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Letter to Editor about “Tumor Cells Growth and Survival Time with the Ketogenic Diet in Animal Models: A Systematic Review”
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevention of Cross-contamination Risk by Disinfection of Irreversible Hydrocolloid Impression Materials with Ozonated Water
Background:Disinfection of dental impression is mandatory for preventing the cross infection between dental staff and dental laboratory. Ozone as a disinfectant can be used in various ways in dentistry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ozonated water for disinfection of irreversible hydrocolloid impression materials and preventing cross-contamination.Methods:Thirty-two circular specimens (1 cm diameter and 2 mm thickness) of irreversible hydrocolloid impression material were made. Thirty specimens were contaminated withPseudomonas aeruginosa(ATCC27853),Staphylococcus aureus(ATCC 51299), andCandida albi...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Omega-3 Fatty Acid and Epileptic Seizure in Epileptic Patients: A Systematic Review
The evidence on the association between omega-3 consumption and epileptic seizure is inconsistent. Therefore, we have conducted this systematic review to clarify the possible relationship. Original articles were searched in electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane, and Ovid) and by reviewing the reference lists of retrieved articles. The main evaluated outcome was the epileptic seizures. We included the English language studies that reported the original data on the effect of omega-3 on epileptic human patients. We included the nine articles with 230 patients in the present systematic review. The mean...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of Problematic Internet use and its Association with Disordered Eating Attitudes among Minia University Students
Background:To determine the association between problematic Internet use (PIU) and disordered eating attitudes (DEAs) and to detect the potential risk factors for PIU among University students in Minia, Egypt.Methods:A cross ‑sectional study was carried out among a randomsample (n= 2365) of Minia University students. PIU was assessed using The Problematic Internet Use Scale (PIUS), and the DEAs were assessed using eating attitudes test ‑26 questionnaire.Results:Of the 2365 students, 424 (17.9%) had DEAs, and it was more in females than males (22.3% and 14.5%, respectively). The mean of the PIUS score also was signifcan...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Does Alpha ‑lipoic Acid Supplementation Modulate Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients with Stroke? A Randomized, Double‑blind Clinical Trial
Background:Stroke as a devastating condition is one of the major causes of death worldwide. It is accountable for long time disability with high personal and social cost in adults. There are several risk factors for stroke such as diabetes and hypertension. Alpha ‑lipoic acid (ALA) as an antioxidant can be a risk modifer in these patients. We designed this trial to scrutinize the possible effects of ALA consumption on some cardiovascular risk factors in patients experienced stroke.Methods:In this randomized, double ‑blind, placebo‑controlled clinical trial, 67 patients experienced stroke were randomly allocated into ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Glomerular Hyperfltration as Predictor of Cardiometabolic Risk Factors among Children and Adolescents: The Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult ‑V Study
Conclusions:This study demonstrates an association between glomerular hyperfltration and obesity ‑related hypertension in a large sample of the Iranian pediatric population, independently of other classical risk factors.Keywords:Cardiometabolic risk factors, children and adolescents, estimated glomerular fltration rate (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Disorders as Common Problems among Iranian Nurses: A Systematic Review and Meta ‑analysis Study
Conclusions:Due to high prevalence of these disorders among Iranian nurses, providing effective training in the feld of ergonomics and undergoing appropriate exercises are necessary to control it.Keywords:Iran, meta-analysis, musculoskeletal disorders, nurses (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of Berlin Questionnaire, STOP-Bang, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale for Diagnosing Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Persian Patients
Background:Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder characterized by snoring, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and repeated termination of air flow (apnea). Standard polysomnography (PSG) isdiagnostic gold standard for OSA. PSG is expensive and not available everywhere. To identify the best OSA questionnaire for screening in Persian population, we compared Berlin, STOP ‑BANG, andEpworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS).Methods:In a cross ‑sectional study conducted on 400 adult patientssuspected of OSA in Bamdad Respiratory Research Center, patients completed three questionnaires. For each questionnaire, patients were divi...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Vitamin D Supplementation in Tunisian Pregnant Women: Needs More Evidence?
