Vitamin D and Chronic Kidney Disease
Vitamin D is a hormone involved in bone mineral metabolism.[1] The hormone has many extraskeletal effects as well.[2,3] It has multiple immunomodulatory properties,[2] it is involved in glucose metabolism, as it has been proved that it improves glucose metabolism in diabetes mellitus[3] and has a protective role against cardiovascular disease.[4] In this issue of the Journal, in an article the relationship of vitamin D with kidney disease is meticulously reviewed. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preventive Role of Cannabinoids Derivate against Methylphenidate ‑Induced Oxidative Stress and Inflammation: The Hypothetical Function of Keap1/Nrf2/ARE Signaling and Proposal of a Treatment Strategy for Neurodegeneration
Hypothesis Chronic methylphenidate abuse or administration causes oxidative stress, inflammation, and mitochondrial dysfunction in brain cells that require therapeutic approaches to inhibit neurotoxicity and neurodegeneration of these types.[1,2] Nonetheless, the function of methylphenidate in the induction of neurodegeneration or neuroprotection is uncertain, but most of the data support the function of methylphenidate in neurodegeneration. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Economic Burden of Smoking ‑Attribution and Years of Life Lost due to Chronic Diseases in Mashhad, 2015–2016
Conclusions: The results of this study can be used to inform policy ‑makers about smoking‑attributable diseases in Iran. To decrease the smoking‑attributable costs, which have resulted in the spread of NCDs, policy‑makers should adopt and implement effective policies regarding smoking prevention and control. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Designing an Elderly Hospital Admission Risk Prediction Model in Iran ’s Hospitals
Conclusion: On the basis of the findings, aging at risk of hospital admission can be identified by easy designed model with four questions: (1) Is the patient ’s age more than 85 years? (2) Does the patient’s mini mental status
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Medication Errors Among Nursing Students: A Systematic and Meta ‑analysis Study
Conclusions: Considering the relatively high prevalence of MEs and lack of MEs reporting among nursing students and the importance of their effect on the level of patients ’ safety, measures such as educations, monitoring by clinical trainers, and examining and eliminating the causes of MEs are essential. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Qualitative Methods in Health Care Research
This article aims to inform healthcare professionals regarding qualitative research, its significance, and applicability in the field of healthcare. A wide variety of phenomena that cannot be explained using the quantitative approach can be explored and conveyed using a qualitative method. The major types of qualitative research designs are narrative research, phenomenological research, grounded theory research, ethnographic research, historical research, and case study research. The greatest strength of the qualitative research approach lies in the richness and depth of the healthcare exploration and description it makes....
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Potential Role of Pancreatic γ‑Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) in Diabetes Mellitus: A Critical Reappraisal
Conclusions: Pancreatic GABA improves islet cell function, glucose homeostasis, and autoimmunity in DM. Orally administered GABA is safe for humans, and acts on peripheral GABA receptors and represents a new therapeutic modality for both T1DM and T2DM. Besides, GABA ‑A receptor agonist like benzodiazepines improves pancreatic β‑cell function and insulin sensitivity through activation of GABA‑A receptors. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Crossroad between Obesity and Gastrointestinal Cancers: A Review of Molecular Mechanisms and Interventions
The burden of gastrointestinal (GI) cancer is increasing worldwide, and in the past decade, cancer had entered the list of chronic debilitating diseases whose risk is substantially increased by hypernutrition. Obesity may increase the risk of cancer by the imbalance of various mechanisms including insulin and insulin ‑like growth factor1 (IGF‑I) signaling, systemic inflammation, immune dysregulation, tumor angiogenesis, adipokines secretion, and intestinal microbiota that usually act interdependently. An increased understanding of the mechanisms underlying obesity‑GI cancer link can provide multiple opport unities fo...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Need for Interactive Data Visualization in Public Health Practice: Examples from India
The world is full of data which is increasing by leaps and bounds. In health care, big data is becoming common with increased electronic health data accumulation and/or accessibility to public data previously held under lock and key. At the same time, health data visualization applications have become popular over recent years. Against this background, a review was done to summarize the application of data visualization in public health& the challenges faced. Peer ‑reviewed original research articles and review articles searched in Google Scholar and Pubmed databases that were indexed in the last ten years period, us...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Seizure/Epilepsy in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review and Meta ‑Analysis
