Frameworks of Performance Measurement in Public Health and Primary Care System: A Scoping Review and Meta ‑Synthesis
Conclusions: Each of the main dimensions had several sub ‑criteria, indicating the broadness and complexity of the performance of first‑level care providers. Single‑dimensional performance measurement could underpin incorrect policies and decisions. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Evaluation of Four Years Implementation of National Nutrition and Food Security Policy in Iran: Lessons Learned
Conclusion: It is recommended to target avoiding structural changes while saving time, strengthening intersectoral capacity for collaboration, encouraging partners, and empowering the environment of the provinces in the coming years. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Outsourcing in Health Facilities: Challenges in Medical University of Isfahan in Focus
Conclusions: Outsourcing health services in health facilities needs to be done more scientifically and logically. Decision makers must predict the challenges and apply solutions before outsourcing, supervise, and evaluate the impacts of outsourcing after at least 1 year. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Short ‑Term Green Tea Extract Supplementation on VO2 Max and Inflammatory and Antioxidant Responses of Healthy Young Men in a Hot Environment
Conclusions: The consumption of green tea supplements 90 min before aerobic exercise may decrease inflammation and oxidative stress factors and improve VO2 Max in summer. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Congenital Hypothyroidism and its Related Factors in an Iranian Population: A Retrospective Study in Semnan (2011 –2016)
Conclusions: The cumulative incidence of CH in Semnan was higher than in both the global and national statistics. Aside from well ‑known medical determinants, some important social factors such as father’s occupation and education have a significant and independent relationship with occurrence of CH; rational attention should be given to them in health care programs to increase the effectiveness of preventative measures fo r CH. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparing the Effects of Different Types of Aquatic Walking on Endurance and Electrical Activities of Spine Extensor Muscles in Men with Nonspecific Chronic Back Pain
Conclusions: According to the findings of this study, it seems that walking backward can be an effective therapeutic method for patients with chronic back pain. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of Oxidative DNA Damages in Radiography Staff via Evaluation of Its Urinary Biomarker (8 ‑hydroxy2‑deoxyguanosine)
Conclusions: In conclusion, due to elimination of interfering factors, ionizing radiation affects the increase in 8 ‑OHdG levels and acts as a potential biomarker for the damaged oxidative DNA. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relation between Hemoconcentration Status and Readmission Plus Mortality Rate Among Iranian Individuals with Decompensated Heart Failure
Conclusions: Our data suggested that HC was associated marginally with reduced mortality rate 6 months post HF attack and could be utilized as a useful biomarker for risk stratification of HF patients. Several prospective longitudinal population ‑based studies are necessary proving these associations. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adaptation, Validity, and Reliability Assessments for the Persian Version of the Tobacco Craving Questionnaire ‑Short Form
Background: Craving is one of the diagnostic criteria for nicotine dependence. The aim of this study was Translating and Validating of Tobacco Craving Questionnaire ‑Short Form (TCQ‑SF) on Persian.Methods: Fifty smokers aged 15 –65 years participated through a public invitation. The forward and backward translation was done according to Beaton`s guideline, then all smokers completed questionnaire, in non‑deprived and deprived states with a 1‑week interval. After expert committee confirmed forward and backward transla tion, construct validity evaluated by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), mean craving scores...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dietary Fat Quality and Pre ‑diabetes: A Case‑control Study
Conclusions: Higher intake of dietary n ‑3 fatty acids was adversely, whereas SFA intake was positively related to pre‑diabetes morbidity. DFQ indices may be a useful measure to investigate fat intakes and blood glucose disturbances. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relationship between Quality of Life and Body Image Perception in Iranian Medical Students: Structural Equation Modeling
Conclusions: The results showed that there is a significant relationship between body image perception and quality of life. Therefore, by modifying and improving the students ’ quality of life in the dormitories, the level of students’ self‑concept can be raised in order to prevent the physical and psychological complications of this group of community. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

High Prevalence of Prehypertension and its Association with Modifiable Risk Factors: Findings of Household STEPS Survey from Urban Puducherry, South India
Conclusions: This community ‑based surveillance showed 36% of prehypertension among adults which would have been missed if we were to follow the routine cares such as opportunistic and high‑risk‑based screening. Since prehypertension increases the risk for various end organ failures, there is an impending need to focus o n screening and promote healthy lifestyles. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Incidence of Pressure Ulcers and its Associations in Different Wards of the Hospital: A Systematic Review and Meta ‑Analysis
