Preliminary Investigation of a Novel Mouthguard
This study compared a novel MG to over ‑the‑counter (OTC) and custom MGs on a skull model.Methods:The OTC MG was formed as per manufacturer’s guidelines, the custom MG was laboratory fabricated, and the novel MG was fabricated through a proprietary process. Each group of the three MGs wasassessed for vertical dimension change, occlusal contacts, and condylar displacement.Results:Average number of occlusal contacts for the OTC, custom and novel MG were 2.4, 4.0, and 10, respectively. There was a signifcant difference between all values (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Olive Oil supplementation on Sodium Arsenate ‑induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice
Conclusions:It was concluded that antioxidant activity of OO has hepatoprotective effect on As ‑induced hepatic injury.Keywords:Arsenic, hepatoxicity, olive oil, oxidative stress (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Depression: Detecting the Historical Roots of Research on Depression Prevention with Reference Publication Year Spectroscopy
Conclusions:Researchers have investigated depression prevention with physiological, epidemiological, biological as well as physical approaches. Furthermore, created criteria for measuring depression in different targetsocieties have played an important and vital role in depression prevention.Keywords:Bibliometrics, depression, preventive medicine, spectrum analysis (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dental Caries and Gingival Evaluation in Children with Congenital Heart Disease
Conclusions:Pediatric patients with CHD experience insignifcantly higher dental decay, periodontitis, and saliva Lactobacilli colony counts. The frequency of decayed tooth and gingival diseases in healthy children is high, and hence, more dental care attention in our health system isneeded for healthy children.Keywords:Congenital heart disease, dental caries, periodontal disease (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exposure to Global System for Mobile Communication 900 MHz Cellular Phone Radiofrequency Alters Growth, Proliferation and Morphology of Michigan Cancer Foundation ‑7 Cells and Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Background:Today, using cellular phone and its harmful effects in human life is growing. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of the global system for mobile communication (GSM) 900 MHz cellular phone radiofrequency waves on growth, morphology, and proliferation rate ofmesenchymal stem cells and Michigan Cancer Foundation (MCF ‑7) cells within the specifc distance and intensity.Methods:MCF ‑7 and human adipose‑derived stem cells (HADSCs) were exposed to GSM cellular phones 900 MHz frequency with intensity of 354.6µW/cm2during different exposure times 6, 21, 51, and 101 min/day with an interval of ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Strategies for Preventing Catheter ‑associated Urinary Tract Infections
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk Factors Associated with Self ‑reported Sexually Transmitted Infections among Postsecondary Students in Canada
Conclusions:The fndings of this study highlight certain high ‑risk behaviors that are strongly associated with acquiring an STI among postsecondary students. Thus, efforts to design and deliver relevant educational programming and health promotion initiatives for this particular population are of utmost importance.Keywords:Behaviors, Canada, risks, sexually transmitted diseases and human immunodefciency virus, students (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Implementing Tuberculosis Close ‑contact Investigation in a Tertiary Hospital in Iran
Conclusions:This study emphasizes on sign and symptoms and radiological fnding in TB contact investigation, where index parameters including positive smear/culture, does not implicate any priority. Although cavitary lesions in index patient have more accompanied by active TB, close contact study should include all of TB indexes. This investigation should include chest radiography for these individuals.Keywords:Contact investigation, passive case fnding, tuberculosis (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Iran ’s Struggling Health System: An Increase in Natural Childbirth: A Case Study
Conclusions:Although this scheme has achieved its targets in public hospitals of Isfahan Province, it has not met its objectives in private hospitals. It seems CS operations were shifted from public hospitals to private ones, which is con flict with the objectives of the health reform plan.Keywords: Cesarean section, health reform, Iran, Isfahan, normal vaginal delivery (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Infection and Associated Risk Factors among Drug Users in Drop ‑in Centers of Isfahan, Iran
Conclusions:Drug injection bloodletting, and being the sexual partner of IDU, as well as frequency and duration of imprisonment could be considered as contributing factors in HBV infection.Keywords:Drug users, hepatitis B, hepatitis B surface antigens, prevalence (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Use of Laypersons to Support Tuberculosis Screening at a Kenyan Referral Hospital
We describe results from one waiting‑area with complete documentation between January and December 2011.Results:Of the 217 TB suspects identifed, majority were male (55%); their median age was 36 (range 1–70) years. 11% (23) were aged
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Human Immunodefciency Virus and Hepatitis B Virus Infection Prevention Following Occupational Exposure among Staff at a Regional Referral Hospital in Western Kenya
Background:Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with antiretroviral therapy (ART) and vaccination against hepatitis B virus (HBV) aides in preventing human immunodefciency virus (HIV) infection and HBV, respectively, from accidental or occupational exposure. We assessed compliance to guidelines for HIV and HBV prevention after occupational exposure amonghospital staff at a referral Kenyan hospital.Methods:We reviewed PEP registers for hospital staff reporting an occupational injury at a referral hospital in Western Kenya between January2011 and December 2012. Proportions were used to summarize number of participants receiving th...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Five Years after Implementation of Urban Family Physician Program in Fars Province of Iran: Are People ’s Knowledge and Practice Satisfactory?
