The Incidence and Awareness of Hypertension, among Adults in Ahvaz: A 5 ‑Year Cohort Study in Southwestern Iran
Conclusions:In this study conducted in Ahvaz, the incidence rate of hypertension was 65/1000 person ‑years, higher in men than women. Hypertension awareness was 50.5%, 45.1% in men, and 55.1% in women.Keywords:Awareness, cohort studies, hypertension, incidence (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Precautions List of Risk Countries with COVID ‑19 for Primary Prevention: Experience on Case Traveling from the Country Out of the List
Dear Editor,The new emerging SARSCoV2 infection ‑causing pandemic COVID‑19 is a global public health problem at present. This disease was first reported in pneumonia patients in Chinabefore its occurrence in more than 150 countries worldwide. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Following PRISMA in a Systematic Review: Obligation or Authority?
Dear Editor,Properly reporting of systematic reviews can improve evidence ‑based medicine, evidence‑based management, and evidence‑informed policymaking in the health caresystem.Various checklists have been developed to improve the reporting of these studies. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Why Children are Less Likely to Contract COVID ‑19 Infection than Adults?
The novel coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID ‑19) is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2). (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Indirect Consequences of Mental Health Problems in Crisis: COVID ‑19, An Example
Exposure to major public health events such as covid ‑19 infectious epidemic in any country can be followed by challenges such as epidemiological features, rapidtransmission patterns, and insufficient readiness of health authorities to cope with the outbreak among community. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cost –Utility Analysis for Chest CT versus RT‑PCR for COVID‑19 Detection
Dear Editor,COVID ‑19 has become an important public health problem internationally in 2020. The disease caused problems in several countries around the world. The infection can result in febrile illness with a respiratory problem. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

2019 ‑nCoV Outbreak Declared as Public Health Emergency of International Concern: What Next?
Dear Editor,The 2019 ‑novel coronavirus (2019‑nCoV) outbreak, which initially originated in Wuhan, has rapidly spread to all the provinces of China and has been declared as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) based on the recommendations of the emergency committee on 30 January 2020. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Hypothesis of COVID ‑19 Therapy with Sildenafil
Conclusions:iNOS is the cause of damage to host cells with a consequent pulmonary thromboembolic lung phenomenon in a contest of interstitial pneumonia. This study proposes the use of sildenafil to counter the inflammatory cascade and thromboembolic episodes.Keywords:COVID ‑19, nitric oxide, sildenafil citrate (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

COVID ‑19 Solution
This study indicates that the neuroaminidase interrupts the infection.Keywords:Neuroaminidase, SARS COVID ‑19, sialic acid (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Enhancing Breastfeeding – Home‑Based Education on Self‑Efficacy: A Preventive Strategy
Background:The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of home ‑based education intervention on the exclusivity and promoting the rates of self‑efficacy of breastfeeding.Materials and Methods:A randomized controlled trial was conducted Arak University of Medical Sciences in Takeghani Hospital in Iran between June 2015 and October 2015. A total of 130 eligible and voluntary women hospitalized in Arak University of Medical Sciences Hospital postpartum wards were randomized to receive usual care (n= 65) or education with CD and pamphlets (n= 65).Data regarding exclusive breastfeeding were collected using Denis and Fo...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Lactose ‑Restricted Regimen in Breastfeeding Children with Acute Diarrhea
Conclusions:A lactose ‑restricted regimen was found not to be beneficial for children with acute diarrhea under continuous breastfeeding and zinc therapy.Keywords:Breastfeeding, children, diarrhea, lactose ‑restricted, zinc (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Perinatal Mortality According to Level of Perinatal Healthcare Institutions in Low Birth Weight Infants: Cross Sectional Multicentric Study
Conclusions:Our results show that B and H belongs to developing countries according to perinatal mortality. A unique database system is necessary to follow progress and trends.Keywords:Developing countries, gestational age, infant mortality, perinatal care, pregnancy (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

