Is Coffee and Green Tea Consumption Related to Serum Levels of Adiponectin and Leptin?
Coffee and green tea are two of most usual consumed beverages in the world which have several beneft components. Coffee and green tea have signifcantly inverse correlation with obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. Adiponectin and leptin are the adipokines mostly secreted from adipose tissue and play the important roles on the status of chronic diseases. In the present study, we aimed to review the evidence about relationship between these beverages and adiponectin and leptin levels.We searched in PubMed to January 2013 using several key words such as coffee, green tea, caffeine, leptin, adiponectin, and adipokin...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Smoking Pattern and Associated Sociodemographic Factors: Findings from a Nationwide STEPS Survey in Iran
This study aimed to determine smoking pattern and its associated sociodemographic factors in Iran.Methods:This cross ‑sectional study was conducted based on data from the sixth round of nationwide  STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS) survey in the 31 provinces of Iran. A total of 10,834 participants aged≥15 years were selected through a multistage cluster sampling method.Collecting data was performed via three ‑step questionnaire (ecological, behavioral risk factors, and physical and biochemical measurements). Data analysis was performed via Epi Info and then SPSS version 21 softwares using descriptive metho...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mapping of Stomach, Colorectal, and Bladder Cancers in Iran, 2004 –2009: Applying Bayesian Polytomous Log
Conclusions:After considering known shared risk factor of the three cancers, it turns out that colorectal and bladder cancers have unknown shared risk factor. The signifcant difference in their lifestyle and eatinghabits could be an assumption of the risk factor.Keywords:Colorectal neoplasms, disease mapping, polytomous logit model, shared component model, stomach neoplasms, urinary bladder neoplasms (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Characterization of Microcapsule Containing Walnut (Juglans regia L.) Green Husk Extract as Preventive Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Agent
Conclusions:WGH extract microcapsules can be used as novel and economic bioactive phytochemical and therapeutic agents to prevent oxidation and microbial activity.Keywords:Antioxidants, Juglans, microencapsulation, polyphenols (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Harmful Outcome of Occupational Exposure to Petrol: Assessment of Liver Function and Blood Parameters among Gas Station Workers in Kermanshah City, Iran
Background: Petrol is an integral ingredient in industrial world. According to the US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, there are typically more than 150 chemicals in petrol, including small amounts of benzene, toluene, xylene, ethyl benzene, and trace amounts of some contaminants, such as lead. The aim of this study was to measure the possible deleterious effect of long ‑term exposure to petrol on blood parameters and liver function.Methods: This is a case–control study conducted on 160 participants. Among them, 80 participants worked in a gas station for at least 4 years and 80 participants appear...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Cost Sharing on Utilization of General Physician Care: A Cross ‑Sectional Survey from Shiraz, Iran
Introduction: High ‑cost sharing in physician care may result in worse health outcomes and financial burdens for individuals, and it reduces needed health‑care utilization. Hence, this study examines the impact of cost sharing on utilization of Physician care.Methods: In the present study, multistage sampling (n = 1610) was done to collect general physician utilization and quality of life. Count data model was used to analyze the effect of cost sharing and other factor on the ratio of referring to the general physician. Negative binomial regression was employed to analyze the utilization model.Results: People who have ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Vitamin E in Prevention of Intraventricular Hemorrhage in Preterm Neonates
Conclusions: Based on findings of the current study, Vitamin E use did not significantly decrease IVH in neonates. Further studies with larger sample size are needed.Keywords: Intraventricular hemorrhage, preterm, Vitamin E (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Geranium Aromatherapy Massage on Premenstrual Syndrome: A Clinical Trial
This study evaluated the effects of geranium aromatherapy massage on premenstrual syndrome (PMS).Methods: A total of 120 female students with diagnosed PMS were randomly divided into three groups as control group, aromatherapy massage group, and massage group. Essential oil of geranium 2% in almond oil and sweet almond oil were used in aromatherapy massage group and massage group, respectively. Aromatherapy massage protocol was run for 8 weeks.Results: The study revealed that aromatherapy massage decreased the PMS physical and mental symptoms and massage therapy decreased the PMS physical and mental symptoms too (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of an Intervention on the Breast Cancer Screening Behavior in Women: Application of Integrated Behavioral Model
This study investigates the impact of educational intervention based on the integrated behavioral model on breast cancer screening behavior in women in Karaj City, 2016.Methods: This semi ‑experimental study was conducted on 138 women who were attended to health centers in Mohammad Shahr city. The samples were selected using cluster sampling and were randomly divided into two groups, experimental and control group. Data gathering tool was a four‑part questionnaire (demographic ch aracteristics, knowledge, Champion’s Health Belief Scale, subjective norms). Two 50 ‑min sessions were held for educational intervent...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Estimated Incidence Rate of Multiple Sclerosis and Its Relationship with Geographical Factors in Isfahan Province between the Years 2001 and 2014
Conclusions:MS diseaseincidence is high in Isfahan province. The distribution of the disease is not the same in the cities of this province, and some cities have a higher incidence. Furthermore, the incidence of the disease is in fluenced by geographical factors such as height above sea level, average annual rainfall, and land use. Therefore, it is recommended that relevant authorities by the implementation of screening programs in high‑risk areas take action to identify and treat patients in the early stages.Keywords:Geographic information systems, geographical factors, Isfahan, multiple sclerosis, prevalence (Source: ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Predicting Long ‑Term Cardiovascular Events after Transient Ischemic Attacks: Carotid Artery Intima‑Media Thickness or ABCD2 Score or Both?