Introduction:Urban family physician program (UFPP) was launched in Fars province of Iran in 2012. We aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of people toward this 5 ‑year‑old program.Methods:In this population ‑based study, through a multistage random sampling from 6 cities of Fars province, 1350 people older than 18 years were interviewed. For data collection, a questionnaire consisting of sociodemographic characteristics and items about knowledge andpractice toward UFPP was used.Results:The mean age of the interviewees was 42.4± 14.2 years; male (674; 49.9%) ‑to‑female (651; 48.2%) ratio was 1.03. Mea...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Transfusion Medicine and Molecular Genetic Methods
Transfusion procedures are always complicated by potential genetic mismatching between donor and recipient. Compatibility is determined by several major antigens, such as the ABO and Rhesus blood groups. Matching for other blood groups (Kell, Kidd, Duffy, and MNS), human platelet antigens, and human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) also contributes toward the successful transfusion outcomes, especially in multitransfused or highly immunized patients. All these antigens of tissue identity are highly polymorphic and thus present great challenges for fnding suitable donors for transfusion patients. The ABO blood group and HLA marker...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Neck Circumference as an Indicator of Central Obesity in Healthy Young Bosnian Adults: Cross ‑sectional Study
Background:Neck circumference (NC) is an index of subcutaneous adipose tissue distribution in an area of the upper part of the body. The aim of this study was to assess whether NC can be used as an indicator of central obesity and to determine the prevalence of central obesity in apparently healthy Bosnian young adults.Methods:Participants for this cross ‑sectional study were recruited using the snowball method. NC was measured in horizontal straight position byplacing the top edge of a plastic tape only below the laryngeal prominence and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the neck, with the head positioned in the...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Analysis of Iranian Youth Health Policy: Necessity of Action ‑oriented Interventions
Conclusions: Achieving premiere indicators of the Iranian youth health requires political commitment and support of the state, more than ever. To cooperation and utilize the capacity of other sectors to implement the Ministry of Health and Medical Education programs, establishment of the youth health commission is recommended with participation of the main partners.Keywords: Adolescence, equity, public health, youth (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluating Temperature Changes of Brain Tissue Due to Induced Heating of Cell Phone Waves
Conclusions: Cell phone radiated radio frequency waves were effective on increasing brain tissue temperature, and this temperature increase has cumulative effect on the tissue, being higher, for some time after the confrontation than the time with no confrontation.Keywords: Brain tissue, cell phone, electromagnetic waves, radiofrequency waves, temperature (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Letter to Editor about “Tumor Cells Growth and Survival Time with the Ketogenic Diet in Animal Models: A Systematic Review”
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevention of Cross-contamination Risk by Disinfection of Irreversible Hydrocolloid Impression Materials with Ozonated Water
Background:Disinfection of dental impression is mandatory for preventing the cross infection between dental staff and dental laboratory. Ozone as a disinfectant can be used in various ways in dentistry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ozonated water for disinfection of irreversible hydrocolloid impression materials and preventing cross-contamination.Methods:Thirty-two circular specimens (1 cm diameter and 2 mm thickness) of irreversible hydrocolloid impression material were made. Thirty specimens were contaminated withPseudomonas aeruginosa(ATCC27853),Staphylococcus aureus(ATCC 51299), andCandida albi...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Omega-3 Fatty Acid and Epileptic Seizure in Epileptic Patients: A Systematic Review
The evidence on the association between omega-3 consumption and epileptic seizure is inconsistent. Therefore, we have conducted this systematic review to clarify the possible relationship. Original articles were searched in electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane, and Ovid) and by reviewing the reference lists of retrieved articles. The main evaluated outcome was the epileptic seizures. We included the English language studies that reported the original data on the effect of omega-3 on epileptic human patients. We included the nine articles with 230 patients in the present systematic review. The mean...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of Problematic Internet use and its Association with Disordered Eating Attitudes among Minia University Students