In this study, databases including Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar were searched to collect data. Articles published from 1997 to 2017 about the factors influencing the incidence of pressure ulcers were retrieved and their results were analyzed using meta‑analysis accord ing to the Random‑Effects Model. The heterogeneity of studies was investigated using the I2 statistic. Data were analyzed using the R and Stata software (version 14). In this study, 35 studies were included in the final analysis. The results showed that the pooled estimate of the incidence rate of pressure ulcer was 12% (95% ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acquaintance and Approach in the Direction of Tobacco Cessation Among Dental Practitioners —A Systematic Review
Conclusions: Dental professionals are aware of their obligations toward smoking cessation counseling for patients but certain barriers including lack of time, confidence, and training prevent them from practicing the same in their daily routine. The dental professionals should obtain appropriate training and attain knowledge along with quantifiable skills for the prevention and cessation of tobacco use. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Therapeutic Dimensions of Bisphosphonates: A Clinical Update
This study aimed to review the available literature on BPs, summarize their role in clinical therapy, and emphasize their safety profile. Authors reviewed the existing literature using the Google Scholar, PubMed, and Micromedex databases and analyzed the collected articles. BPs are the preferred medication for osteoporosis and other similar conditions owing to their efficient antiosteoclastic activity. Few of them are available in oral dosage forms; hence, they are patient ‑friendly. The mechanism of action, common adverse effects and their clinical applications, precautions and warnings pertaining to the route of admini...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Vitamin B12 Deficiency and MS Incidence; Which One Sooner?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease characterized by inflammation and development of demyelinating central nerve system which occurs mostly in young adults and is more prevalent in females. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Role of Green Exercise in Mental Health Promotion Among Adolescents
Dear Editor, Green exercise is a form of physical activity that takes place outdoors in natural green environments. There is a need for mental health promotion among adolescents through physical activity because lack of physical activity may be associated with an unhealthy lifestyle. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Role of Exercise in Blood Pressure Control Among Hypertensive Chronic Kidney Disease Patients
Dear Editor, According to the findings of Motedayen et al. on the “Prevalence of hypertension in renal diseases in Iran,” more than one‑third of kidney disease patients in Iran are hypertensive. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Reproducibility of the Persian Version of the ABILOCO Questionnaire for Stroke Patients
Background: The ABILOCO is a questionnaire assessing and measuring the locomotion ability to perform activities daily living from easy to hard in stroke patients.Methods: The ABILOCO was translated into Persian and retranslated into English. Forty hemiplegic stroke patients with an average age (60 ± 7.5 years) participated in the study. The participants were interviewed using ABILOCO and were assessed by the interviewer and observer. The total logit score of the participants was also assessed by using the interclass correlation coefficient (ICC).Results: The results were showed the high correlation between the first...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Increased Body Mass Index and Hypertension: An Unbreakable Bond
Background: Adherence with lifestyle recommendations is low among hypertensive patients. The main objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of diagnosed hypertension among the Greek urban population and to examine how lifestyle and sociodemographic characteristics differ between already known hypertensive and the rest of the population.Methods: In this cross ‑sectional survey, data were collected from 1,060 participants (mean age 47.1 ± 16.9 (mean ± 1standard deviation), 52.7% females). Sociodemographic characteristics, health risk factors, and medical history were involved. Body mass index (BMI)...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of Family Life Quality in Type 1 Diabetic and Healthy Children from the Perception of their Mothers
In this study, 50 children with T1DM and 50 healthy children and their mothers were evaluated. Mean total score of family life quality and its resource classes were significantly higher in mothers of T1DM patients than mothers of healthy children (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Fall ‑Risk Assessment in the Elderly Using the Persian Version of Fall‑Risk Screening Tool: A Population‑Based Study
This study conducted to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of fall risk screening tool (P ‑FRST). Methods: A cross‑sectional study carried out from September 2018 to March 2019 on 537 elders who referred to urban health centers in Kerman, Iran. Demographic data recorded and fall‑risk assessment was performed using P‑FRST and the timed up and go test (TUG). The maximum possible sc ore is 33 for P‑FRST and score ≥18 is considered as high risk. The time ≥12 s in TUG test considered as a risk for falling. Data analyzed by SPSS using t‑test, analysis of variance, and linear regression....