“Playing with Little Behaviors”; Physical Activity Promotion by Gamified Education in Young Boys
Conclusions:The findings show gamification could significantly improve the effectiveness of education for normal behaviors in physical activity.Keywords:Adolescent, gamification, physical activity, schools (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Donepezil on Cognitive Impairment, Quality of Life, and Depression in Multiple Sclerosis Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Background:Cognitive impairment is one of the debilitating consequences of multiple sclerosis (MS) with negative effects on daily life, individual and social activities, quality of life (QOL), and depression. No approved medication is introduced so far for affected individuals. We aimed to evaluatethe efficacy of donepezil on cognitive performance, QOL, and depression in MS.Methods:This is a double ‑blinded randomized clinical trial conducted on 100 patients with MS during 2018. Patients were assessed prior to intervention abbreviated mental test (AMT), prospective and retrospective mental questionnaire (PRMQ), everyday ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Impact of High ‑Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate‑Intensity Continuous Training on Carotid Intima‑Media Thickness and Ankle‑Brachial Index in Middle‑Aged Women
Objective:Obesity has been linked to cardiovascular risk factors characterized by endothelial dysfunction and arterial wall thickening. Regular exercise training is recognized as a powerful tool to improve endothelial function and cardiovascular risk profile, but it is unknown which of high ‑intensity interval training or moderate‑intensity continuous training is the best exercise.Materials and Methods:A total of 33 inactive and overweight women aged 40 –50 years old and body mass index>27 kg/m2were randomized to high ‑intensity interval training, moderate‑intensity continuous training, or control. The exe...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Incidence of Metabolic Syndrome in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta ‑Analysis
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a predictor of several diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, dyslipidemia, stroke, osteoarthritis, certain cancers, and death leading to public health concern in most societies. We aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence and incidence of MetS in Iranian population through a meta ‑analysis study. We included cross‑sectional and cohort studies to estimate the overall prevalence and incidence rates of MetS in Iran National databases  including MagIran, Science Information Database, IranMedex, and international databases including Medline, Web of Sciences, and Scopus were sea...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Model ‑based Cost‑effectiveness Analysis of Atorvastatin Drugs for Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases in Iran
Conclusions:Based on the results of this study, it is recommended that cardiologists use atorvastatin in the prevention of cardiovascular disease.Keywords:Atorvastatin, Markov model, cardiovascular diseases, cost ‑benefit analysis (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Iranian Study on Social Determinants of Self ‑management in Patients with Hypertension Referring to Tabriz Health Care Centers in 2017‑2018
This study was carried out in 2017 ‑2018 in health care centers affiliated with Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in Iran.Methods:A total of 240 patients with hypertension, who referred to health care centers of Tabriz, were invited to fill out the self ‑management (researcher made) and social determinants of health questionnaires.Statistical Analysis:Spearman correlation was used to determine the relationship between self ‑management score and its items with items of social determinants of health questionnaire. Also, Pearson correlation Studentt‑test was used.Results:In this research 197 patients were studied....
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Screen Time Activities and Aggressive Behaviors Among Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
Conclusion:This review found that children and adolescents who share most of their time for watching of television are at greater risk for violent behaviors including physical fight, victim and bully.Keywords:Adolescents, aggressive behaviors, children, screen time (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ramadan Fasting and Risk of Covid ‑19
Almost all religions recommend periods of fasting. Many adult Muslims fast during the holy month of Ramadan each year. Ramadan fasting as a type of intermittent fasting is a non ‑pharmacological intervention refining the overall health. This year, Ramadan is coincided with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19) outbreak making it one of the most challenging fasting periods for Muslims in theworld. There is no solid direct evidence to suggest any adverse effect of Ramadan fasting during the COVID ‑19 pandemic in healthy individuals. However, there are exemptions in Ramadan Fasting and those at risk of health issues shoul...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

COVID ‑19: Ratio of Occurrence in General People and Medical Personnel, an Observation from the Second Country that Disease Emerged
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring the Presence of Animal Origin in the Causation of Corona Virus Disease 2019 Outbreak and Strategies to Prevent Acquisition of the Infection
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Outbreak of COVID ‑19 in Thailand: Time Serial Analysis on Imported and Local Transmission Cases
(Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preventing the Emergence of Corona Virus Disease 2019 Outbreak in Mass Gatherings: Appeal to Public Health Authorities
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Common Place for COVID ‑19 Local Spreading: Observation from Thailand
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Patients with COVID ‑19 and Disguising on Travel History: A Challenge in Disease Screening
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Recognition on Possibility of No ‑Fever and No‑History of Travel to Risk Country Among Nurse in Rural Area of a Country That COVID‑19 Already Existed: Observation
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Total Distance and Radius of Wandering of Patients with COVID19 before the First Final Diagnosis: GPS Tracking Analysis
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Hypertension in Cardiovascular Disease in Iran: Systematic Review and Meta ‑Analysis
Conclusions:Hypertension has a higher prevalence in women with cardiovascular disease than men, and it increases with age. Among patients with cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction patients have the highest levels of hypertension. The prevalence of systolic hypertension in cardiac patients is higher than diastolic hypertension.Keywords:Cardiovascular disease, hypertension, Iran, meta-analysis (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Spreading from Hot Foci of COVID ‑19 to another Country: Observation from Thailand on Disease Importation by Foreigner
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sharing Cigarette Smoking and COVID ‑19 Outbreak in a Party Group
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