Background: Seizure and epilepsy are among the initial symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), yet different prevalence rates are reported for them in the previous studies. The goal of this systematic review is to estimate the pooled prevalence of seizure and epilepsy in patients with MS.Methods: We searched PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Web of Science, google scholar, and gray literature including references from identified studies and conference abstracts published up to October 2019. The search strategy included the MeSH terms and text words as ((Epilepsies OR Seizure Disorder OR Seizure Disorders OR Awakening Epilepsy OR Epilep...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Model for Value-based Policy-making in Health Systems
Conclusions: In the process of selecting the best policy option, it is necessary to identify the relationship between terminal, instrumental, criterion, and evidence to avoid deviating from the reference value framework in any country and to avoid blindly imitating other experiences in other countries. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Precision Medicine: A New Paradigm in Therapeutics
A key goal of clinical care is to treat patients as individuals and to approach therapeutics in such a way that it has optimal efficacy and minimal toxicity. With swift technological advances, such as genomic sequencing and molecular targeted drug exploitation, the concept of precision medicine has been robustly promoted in recent years. Precision medicine endeavors to demarcate diseases using multiple data sources from genomics to digital health metrics in order to facilitate an individualized yet “evidence‑based” decision regarding diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. In this way, therapeutics can be cent...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Food Insecurity and Dietary Intake Among Elderly Population: A Systematic Review
Conclusions: The findings of this review evidence a considerable amount of food insecurity and nutrient deficiency, including vitamins E, C, D, B 2, and B 12 and zinc, phosphorus, and calcium among elderly population. These findings could be used as reliable evidence by policy makers and future complementary analyses (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Logotherapy on Death Anxiety, Hope, Depression, and Proper use of Glucose Control Drugs in Diabetic Patients with Depression
This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of logotherapy on death anxiety, hope, depression, and proper use of glucose control medication in diabetic patients with depression.Methods: The population in the present quasiexperimental pretest –posttest study with control group is comprised of diabetic patients with depression attending Baghban Endocrine Clinic in Sari. A sample of 40 diabetic patients (20 in the trial and 20 in the control group) entered the study. Data were collected using Templer Death Anxiety Scale, Miller Hope Scal e, Beck’s Depression Inventory, and Medication Adherence Scale. Covarian...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Neuromuscular Exercises on Strength, Proprioceptive Receptors, and Balance in Females with Multiple Sclerosis
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the third most common cause of adult neurologic disabilities. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of 8 weeks of neuromuscular exercises on strength, proprioceptive receptors, and balance of women with MS.Methods: In this randomized controlled trial study, 20 female volunteers with relapsing ‑remitting MS were randomly assigned into the experimental group (n = 10) and control group (n = 10). Maximum muscular strength of knee extensor and flexor muscles, knee joint proprioceptive error (Biodex), and balance (Berg Balance Scale) was measured at baseline and after 8 weeks ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protective Role of Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blocker on Short Time Effect of Oleic Acid Induced Lung and Kidney Injury
Backgrounds: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) causes high mortality rate in clinic, and the pathogenesis of this syndrome may interact with renin angiotensin system (RAS) components. The main objective of this study was to determine the protective role of AT1R antagonist (losartan) on oleic acid (OA) induced ARDS and kidney injury.Methods: The animal model of ARDS was performed by intravenous administration of 250 µl/kg oleic acid (OA). Male and female rats were subjected to received intravenously vehicle (saline, groups 1 and 4), OA (groups 2 and 5), or losartan (10 mg/kg) plus OA (groups 3 and 6), and six...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Blood Lead Levels, Hemoglobin, and Liver Enzymes in Opium ‑Dependent Addicts
Background: Opium addiction, as a major health problem, has been reported in Middle East countries. Recently, contaminated opium has been reported as a probable source of lead poisoning. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate blood lead levels (BLL), liver enzymes, and hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations in opium ‑dependent addicts with healthy controls.Methods: In a cross ‑sectional study, 75 opium‑addicted men (case group) referred to Zahedan Baharan Hospital were evaluated. A group of 75 nonaddicted men were selected as a control group. BLL, Hb, and liver enzymes levels were measured. Body mass index (BMI) was also...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Serum Interleukin ‑6 and Interleukin‑8 are Sensitive Markers for Early Detection of Pyelonephritis and Its Prevention to Progression to Chronic Kidney Disease