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Self ‑Management Barriers Perceived by Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis
Conclusions: The Persian version of mo dified PDQ had good psychometric properties and can be used as a valid and reliable instrument in the primary health care setting. The significant perceived barriers should be identified and intervened by health care providers through the comprehensive management of diabetic patients. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Pentoxifylline on Apoptotic ‑Related Gene Expression Profile, Learning and Memory Impairment Induced by Systemic Lipopolysaccharide Administration in the Rat Hippocampus
Background: Inflammation is one of the effective factors, in the development of functional disorders of the nervous system. Pentoxifylline (PTX) has an inhibitory effect on inflammatory factors. Therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of PTX on learning, memory and expression of genes, involved in neuronal survival in the rat hippocampus, following systemic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection.Methods: Male rats were randomly divided into 5 groups of control, LPS and LPS + PTX, receiving doses of 10, 25 and 50 mg/kg of PTX, respectively. In LPS groups, LPS was injected (5 mg/kg; intraperitoneal), and after...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Strengths and Weaknesses of Family Physician MPH Course in Iran: The Viewpoints of Managers and Physicians
Conclusions: According to the results of the study, the participants have proposed some strategies, such as revising the educational content, clarifying the future position of the trained physicians and granting privileges, specifying the program goals, being accurate in selecting motivated applicants with an interest in this field in order to improve the quality of educational courses. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of 5 ‑aza‑2′‑deoxycytidine on Estrogen Receptor Alpha/Beta and DNA Methyltransferase 1 Genes Expression, Apoptosis Induction, and Cell Growth Prevention of the Colon Cancer HT 29 Cell Line
Background: Cellular activity such as gene expression is regulated by epigenetic mechanisms and modifications. In mammals, DNA methylation is an essential component of the epigenetic machinery of the cells. DNA hypermethylation of the several tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) is associated with transcriptional gene silencing resulting in colon tumorigenesis. Overexpression of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) in colon cancer has been reported in several studies. The methylation of estrogen receptor alpha (ER α) and estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) have been demonstrated in various cancers. Previously, we indicated that ge...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Educational Program based on the Theory of Planned Behavior on Prostate Cancer Screening: A Randomized Clinical Trial
This study was conducted to determine the effect of educational program based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) on prostate cancer screening.Methods: A randomized clinical trial was carried out on 68 middle ‑aged men referring to community houses in Iran. Samples were selected consecutively considering the inclusion criteria. Then block randomization was used to assign the participants into two groups. Data collection included demographic characteristics, knowledge and construct of TPB (Attitude towa rds the behavior, Subjective norms, Perceived behavioral control, behavioral intention) and behavior. The participan...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Aerobic Exercises Induce Antioxidant Pathways Activation in Rats
Conclusions: Findings indicate that catalase and insulin are two exercise ‑related proteins. However, they were not included in the significant differentially expressed proteins. Finally it was found that enhancement of antioxidative activity is a direct effect of aerobic exercises. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Developing and Validating Food Choice Determinants Questionnaire: An Instrument for Exploring Food Choice Determinants in Iran
Conclusions: This instrument is valid and reliable to measure food choice determinants in adults and could be applied to design interventions aiming to better food choice. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Effects of Acarbose on Weight and Metabolic, Inflammatory, and Cardiovascular Markers in Patients with Obesity and Overweight
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) refers to a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study is to assess the effects of acarbose as an antihyperglycemic agent (drug) on late complications of MetS.Methods: This double ‑blind randomized clinical trial was done on patients with MetS admitted to Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center. They were assigned randomly to two groups: A who received acarbose (n = 32) and group B who received a placebo (n = 42) for 6 months. Cardiovascular indexes including flow‑ mediated dilation (FMD), intima‑media thickness (IMT), e...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Thai CV Risk Score and Primary Prevention in Impaired Fasting Plasma Glucose or Diabetes Mellitus versus Normoglycemia in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome
