Optimal Choice of Pharmacological Therapy – Prevention of Stroke and Assessment of Bleeding Risk in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation
This study analyzed data obtained from 103 patients with diagnosis of atrial fbrillation (AF) (39 of them had a stroke). Patients were divided into groups according to the CHADS2, CHA2DS2‑VASc, and HASBLED scores.Results:An analysis showed that anticoagulant drugs were more often prescribed to subjects
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Migrants and Health Status: Assessing Adherence to Treatment in Noncommunicable Diseases is Important
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of Compliance to Breast Cancer Screening and Referral in Low Socio-Economic Regions of Urban India
Conclusions:The programme ensured good compliance with screening, referral and treatment indicating feasibility and acceptability of CBE based BC screening programme by the community.Keywords:Awareness, breast cancer, compliance, counseling, screening (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Using Oaxaca Decomposition to Study Socioeconomic Inequity of Physical Activity among Children Aged 10 –12 Years: A Study in West of Iran
Conclusions:According to the fndings, most of the children especially in the poor groups didn ’t have suffcient PA and socioeconomic factors could have the important role.Keywords:Children, concentration index, Oaxaca decomposition, physical activity, socioeconomic inequality (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Yoga on Lipid Profle and C ‑reactive Protein in Women
Conclusions:The result showed that yoga reduced TC and LDL ‑C signifcantly, but had no signifcant effect on TG, HDL‑C, and CRP.Keywords:Cholesterol, C-reactive protein , triglycerides, yoga (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Visual Cues and Food Intake: Distortion Power of Plate and Spoon Size on Overweight and Obese University Staff
Conclusions:It seems that only the amount of grain products consumption changes with changing in dishware size with no signifcant effect on total energy intake. It is recommended that the independent effect of visual cues on food intake forfoods with different textures be investigated in future studies.Keywords:Cooking and eating utensils, eating, overweight (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Strength Training on Plasma Levels of Homocysteine in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Conclusions:This study concluded that strength training does not improve homocysteine levels, but help to improve the lipoprotein profle in type 2 diabetic patients.Keywords:Cholesterol, glucose, hyperhomocysteinemia, obesity, strength exercise (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trends and Risk Factors of Gastric Cancer in Iran (2005 –2010)
Conclusions:During the study period, GC has decreased in Iran. Nevertheless, GC risk was generally high in Northern and Northwestern provinces of Iran. Different health policies according to GC risk and trend are required for each province.Improvements in screening and education programs and conducting further epidemiological studies could help to reduce the incidence of GC in high risk provinces.Keywords:Bayesian, disease mapping, gastric cancer, hierarchical space ‑time (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Time Series Analysis of Monthly Suicide Rates in West of Iran, 2006 –2013
Conclusions:In this study, we had no signifcant trend but seasonal variations in the suicide rates that were identifed. However, additional data from other parts of the country with longer duration are needed to visualize the reliable trend of suicide and identify seasonality of suicide across the country.Keywords:Exponential smoothing state space model, forecast, suicide, time series (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Vitamin D Status and Metabolic Syndrome Components in Iranian Children
Conclusions:Vitamin D defciency is alarming among Iranian children. Among the components of MetS, lower serum Vitamin D concentration was only associated with TG that could contribute in onset and progression of cardiometabolic disorderslater in life.Keywords:Children, metabolic syndrome, triglyceride, Vitamin D (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Intersectoral Expectations for Promoting Mental Health: A Qualitative Case Study of Islamic Republic of Iran
Conclusions:Due to the growing burden of mental disorders in the country, informing national organizations and attracting their active participation based on intersectoral expectations and developing interaction mechanisms amongthem can be an effective step in promoting mental health and reducing the environmental factors threatening mental health.Keywords:Intersectoral expectations, Islamic Republic of Iran, mental health (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Finger and Nail Lesion, Formaldehyde Exposure, and Vegetable for Sale
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Exploration of Barriers and Enablers of Retention in a Program to Reduce Vertical Transmission of HIV at Health Centers in Zimbabwe