Conclusion:Compared to ABCD2 score, CIMT proved to be more accurate to predict cardiovascular events in long ‑term follow‑ups (AUC = 0.736 vs. AUC = 0.640). However, adding CIMT value to ABCD2 score was even better (AUC = 0.750). Therefore, CIMT measurement in the ABCD2 score after TIA enables prediction of long‑term cardiovascular events.Keywords:Area under curve, carotid intima ‑media thickness, receiver operating characteristic curve, stroke, transient ischemic attack (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Importance of Sleep Hygiene in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome from the View of Iranian Traditional Medicine and Modern Medicine
In this study, some keywords about“sleep and PCOS” were searched in medical databases and some ITM books. Lifestyle modification is one of the first steps in treatment of patients with PCOS in which the emphasis will be mainly on exercise and diet. Despite proof of the high prevalence of sleep disorders in these patients, modification of sleep is not considered in their lifestyle. ITM as a holistic medicine emphasizes on lifestyle modification under the title of“Settah ‑e‑Zaruria” (In Persian), the six essential schemes for the prevention and treatment of all diseases. Management of sleep is one...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Zinc Supplementation as Adjuvant Therapy for Dengue Viral Infection in Thai Children
Conclusions: Overcoming zinc deficiency among Thai children may reduce DF duration and limit the hospitalization, in addition to other advantages that normal serum zinc levels have on overall children health.Keywords: Child, dengue, micronutrients, randomized controlled trial, zinc (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health ‑Promoting Lifestyle among People Without Heart Disease in Isfahan
Background: The present research conducted with aim to determine the health ‑promoting behaviors (HPBs) of public of Isfahan, and study the associations of HPBs with demographic characteristics.Methods: In a cross ‑sectional study conducted on 369 people without heart disease living in Isfahan, HPBs were assessed using a questionnaire which consists of two parts: personal information and Health‑Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP‑II). Data were analyzed by t‑test and one‑way analysis of variance.Results: The mean score for overall HPLP ‑II (158.30± 19.38) indicated the acceptable level of performing H...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Death Outcome with Successful Treatment of Tuberculosis Patients
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Oropharyngeal Irrigation to Prevent Ventilator-Associated-Pneumonia: Comparing Potassium Permangenate with Chlorhexidine
Conclusions: The use of common mouthwashes, especially chlorhexidine solution, for washing oropharynx of ICU patients, can decrease pneumonia incidence, especially in patients under ventilation. Thus, washing and sterilizing mouth of patients with mouthwashes is recommended due to the high risk of hospital ‑acquired pneumonia in these patients.Keywords: Chlorhexidine, pneumonia ventilator associated, potassium permanganate (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preventive Effect of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Rosa damascena on Cardiovascular Parameters in Acute Hypertensive Rats Induced by Angiotensin II
Background: Rosa damascena (R.D) is an aromatic plant with numerous therapeutic effects including cardiovascular effect. The mechanism cardiovascular effect of R.D is unclear and suggested mediated through renin–angiotensin system (RAS). Therefore, in this study, the role of hydroalcoholic extract of R.D on acute hypertension induced by AngII was evaluated.Methods: After anesthesia, femoral artery and vein of rats were cannulated for recording cardiovascular responses and drug injection, respectively. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR) were recorded continuously by ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Relationship between Health Literacy and Stages of Change in Smoking Behavior among Employees of Educational Health Centers of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences (2016)
Background: Health literacy has been considered as a predictor of starting, maintaining, and stop smoking. However, such relations have not been well documented in previous texts. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between health literacy and changes in the behavior of smoking in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.Methods: In this correlational descriptive study, a total of 297 employees of Tabriz health centers were examined. To collect data, a demographic ‑social questionnaire, Iranian Health Literacy Questionnaire, and DiClemente’s behavior change questionnaire were used. Bes...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Isokinetic versus Isotonic Training and its Cessation on Total Leukocytes and Lymphocytes Count in Adolescent State ‑level Weightlifters