Background: Pyelonephritis is the most common bacterial infection in children that can cause renal failure if not diagnosed or treated early. We used serum biomarker interleukins (IL ‑6 and IL‑8) and then confirmed the results by the findings dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan to distinguish upper‑tract infection from lower‑tract infection.Methods: Serum IL ‑6 and IL‑8 were measured in 57 children with newly diagnosed untreated urinary tract infection (UTI) documented by a positive urine culture. All children had a DMSA to determine whether serum IL6, IL‑8 can be used as a marker to predict upper‑tract fro...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Study on Efficacy of 1% Permethrin Shampoo and Some Traditional Physical Treatment for Head Lice Infestation
Conclusions: According to the findings, in addition to the application of 1% permethrin shampoo, the use of physical treatments and carrier oils such as olive oil, bitter almond can increase the treatment success of head lice infestation. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluating Community ‑Based Programs in Promoting Traffic Behaviors and Safe Road Crossing Behaviors in Youth: An Application on Theory of Planned Behavior
Background: Today, one of the most serious causes of mortality and disability among youth is the traffic accidents. Regarding its importance, this paper aimed to investigate the community ‑based program to promote the safe traffic behaviors among youth.Methods: This was a quasi ‑experimental conducted on 5000 youth in five Iranian cities named Lanjan, Gomishan, Fasa, Tehran, and Zahedan in 2015–2016. The questionnaire was based on the constructs of the theory of planned behavior as well as a questionnaire of pedestrian behavior and driving behavior, which was completed before and after the intervention. The educa...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mini ‑Trampoline Jumping as an Exercise Intervention in Postmenopausal Women to Improve Women Specific Health Risk Factors
Conclusions: The proposed research has the potential to improve functional ability and women ‑specific risk factors in older women with an innovative and fun exercise program. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prognostic Factors Associated with Curing in Patients with Breast Cancer: A Joint Frailty Model
Background: Recurrent event data arise frequently in longitudinal medical studies. In many situations, there are a large portion of patients without any recurrences, manifesting the “zero‑inflated” nature of the data. Moreover, there often exists a terminal event which may be correlated with the recurrent events. The goal of this study is to extend the application of joint frailty model to identify the prognostic factors associated with curing in patients with breast canc er.Methods: As a prospective study, medical records of women who had been attended to Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Healthy Dietary Pattern is Related to Blood Lipids in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross ‑sectional Study from a Developing Country
Conclusions: This study demonstrates that a dietary pattern rich in vegetables and fruits may be inversely associated with dyslipidemia in patients with T1DM. The results can be used for devel (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ways to Prevent the Risk for Cancer and Catch Cancer Early
The possibility of getting cancer is affected by many factors, including age, lifestyle, weight, environmental factors, and family history and genetic predisposition. Some things cannot be controlled. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Development and Validation of Food and Nutrition Literacy Assessment Tool for Iranian High ‑school Graduates and Youth
Conclusions: The developed FNLAT is a valid and reliable tool to assess FNL in Iranian late adolescents and youth. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Patterning of Food Preferences Among Iranian Adults: Results from SEPAHAN Study
Background: The present study was conducted to evaluate the pattern of food preference among a large sample of Iranian adults. Methods: In a cross ‑sectional study within the study on the epidemiology of psychological alimentary health and nutrition (SEPAHAN) projects, a total of 6239 of 8694 subjects completed a 106‑item food preference questionnaire. Subjects indicated whether they liked, disliked or had gastrointestinal symptoms for eac h food item separately. They also reported the frequency of consumption for each food item. Results: We observed that presence of some foods such as yogurt, fruits and vegetables in ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Antioxidant Properties of Saffron Stigma and Petals: A Potential Therapeutic Approach for Insulin Resistance through an Insulin ‑Sensitizing Adipocytokine in High‑Calorie Diet Rats
Background: Oxidative stress and alteration of lipid profile due to obesity and overweight is a major risk factor for atherosclerotic plaque or coronary artery disease. Because of antioxidant and lipid lowering potential of saffron, this study investigated weight alteration, lipid profiles, and insulin resistance index in high ‑calorie diet rats treated with aqueous extract of saffron stigma and petal. Methods: Forty Sprague‑Dawley male rats were randomly divided into 8 groups including healthy control, high‑fat diet control, nicotinic acid treated, Anethum graveolens treated, and saffron stigma and petal treated gr ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Situation Analysis for Promotion of Hot ‑Lines: An Experience from Iran
Conclusions: The findings, in addition to providing the applied data for policy‑making in the health system, will significa ntly contribute to the creation of scientific, technical, and skillful personnel in the community of researchers. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preventive Effect of Ferula asafoetida Oleo Gum Resin on Histopathology in Cuprizone ‑Induced Demyelination Mice