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

2017 Measles ‑Rubella Vaccination Campaign in India
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Antihyperlipidemic Effect of Different Fractions Obtained from Teucrium polium Hydroalcoholic Extract in Rats
This study was aimed to screen the antihyperlipidemic effect of different fractions ofTeucrium poliumto obtain the most effcient herbal fraction for isolation of bioactive constituents responsible for hypolipidemic activity.Methods:Chloroform, butanol, and aqueous fractions were obtained from hydroalcoholic extract ofT. poliumaerial parts using partitioning process. To induce hyperlipidemia, dexamethasone (Dex) was injected 10 mg/kg/day (s.c.) for 8 days. In the test groups, animals received 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg ofT. poliumhydroalcoholic extract and different fractions orally simultaneously with Dex. Serum lipid profle an...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Handheld Cell Phone Use While Driving: A Study from a South Indian City
Background:Using cell phones while driving contribute to distractions which can potentially cause minor or major road traffc injuries and also stress among other drivers. With this background, the study was done to ascertain the proportion of handheld cell phone use while driving among road users in Mysore city and also patterns of the use by the day of week, type of road, and type of vehicle.Methods:The study was conducted in Mysore, Karnataka, India. Four stretches of roads were observed thrice daily for 1 week. The total number of vehicles passing through the stretch and the number and characteristics of drivers using h...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Mothers ’ Knowledge and Coping Strategies on the Glycemic Control of Their Diabetic Children in Egypt
This study aimed to examine the relationship between mothers’ knowledge related to treatment management of type 1 diabetes (T1D), with perceptions of coping with diabetes ‑related stress and to examine the relationship between children’s metabolic control and maternal coping. A cross ‑sectional study was done among ninety‑two mothers of T1D children.Methods:Data were collected using a structured questionnaire, Ways of coping questionnaire (WCQ), and Diabetes Knowledge questionnaire ‑24 (DKQ‑24).Results:The most important predictors of the total knowledge scores among mothers were father education (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Appendicular Skeletal Muscle Mass Reference Values and the Peak Muscle Mass to Identify Sarcopenia among Iranian Healthy Population
Conclusions:Iranian reference values of SMI for both genders weresimilar to Asia Working Group for Sarcopenia recommendation and lower than the United States and European values. Further studies from different nations and the Middle East countries are needed to obtain reference values for populations, enabling the researchers for comparison and also more valid reports on sarcopenia prevalence.Keywords:Iran, peak muscle mass, reference values, sarcopenia (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Temporal Trends of Incidence of Colorectal Cancer in Isfahan, Iran, 2000 –2011
Conclusions:Trends of incidence of CRC had been rising in central Iran for males and females, during 2000–2011. It seems that the estimated slope for this trend had been partially artifcial and signifcantly affected by the improvement of case ‑fnding method. However, the improvement had no effect on the patients’ age.Keywords:Colorectal cancer, incidence, Iran, neoplasm, trend (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Translation and Cross ‑cultural Adaptation of the Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Score into Persian Language: Reassessment of Validity and Reliability
Conclusions:The Persian version of the HOOS questionnaire is a valid (regarding physical not mental aspects) and reliable assessment tool in patients with hip osteoarthritis.Keywords:Hip osteoarthritis, outcome score, questionnaires, translation (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effect of Yoga on Stress, Anxiety, and Depression in Women
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of yoga on stress, anxiety, and depression in women living in Ilam, Iran.Methods:This study is a quasi ‑experimental study with pre‑post test. To collect data, the questionnaire of DASS‑21 (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale‑21) was used. For eligible samples, hatha yoga exercises and training sessions were held for 4 weeks (3 time/weeks; 60‑70 min each) by a specialist. Data wereanalyzed using SPSS version 20.Results:52 women with a mean age of 33.5± 6.5 were included for analysis. Depression, anxiety, and stress decreased signifcantly in women after 12 ses...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prophylaxis against Deep Venous Thrombosis in Patients Hospitalized in Surgical Wards in One of the Hospitals in Iran: Based on the American College of Chest Physician ’s Protocol
Conclusions:As the results of this study, there are differences between clinical practice and the ACCP guidelines recommendation in prophylaxis against DVT. Thromboprophylaxis has not been implemented based on ACCP guidelines in more than 75% of patients with the risk of DVT. Thus, new strategies are needed to implement thromboprophylaxis against DVT in Iranian hospitals.Keywords:Deep venous thrombosis, prophylaxis, thromboprophylaxis (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mortality and Morbidity Due to Exposure to Ambient NO2, SO2, and O3 in Isfahan in 2013 –2014