Background: The study investigated the effects of isokinetic versus isotonic training among adolescent state ‑level weightlifters in terms of total leukocytes, total lymphocytes, and its subsets following 24 sessions of training program and a month following training program cessation.Methods: Nineteen adolescent state ‑level weightlifters were assigned into isokinetic or isotonic groups. All participants were recruited from a pool of weightlifters with standardized training program provided by their coach. Series of immunological tests were carried out before the commencement, immediately upon the completion, a nd a m...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Association between Household Socioeconomic Status, Breastfeeding, and Infants ’ Anthropometric Indices
In this study, we assessed whether household socioeconomic status (SES) affects infants’ length ‑for‑age, weight‑for‑age (indicators of health and nutritional status) and breastfeeding (BF) (a necessity for optimal growth and health) status.Methods: In this cross ‑sectional study, 150 households with infants of 1–1.5 years old were interviewed on these variables: family size, dwelling ownership, duration of BF, exclusive BF (EBF) for 6 months, parents’ age, parents’ ethnicity, birth order, delivery type, and parents’ education. Weight and length at 4 and 12 months were obtained from ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dark Chocolate Effect on Serum Adiponectin, Biochemical and In flammatory Parameters in Diabetic Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Conclusions:In this study subjects who received dark chocolate along with TLC guidelines had lower levels of in flammatory markers such as hs‑CRP, TNF‑α, and IL ‑6, compared with the subjects who were devoid of dark chocolate and followed only the TLC guidelines. Other studies should be conducted to evaluate the most effective and administrative dosage of dark chocolate as a snack along with the common treatment of diabetes.Keywords:Adiponectin, chocolate, diabetes mellitus type 2, inflammation mediators (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effects of Acorus calamus L. in Preventing Memory Loss, Anxiety, and Oxidative Stress on Lipopolysaccharide ‑induced Neuroinflammation Rat Models
Conclusion:The oral administration of different fractions ofA. calamus, especially aqueous fraction, prevented from memory defcits and stress through controlling oxidative stress and in flammation processes.Keywords:Acorus calamus L., memory impairment, neuroin flammation, oxidative stress, stress and anxiety (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Readability of Colorectal Cancer Online Information: A Brief Report
Conclusions:Online information related to CRC is difficult to read and highlights the need for developing cancer-related online material that is understandable to a wider audience.Keywords:Colorectal cancer, online information, readability (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pharmacological and Non-pharmacological Means for Prevention of Fractures among Elderly
This study reviewed the scientific literature addressing strategies for primary and secondaryprevention of fractures among elderly in the context of pharmacological and non-pharmacological means. A growing body of scientific evidence supports the use of both non-pharmacological and pharmacological interventions for the prevention of fracture. Research on these interventions has yielded positive outcomes in fracture rates. The bisphosphonates and vitamin D and calcium suppliments are the preferred therapy for prevention of osteoporotic fractures. Weight-bearing exercise and reducing home hazards have beneficial effects in r...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ocular Parasitosis Caused by Protozoan Infection during Travel: Focus on Prevention and Treatment
International travel is rising quickly worldwide. Many people travel to tropical and subtropical areas, where there has been increasing exposure of travelers to infectious pathogens. Ocular parasitic infections are more prevalent in these geographical areas and they can lead to morbidity and mortality, often due to late or misdiagnosis due to the unfamiliarity of health staff with thesediseases. This is an up-to-date comprehensive review article that familiarizes physicians with ocular signs and symptoms, treatment, prevention, and geographic distribution of some parasites associated with travel.Keywords:Acanthamoeba, Amer...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dietary Supplements and Cardiovascular Diseases
The market of nutritional supplements is expected to expand over 6%/year through 2018 due to growing interest in personal health, aging population, and promising personalized care products. The most used dietary supplements are fish oil, multivitamins, Vitamin D, and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) in this order, while probiotics is the fastest growing supplement. In the U.S., over 68% of the population use dietary supplements regularly. On the other hand, in the developed countries, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the main cause of death and morbidity from the 1900s. The effects of most dietary supplements on cardiovascular risk ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Interventions for Physician Burnout: A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews
