Elimination of Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus in India: A Triumph Tale
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 8, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Nurse Staffing Norm in Iran Hospitals: What Features Should be Included for Success?
Conclusions: Given that standardization of nursing staff estimation is announced as one of the challenges in reaching Iran’s 20 ‑year vision plan. Hence, design and implementation of a nursing staff estimation model in regard to identified features could be part of priorities in Ministry of Health in Iran.Keywords: Hospital, Iran, nurse, qualitative research (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 8, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Low Birth Weight in the Southeast of Iran
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and related factors of low birth weight (LBW) in the Southeast of Iran.Methods: This cross ‑sectional study was carried out in Kerman province. Data were collected from Iranian Maternal and Neonatal Network at public and private hospitals. All live births fromMarch 2014 to March 2015 considered as the source population. The risk factors including maternal age, gravida, parity, abortion, pregnancy risk factors, maternal nationality, maternal education, maternity insurance, place of living, consanguinity, neonate sex, preterm labor, place of birth, deliv...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 8, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Wound Healing Activity of Extracts and Formulations of Aloe vera, Henna, Adiantum capillus ‑veneris, and Myrrh on Mouse Dermal Fibroblast Cells
Conclusions: The present study demonstrated that the mentioned herbal extracts might be effective in wound healing, through the improvement in the migration of fibroblast cells and regulating the gene expression of Tgfβ1and Vegf ‑A genes in fibroblast cells treated with extracts.Keywords: Fibroblast, herbal, transforming growth factor ‑β1, vascular endothelial growth factor, wound healing (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 3, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Persian Version of Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire: Translation and Evaluation of its Psychometric Properties
This study aimed to translate theÖMPSQ into Persian, to adapt it for Iranian culture, and to investigate its psychometric properties.Methods: Using a linguistic methodology, theÖMPSQ was translated into Persian according to the World Health Organization guideline. A total of 106 patients with LBP participated in the study. Internal consistency and test ‑retest reliability were evaluated. Concurrent validity was estimatedwith Pearson’s correlation between theÖMPSQ and short form health survey (SF ‑12), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and visual analog scale (VAS). Factor analysis was u...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 3, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Geographical Disparities in the Health of Iranian Women: Health Outcomes, Behaviors, and Health ‑care Access Indicators
Conclusions: We found large provincial disparities in determinants of women’s health in Iran. Determinants such as lifestyle, health behavior, health knowledge, and health ‑care services availability should be considered by health policymakers in addressing the inequality in women’s health at a provincial level.Keywords: Demographic and health survey, health behavior, health care inequalities, social determinants of health, women’s health (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 3, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Effect of a Lifestyle Modification Education on Adiposity Measures in Overweight and Obese Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Patients
Background: Obesity is increasingly associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and weight loss through a combination of dietary modifications and increased physical activity is a primary goal of therapy in this disease. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a lifestyle modification education on adiposity measures, physical activity, and total calorie intake in overweight and obese NAFLD patients.Methods: During 8 weeks, 82 obese patients were randomly assigned into either an intervention group (n = 41) receiving a lifestyle modification education or to a control group (n = 41) receivi...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Association of Age and Gender with Risk Factors of Noncommunicable Diseases among Employees in West of Iran
Background: The relationships that age and gender share with risk factors (RFs) of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) were assessed among a large ‑scale employ in Western Iran.Methods: In this epidemiologic cross ‑sectional study, 7129 employees from Kermanshah Province were assessed using a census method in 2012. Data on RFs of NCD were collectedusing a standard questionnaire. Demographic information, diet, physical activity, tobacco use, and history of hypertension, history of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, andcancer were studied.Results: The proportion of≥5 servings of fruits and vegetables consump...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Demographic and Life Styles Determinants of Somatic Complaints ’ Structures: A Cross‑sectional Study on a Large Sample of Iranian Adults Using Factor Mixture Model