Conclusions: IFG/DM significantly elevated CV risk score in these patients with the strongest impact. The assessment of CV risk is highly recommended for primary prevention and long ‑term CVD benefit. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Reflex Gastroesophageal Disorders and Functional Dyspepsia: Potential Confounding Variables for the Progression of Chronic Periodontitis: A Clinical Study
Conclusion: GERD was linked to incremental incidences of chronic periodontitis and was established as an independent risk ‑raising factor. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Methodology and Early Results of the First Surveillance Program on Prevention and Control of Antimicrobial Resistance in Isfahan, Iran: The IAS-I Study
Conclusions: The strength of the project is gathering enough clinical information in addition to microbiologic data, which would increase application of the results for empiric treatment and prevention of the infectious diseases in clinical settings. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relationship between Extraversion and Tobacco Smoking Among High School Students
Background: There is limited information about the relationship between extraversion, as a personality trait, and the modes of tobacco smoking. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between extraversion and cigarette and water ‑pipe smoking among a representative sample of Iranian high school students.Methods: A sample of 2,312 tenth ‑grade students in Tabriz (Northwest of Iran) was selected through multistage proportional cluster sampling. Participants completed a self‑administered questionnaire including information on cigarette smoking, water‑pipe smoking, extraversion, socioeconomical infor...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association between Dietary Inflammatory Index and Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases Among Firefighters
Conclusions: Participants in higher DII scores intake less polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and some antioxidant. The association between hs ‑CRP and DII was not significant among firefighters. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Antioxidant and Anticancer Activities of Lactobacillus Hilgardii Strain AG12a
Conclusions: In this study, the anticancer and apoptotic properties of Lactobacillus hilgardii against Caco-2 cell line was reported for the first time. The isolated bioactive fraction from the extracellular methanol extract needs to be further investigated in human studies of cancer therapy. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Relationship between Food Insecurity and Risk of Overweight or Obesity in under 18 Years Individuals: A Systematic Review and Meta ‑Analysis
Conclusions: Our results showed that higher FI degrees were related with more risks of OW/OB among adolescents (12 –18 years). Moreover, the country economic levels had effect on the association between FI and risk of OW/OB. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

COVID ‑19 Infection and Children: A Comprehensive Review
Nowadays, COVID ‑19 is in pandemic stage, and concerns about the infection of children are on the rise. At first, it has been believed that children are not at risk while some evidences have shown that the risk of infection is lower in children than adults. The COVID‑19 children indicated milder symptoms includ ing cough, fever, sore throat, myalgia sneezing, and fatigue than COVID‑19 adults. Lymphopenia, which is prevalent in adult cases, has not been reported in pediatric patients. The COVID‑19 can also occur in neonates although vertical transmission from mothers to fetuses during pregnancy is rare. Overall, the...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Beneficial Role of Calcium in Premenstrual Syndrome: A Systematic Review of Current Literature
Since premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of the most common and debilitating disorders in women, risk factor modification is an urgent health priority. Therefore, this systematic review aimed to summarize and discuss the outcomes of observational and interventional studies in humans regarding the relationship between Calcium and PMS. PubMed, Scopus, ISI web of sciences and Google scholar were searched up to January 2019 to identify relevant studies. The Newcastle ‑Ottawa and Jadad scales were used for quality assessment. A total of 14 studies (8 interventional and 6 observational) met our inclusion criteria. Majority of ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Role of Obesity in the Tumorigenesis of Gastric Cancer
Gastric cancer as a common cancer is a multi ‑factorial disease that is dependent on parallel effects of environment and genetics. Endogenous and host factors, including gender and several genetic backgrounds are known risk factors also many environmental factors, including smoking, diet, infection and increasing body weight and body mass in dex (BMI) are associated with the gastric cancer. Epidemiological data have consistently demonstrated a positive relation between obesity and gastric cancer, whereas mechanistic studies have sought to uncover obesity related carcinogenic pathways. Biological mechanisms and the relati...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adiponectin: Role in Physiology and Pathophysiology