Occupational burnout is a common syndrome among physicians, and several individual-directed and organization-directed interventions have been implemented to reduce it. Until now, several review studies have tried to identify and introduce the most appropriate interventions. The aim of this article was to systematically review systematic review studies of interventions for physician burnout to evaluate and summarize their results, and ultimately guide researchers to select appropriateinterventions. A search was conducted to find review studies and systematic reviews in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Medline, Googl...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Coenzyme Q10 Supplementation on Serum of High Sensitivity c-reactive Protein Level in Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Possible effects of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplement on the serum level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remains unclear.Objective:Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to investigate its effects on the serum hs-CRP level in patients with CVDs. A comprehensive search was conducted on the EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PubMed Central databases for pertinent papers in English up to November 2016. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that studied the effects of supplementation with CoQ10 on the serum of hs-CRP level in cardiovascular patients were included. We used random-effects...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparative Effectiveness of Prophylactic Therapies for Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Preterm Infants: Protocol for a Network Meta-analysis of Randomized Trials
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a common and devastating disease with high morbidity and mortality in premature infants. Current literature on the prevention of NEC has limitations including lack of direct and indirect comparisons of available therapies. We will search MEDLINE, EMBASE,Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, CINAHL, Scopus, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database, and grey literature sources to identify eligible trials evaluating NEC preventive therapies. Eligible studies will (1) enroll preterm (gestational age
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Aged Garlic and Cancer: A Systematic Review
Cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, which increases health-care costs. It has been reported that some dietary components such as aged garlic, one of the garlic preparations with no strong odor and harsh irritating taste, exhibits anticancer effects. This review summarizes the potential beneficial effects of aged garlic on cancer incidences as well as prevention and improvement of factors related to malignancy. Electronic databases, including MEDLINE, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar were searched. All study designs which were focused on cancer incidence, or indi...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevention of Possible Toxic Effects on the Kidney Graft with Parvus Tardus Waveform
The aim of this study was to present a patient (acute allograft dysfunction after a kidney transplantation) with previously detected minimum plaque on both iliac arteries by scintigram and afterward a pathological Color Doppler Ultrasound (CDU) record and to point on possibility of avoiding toxic computed tomography (CT) angiography in certain renal graft recipients. Ultrasound (US) fndings showed normal graft size, whereas Doppler signals detected parvus ‑tardus waveforms pointing to arterial stenosis. Isotope perfusion scintigraphy registered a slow flow on both iliac arteries and normal graft perfusion. CT angiograph...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effect of Educational Program Based on Belief, Attitude, Subjective Norm, and Enabling Factors Model on Changing the Metabolic Indices in Elderly Patients with Type II Diabetes
This study aimed to investigate the effect of nutrition and jogging ‑based Belief, Attitude, Subjective Norm, and Enabling Factors (BASNEF) model in changes in metabolic parameters that performed in elderly patients with type II diabetes in Fasa city.Methods:This study was a randomized clinical trial on 108 elderly patients with type II diabetes (54 patients in the experimental group and 54 in control group) referred to the diabetes center in Fasa City, Fars Province, Iran, in 2016. Data were collected using a valid self ‑reported questionnaire including demographic variables and BASNEF Model (knowledge, attitudes, sub...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relation between Socioeconomic Indicators and Children Dental Caries in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta ‑analysis
The relationship between households’ socioeconomic situation (SES) and children dental caries has been assessed in many Iranian studies to evaluate the effect of public dental care programs supporting the poor. Hence, this study through systematic review and meta ‑analysis has presented a conclusion in this regard. Domestic and foreign databases were searched using keywords designed by concept map. Time limit to search the databases included articles published from 1994 to 2017. Twenty‑five articles were entered to the fnal step of the study, in which 49 relationships between SES and dental caries were assessed. ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Phytoremediation of Formaldehyde from Indoor Environment by Ornamental Plants: An Approach to Promote Occupants Health
