantity that Matters
Conclusions: BIA reveals that type 2 diabetics have more ectopic fat on the expense of skeletal muscle that persists even after matching by weight or BMI, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Measurement of body composition can be included as a primary care strategy to motivate lifestyle modifications while managing metabolic derangements of type 2 diabetes.Keywords: Bio‑electrical impedance, body composition, obesity, type 2 diabetes, visceral fat (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 22, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Assessment of Health Consequences of Steel Industry Welders’ Occupational Exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation
Background: Welding is among the most important frequently used processes in the industry with a wide range of applications from the food industry to aerospace and from precision tools toshipbuilding. The aim of this study was to assess the level of steel industry welders’ exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and to investigate the health impacts of these exposures.Methods: In this case–control study, we measured the intensity of UV at the workers’ wrist in Fars Steel Company through manufacture of different types of heavy metal structures, usingUV‑meter model 666230 made by Leybold Co., from Germany....
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 22, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Are We on the Right Track to Achieve Global Immunization Targets? Public Health Perspective
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Effect of Green Tea Extract Supplementation on Liver Enzymes in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
This study was a double‑blind, placebo‑controlled, randomized clinical trial. Ultrasonography was used to diagnose fatty liver in patients with alanine aminotransferase (ALT)>31 mg/dl and 41 mg/dl and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)>31 mg/dl and 47 g/dl in women and men, respectively and without other hepatic diseases. A total of 80 participants (20–50 years) with NAFLD were randomly allocated into two groups to receive either green tea extract (GTE) supplement (500 mg GTE tablet per day) or placebo for 90 days. At baseline and at the end of the intervention weight, serum ALT, AST, and alkaline phosphatase...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Tuberculosis Notification by Private Sector’ Physicians in Tehran
This study sought to estimate TB notification in the private sector and settle on determinants of TB notification by private sector physicians.Methods: A population‑based study has been conducted; private physicians at their clinics were interviewed. The total number of 443 private sectors’ physicians has been chosen by the stratifiedrandom sampling method. Appropriate descriptive analysis was used to describe the study’s participants. Logistic regression was used for bivariable and multivariable analysis.Results: The response rate of the study was 90.06 (399%). Among responders, who had stated that they were...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Psychological, Social, and Familial Problems of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Iran: A Qualitative Study
Conclusions: It seems that the identification and focusing on psychological, social, and family problems of affected people not only is an important factor for disease prevention and control,but also enables patients to have a better response to complications caused by HIV/AIDS.Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Iran, psychological needs, qualitative study, social needs (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Effects of Administering Prophylactic Acetaminophen on Short‑term Complications of Vaccination in 6‑month‑old Infants
Background: We aimed to assess the effects of administering prophylactic acetaminophen on short‑term complications of vaccination in 6‑month‑old infants admitted to a private pediatric clinic in Rasht (Iran) during 2002–2013.Methods: This quasi‑experimental study was conducted on 696, infants aged 6-month-old admitted to a pediatric clinic in Rasht before vaccination during 2002–2013. Overall, 31 infantswere excluded during the course of the study. While prophylactic acetaminophen was administered in 322 participants (intervention group), 343 infants (control group) received acetaminophen after vaccinat...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Survival Analysis for Predictive Factors of Delay Vaccination in Iranian Children
Conclusions: Delay time duration of vaccination increased by faring from capital to the east south. Moreover, concentration of foreign immigrants in big cities and low level of mother education are the most predictors of delayed vaccination. Educational intervention should focus on immigrants and mothers with low education level.Keywords: Children, delay vaccination, Iran, mumps‑measles‑rubella, risk factors, survival analysis (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Potential for HIV Self‑testing in Iran
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 21, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Infant Hearing Screening in India: Current Status and Way Forward
Loss or impairment of auditory sense is the most prevalent deficit of all the sensory organs. With virtually no mortality, hearing impairment causes huge impact on one’s social, educational and economic well-being. There are 5-6 infants who are hard of hearing out of 1000 neonates. They will not be identified till they attain 2 or more years of age, by then irreversible damage would have been done. Universal screening for hearing of new-borns is the only way to decrease the burden of deafness in our society. There are tools available which can be administered by health workers after initial training for screening the...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 21, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Predictive Factors of Hospital Mortality Due to Myocardial Infarction: A Multilevel Analysis of Iran’s National Data
Conclusions: Individual risk factors had independent effects on the hospital mortality due to MI. Variables in the province level had no significant effect on the outcome of MI. Increasing access and quality to treatment could reduce the mortality due to MI.Keywords: Mortality, multilevel analysis, myocardial infarction (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 21, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Association between Aluminum and Silicon Concentrations in Isfahan Drinking Water and Their Health Risk Assessments
Conclusions: The significant correlation between Al and Si concentrations suggests that Si can eliminate Al in water, and probably it might do the same in the body. The health risk of Al intake from tap water was negligible, it was assessed in an acceptable range with an HI value of less than the standard levels. The health risk of Si remained unknown due to lack of information regarding its toxicity and adverse health effects.Keywords: Aluminum, chronic daily intake, correlation, hazard index, silicon (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Randomized Trial of Psychological Interventions to Preventing Postpartum Depression among Iranian First-time Mothers
Background: The current study was conducted to examine the effect of cognitive behavior therapy on the reduction postpartum mood disorder and increasing the self‑esteem of at‑risk Iranian mothers.Methods: In this quasi‑experimental study, 135 at‑risk mothers were selected from the population by means of cluster sampling and randomly assigned into one of two groups: Intervention (n = 64), or control (n = 71). The control group received usual medical care, and the intervention group received an eight sessions’ cognitive behavior program during pregnancy. Assessments were administered at two time points (pretest...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 8, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

On the Occasion of World Cancer Day 2015; the Possibility of Cancer Prevention or Treatment with Antioxidants: The Ongoing Cancer Prevention Researches
On February, 2014 World Cancer Day (WCD) was established to raise alertness of cancer and to encourage its prevention, detection, and treatment. In fact, WCD is celebrated every year on the 4th of February all over the world to commemorate all the accomplishments of the WHO. In this paper, we aimed to present the scientific evidence for the role of antioxidants in cancer. Damage to cells by reactive oxygen species, especially the damage to DNA, has been found to play a crucial role in the development of cancer. Exogenous antioxidants can prevent free radical damage associated with cancer development. However, whether or no...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 8, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research