Background: Ferula asafoetida is introduced as a valuable remedy for hysteria and some other nervous disorders in Iranian traditional medicine. Asafoetida is an oleo ‑gum‑resin obtained from the exudates of the roots of the Ferula asafoetida. Previous studies have shown that this oleo gum resin has antioxidant, anti‑apoptosis, and differentiation properties in the nervous system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of asafoetida on the death o f oligodendrocytes and demyelination in male C57BL/6 mice in cuprizone (CPZ)‑induced animal model of multiple sclerosis. Methods: Demyelination was induced by or...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trend in Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Infection Among Blood Donor Individuals: An Eleven ‑year of Experience in Lorestan, Iran
In this study, 355,083 blood donors were estimated for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs Ag) seropositivity during 2005–2015 who referred to blood infusion centers of Lorestan province. Third‑generation ELISA method was used to detect HBs Ag. Results: The pr evalence of HBs Ag in blood donors was 0.29% (1017). It was decreased steadily from 2005 to 2015 (0.68% to 0.12%) but increased in 2008 year. The trend prevalence of HBs Ag seropositivity significantly decreased over the study period (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Longitudinal Trend of Fasting Blood Glucose and Related Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Conclusions: Given that patients who received insulin therapy had higher mean FBG, it is recommen ded to examine their insulin dose and modifications should be made in terms of the patients’ needs during their continuous follow‑up. Weight loss during follow‑up and cessation of smoking indicate a favorable prognosis of disease. More attention should be paid to younger patients in care. Pati ents are encouraged to start treatment and care at the same time diagnose. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of the Prevalence and Trend of Malnutrition between 0 –6 Years and 7–11 Years Old Iranian Children: A Systematic Review and Meta‑Analysis
Conclusions: The cumulative meta‑analysis showed a decrease in the general trend of malnutrition in both preschool and primary school children of Iran. Stunting and wasting were the most common form of malnutrition in Iranian preschool and primary school children, respectively. The decre asing trend of malnutrition was much more noticeable about stunting. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Coenzyme Q10 Supplementation on Anthropometric Indices in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta ‑Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Conclusions: CoQ10 supplementation might not improve anthropometric indices. Future well‑designed trials are still needed to confirm these results. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

How has Internet Addiction been Tracked Over the Last Decade? A Literature Review and 3C Paradigm for Future Research
Conclusions: The findings of the present literature review will serve both academics and practitioners to develop new solutions for better characterize in ternet addiction. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Injectable Depot Medroxy Progesterone Acetate: A Safe Contraceptive Choice in Public Health System of India
India was the first country in the world to launch a family planning programme, as early as 1952, with the main aim of controlling its population. India ’s population has already reached 1.26 billion and considering the high decadal growth rate of 17.64, the country’s population is slated to surpass that of China by 2028. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Frameworks of Performance Measurement in Public Health and Primary Care System: A Scoping Review and Meta ‑Synthesis
Conclusions: Each of the main dimensions had several sub ‑criteria, indicating the broadness and complexity of the performance of first‑level care providers. Single‑dimensional performance measurement could underpin incorrect policies and decisions. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Evaluation of Four Years Implementation of National Nutrition and Food Security Policy in Iran: Lessons Learned
Conclusion: It is recommended to target avoiding structural changes while saving time, strengthening intersectoral capacity for collaboration, encouraging partners, and empowering the environment of the provinces in the coming years. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Outsourcing in Health Facilities: Challenges in Medical University of Isfahan in Focus
Conclusions: Outsourcing health services in health facilities needs to be done more scientifically and logically. Decision makers must predict the challenges and apply solutions before outsourcing, supervise, and evaluate the impacts of outsourcing after at least 1 year. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Short ‑Term Green Tea Extract Supplementation on VO2 Max and Inflammatory and Antioxidant Responses of Healthy Young Men in a Hot Environment
Conclusions: The consumption of green tea supplements 90 min before aerobic exercise may decrease inflammation and oxidative stress factors and improve VO2 Max in summer. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Congenital Hypothyroidism and its Related Factors in an Iranian Population: A Retrospective Study in Semnan (2011 –2016)