Background: To identify somatic complaints dimensions, classify studied population and study the association of demographic and lifestyle factors with somatic complaints dimensions.Methods: In a cross ‑sectional study conducted on 4763 Iranian adults, somatic complaints were assessed using a comprehensive 30‑item questionnaire. Self‑administered standard questionnaires were used to assess demographic and lifestyle factors. Factor mixture modeling (FMM) was usedto identify somatic complaints dimensions and classify studied population.Results: The mean age of participants was 36.58± 0.13 years, 55.8% were female...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Continuity of Care Evaluation: The View of Patients and Professionals about Urban Family Physician Program
Conclusions: It seems that after 3 years of using urban FP program in two pilot provinces, there were still some problems in COC. Strengthen software program, introducing incentives for FPs, and promoting patients’ responsibility can be used by policy ‑makers when they seek to enhance COC.Keywords: Continuity of care, family physician, Iran, Primary Care Evaluation Tool (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Possible Role of Common Spices as a Preventive and Therapeutic Agent for Alzheimer ’s Disease
For centuries, spices have been consumed as food additives or medicinal agents. However, there is increasing evidence indicating the plant ‑based foods in regular diet may lower the risk of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer disease. Spices, as one of the most commonly used plant‑based food additives may provide more than just flavors, but as agents that may prevent or even halt neurodegenerative processes associated wi th aging. In this article, we review the role and application of five commonly used dietary spices including saffron turmeric, pepper family, zingiber, and cinnamon. Besides suppressing infl...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 8, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Zika Virus Diseases – The New Face of an Ancient Enemy as Global Public Health Emergency (2016): Brief Review and Recent Updates
Zika virus (ZIKV) disease is caused by a virus transmitted by Aedes mosquito. It presents as flu ‑like symptoms lasting for 5–7 days and shows potential association with neurological and autoimmune complications such as congenital microcephaly and adult paralysis disorder, Guillain–Barré syndrome. Treatment measures are conservative as the disease is self ‑limiting. ZIKV earlier affected several tropical regions of Africa and Asia from 1951 to 2006. Subsequently, it moved out from these regions to land as outbreaks in Yap Island, French Polynesia, South America, and most recently in Brazil. The WHO d...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 7, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Methodology and Early Findings of the Fifth Survey of Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Noncommunicable Disease: The CASPIAN ‑V Study
Conclusions:The current findings provide an overview of the current health status and lifestyle habits of children and adolescents. This surveillance program would help planning preventive programs at individual and community levels.Keywords: Children and adolescents, methodology, prevention, surveillance (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Rubella Seromarkers and Determinants of Infection among Tanzanian Children and Adolescents in Prevaccination Era: Are We in the Right Track?
Background: The World health organization advocates assessment of the burden of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) by seroepidemiological surveys and surveillance programs in all countries without vaccination programs. Due to scarcity of data in developing countries, this study was conducted to assess the seromakers for natural rubella infection in Tanzania during prevaccination era so as to ascertain the gaps for future research and prevention strategies.Methods: A cross ‑sectional study was conducted between September and October 2014. Indirect enzyme‑linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect rubella I...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Mosquito Net: An Underrecognized Protection Measure against Snakebites
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 8, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Eight Essential Foods in Iranian Traditional Medicine and their Role in Health Promotion and Well ‑being
Eight essential foods (EEF) described in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) have a determinant role to balance human temperament insuring health and well ‑being. EEF included oral, imaginary, auditory, visual, olfactory, touch, sexual, and familiarity food. Oral foods should be halal, compatible withindividual temper, consumed up twice a day, and compatible with different seasons and geographic conditions. Imaginary food consists of the individual thought content which is directly related to mental and physical fitness. It helps to balance temperament if be free of negative thoughts such as suspicion and distrust to othe...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - January 7, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Effects of Corneal Collagen Crosslinking on Confocal Microscopic Findings and Tear Indices in Patients with Progressive Keratoconus