Background:To determine the association between problematic Internet use (PIU) and disordered eating attitudes (DEAs) and to detect the potential risk factors for PIU among University students in Minia, Egypt.Methods:A cross ‑sectional study was carried out among a randomsample (n= 2365) of Minia University students. PIU was assessed using The Problematic Internet Use Scale (PIUS), and the DEAs were assessed using eating attitudes test ‑26 questionnaire.Results:Of the 2365 students, 424 (17.9%) had DEAs, and it was more in females than males (22.3% and 14.5%, respectively). The mean of the PIUS score also was signifcan...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Does Alpha ‑lipoic Acid Supplementation Modulate Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients with Stroke? A Randomized, Double‑blind Clinical Trial
Background:Stroke as a devastating condition is one of the major causes of death worldwide. It is accountable for long time disability with high personal and social cost in adults. There are several risk factors for stroke such as diabetes and hypertension. Alpha ‑lipoic acid (ALA) as an antioxidant can be a risk modifer in these patients. We designed this trial to scrutinize the possible effects of ALA consumption on some cardiovascular risk factors in patients experienced stroke.Methods:In this randomized, double ‑blind, placebo‑controlled clinical trial, 67 patients experienced stroke were randomly allocated into ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Glomerular Hyperfltration as Predictor of Cardiometabolic Risk Factors among Children and Adolescents: The Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult ‑V Study
Conclusions:This study demonstrates an association between glomerular hyperfltration and obesity ‑related hypertension in a large sample of the Iranian pediatric population, independently of other classical risk factors.Keywords:Cardiometabolic risk factors, children and adolescents, estimated glomerular fltration rate (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Disorders as Common Problems among Iranian Nurses: A Systematic Review and Meta ‑analysis Study
Conclusions:Due to high prevalence of these disorders among Iranian nurses, providing effective training in the feld of ergonomics and undergoing appropriate exercises are necessary to control it.Keywords:Iran, meta-analysis, musculoskeletal disorders, nurses (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of Berlin Questionnaire, STOP-Bang, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale for Diagnosing Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Persian Patients
Background:Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder characterized by snoring, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and repeated termination of air flow (apnea). Standard polysomnography (PSG) isdiagnostic gold standard for OSA. PSG is expensive and not available everywhere. To identify the best OSA questionnaire for screening in Persian population, we compared Berlin, STOP ‑BANG, andEpworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS).Methods:In a cross ‑sectional study conducted on 400 adult patientssuspected of OSA in Bamdad Respiratory Research Center, patients completed three questionnaires. For each questionnaire, patients were divi...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Vitamin D Supplementation in Tunisian Pregnant Women: Needs More Evidence?
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

2017 Measles ‑Rubella Vaccination Campaign in India
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Antihyperlipidemic Effect of Different Fractions Obtained from Teucrium polium Hydroalcoholic Extract in Rats
This study was aimed to screen the antihyperlipidemic effect of different fractions ofTeucrium poliumto obtain the most effcient herbal fraction for isolation of bioactive constituents responsible for hypolipidemic activity.Methods:Chloroform, butanol, and aqueous fractions were obtained from hydroalcoholic extract ofT. poliumaerial parts using partitioning process. To induce hyperlipidemia, dexamethasone (Dex) was injected 10 mg/kg/day (s.c.) for 8 days. In the test groups, animals received 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg ofT. poliumhydroalcoholic extract and different fractions orally simultaneously with Dex. Serum lipid profle an...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Handheld Cell Phone Use While Driving: A Study from a South Indian City
Background:Using cell phones while driving contribute to distractions which can potentially cause minor or major road traffc injuries and also stress among other drivers. With this background, the study was done to ascertain the proportion of handheld cell phone use while driving among road users in Mysore city and also patterns of the use by the day of week, type of road, and type of vehicle.Methods:The study was conducted in Mysore, Karnataka, India. Four stretches of roads were observed thrice daily for 1 week. The total number of vehicles passing through the stretch and the number and characteristics of drivers using h...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Mothers ’ Knowledge and Coping Strategies on the Glycemic Control of Their Diabetic Children in Egypt
This study aimed to examine the relationship between mothers’ knowledge related to treatment management of type 1 diabetes (T1D), with perceptions of coping with diabetes ‑related stress and to examine the relationship between children’s metabolic control and maternal coping. A cross ‑sectional study was done among ninety‑two mothers of T1D children.Methods:Data were collected using a structured questionnaire, Ways of coping questionnaire (WCQ), and Diabetes Knowledge questionnaire ‑24 (DKQ‑24).Results:The most important predictors of the total knowledge scores among mothers were father education (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Appendicular Skeletal Muscle Mass Reference Values and the Peak Muscle Mass to Identify Sarcopenia among Iranian Healthy Population