Conclusions:The concentrations of NO2and SO2were upper than the WHO guidelines. The Air ‑Q software in spite of its limitations can provide useful information regarding the health outcome of the air pollutants. The results estimated in this study were considerable. This information can help the health authorities and policy makers to draw suitable strategies and fulfll effective emis sion control programs.Keywords:Air pollution, AirQ software, mortality, NO2, SO2,O3 (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Genistein on Apoptosis and Proliferation of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Hepa1 ‑6 Cell Line
Background:One of the main causes of mortality is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) which accounts for the third leading cause of deaths and one in forty deaths worldwide. The flavonoids, natural antioxidant compounds, account for a major group of polyphenolic compounds. One of the major isoflavones in soybean is genistein (GE) which can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis. Isoflavones, major type of phenolic materials, derived from dietary plants and medicinal herbs playa signifcant role in cancer prevention and treatment. Correlation between dietary habits and cancer risk including breast, prostate, and colon canc...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Factor V Leiden and Prothrombin G20210A Polymorphisms in Women with Recurrent Pregnancy Loss in Isfahan Province, Iran
Conclusions:The results indicated a signifcant higher frequency of prothrombin G20210A in women with RPL in comparison with controls. Our data suggest that the prothrombin G20210A mutation, but not the FVL mutation, may be an unrecognized cause of RPL in our population.Keywords:Abortion, factor V, mutation, thrombophilia, pregnancy, prothrombin (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Secondhand Smoking, Determined by Urinary Cotinine Level on Bone Health
Background:We evaluated the relationship between secondhand smoke (SHS) inhalation, as verifed by urinary cotinine levels, and bone health.Methods:We analyzed the nationwide, population ‑based, cross‑sectional health survey. We included 1936 men aged 50 years or older who checked bone mineral density (BMD) from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2008–2010). Current smokers assessed by urinary cotinine levels higher than 500 ng/mL were excluded (n= 616). Exposure to SHS was determined using a 50 ng/mL urinary cotinine threshold.Results:The estimated prevalence of SHS exposure in our cohor...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effect of Inhaled Budesonide on the Prevention of Chronic Lung Disease in Premature Neonates with Respiratory Distress Syndrome
This study tries to investigate the potential capability of inhaled budesonide in the prevention of BPD in newborns with gestational age of
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health Care of Elderly: A Viewpoint in Terms of Economic Evaluation
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Addiction Potential among College Students
Conclusions:Preventive and intervention actions appear necessary considering the mentioned factors.Keywords:Addiction potential, Iran, students (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Serum 25 ‑hydroxyvitamin D Levels and Liver Enzymes in a Nationally Representative Sample of Iranian Adolescents: The Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Noncommunicable Disease Study
Conclusions:We found a relatively high frequency of hypovitaminosis D among adolescents with abnormal liver function. Further prospective studies are needed to examine these associations from early life.Keywords:Adolescent, liver function tests, Vitamin D (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of Information on Concussion Available to Adolescents on Social Media
Conclusions:The potential for widespread misinformation necessitates caution when obtaining information on concussion on a freely accessible and editable medium, such as YouTube.Keywords:Adolescents, concussion, social media, YouTube (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Levothyroxine on Visual Evoked Potential Impairment Following Local Injections of Lysolecithin into the Rat Optic Chiasm
Conclusions:According to the results, lysolecithin ‑induced demyelination at optic chiasm and VEP impairments can be restored by administration of levothyroxine. Therefore, THs probably have positive effects in demyelinating diseases.Keywords:Levothyroxine, lysolecithin, multiple sclerosis, optic chiasm, visual evoked potential (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Promoting Physical Activity of Adolescent and Young Iranian Girls
Conclusions:Multilevel cooperation among schools, families, and society is necessary to develop and implement policies and supporting programs, with an emphasis on combined interventions.Keywords:Adolescent, girls, physical activity, young (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Lifestyle Risk Factors with Metabolic Syndrome Components: A Cross ‑sectional Study in Eastern India
Background:Approximately 20%–25% of the world adult population and nearly 30% of Indians have metabolic syndrome disorder. Our objective was designed to fnd out the association between important nutrients and potential lifestyle risk factors such as diet, physical inactivity, and smokingand alcohol consumption with the number of metabolic syndrome components.Methods:This was a cross ‑sectional study. A total of 205 patients of metabolic syndrome were enrolled for this study. Diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was done on the basis of National Cholesterol EducationProgram Adult Treatment Panel III criteria (NCEP ATP II...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Revised Risk Priority Number in Failure Mode and Effects Analysis Model from the Perspective of Healthcare System
