Assessment of three "who" patient safety solutions: Where do we stand and what can we do?
Conclusions: There are some limitations of resources, protocols, and standard checklists in all three areas. We designed some tools that will help both wards to improve patient safety by theimplementation of adapted WHO suggested actions.Keywords: Correct procedure at correct body site, hand hygiene, patient hand-over, patient safety (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 22, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Low Birth Weight as a Predictor of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Childhood and Adolescence? The PEP Family Heart Study
Conclusions: Overall we did not find significant associations between birth weight and nine traditional cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents. However, the 2nd quintile ofbirth weight might suggest clustering of risk factors.Keywords: Birth weight, CVD risk factors, associations in youths (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 22, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Body Composition in Type 2 Diabetes: Change in Quality and not Just Quantity that Matters
Conclusions: BIA reveals that type 2 diabetics have more ectopic fat on the expense of skeletal muscle that persists even after matching by weight or BMI, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Measurement of body composition can be included as a primary care strategy to motivate lifestyle modifications while managing metabolic derangements of type 2 diabetes.Keywords: Bio‑electrical impedance, body composition, obesity, type 2 diabetes, visceral fat (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 22, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Assessment of Health Consequences of Steel Industry Welders’ Occupational Exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation
Background: Welding is among the most important frequently used processes in the industry with a wide range of applications from the food industry to aerospace and from precision tools toshipbuilding. The aim of this study was to assess the level of steel industry welders’ exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and to investigate the health impacts of these exposures.Methods: In this case–control study, we measured the intensity of UV at the workers’ wrist in Fars Steel Company through manufacture of different types of heavy metal structures, usingUV‑meter model 666230 made by Leybold Co., from Germany....
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 22, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Are We on the Right Track to Achieve Global Immunization Targets? Public Health Perspective
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Effect of Green Tea Extract Supplementation on Liver Enzymes in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
This study was a double‑blind, placebo‑controlled, randomized clinical trial. Ultrasonography was used to diagnose fatty liver in patients with alanine aminotransferase (ALT)>31 mg/dl and 41 mg/dl and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)>31 mg/dl and 47 g/dl in women and men, respectively and without other hepatic diseases. A total of 80 participants (20–50 years) with NAFLD were randomly allocated into two groups to receive either green tea extract (GTE) supplement (500 mg GTE tablet per day) or placebo for 90 days. At baseline and at the end of the intervention weight, serum ALT, AST, and alkaline phosphatase...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Tuberculosis Notification by Private Sector’ Physicians in Tehran
This study sought to estimate TB notification in the private sector and settle on determinants of TB notification by private sector physicians.Methods: A population‑based study has been conducted; private physicians at their clinics were interviewed. The total number of 443 private sectors’ physicians has been chosen by the stratifiedrandom sampling method. Appropriate descriptive analysis was used to describe the study’s participants. Logistic regression was used for bivariable and multivariable analysis.Results: The response rate of the study was 90.06 (399%). Among responders, who had stated that they were...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Psychological, Social, and Familial Problems of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Iran: A Qualitative Study
Conclusions: It seems that the identification and focusing on psychological, social, and family problems of affected people not only is an important factor for disease prevention and control,but also enables patients to have a better response to complications caused by HIV/AIDS.Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Iran, psychological needs, qualitative study, social needs (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Effects of Administering Prophylactic Acetaminophen on Short‑term Complications of Vaccination in 6‑month‑old Infants
Background: We aimed to assess the effects of administering prophylactic acetaminophen on short‑term complications of vaccination in 6‑month‑old infants admitted to a private pediatric clinic in Rasht (Iran) during 2002–2013.Methods: This quasi‑experimental study was conducted on 696, infants aged 6-month-old admitted to a pediatric clinic in Rasht before vaccination during 2002–2013. Overall, 31 infantswere excluded during the course of the study. While prophylactic acetaminophen was administered in 322 participants (intervention group), 343 infants (control group) received acetaminophen after vaccinat...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Survival Analysis for Predictive Factors of Delay Vaccination in Iranian Children
Conclusions: Delay time duration of vaccination increased by faring from capital to the east south. Moreover, concentration of foreign immigrants in big cities and low level of mother education are the most predictors of delayed vaccination. Educational intervention should focus on immigrants and mothers with low education level.Keywords: Children, delay vaccination, Iran, mumps‑measles‑rubella, risk factors, survival analysis (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Potential for HIV Self‑testing in Iran
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 21, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Infant Hearing Screening in India: Current Status and Way Forward