COVID ‑19 Outbreak in International Airport – Where the Incidence Case Occurs?
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Spreading of COVID ‑19 in a Common Place: Medical Architecture Analysis
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Free Radical Production in the Smoking of E ‑Cigarettes and their Possible Effects in Human Health
Conclusions:This study shows the possible damages of the nuclei, but the increase of radicals, oral mucins and MN needs more researches.Keywords:Electronic nicotine delivery systems, free radicals, neoplasm (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Ever Self ‑Reported Asthma and Associated Factors among University Students in Iran: A Population‑Based Study
Conclusions:Our study provides valuable information about the prevalence of asthma ever symptoms among university students in Iran. In fact, the results of this study can fill information gaps concerning the affected groups in Iran, and even worldwide.Keywords:Asthma, Iran, prevalence, students (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Hematological Parameters with Obesity ‑ Induced Inflammation Among Young Females in Ahvaz, South‑West of Iran
Conclusions:Obesity ‑induced inflammation, regardless of dietary intake of iron, can lead to iron deficiency. Therefore, weight control, especially in obese subjects isnecessary to prevent iron deficiency and anemia.Keywords:Hematological parameters, inflammation, iron deficiency, obesity, young female (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Disadvantaged Groups and Mental Health Services, A Dilemma in Metropolitans
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Lower Back Pain and its Relation to Stress Among Medical Students in Taif University, Saudi Arabia
Conclusions:Our survey found no significant association betweenLBP and psychological stress. The three main risk factors associated with lower back pain were being a 2ndyear medical student, female gender, and high working hours.Keywords:Low back pain, medical students, stress (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Burnout Syndrome Among Students of Health Care Colleges and its Correlation to Musculoskeletal Disorders in Saudi Arabia
Conclusions:Burnout, as well as MSDs, are prevalent among students of health care colleges. Burnout seems to be a risk factor for MSDs. Social media campaigns andawareness campaigns about burnout should be promoted.Keywords:Burnout, musculoskeletal pain, prevalence, psychological, students (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of Uterine Temperament in Iranian Infertile Women using a Quantitative Instrument for Uterine Temperament Detection
Conclusions:In the present study, the most prevalent achieved temperament was cold and wet in patients with infertility complaint. Moreover, the hot/cold temperament of body and pelvic width were correlated with uterus temperament. This may propose new prevention and also treatment methods in the field of infertility, which needs to be further evaluated.Keywords:Iran, medicine, surveys and questionnaires, traditional, uterus (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Reliability and Validity of a Culturally Adaptive Version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire in Indian Subcontinent: A Cross ‑sectional Study
Conclusions:The InS IPAQ ‑LF demonstrated considerate evidence of test‑retest reliability and may be valid for evaluating context specific PA mannerisms of adults in InS.Keywords:Exercise, Indian, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, lifestyle medicine, non ‑communicable diseases, physical activity (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mind your Language: Discursive Practices Produce Unequal Power and Control Over Infectious Disease: A Critical Discourse Analysis
Conclusions:A sustainable reduction in infectious disease in the southern countries is most likely to be achieved through tackling socioeconomic determinants. There is a need for a change in the discourse on infectious disease, and adopt a discourse that promotes self ‑determination, rather than one that reinforces the hero‑victimscenario and power inequalities.Keyword:Critical discourse, inequalities, infectious disease, poverty, power (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preventive Properties of Ramelteon against Cocaine ‑Induced Autophagia and Apoptosis: A Hypothetic Role of TNF‑α Receptor Involvement and JNK/Bcl‑2‑Beclin1 or Bcl‑2/Bax Signaling Pathway
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exported Wuhan Novel Coronavirus Infection: An Expected Rate with Reference to Main Destination of Chinese Tourist, Thailand
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Imported Wuhan Coronavirus Infection: Is there any Correlation with Number of Immigrants from Endemic Area and Period after the First Outbreak?
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Positive Screening for Wuhan Novel Coronavirus Infection at International Airport: What ’s the Final Diagnosis for Positive Cases
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Corrected and Republished: Global Health Diplomacy Fingerprints on Human Security
Human security is a concept that challenges the traditional notion of national security by placing the ‘human’ as the central referent of security instead of the ‘state.’ It is a concept that encompasses health and well-being of people and prioritizes their fundamental freedoms and basic livelihoods by shieldingthem from acute socioeconomic threats, vulnerabilities and stress. The epicenter of “health security” is located at the intersection of several academic fields or disciplines which do not necessarily share a common theoretical approach. Diverse players in the “health securit...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Perception and Barriers Regarding Infection Control Measures Among Healthcare Workers in Minia City, Egypt
Conclusions:HCWs demonstrated positive perception toward infection control and SPs measures. The most frequent reported barrier against practice of SPs was absence of enough gloves and gowns. The significant predictor that hindered the practice of SPs was that “Following SPs makes work harder.”Keywords:Barriers, infection control, perceptions, standard precautions (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Possible Effects of Capsaicin (Chili Pepper) on the Oral Health
Conclusions:The results of this study clearly show that the use not necessarily excessive of chili leads to developing an inflammatory process.Keywords:Capsaicin, food, free radicals, mouth, nitric oxide (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta ‑analysis
The prevalence of mental disorders in Iran is rising for many reasons including the population growthand its problems, the collapse of the family foundation, the economic problems, etc. Epidemiologicalstudies of psychiatric disorders play an important role in determining the general mental health ofthe population and policy ‑making and future planning of service delivery. To identify the relevantstudies, two authors independently searched different scholarly databases including Embase,PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI/Web of Science (WOS), Scopus, Psych INFO, and Iranian databases such asMagIran, SID, IranPsych, and Irandoc from 1stJa...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research