Conclusions:Reinforcing hope for the women and their children, active management of side effects of antiretroviral medicine, consistent peer support, enhancing confdentiality among community cadres, and commitment from community or religious leaders may improve retention of women in PMTCT programs; for women with HIV during pregnancy, delivery and post ‑natal care.Keywords:HIV infection, prevention and control, retention, vertical infection transmission (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Tobacco: A Serious Threat to the Development of a Nation
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relations between Coping Skills, Symptom Severity, Psychological Symptoms, and Quality of Life in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Conclusions:However, IBS patients involved in this study utilized adaptive coping strategies more frequently. Our study showed that use of maladaptive coping strategies had positive correlation with symptom severity and degree of anxiety and depression among patients, while implementation of optimistic strategies were found to be negatively correlated to severity of symptoms and also utilization of adaptive coping styles was associated with lesser degree of anxiety and depression.Keywords:Anxiety, coping skills, depression, irritable bowel syndrome, psychological stress, quality of life (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of Weight Effcacy Lifestyle Questionnaire ‑Short Form
Conclusions:The Persian version of WEL ‑SF had excellent psychometric properties.Keywords:Body weight, reliability, self ‑effcacy, validity (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Economic Inequality in Life Satisfaction and Self ‑perceived Health in Iranian Children and Adolescents: The CASPIAN IV Study
Conclusions:SES inequality in LS and good SPH was in favor of high SES group. These fndings are useful for health policies, better programming and future complementary analyses.Keywords:Inequality, life satisfaction, self ‑perceived health (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Nonpharmacologic Treatments Alone are Enough to Prevent the Neurally Mediated Syncope: A 3 Years Follow ‑up Study
Background:Recurrences are common in neurally mediated syncope. The aim of this study is the evaluation of the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments alone in preventing of syncope relapse.Methods:70 patients (age 5 –20 years) with neurally mediated syncope were enrolled. Thirty patients received pharmacologic therapies along with nonpharmacological methods, and 40 patients received just nonpharmacological treatments then followed them for 36 months. The incidences of differentoutcomes were analyzed with descriptive statistics using percentages.Results:The recurrence rate of syncope was signifcantly higher in p...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protective Effect of Zinc Supplementation on Renal Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rat: Gender ‑related Difference
Background:Zinc (Zn) knows as essential microelement which prevents oxidative stress. The effect of Zn supplement on renal function parameters in rats subjected to renal ischemia ‑reperfusion (IR) injury was investigated.Methods:Male and female rats were subjected to renal IR with and without Zn sulfate (10 mg/kg/day for 5 days) supplementation. The kidney function markers and histology fndings in Zn ‑treated group were compared with sham and control groups.Results:The serum levels of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine (Cr) and kidney tissue damage score were increased signifcantly after renal injury (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevention for Zika Virus Infection
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

How Sensitive are Dipstick Urinalysis and Microscopy in Making Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection in Children?
Conclusions:Dipstick urinalysis may not be reliable in ruling out UTI in children. However, considering both positive dipstick and pyuria will be more useful inmaking the diagnosis.Keywords:Mass screening, microscopy, pyuria, urinalysis, urinary tract infections (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Strategies for Prevention and Treatment of Peritoneal Fibrosis: A Scientometric Study
Background:Interest in using peritoneal dialysis (PD) shows global and national increase. However, it remains a challenge to prevent the progression of PD ‑associated fbrosis in clinical practice. Here, we assessed the status of scientifc publications in prevention and management of PD‑associated fbrosis in a scientometric study.Methods:We retrieved the bibliometric data by search terms “encapsulating peritoneal fbrosis,” “treatment or prevention,” and their synonyms in the Scopus databases until December 2, 2017. Data were analyzed using Scopus analysis tools, SPSS version 15 and Visualizing Sc...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors Associated with the Development of Secondary Multidrug ‑resistant Tuberculosis