Background:To evaluate any change in tear indices and confocal microscopic findings after corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) in patients with progressive keratoconus.Methods: Thirty ‑two consecutive eyes from 23 patients having progressive keratoconus were enrolled in this prospective, interventional cohort study. The standard crosslinking surgery was performed for all patients. Visual, refractive, and topographic evaluations were done before and at 6 months after surgery. Te ar function tests and confocal microscopic examination wereperformed before and at 1 month and 6 months after the procedure.Results: There was no ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Envisaging Plain Packaging of Tobacco Products: Appeal to National Policymakers
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Prevalence of Work ‑related Musculoskeletal Symptoms among Iranian Workforce and Job Groups
Conclusions: MSDs symptoms were common among the study population. Health ‑care provider and workers with dynamic activities had the highest rate of MSDs. These results merit attention in planning and implementing ergonomics interventional program in Iranian industrial settings.Keywords: Injury, musculoskeletal system, occupational, risk factor, workplace (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Iranian Television Advertisement and Children ’s Food Preferences
In this study, the nature of food commercials in children’s television (TV) was monitored and analyzed; simultaneously, the relationship between recalling TV food commercials and children’s interest in them and in the consumption of the same food products was evaluated.Methods: A total of 108 h children’s programs broadcast on two channels (Two and Amouzesh) of Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) media organization were monitored (May 6–12, 2015). Simultaneously, a cross ‑sectional study using 403 primary schoolchildren (201 boys) in four schools of Shirvan, Northeast of Iran, was execute...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Comparison of Tobacco Control Programs Worldwide: A Quantitative Analysis of the 2015 World Health Organization MPOWER Report
Conclusions: Comparison of scores of different countries in this respect can be beneficial since it creates a challenge for the health policymakers to find weakness of the tobacco controlprograms to work on it.Keywords: Control, tobacco, World Health Organization (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 13, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Nonprofessional Care in Chronic Critically Ill Patient: A Qualitative Study
Conclusions: Finding of the current study showed different aspects of care. Care of chronic critically ill patients is a long ‑term process that affected by different factors. It seems that the exploration of caregivers needs and planning supportive interventions based on their needs improve the quality of care.Keywords: Care, chronic critical illness, family caregiver, Iran (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 7, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Vaccination in Hajj: An Overview of the Recent Findings
Conclusions: The findings regarding influenza vaccine effectiveness are contradictory. A few studies confirmed the flu vaccine effectiveness while some others rejected its usefulness.Meningococcal immunization is an effective preventive tool with high compliance for Hajj pilgrims. Further investigations are recommended for the other vaccines.Keywords: Communicable diseases, preventive medicine, travel medicine, vaccination (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Effects of Iron on Vitamin D Metabolism: A Systematic Review
Vitamin D is a prohormone nutrient, which is involved in skeletal and extra ‑skeletal functions. Iron is another essential nutrient that is necessary for the production of red blood cells andoxygen transport. This element plays important roles in enzymatic systems including those required for Vitamin D activation. To the best of our knowledge, there is no exclusive review on the relationship between iron deficiency anemia (IDA), as the most prevalent type of anemia, and Vitamin D deficiency and the effect of recovery from iron deficiency on VitaminD status. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic search of obse...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Effect of Nutrition Consultation on Dietary Diversity Score of Cardiac Patients Referred to Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute during 2008 –2013
Background: Dietary diversity score (DDS) measurement was used to assessment of diet quality in different disease like cardiovascular disease. One way to improve the cardiovascular patient's ability is cardiac rehabilitation program that include exercise training, nutrition consultation and psychologicaltreatment. No study was designed to compare the DDS before and after dietary consultation among cardiac rehabilitation patients, so this study was designed to examine this purpose.Methods: Subjects were participated in the 2-month cardiac rehabilitation program. All patients that completed the cardiac rehabilitation program...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Effects of Pomegranate Seed Oil on Metabolic State of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Conclusions: Consumption of 2000mg PSO per day for 8 weeks had no effect on FBS, insulin resistance and lipid profile in diabetic patients.Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, pomegranate seed oil (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 4, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Satisfaction Rate Regarding Health ‑care Services and Its Determinant Factors in South‑West of Iran: A Population‑based Study