Conclusions:We concluded that standard criteria should be developed inconsistent with clinical linguistic and special scientifc felds. Therefore, cooperation and partnership of technical and clinical groups are necessary to modify these models.Keywords:Failure Mode and Effects Analysis, health system, risk assessment, risk priority number (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effects of Thymoquinone Against Morphine ‑induced Damages on Male Mice Liver
This study was intended to assess the effects of thymoquinone against morphine damages on the liver of mice.Methods:In this study, various doses of thymoquinone (4.5, 9,and 18 mg/kg) and thymoquinone plus morphine wasadministered (once a day) intraperitoneally to 48 male mice for 20 consequent days. These mice were randomly assigned to eight groups (n= 6). Aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, serum nitric oxide (NO) levels, liver weight, and histology have been studied.Results:The results indicated that morphine administration signifcantly increased the mean diameter of central hepati...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Different Modes of Exercise Training on Body Composition and Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Middle ‑aged Men
Conclusions:The results indicated that 12 ‑week workout, 20–60 min/session, 3 days a week of moderate intensity exercise improved body composition,ICAM ‑1, VCAM‑1, and CRP compared to those who did not participate in any training. However, all three types of exercises had small benefts on body composition, ICAM‑1, VCAM‑1, and CRP in sedentary middle‑aged men, and the importance of combined training required further investigations.Keywords:Body composition, cardiovascular risk factors, exercise training, middle ‑aged men (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Public Health Aspects of Global Population Health and Well ‑being in the 21st Century Regarding Determinants of Health
Why did I recall the details about public health aspects of global population and well ‑being in the 21stcentury regarding the determinants of health? Most of all because today, at the end of 2017, we are talking about the same principles from the“Declaration on Primary Health Care” from 1978, and the same goals as those in“Health for all” which are still current or perhaps even more current than when they were published for the frst time in scientifc and professional literature. This is a notorious fact, even though we are talking about“Global Health” and its determinants, in all coun...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Comprehensive Health Plan: The Lifestyle Affecting Factors in Iranian Youth
Conclusions:We proposed the participatory strategies for youth healthy lifestyle promotion. Through which based on a specifc needs the assessment of different target groups, designing, development, and implementation of health programs led to more effective interventions.Keywords:Iran, lifestyle, qualitative study, youth (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Investigating the Role of Interpersonal Sensitivity, Anger, and Perfectionism in Social Anxiety
Conclusions:In accordance to the previous researches, we found that perfectionism, interpersonal sensitivity, anger experience, and angerexpression skills are related to social anxiety. How these personality traits are related to fear and avoidance of social situations and their concurrent effects on predicting social anxiety were discussed.Keywords:Anger, interpersonal sensitivity, perfectionism, social anxiety (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Lead Poisoning in Opium Abuser in Iran: A Systematic Review
Substance abuse and its consequences are major health hazards in the world. Opium addiction is a common form of substance abuse in Iran. Adulteration of illegal substances in the process of production and distribution of the drug in black market with many types of materials have been reported. One of the main goals of the adulteration of illegal substances is cutting of the substance for deal and increase of the weight for more beneft. However, adding of adulterating agents to illegal drugs could be considered as a cause of nonspecifc and rare toxicity during substance abuse. Although the presence of lead in street ‑leve...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pediatric Cardiac Anamnesis: Prevention of Additional Diagnostic Tests
Pediatrics is defned as the science of a healthy and sick child from birth to end of adolescence. Diseases of the cardiovascular system are the leading causes of mortality in adults, with frequent onset in childhood. The cardiologic examination starts with anamnesis in a pleasant atmosphere,refned space, enough time and patience, detailed measurements, and preferably a noncrying child. Anamnesis, regardless of the development of diagnostic procedures, still constitutes the basis of every clinical examination. The basic characteristics of pediatric cardiac anamnesis are comprehensiveness, that is, details, clarity, concurre...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of Cytotoxic Effect of Cigarette and Waterpipe Smoking on Human Buccal Mucosa
Conclusions:The cytotoxic effect of cigarette and waterpipe smoking on buccal mucosa cells was signifcantly higher than nonsmokers. The effect of cigarette smoking on cellular death was higher than waterpipe. The cytotoxic effect of waterpipe smoking was dose dependent.Keywords:Buccal mucosa, cytotoxic agents, smoking (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Methodology of the Comprehensive Program on Prevention and Control of Overweight and Obesity in Iranian Children and Adolescents: The IRAN ‑Ending Childhood Obesity (IRAN‑ECHO) Program