Conclusions:Government of India should devise strategy to prevent interruption of treatment to stop the emergence and spread of MDR ‑TB. We need to better integrate TB control activities with diabetes and tobacco control programs for better health outcome among patients.Keywords:India, multidrug resistance, risk factors, tuberculosis (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Quality of Life in Different Chronic Diseases and Its Related Factors
Conclusions:Some patients, such as those with asthma and COPD, had less QoL than other patients and should be prioritized while planning for the promotion of healthcare services. Due to the negative effects of economic status on QoL, the fnancial support programs should be among the major priorities of the patients ’ QoL improvement programs.Keywords:Asthma, chronic obstructive, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, multiple sclerosis, neoplasms, peptic ulcer, pulmonary disease, quality of life (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Performance of Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers: A Case Study from Chhattisgarh, India
Conclusions:Regular review and supportive supervision could play a crucial role in improving the quality of services. The awareness level and expectation of mothers could be improved through NRC ‑based education and outreach services.Keywords:Assessment, Chhattisgarh, malnutrition of children, Nutrition Rehabilitation Center (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protective Role of Angiotensin Type 1 Receptor Blockade in 4/6 Nephrectomized Male and Female Rats
Background:Chronic kidney disease associated with serious morbidity and mortality rate while it is affected by renin ‑angiotensin system. The effects of losartan as angiotensin II Type 1 receptor antagonist on renal functional in 4/6 nephrectomized rats was evaluated.Methods:Twenty ‑six male and female Wistar rats underwent 4/6 nephrectomy, and the animals from each gender were randomly divided into two groups which treated with vehicle and losartan (10 mg/kg/day for 1 week). The parameters related to kidney function were measured.Results:Creatinine (Cr) clearance and urine flow were improved in losartan‑treated group signifcantly (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Flaxseed Oil Omega ‑3 Fatty Acids Supplementation on Regression and Metabolic Status in Endometrial Hyperplasia: A randomized, Double‑Blind, Placebo‑Controlled Trial
Background:Data on the effects of omega ‑3 fatty acid supplementation on clinical symptoms and metabolic profles in patients with endometrial hyperplasia (EH) are limited. This intervention was performed to assess the effects of omega‑3 fatty acid supplementation on clinical symptoms and metabolic profles in patients with endometrial hyperplasia (EH).Methods:This randomized, double ‑blind, placebo‑controlled trial was conducted among 40 women diagnosed with simple endometrial hyperplasia (EH). EH diagnosis was performed based on specifc diagnostic procedures of biopsy. Participants were randomised into two groups t...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pattern of Substance Abuse and Prevalence of Risk Factors of HIV and Hepatitis among Addicted Women in Western Iran
Conclusions:Although women do not constitute a signifcant part of substance abuse, increasing trend of women addiction, on one hand, and high prevalence of risk factors related to HIV or hepatitis in women, on the other hand; show that offcials and experts are required to seriously consider prevention and harm reduction programs for women.Keywords:Addicted women, addictive, behavior, methadone maintenance treatment, methadone,substance abuse, substance ‑related disorders (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Celery Extract on Thyroid Function; Is Herbal Therapy Safe in Obesity?
This report aimed to demonstrate celery would induce hyperthyroidism after oral celery extract consumption for weight loss. A 36 ‑year‑old female patient came to our clinic with blurred vision, palpitation, and nausea. Dietary history showed that she used 8 g/day of celery extract in powder form for weight reduction. Weight loss during 78 days of celery extract consumption was 26 kg. Thyroid function test showed that seru m level of thyroid‑stimulating hormone (TSH) and T4 were 0.001 mIU/L and 23 ng/dl, respectively). Grave’s and thyrotoxicosis ruled out by other laboratory evaluations. Methimazole 10 mg/day wa...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Diet Quality and Total Daily Price of Foods Consumed among Iranian Diabetic Patients
Background:The aim is to investigate the association between diet quality and daily price of foods consumed among Iranian diabetic patients.Methods:This cross ‑sectional study was conducted among 200 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) aged 30–70 years. General information, socioeconomic status, anthropometric and biochemical characteristics, and food prices were collected by pretested questionnaires. Dietary intakes were assessed using a se mi‑quantitative reliable and valid food frequency questionnaire. Modifed nutritionist IV and SPSS software were used for analyses.Results:The results of the present...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Gestational Diabetes and Risk of Developing Postpartum Type 2 Diabetes: How to Improve Follow ‑up?