Conclusions:Iranian reference values of SMI for both genders weresimilar to Asia Working Group for Sarcopenia recommendation and lower than the United States and European values. Further studies from different nations and the Middle East countries are needed to obtain reference values for populations, enabling the researchers for comparison and also more valid reports on sarcopenia prevalence.Keywords:Iran, peak muscle mass, reference values, sarcopenia (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Temporal Trends of Incidence of Colorectal Cancer in Isfahan, Iran, 2000 –2011
Conclusions:Trends of incidence of CRC had been rising in central Iran for males and females, during 2000–2011. It seems that the estimated slope for this trend had been partially artifcial and signifcantly affected by the improvement of case ‑fnding method. However, the improvement had no effect on the patients’ age.Keywords:Colorectal cancer, incidence, Iran, neoplasm, trend (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Translation and Cross ‑cultural Adaptation of the Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Score into Persian Language: Reassessment of Validity and Reliability
Conclusions:The Persian version of the HOOS questionnaire is a valid (regarding physical not mental aspects) and reliable assessment tool in patients with hip osteoarthritis.Keywords:Hip osteoarthritis, outcome score, questionnaires, translation (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effect of Yoga on Stress, Anxiety, and Depression in Women
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of yoga on stress, anxiety, and depression in women living in Ilam, Iran.Methods:This study is a quasi ‑experimental study with pre‑post test. To collect data, the questionnaire of DASS‑21 (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale‑21) was used. For eligible samples, hatha yoga exercises and training sessions were held for 4 weeks (3 time/weeks; 60‑70 min each) by a specialist. Data wereanalyzed using SPSS version 20.Results:52 women with a mean age of 33.5± 6.5 were included for analysis. Depression, anxiety, and stress decreased signifcantly in women after 12 ses...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prophylaxis against Deep Venous Thrombosis in Patients Hospitalized in Surgical Wards in One of the Hospitals in Iran: Based on the American College of Chest Physician ’s Protocol
Conclusions:As the results of this study, there are differences between clinical practice and the ACCP guidelines recommendation in prophylaxis against DVT. Thromboprophylaxis has not been implemented based on ACCP guidelines in more than 75% of patients with the risk of DVT. Thus, new strategies are needed to implement thromboprophylaxis against DVT in Iranian hospitals.Keywords:Deep venous thrombosis, prophylaxis, thromboprophylaxis (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mortality and Morbidity Due to Exposure to Ambient NO2, SO2, and O3 in Isfahan in 2013 –2014
Conclusions:The concentrations of NO2and SO2were upper than the WHO guidelines. The Air ‑Q software in spite of its limitations can provide useful information regarding the health outcome of the air pollutants. The results estimated in this study were considerable. This information can help the health authorities and policy makers to draw suitable strategies and fulfll effective emis sion control programs.Keywords:Air pollution, AirQ software, mortality, NO2, SO2,O3 (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Genistein on Apoptosis and Proliferation of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Hepa1 ‑6 Cell Line
Background:One of the main causes of mortality is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) which accounts for the third leading cause of deaths and one in forty deaths worldwide. The flavonoids, natural antioxidant compounds, account for a major group of polyphenolic compounds. One of the major isoflavones in soybean is genistein (GE) which can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis. Isoflavones, major type of phenolic materials, derived from dietary plants and medicinal herbs playa signifcant role in cancer prevention and treatment. Correlation between dietary habits and cancer risk including breast, prostate, and colon canc...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Factor V Leiden and Prothrombin G20210A Polymorphisms in Women with Recurrent Pregnancy Loss in Isfahan Province, Iran
Conclusions:The results indicated a signifcant higher frequency of prothrombin G20210A in women with RPL in comparison with controls. Our data suggest that the prothrombin G20210A mutation, but not the FVL mutation, may be an unrecognized cause of RPL in our population.Keywords:Abortion, factor V, mutation, thrombophilia, pregnancy, prothrombin (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Secondhand Smoking, Determined by Urinary Cotinine Level on Bone Health