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate clients’ satisfaction regarding health ‑care services and its determinant factors in South‑West of Iran.Methods: Totally, 3400 households were randomly selected for this cross ‑sectional study, carried out in Shiraz, Iran, from December 2013 to March 2014. Data were collected using a checklist that includes insurance status of the household, enrollment in family physician program, and client’s satisfaction level with received health services. The level of statistical significance was set at P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 4, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Best Strategies to Improve School ‑leavers’ Knowledge of Nutrition and Food Systems: Views from Experts in Iran
Conclusions: Development of a scaffolded education program could assist curriculum developers and policy makers to assess and update current nutrition and food systems education programs in schools. Insights gained about education initiatives in one country such as Iran can provide an important impetus to support nutrition and food system education more widely.Keywords: Education strategies, food systems, Iran, knowledge, nutrition, school ‑leavers (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Acquired Bilateral Longitudinal True Leukonychia in a 35 ‑year‑old Woman
We present a case of a 35 ‑year‑old healthy woman presented with this unusual and rare manifestation. She mentioneda history of unprotected exposure to detergents and bleaching chemical agents. Considering her low zinc level, she was prescribed with zinc capsules and recommended to avoid chemical substances for 6 months. During bimonthly follow ‑up, her zinc level turned normal, and leukonychia subsequently disappeared. Bilateral longitudinal true leukonychia in the nails due to zinc deficiency and exposure to chemical substances has not been reported previously. Direct and indirect effects of chemical substances on ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Effects of Nanoparticles Containing Iron on Blood and Inflammatory Markers in Comparison to Ferrous Sulfate in Anemic Rats
This study investigates the effects of nanoparticles containing iron on blood and inflammatory markers in comparison to ferrous sulfate in anemic rats.Methods: To induce the model of hemolytic anemia, 50 mg/kg bw phenylhydrazine was injected intraperitoneally in rats on the 1st day and 25 mg/kg bw for the four following days. Then, rats were randomly divided into five groups. No material was added to the nipple of the Group 1 (control). Group 2 received 0.4 mg/day nanoparticles of iron; Group 3 received 0.4 mg/day ferrous sulfate, and Groups 4 and 5 received double dose of iron nanoparticle and ferrous sulfate, respectivel...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Diagnostic Delay among Adults with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in a High Gross Domestic Product Per Capita Country: Reasons and Magnitude of the Problem
Background: To determine the mean and median delays in pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) diagnosis among adults in one of the world’s highest gross domestic product per capita countriesand identify patient and health system ‑related reasons for these delays.Methods: This is a cross ‑sectional, face‑to‑face, prospective study of 100 subjects with confirmed PTB, conducted at main tuberculosis (TB) admitting facilities in Qatar. The mean and median diagnostic delays were measured. The Chi‑square test with two‑sided P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

“Theory Based Health Education: Application of Health Belief Model for Iranian Obese and Overweight Students about Physical Activity” in Urmia, Iran
Conclusions: Results of the study revealed that implementation of PEP was effective on increasing the score of the components of HBM and PA of students.Keywords: Health belief model, obesity, physical activity, physical education program (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Comparative Study on the Effect of Plantago psyllium and Ocimum basilicum Seeds on Anthropometric Measures in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Patients
Conclusions: The results of this study showed that administration of OB, PP, or mix of them for 12 weeks does not affect any of the anthropometric measures in NAFLD.Keywords: Fiber, mucilage, nonalcoholic fatty liver, obesity, Ocimum basilicum, Plantago psyllium, weight (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Design, Formulation, and Physicochemical Evaluation of Montelukast Orally Disintegrating Tablet