Conclusions:Women with GD history demonstrated high risk of developingT2D. Simple changes of lifestyle were shown to be an effcient prevention protocol. Despite therapeutical education, few women spontaneously complied with T2D screening. The telephone reminders could improve the screening observance therefore patient ’s outcome.Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, follow ‑up, gestational diabetes (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Role of Fatty Acids Intake in Generalized Vitiligo
Conclusions:Total ‑fat content of the diet had more impressive role than the specifc subclasses of fats on the incidence risk of vitiligo. High‑fat diet escalated the vitiligo risk. Regarding the role of fats on skin autoimmune diseases especially vitiligo, future studies are crucial.Keywords:Autoimmune diseases, fatty acids, vitiligo (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Developing “Aryan:” Diabetes Self‑care Mobile Application
Conclusions:“Aryan” has been designed in compliance with Iranian experts’ opinions. It is expected “Aryan” plays an effective role in self‑care of patients with diabetes.Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, mobile applications, self ‑care (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of the “Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue Scale”
Background:Fatigue is a common symptom in offce workers. The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue (P ‑MAF) scale and its association with productivity among Iranian offce workers.Methods:In order to validate the MAF scale, using “forward-backward” translation, cognitive debriefng, and cultural adaptation procedure, the English version of the MAF was translated into Farsi. A total of 129 Iranian offce workers with at least 1‑year job experience were included in the study. The Persian version of the Health and Work...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of a Smoking Cessation Program on Inpatients in the Largest Hospital in Southern Iran
Conclusions:Findings indicated that application of the cessation program among our group of inpatients appears to have been an effective intervention that produced an extended period of no smoking.Keywords:Inpatients, smoking cessation, tobacco use (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relationship between Job Stress and Fatigue Based on Job Demand ‑control‑support Model in Hospital Nurses
Conclusions:Considering the effects of job stress on nurses ’ fatigue, it is necessary to develop a suitable interventional program for nurses in healthcarecenters, especially hospitals, to decrease job stress and improve working conditions.Keywords:Cross ‑sectional studies, fatigue, job stress, nurses (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Intervenous Magnesium Sulfate on Decreasing Opioid Requirement after Surgery of the Lower Limb Fracture by Spinal Anesthesia
Conclusions:A low dose of magnesium sulfate reduced the pain score, opioid requirement, and physical dissatisfaction while increased endurance of spinal block.Keywords:Analgesia, anesthesia, lower extremity, magnesium sulfate, spine (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Oxidative Stress and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Brief Review
This article reviews the literature data related to the mechanisms of oxidative stress in PCOS.Keywords:Antioxidant, oxidative marker, oxidative stress, polycystic ovary syndrome, reactive oxygen species (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Pedometer ‑Based Walking Program to Improve Physical Activity of Workers in a Software Industry: An Experimental Study
Conclusions:This study shows that a pedometer ‑driven walking intervention in the workplace setting is feasible and effective in increasing physical activity over a short term. Further research is required to test the effect of supportive strategies and long‑term effectiveness of pedometer use.Keywords:Exercise, ftness tracker, health promotion, walking, workplace (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders and its Correlation to Physical Activity Among Health Specialty Students
Background:Musculoskeletal disorders is defned as a musculoskeletal strain reported by an individual. Physical activity prevents many disabling diseases and musculoskeletal disorders. Low level of physical activity is associated with a higher prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders. In Saudi Arabia and among medical students, lowest rates of physical activity were found. Our aim is to assess the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and its correlation to physical activity.Methods:A cross ‑sectional study of 392 health specialty students in Taif University was carried out from January 1 to March 1, 2018, using a predes...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Obscenity of Cigarette and Hookah Smoking in Iranian Adolescents: A Longitudinal School ‑based Study
Conclusions:The results showed that obscenity of hookah smoking was less than obscenity of cigarette smoking, especially among females. Further study is required to understand the effect of obscenity on smoking and transition to different stages of cigarette and hookah smoking.Keywords:Adolescence, adolescent behavior, cigarette, obscenity, substance ‑related disorders, water‑pipe smoking (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ultrasound Assessment of Fetal Biometry in Iranian Normal Pregnancies