Conclusions: The cumulative incidence of CH in Semnan was higher than in both the global and national statistics. Aside from well ‑known medical determinants, some important social factors such as father’s occupation and education have a significant and independent relationship with occurrence of CH; rational attention should be given to them in health care programs to increase the effectiveness of preventative measures fo r CH. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparing the Effects of Different Types of Aquatic Walking on Endurance and Electrical Activities of Spine Extensor Muscles in Men with Nonspecific Chronic Back Pain
Conclusions: According to the findings of this study, it seems that walking backward can be an effective therapeutic method for patients with chronic back pain. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of Oxidative DNA Damages in Radiography Staff via Evaluation of Its Urinary Biomarker (8 ‑hydroxy2‑deoxyguanosine)
Conclusions: In conclusion, due to elimination of interfering factors, ionizing radiation affects the increase in 8 ‑OHdG levels and acts as a potential biomarker for the damaged oxidative DNA. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relation between Hemoconcentration Status and Readmission Plus Mortality Rate Among Iranian Individuals with Decompensated Heart Failure
Conclusions: Our data suggested that HC was associated marginally with reduced mortality rate 6 months post HF attack and could be utilized as a useful biomarker for risk stratification of HF patients. Several prospective longitudinal population ‑based studies are necessary proving these associations. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adaptation, Validity, and Reliability Assessments for the Persian Version of the Tobacco Craving Questionnaire ‑Short Form
Background: Craving is one of the diagnostic criteria for nicotine dependence. The aim of this study was Translating and Validating of Tobacco Craving Questionnaire ‑Short Form (TCQ‑SF) on Persian.Methods: Fifty smokers aged 15 –65 years participated through a public invitation. The forward and backward translation was done according to Beaton`s guideline, then all smokers completed questionnaire, in non‑deprived and deprived states with a 1‑week interval. After expert committee confirmed forward and backward transla tion, construct validity evaluated by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), mean craving scores...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dietary Fat Quality and Pre ‑diabetes: A Case‑control Study
Conclusions: Higher intake of dietary n ‑3 fatty acids was adversely, whereas SFA intake was positively related to pre‑diabetes morbidity. DFQ indices may be a useful measure to investigate fat intakes and blood glucose disturbances. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relationship between Quality of Life and Body Image Perception in Iranian Medical Students: Structural Equation Modeling
Conclusions: The results showed that there is a significant relationship between body image perception and quality of life. Therefore, by modifying and improving the students ’ quality of life in the dormitories, the level of students’ self‑concept can be raised in order to prevent the physical and psychological complications of this group of community. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

High Prevalence of Prehypertension and its Association with Modifiable Risk Factors: Findings of Household STEPS Survey from Urban Puducherry, South India
Conclusions: This community ‑based surveillance showed 36% of prehypertension among adults which would have been missed if we were to follow the routine cares such as opportunistic and high‑risk‑based screening. Since prehypertension increases the risk for various end organ failures, there is an impending need to focus o n screening and promote healthy lifestyles. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Incidence of Pressure Ulcers and its Associations in Different Wards of the Hospital: A Systematic Review and Meta ‑Analysis
In this study, databases including Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar were searched to collect data. Articles published from 1997 to 2017 about the factors influencing the incidence of pressure ulcers were retrieved and their results were analyzed using meta‑analysis accord ing to the Random‑Effects Model. The heterogeneity of studies was investigated using the I2 statistic. Data were analyzed using the R and Stata software (version 14). In this study, 35 studies were included in the final analysis. The results showed that the pooled estimate of the incidence rate of pressure ulcer was 12% (95% ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acquaintance and Approach in the Direction of Tobacco Cessation Among Dental Practitioners —A Systematic Review
Conclusions: Dental professionals are aware of their obligations toward smoking cessation counseling for patients but certain barriers including lack of time, confidence, and training prevent them from practicing the same in their daily routine. The dental professionals should obtain appropriate training and attain knowledge along with quantifiable skills for the prevention and cessation of tobacco use. (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Therapeutic Dimensions of Bisphosphonates: A Clinical Update
This study aimed to review the available literature on BPs, summarize their role in clinical therapy, and emphasize their safety profile. Authors reviewed the existing literature using the Google Scholar, PubMed, and Micromedex databases and analyzed the collected articles. BPs are the preferred medication for osteoporosis and other similar conditions owing to their efficient antiosteoclastic activity. Few of them are available in oral dosage forms; hence, they are patient ‑friendly. The mechanism of action, common adverse effects and their clinical applications, precautions and warnings pertaining to the route of admini...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research