Conclusions:The IRAN ‑ECHO program is presenting the feasibility of conducting the WHO‑ECHO recommendations in Iran. The scope of potential policy recommendations to decrease childhood obesity is extensive and includes various elements. This program considers multisectoral interventions through population and indivi dual approaches. The multicomponent interventions of this program address the obesogenic environment by considering the life course dimensions. It is expected that, by its life course interventions, it could help in primordial and primary prevention of noncommunicable diseases.Keywords:Individual approach, ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cost ‑effectiveness of Varicella Vaccination Program in Iran
Conclusions:Varicella vaccination is not cost ‑effective in Iran in one‑dose and two‑dose scenario under the assumptions of this study in base case scenario according to the threshold of incremental cost per DALY averted less than three time of GDP per capita in Iran = US$ 14,292.One ‑dose vaccination program might be cost‑effective in upper scenario of epidemiological burden of varicella in sensitivity analysis.Keywords:Chicken pox, children, cost ‑effectiveness, Iran, varicella vaccination, varicella zostervirus (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Involving Mothers in Child Development Assessment in a Community ‑based Participatory Study Using Ages and Stages Questionnaires
Conclusions:Involving mothers and community in monitoring children development based on ASQ was an effective strategy to monitor and foster children development.Keywords:Ages and stages questionnaires, community ‑based participatory research, early child development, women health volunteers (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Consumption of a Low Fermentable Oligo ‑, Di‑, Mono‑saccharides, and Polyols Diet and Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Systematic Review
This study was done to summarize fndings from earlier evidence on the effect of a low FODMAP diet (LFD) on the symptoms of IBS. We searched in ISI Web of Knowledge, PubMe d, Scopus, and Google Scholar using the following keywords:“FODMAP” OR“oligosaccharides” OR“disaccharides” OR“Monosaccharaides” in combination with“irritable bowel syndrome” or“IBS” or“Gastrointestinal Disease.” The reference lists of the relevant papers were also examined to avoid missing any publication. No time and language restrictions were applied. The relevant studie...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Alloimmunization in Thalassemia Patients: New Insight for Healthcare
Conclusions:Blood matching for Rh and K antigens in patients with transfusion ‑dependent thalassemia could reduce the rate of RBC alloinununization.Keywords:Alloantibody, blood transfusion, Iran, thalassemia (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of Tobacco Use and Prevalence of Oral Precancerous Lesions in Cab Drivers in Bengaluru City, India
Conclusions:It was very evident that long hours of driving and infrequent shifts played a greater role in acquiring the habit. Behavioral counseling and new laws need to be formed to limit the working hours in drivers to have an effective tobacco control.Keywords:Early detection of cancer, leukoplakia, tobacco use disorder (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Catastrophic Health Expenditure of Chronic Diseases: Evidence from Hamadan, Iran
Conclusions:There is a high degree of CHE were caused by chronic NCDs. By thoughtful reconsideration in health ‑care fnancing, along with addressing relevant socioeconomic factors, the health system of Iran could cope with fnancial adversities caused by chronic NCDs.Keywords:Catastrophic health expenditure, chronic diseases, Hamedan, Iran (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Improving Participants ’ Retention in a Smoking Cessation Intervention Using a Community‑based Participatory Research Approach
Conclusions:Conducting the intervention in community settings using trained peer motivators rather than health ‑care providers resulted in signifcantly higher retention and smoking cessation rates. This was due in part to the ability to tailor cessation classes in the community for specifc populations and improving the quality of the intervention based on feedback from participants and community partners.Keywords:Community ‑based participatory research, retention, smoking cessation, underserved populations (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Soy Protein and Chronic Kidney Disease: An Updated Review
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious universal problem that is the main risk for several diseases including cardiovascular disease. Dietary factors are important to prevent and control the kidney disease. Some evidence has shown that modifying the amount and the types of dietary protein exerta major effect on renal failure so limiting dietary protein and substituting animal protein with soy protein has suggested. However, there is a lot of controversy about it, especially in human. Thus, this paper will review the clinical trial studies conducted on the effects of soy protein intake on CKD inboth animal and human and ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 19, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Medicinal Plants, Effective Plant Compounds (Compositions) and their Effects on Stomach Cancer
This study was conducted to investigate and collect scientifc results for stomach cancer and to clarify the role of medicinal plants and secondary plant compounds on its treatment.Keywords:Medicinal, plants, stomach cancer, therapeutics (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Bhutan and Maldives Eliminate Measles: World Health Organization
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research