Conclusions: Mixture of powders and tablets passed all the specified tests. The results showed formulations prepared by super disintegrating agents and super disintegrating agents witheffervescent bases had shorter disintegration time compared to formulations with effervescent bases alone.Keywords: Direct compression, montelukast, orally disintegrating tablets, prevention of asthma or seasonal allergic (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Effects of High Protein and Balanced Diets on Lipid Profiles and Inflammation Biomarkers in Obese and Overweight Women at Aerobic Clubs: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Background: We studied the effects of high protein (HP) and balanced diets (BDs) on lipidprofiles, and high ‑sensitive C‑reactive protein (hs‑CRP) levels in obese and overweight women.Methods: In a parallel designed randomized controlled clinical trial, 60 healthy women withbody mass index≥25 kg/m2, aged 20–46 years, enrolled in an 8 ‑week investigation at aerobicclubs. They were categorized into two groups (HP and BDs), randomly. Fasting lipid profileand hs ‑CRP levels were evaluated at the beginning and end of the trial. We assessed dietaryintake by 3 ‑day records and also used SPSS (version 18; SPSS...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Impact of the National Food Supplementary Program for Children on Household Food Security and Maternal Weight Status in Iran
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a National Food SupplementaryProgram for Children on households’ food security.Methods: The study sample included 359 mothers of children aged 6–72 months under thecoverage of the program in two provinces of Iran. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristicsof the households and percentage of supplementary food items consumed by target child wereassessed by a questionnaire and checklist. Data on household food security were collectedby locally adapted Household Food Insecurity Access Scale at the baseline of the study and6 months thereafter.Results:At the baseline, on...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 26, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Combined Effects of Lignosus rhinocerotis Supplementation and Resistance Training on Isokinetic Muscular Strength and Power, Anaerobic and Aerobic Fitness Level, and Immune Parameters in Young Males
This study investigated the effects of Lignosus rhinocerotis (LRS) supplementationand resistance training (RT) on isokinetic muscular strength and power, anaerobic and aerobicfitness, and immune parameters in young males.Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to four groups: Control (C), LRS, RT, andcombined RT-LRS (RT-LRS). Participants in the LRS and RT-LRS groups consumed 500 mg ofLRS daily for 8 weeks. RT was conducted 3 times/week for 8 weeks for participants in the RTand RT-LRS groups. The following parameters were measured before and after the interventionperiod: Anthropometric data, isokinetic muscular streng...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 26, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Life Psychosocial Stresses and Coronary Artery Disease
Conclusions: The results suggest that TPSS are associated with the occurrence and severityof CAD significantly, but the association is not independent.Keywords: Coronary artery disease, life events, psychosocial, stress (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 26, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Tobacco Use and Substance Abuse in Students of Karaj Universities
Conclusions: The prevalence of tobacco smoking and substance abuse, particular in males, arehigh. It seems that planning preventive interventions for this part of the population are necessary.This study emphasized the co ‑occurrence of risky behaviors, so, it is better high‑risk behaviorssimultaneously targeted at reducing or preventing interventions.Keywords: Cigarette smoking, college students, risk ‑taking behaviors, substance abuse,water ‑pipe (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Epidemiological Study of Animal Bites and Rabies in Lorestan Province in West of Iran During 2004 –2014 for Preventive Purposes
Conclusions: Rate of animal bites and rabies is high in Lorestan Province. Controlling animalssuch as dogs and cats in the province through training people at risk, especially among thestudents, rural areas and inter ‑sectorial coordination to eliminate stray animals should beconsidered over and over. Preventive actions to avoid bites are a priority.Keywords: Animal bites, epidemiology, Iran, Lorestan, rabies (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

An Analysis of Electronic Cigarette and Cigarette Advertising in US Women ’s Magazines
Conclusions: Future studies should focus on specific marketing tactics used to promotee-cigarette use as this product increases in popularity, especially among young women smokers.Keywords: Advertising, cigarette, electronic cigarette, magazines, women (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Comparison of Optimal Cardiovascular Risk Factor Management in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Who Attended Urban Medical Health Center with those Attended a Tertiary Care Center: Experiences from Tehran, Iran
Background: Diabetes is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Moreover, CVDaccounts for primary cause of death among diabetic patients. Physicians, especially in the primarycare setting, have effective role in the management of cardiovascular risk factors. Therefore,we aimed to compare the prevalence of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors in Type 2 diabeticpatients attending to an urban health center as a primary care center with Institute of Endocrinologyand Metabolism Diabetes Clinic (IEMDC) as a tertiary center.Methods: This cross ‑sectional study was performed on 200 adult diabetic patients attending ur...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Antidepressant Activity of Enicostemma littorale Blume in Shp2 (Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase) ‑inhibited Animal Model of Depression