Loss or impairment of auditory sense is the most prevalent deficit of all the sensory organs. With virtually no mortality, hearing impairment causes huge impact on one’s social, educational and economic well-being. There are 5-6 infants who are hard of hearing out of 1000 neonates. They will not be identified till they attain 2 or more years of age, by then irreversible damage would have been done. Universal screening for hearing of new-borns is the only way to decrease the burden of deafness in our society. There are tools available which can be administered by health workers after initial training for screening the...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 21, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Predictive Factors of Hospital Mortality Due to Myocardial Infarction: A Multilevel Analysis of Iran’s National Data
Conclusions: Individual risk factors had independent effects on the hospital mortality due to MI. Variables in the province level had no significant effect on the outcome of MI. Increasing access and quality to treatment could reduce the mortality due to MI.Keywords: Mortality, multilevel analysis, myocardial infarction (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 21, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Association between Aluminum and Silicon Concentrations in Isfahan Drinking Water and Their Health Risk Assessments
Conclusions: The significant correlation between Al and Si concentrations suggests that Si can eliminate Al in water, and probably it might do the same in the body. The health risk of Al intake from tap water was negligible, it was assessed in an acceptable range with an HI value of less than the standard levels. The health risk of Si remained unknown due to lack of information regarding its toxicity and adverse health effects.Keywords: Aluminum, chronic daily intake, correlation, hazard index, silicon (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Randomized Trial of Psychological Interventions to Preventing Postpartum Depression among Iranian First-time Mothers
Background: The current study was conducted to examine the effect of cognitive behavior therapy on the reduction postpartum mood disorder and increasing the self‑esteem of at‑risk Iranian mothers.Methods: In this quasi‑experimental study, 135 at‑risk mothers were selected from the population by means of cluster sampling and randomly assigned into one of two groups: Intervention (n = 64), or control (n = 71). The control group received usual medical care, and the intervention group received an eight sessions’ cognitive behavior program during pregnancy. Assessments were administered at two time points (pretest...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 8, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

On the Occasion of World Cancer Day 2015; the Possibility of Cancer Prevention or Treatment with Antioxidants: The Ongoing Cancer Prevention Researches
On February, 2014 World Cancer Day (WCD) was established to raise alertness of cancer and to encourage its prevention, detection, and treatment. In fact, WCD is celebrated every year on the 4th of February all over the world to commemorate all the accomplishments of the WHO. In this paper, we aimed to present the scientific evidence for the role of antioxidants in cancer. Damage to cells by reactive oxygen species, especially the damage to DNA, has been found to play a crucial role in the development of cancer. Exogenous antioxidants can prevent free radical damage associated with cancer development. However, whether or no...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 8, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Mortality Attributable to Excess Body Mass Index in Iran: Implementation of the Comparative Risk Assessment Methodology
Conclusions: Despite the priority of the problem, there is currently no comprehensive program to prevention or control obesity in Iran. The present results show a growing need to comprehensive implications for national and sub‑national health policies and interventional programs in Iran.Keywords: Body mass index, burden, mortality, obesity, population attributed fraction (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Exploring the Role of the Public and Private Funded Primary Health Care Facilities for Children in a Pluralistic Health Care Setting of Barbados: One of the English Caribbean Countries
Conclusions: The findings demonstrate the complimentary role of the public and the private sector in the primary health care of children in this country. While the private sector has a major role in the curative acute care of children, the public sector plays a pivotal role in the immunization services.Key words: Children, pluralistic health care setting, primary health care (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Health Workers Adjustment for Elimination of Malaria in a Low Endemic Area
Conclusions: A mechanism should be considered that allow the health workers to feedback positively on their quality of their practice to health providers.Keywords: Health worker, individual adjustment, Iran, malaria elimination, qualitative (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Effect of Vitamin E on Oxaliplatin‑induced Peripheral Neuropathy Prevention: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Background:Peripheral neuropathy is one of the most important limitations of oxaliplatin base regimen, which is the standard for the treatment of colorectal cancer. Evidence has shown that Vitamin E may be protective in chemotherapy‑induced peripheral neuropathy. The aim of thisstudy is to evaluate the effect of Vitamin E administration on prevention of oxaliplatin‑induced peripheral neuropathy in patients with colorectal cancer.Methods: This was a prospective randomized, controlled clinical trial. Patients with colorectal cancer and scheduled to receive oxaliplatin‑based regimens were enrolled in this study. Enrolle...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Cell- and Gene- Based Therapeutics for Periodontal Regeneration
Periodontitis is a disease of the periodontium, characterized by loss of connective tissue attachment and supporting the alveolar bone. Therefore, to regenerate these lost tissues of the periodontium researchers have included a variety of surgical procedures including grafting materials growth factors and the use of barrier membranes, ultimately resulting into regeneration that is biologically possible but clinically unpredictable. Recently a newer approach of delivering DNA plasmids as therapeutic agents is gaining special attention and is called gene delivery method. Gene therapy being considered a novel approach have a ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research