Conclusions:According to the results of this study, phytoremediation of volatile organic compound ‑contaminated indoor air by the ornamental potted plants is an effective method which can be economically applicable in buildings. The fern species tested here had high potential to improve interior environments where formaldehyde emission is a health concern.Keywords:Formaldehyde, indoor air pollution, phytoremediation, potted plant (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk Factors of Pediatric Arterial Ischemic Stroke; A Regional Survey
In this study, medical fles of all pediatric patients admitted to the Mofd and Imam Hossein children’s hospitals with the diagnosisof AIS from 2001 to 2011 and 2011 to 2016, respectively, were evaluated. Identifed risk factors of AIS were categorized as arteriopathies, cardiac disorders (CDs), infection, acute head ‑and‑neck disorders, acute systemic conditions, chronic systemic conditions, prothrombotic states, chronichead ‑and‑neck disorders, atherosclerosis‑related RFs, and others.Results:In this study, 61 patients were evaluated. Mean (standard deviation) age of the patients was 5.1 (3.9) years. About 6...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association between Sun Exposure, Vitamin D Intake, Serum Vitamin D Level, and Immunoglobulin G Level in Patients with Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder
Conclusions: Physiological variation in Vitamin D may apply a significant effect on IgG ‑NMO synthesis in patients with NMO. Vitamin D may have significant role in pathogenesis of NMOSD and NMO.Keywords: Immunoglobulin G, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, Vitamin D (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Launching “Research Audit Units” to Curb Research Misconduct
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adherence to Recommended Dietary Guidelines and the Relationships with the Importance of Eating Healthy in Egyptian University Students
We examined students’ adherence to recommended guidelines, and the associations between importance of eating healthy and guidelines adherence.Methods:A total of 3271 undergraduates at 11 faculties, Assiut University, Egypt (2009–2010), completed a questionnaire reporting their consumption of 12 food groups; number of servings of fruits/vegetables/day; and how important it is for them to eat healthy. We employed the WHO guidelines for the Eastern Mediterranean region (WHO 2012) to compute students’ adherence to dietary guidelines for the different food groups. Chi ‑square tested the differences for adher...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effect of Health ‑belief‑model‑Based Training on Behaviors Preventing Peritonitis in Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis
Background:Peritonitis is one of the important complications of peritoneal dialysis and one of the reasons for failure of this therapeutic technique. As one of the important reasons for development of peritonitis is disregard for health behaviors, this study aims to investigate the effect of education based on health belief model (HBM) on behaviors preventing peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients.Methods:This double ‑blind clinical trial study conducted on 60 patients with peritoneal dialysis in Isfahan, Iran. A researcher‑made questionnaire was used to evaluate knowledge, HBM constructs, and peritonitis preventi...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Complementary Medicine on Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy: A Systematic Review
In this study, 31 clinical trials assessing NVP were conducted on Iranian pregnant women. After removing ten articles, 21 articles with scores3 and higher, according to Jedad criteria, were assessed. Out of 21 papers, 10 papers were about ginger, one was about cardamom, one was about lemon, two were about peppermint aromatherapy, six were about pericardium 6 (P6) acupressure, and one article about KID21 acupressure. Most studies have demonstrated a positive effect on reducing NVP; however, no adverse effect was reported. According to the results of this review, the majority of methods employed were effective in reducing th...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Correlates of Common Mental Disorders among the Rural Elderly in Puducherry, South India: A Cross-sectional Community-based Study
Conclusions: Fifty ‑one percent of the elderly in our sample suffered from CMD. Widowhood emerged as the single independent predictor of CMDs in this study population.Keywords: Aging, common mental disorders, general health questionnaire ‑12, older persons (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Higher Intake of Phytochemical-Rich Foods is Inversely Related to Prediabetes: A Case-Control Study