The objective of this study is to develop a new animal model based on signalingpathways to understand the pathophysiology, therapy of depression, and to investigate theantidepressant activity of Enicostemma littorale which is not yet established.Methods: Animal models of depression were raised by physical methods and administration ofmethyl isobutyl ketone (100 mg/kg b.w., i.p.,) and a protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor, sodiumorthovanadate (30 mg/kg b.w., i.p.,) to young Wistar rats. E. littorale aqueous extract (100 mg/kgb.w., oral) was administered. Forced swimming test (FST), biochemical, and histopathologicalparam...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Prediction of Endocrine System Affectation in Fisher 344 Rats by Food Intake Exposed with Malathion, Applying Na ïve Bayes Classifier and Genetic Algorithms
Conclusions: The prediction model based on NB classifiers allowed to analyze all the possiblecombinations of the studied variables and improving its accuracy using GAs. Excepting thepituitary gland, females demonstrated better resistance to contract effects by increasing levelson the rest of endocrine system glands.Keywords: Artificial intelligence, machine learning, organophosphate, rat (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Frequency Distribution of Celiac Autoantibodies in Alopecia Areata
Conclusions: There may be a relationship between CD and AA, but the absence of statisticalassociation between AA and CD does not mean that there is no relationship between gluten andAA in certain patients. Thus, we have shown here that the biological tests to search for CD do notbring information and proof enough, and it is why we recommend another approach to disclosegluten intolerance in AA patients.Keywords: Alopecia areata, autoantibodies, celiac, frequency distribution (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Ground Water Arsenic Contamination: A Local Survey in India
In this study, 322 water samples were collected for arsenic estimation, and their resultswere analyzed. Furthermore, the correlation between arsenic contamination in ground water withdepth and its distance from river Ganga were analyzed. Results are presented as mean± standarddeviation and total variation present in a set of data was analyzed through one ‑way analysis ofvariance. The difference among mean values has been analyzed by applying Dunnett’s test. Thecriterion for statistical significance was set at P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Is Risk Factor ‑based Screening Good Enough to Detect Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in High‑Risk Pregnant Women? A Sri Lankan Experience
Conclusions: The IADPSG criteria labeled considerably higher number of women as havingGDM compared to the WHO criteria. With regards to the screening methods, the risk ‑basedscreening had a lower detection rate of GDM; however, it reduced the necessity of screening ofwomen by around 20%.Keywords: Gestational diabetes mellitus, International Association of the Diabetes and PregnancyStudy Groups criteria, universal and selective screening, World Health Organization criteria (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Intake of Nutrients, Fiber, and Sugar in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Comparison to Healthy Individuals
Background: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liverdisease in the world. Although some studies have been conducted about dietary intakes of thesepatients, but the results are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to survey all macronutrientsand micronutrients included in dietary intake of these patients for better understanding the factorsinfluencing this disease.Methods: The present study is a case ‑control conducted in Isfahan city, Iran. The cases wererecently diagnosed patients with NAFLD who identified by ultrasonography. The case (159) andcontrol (158) individuals were m...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Administration of Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium bifidum Ameliorated Hyperglycemia, Dyslipidemia, and Oxidative Stress in Diabetic Rats
Conclusions: Administration of L. casei and B. bifidum alone and in combination of bothameliorated hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and oxidative stress in STZ ‑induced diabetic Wistar rats.Keywords: Antihyperglycemic, antioxidant, Bifidobacterium bifidum, dyslipidemia, Lactobacilluscasei (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Estimating the Transitional Probabilities of Smoking Stages with Cross ‑sectional Data and 10‑Year Projection for Smoking Behavior in Iranian Adolescents
Conclusions: The present study showed a moderately but concerning prevalence of current smoking in Iranian adolescents and introduced a novel method for estimation of transitional probabilities from a cross ‑sectional study. The increasing trend of cigarette use among adolescentsindicated the necessity of paying more attention to this group.Keywords: Adolescents, discrete event system, projection, smoking stages, transitional probability (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research