Conclusions:We have provided normal reference ranges and percentiles for BPD, AC, femur length, and weight during the second and third trimester of pregnancy in an Iranian population.Keywords:Fetus, Iran, pregnancy (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluating the Protective Role of Ascorbic Acid in Malathion ‑induced Testis Tissue Toxicity of Male Rats
This study is aimed to investigate the effects of malathion on glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) level in testis of male rats, as well as to study the protective role of Ascorbic Acid.Methods:In this study, 30 adult male Wistar rats weighing approximately 200 –250 g were divided into 5 groups of 6 rats each. These groups include a control group (no intervention), sham (normal saline 0.9%), experimental Group 1 (malathion 50 mg/kg), experimental Group 2 (Malathion 50 mg/kg + Ascorbic Acid 200 mg/kg), and experimental Group 3 (Ascorbic Acid 200 mg/kg). M alathion, solvents, andascorbic acid were injected intr...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trends in Fast ‑food Consumption among Kuwaiti Youth
Conclusions:Fast food is a key part of college students ’ diet in Kuwait; therefore, students should be educated on the negative effects of frequent fast‑food consumption. University health promotional activities should include nutrition education on healthier fast‑food options and how to prepare easy‑to‑cook meals at home.Keywords:Consumption, fast food, Kuwait, sex difference, taste, weight (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dietary Intake of Vitamin D and Its Relation with Blood Pressure in the Elderly Population
Conclusions:The fndings revealed that the nursing care can improve dietary intake of vitamin D in the elderly population. Also, a negative correlation was found between vitamin D intake and systolic blood pressure among all the elderly.Keywords:Blood pressure, diet, elderly, vitamin D (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relationship between Antioxidant Status and Attention Defcit Hyperactivity Disorder Among Children
Background:Attention defcit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the prevalent neuropsychiatric disorders in childhood. In general, diagnoses of ADHD include inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Recent studies have reported increased oxidative stress in psychiatric disorders such as ADHD, but the results are con flicting. This research aimed to study the relationship between antioxidant status and ADHD in children of 6–13 years old.Methods:From schools, 32 ADHD students whose diseases were diagnosed by child and adolescence psychiatrist based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV ind...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Nutritional Aspects of Depression in Adolescents ‑ A Systematic Review
Depression is defned as a cluster of specifc symptoms with associated impairment affecting 7.4% of the adolescents globally. As part of the systematic review, around 1000 relevant articles published between January 1978 and December 2017 were identifed by systematic online search from 6 electronic databases (PubMed, PsycInfo, Science Direct, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Google Scholar) and overall, 56 relevant studies were included in the current review as per the inclusion criteria. Findings highlight the potential importance of the relationship between healthy dietary patterns or quality and positive mental health throughout lif...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Public Health Panorama of Operational Research: A Narrative Review
Operational research (OR) is a relatively new, applied branch of mathematics, which helps provide a scientifc base for the management and problem ‑solving. At present, its application in public health issues is gaining importance both nationally and internationally, particularly in program management and policy making. It is an interdisciplinary team approach that requires managers and researchers towork together toward identifcation of the problems and implementation of optimal solutions. There is rising importance accorded by international and national agencies to invest resources in OR and guide program implementation...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

High Under ‑fve Mortality Rate in Rural Madhya Pradesh, Time to Identify High‑Risk Districts Using National Family Health Survey‑4 Data with Comparison to Low Under‑fve Mortality Rate in Rural Tamil Nadu, India
Conclusions:HRDs should be considered for targeted interventions using the strategies for reducing under ‑fve mortality rate in rural MP.Keywords:Antenatal care, high ‑risk districts, Madhya Pradesh, postnatal care, under‑fve mortality rate (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association between Dental Caries and Body Mass Index ‑for‑Age among 10‑12‑Year‑Old Female Students in Tehran
Introduction:Dental caries and obesity are multifactorial diseases with diet being a common contributory factor. Many studies have reported varied outcomes about the association between dental caries and body mass index. But, there is no published study that investigates this association among female students in Tehran. The main aim of this study was to examine the relationship between dental caries and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of female students in Tehran.Methods:In this cross ‑sectional study, 416 students aged between 10 to 12 years was examined for dental caries using WHO standard diagnostic criteria. The De...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research