Background: Dietary phytochemical index (DPI) has introduced as an inexpensive method for quantifying the phytochemicals in foods. For the first time, this study was conducted to investigate the relationship between DPI and the risk of prediabetes.Methods: Three hundred participants were assigned to 150 prediabetics (cases) and 150 healthy (controls) groups. Anthropometric values, fasting blood glucose, and 2 ‑h oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were measured. The DPI was calculated based on data collected from 168‑item validated food frequency questionnaire.Results: The sex ‑specific energy‑adjusted DPI was inver...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mobile Phone Distance from Head and Temperature Changes of Radio Frequency Waves on Brain Tissue
Conclusions:During confrontation and after that with the cell phone, reducing the distance of brain tissue and the cell phone increased the tissue temperature intensely. In fact, by increasing the cell phone distance from brain tissue, the thermal effect of radiofrequency waves was reduced.Keywords:Brain tissue, cell phone distance, radiofrequency waves, temperature (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Early Screening of Hypertension and Cardiac Dysautonomia in Each Hypertensive is Needed-inference from a Study of QTc Interval in Gujarat, India
Background:Hypertension (HTN) is linked to cardiac dysautonomia that can end up as life ‑threatening arrhythmias. The same can be screened by simple electrocardiogram (ECG)‑based QTc (QT corrected for heart rate) interval which indicates repolarization abnormality. We quantifedQTc interval among treated hypertensives in comparison to controls, testing effect of age, gender, and blood pressure.Methods:We conducted a cross ‑sectional study was done at a tertiary careteaching hospital of Gujarat, India, on 142 hypertensives on monotherapy (60 males, 82 females) and 72 age ‑, sex‑, and time‑matched normotensives. E...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preliminary Investigation of a Novel Mouthguard
This study compared a novel MG to over ‑the‑counter (OTC) and custom MGs on a skull model.Methods:The OTC MG was formed as per manufacturer’s guidelines, the custom MG was laboratory fabricated, and the novel MG was fabricated through a proprietary process. Each group of the three MGs wasassessed for vertical dimension change, occlusal contacts, and condylar displacement.Results:Average number of occlusal contacts for the OTC, custom and novel MG were 2.4, 4.0, and 10, respectively. There was a signifcant difference between all values (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Predictors of Physical Activity among Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Isfahan, 2015: Structural Equation Modeling Approach
The objective of this study was to explore underlying beliefs corresponding to PA in T2DM patients using health action process approach (HAPA).Methods: This cross ‑sectional study was conducted in Isfahan, 2015. A convenience sample of 203 participants with T2DM was collected. Participants completed HAPA inventory containing the following constructs: Risk perception, outcome expectation, task self‑efficacy, intention, action and coping planning, coping se lf‑efficacy, recovery self‑efficacy, and PA questionnaire. Structural equation modeling was used for statistical analysis.Results: The common fit indices revealed...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Weight Loss, Glycemic Indices, and Lipid Profle in Obese and Overweight Women: A Clinical Trial Study
Conclusions:After 6 weeks of intervention, the means of WT, BMI, WC, and HC decreased signifcantly. Previous studies have shown that vitD defciency was more prevalence in obese people and there was an inverse association among vit D with BMI and WC. The relationship between vit D and lipid profles such as glycemic indexes, anthropometric indexes, CRP, and BP is not clear and needs more study in the future.Keywords:Blood pressure, cholesterol, high ‑density lipoprotein, low‑density lipoprotein, triglyceride, Vitamin D supplementation, weight loss, glycemic indices (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Olive Oil supplementation on Sodium Arsenate ‑induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice
Conclusions:It was concluded that antioxidant activity of OO has hepatoprotective effect on As ‑induced hepatic injury.Keywords:Arsenic, hepatoxicity, olive oil, oxidative stress (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Depression: Detecting the Historical Roots of Research on Depression Prevention with Reference Publication Year Spectroscopy
Conclusions:Researchers have investigated depression prevention with physiological, epidemiological, biological as well as physical approaches. Furthermore, created criteria for measuring depression in different targetsocieties have played an important and vital role in depression prevention.Keywords:Bibliometrics, depression, preventive medicine, spectrum analysis (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dental Caries and Gingival Evaluation in Children with Congenital Heart Disease
Conclusions:Pediatric patients with CHD experience insignifcantly higher dental decay, periodontitis, and saliva Lactobacilli colony counts. The frequency of decayed tooth and gingival diseases in healthy children is high, and hence, more dental care attention in our health system isneeded for healthy children.Keywords:Congenital heart disease, dental caries, periodontal disease (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research