The objective of this review is to analyze current knowledge concerning adiponectin and, in particular, its role in physiology and pathophysiology. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Molecular Biomarkers for Early Detection and Prevention of Ovarian Cancer —A Gateway for Good Prognosis: A Narrative Review
Gynecological cancers are one of the most lethal and deadliest cancers in the world. In India, the prevalence of ovarian cancer accounts for 2.5% to 3%. Despite the availability of improved treatment option along with improved technology, the survival rate of ovarian cancer in the early ‑stage and the advanced stage is poor. Therefore, due to the heterogeneity of ovarian cancer, to detect it at an early stage and to prevent further mortality turns out to be a big challenge. Researchers are still in the process to identify any single biomarker with good sensitivity and specificity . Various traditional and serum approache...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Predictors of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Among Middle ‑Aged Iranians
Background: The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing worldwide. Therefore, we sought to determine the most important predictors of NAFLD among middle ‑aged men and women in Isfahan, Iran.Methods: A total of 413 individuals (163 men and 250 women) aged 30 –60 years were selected by stratified random sampling. The participants had safe alcohol consumption habits (
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effective Public Health Communication in the COVID ‑19 Era
Although coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID ‑19) was declared a pandemic on March 11th, 2020, COVID‑19‑related misinformation and fear achieved a “pandemic” status much sooner than the disease itself, and the World HealthOrganization (WHO) launched an important platform to fight the “COVID‑19 infodemic”. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Palliative Care on Quality of Life and Survival after Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Common Mistakes in Reporting of Systematic Reviews
Dear Editor,We have read very carefully the interesting review article in Int J Prev Med 2019. In fact, it seems that this review article, as many other studies published on the topic of systematic reviews and meta ‑analyses, has not paid proper attention to the research methods and reporting. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Polio Outbreak Response; Evaluation of Acute Flaccid Paralysis Surveillance in Karbala, Iraq
Conclusions: As Karbala response to polio outbreak met the target global indicators and standards of polio surveillance. The circulation of the virus in this locality was interrupted and further transmission of the disease is unlikely. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adherence of General Practitioners to the National Hypertension Guideline, Isfahan, Iran
Conclusions:The results of our study show that family physicians just follow one ‑third of the recommendationsin the national hypertension guideline. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Patterns of Body Mass Index, Percentage Body Fat, and Skinfold Thicknesses in 7 ‑ to 18‑Year‑Old Children and Adolescents from Indonesia
The objectives of this study were to observe patterns of BMI, percentagebody fat (%BF), and skinfold thicknesses of Indonesian children and adolescents aged 7 –18 years.Methods: Weight, height, and four skinfold thicknesses were measured in 2104 school children (924boys, 1,180 girls) aged 7 –18 years from Yogyakarta between 2015 and 2018. BMI and ratios betweencentral and peripheral skinfold thicknesses were determined. %BF was predicted using the equationof Slaughter et al. Data were analyzed using analysis variance (ANOVA), independent samplet ‑test, and partial correlation (SPSS version 20.0).Results: At 7...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Aquatic Exercise on Dimensions of Quality of Life and Blood Indicators in Patients with Beta ‑Thalassemia Major
Conclusions: The use of a regular exercise program combined with drug therapy and blood transfusion can be useful in the treatmentof beta ‑thalassemia patients.  (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relationship between Self Care Management with Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients
This study was a cross ‑sectional study. The number of 376 diabetic patients referred to the Diabetes ResearchCenter in Yazd entered the study. The data collection tool was a summary of Diabetes Self CareActivity questionnaire (SDSCA), which was collected through interviews with patients. Dataanalysis was performed using SPSS software V 16 and kruskalwallis and independent sample t tests.Results: The results showed that of 376 patients, 218 (%58) were women and 158 (%42) were male.The mean age of the participants in the study was 54.5 ± 10.9 years old and the mean durationof the disease was 9.53 ± 8.39 year...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research