Background:We evaluated the relationship between secondhand smoke (SHS) inhalation, as verifed by urinary cotinine levels, and bone health.Methods:We analyzed the nationwide, population ‑based, cross‑sectional health survey. We included 1936 men aged 50 years or older who checked bone mineral density (BMD) from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2008–2010). Current smokers assessed by urinary cotinine levels higher than 500 ng/mL were excluded (n= 616). Exposure to SHS was determined using a 50 ng/mL urinary cotinine threshold.Results:The estimated prevalence of SHS exposure in our cohor...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effect of Inhaled Budesonide on the Prevention of Chronic Lung Disease in Premature Neonates with Respiratory Distress Syndrome
This study tries to investigate the potential capability of inhaled budesonide in the prevention of BPD in newborns with gestational age of
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health Care of Elderly: A Viewpoint in Terms of Economic Evaluation
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Addiction Potential among College Students
Conclusions:Preventive and intervention actions appear necessary considering the mentioned factors.Keywords:Addiction potential, Iran, students (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Serum 25 ‑hydroxyvitamin D Levels and Liver Enzymes in a Nationally Representative Sample of Iranian Adolescents: The Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Noncommunicable Disease Study
Conclusions:We found a relatively high frequency of hypovitaminosis D among adolescents with abnormal liver function. Further prospective studies are needed to examine these associations from early life.Keywords:Adolescent, liver function tests, Vitamin D (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of Information on Concussion Available to Adolescents on Social Media
Conclusions:The potential for widespread misinformation necessitates caution when obtaining information on concussion on a freely accessible and editable medium, such as YouTube.Keywords:Adolescents, concussion, social media, YouTube (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Levothyroxine on Visual Evoked Potential Impairment Following Local Injections of Lysolecithin into the Rat Optic Chiasm
Conclusions:According to the results, lysolecithin ‑induced demyelination at optic chiasm and VEP impairments can be restored by administration of levothyroxine. Therefore, THs probably have positive effects in demyelinating diseases.Keywords:Levothyroxine, lysolecithin, multiple sclerosis, optic chiasm, visual evoked potential (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Promoting Physical Activity of Adolescent and Young Iranian Girls
Conclusions:Multilevel cooperation among schools, families, and society is necessary to develop and implement policies and supporting programs, with an emphasis on combined interventions.Keywords:Adolescent, girls, physical activity, young (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Lifestyle Risk Factors with Metabolic Syndrome Components: A Cross ‑sectional Study in Eastern India
Background:Approximately 20%–25% of the world adult population and nearly 30% of Indians have metabolic syndrome disorder. Our objective was designed to fnd out the association between important nutrients and potential lifestyle risk factors such as diet, physical inactivity, and smokingand alcohol consumption with the number of metabolic syndrome components.Methods:This was a cross ‑sectional study. A total of 205 patients of metabolic syndrome were enrolled for this study. Diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was done on the basis of National Cholesterol EducationProgram Adult Treatment Panel III criteria (NCEP ATP II...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Revised Risk Priority Number in Failure Mode and Effects Analysis Model from the Perspective of Healthcare System
Conclusions:We concluded that standard criteria should be developed inconsistent with clinical linguistic and special scientifc felds. Therefore, cooperation and partnership of technical and clinical groups are necessary to modify these models.Keywords:Failure Mode and Effects Analysis, health system, risk assessment, risk priority number (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effects of Thymoquinone Against Morphine ‑induced Damages on Male Mice Liver
This study was intended to assess the effects of thymoquinone against morphine damages on the liver of mice.Methods:In this study, various doses of thymoquinone (4.5, 9,and 18 mg/kg) and thymoquinone plus morphine wasadministered (once a day) intraperitoneally to 48 male mice for 20 consequent days. These mice were randomly assigned to eight groups (n= 6). Aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, serum nitric oxide (NO) levels, liver weight, and histology have been studied.Results:The results indicated that morphine administration signifcantly increased the mean diameter of central hepati...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Different Modes of Exercise Training on Body Composition and Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Middle ‑aged Men
Conclusions:The results indicated that 12 ‑week workout, 20–60 min/session, 3 days a week of moderate intensity exercise improved body composition,ICAM ‑1, VCAM‑1, and CRP compared to those who did not participate in any training. However, all three types of exercises had small benefts on body composition, ICAM‑1, VCAM‑1, and CRP in sedentary middle‑aged men, and the importance of combined training required further investigations.Keywords:Body composition, cardiovascular risk factors, exercise training, middle ‑aged men (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research