Determinants of Tobacco Use and Prevalence of Oral Precancerous Lesions in Cab Drivers in Bengaluru City, India
Conclusions:It was very evident that long hours of driving and infrequent shifts played a greater role in acquiring the habit. Behavioral counseling and new laws need to be formed to limit the working hours in drivers to have an effective tobacco control.Keywords:Early detection of cancer, leukoplakia, tobacco use disorder (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Catastrophic Health Expenditure of Chronic Diseases: Evidence from Hamadan, Iran
Conclusions:There is a high degree of CHE were caused by chronic NCDs. By thoughtful reconsideration in health ‑care fnancing, along with addressing relevant socioeconomic factors, the health system of Iran could cope with fnancial adversities caused by chronic NCDs.Keywords:Catastrophic health expenditure, chronic diseases, Hamedan, Iran (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Improving Participants ’ Retention in a Smoking Cessation Intervention Using a Community‑based Participatory Research Approach
Conclusions:Conducting the intervention in community settings using trained peer motivators rather than health ‑care providers resulted in signifcantly higher retention and smoking cessation rates. This was due in part to the ability to tailor cessation classes in the community for specifc populations and improving the quality of the intervention based on feedback from participants and community partners.Keywords:Community ‑based participatory research, retention, smoking cessation, underserved populations (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Soy Protein and Chronic Kidney Disease: An Updated Review
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious universal problem that is the main risk for several diseases including cardiovascular disease. Dietary factors are important to prevent and control the kidney disease. Some evidence has shown that modifying the amount and the types of dietary protein exerta major effect on renal failure so limiting dietary protein and substituting animal protein with soy protein has suggested. However, there is a lot of controversy about it, especially in human. Thus, this paper will review the clinical trial studies conducted on the effects of soy protein intake on CKD inboth animal and human and ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 19, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Medicinal Plants, Effective Plant Compounds (Compositions) and their Effects on Stomach Cancer
This study was conducted to investigate and collect scientifc results for stomach cancer and to clarify the role of medicinal plants and secondary plant compounds on its treatment.Keywords:Medicinal, plants, stomach cancer, therapeutics (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Bhutan and Maldives Eliminate Measles: World Health Organization
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Development of Caries Risk Assessment Tool for Iranian Preschoolers: A Primary Validation Study
Conclusions:The Persian version of CRA questionnaire was adapted to the Iranian population. The fndings demonstrated overall acceptable validity and also reliability in the application of test ‑retest. The results of the present study provide initial evidence that the designed CRA form could be a useful tool for CRA in the Iranian preschoolers.Keywords:Dental caries, Iran, preschool child, risk assessment (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ensuring Tobacco Control to Strengthen the Economy of a Nation and Improve the Health Standards of the Population
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Incidence of Neonatal Hyperphenylalaninemia Based on High ‑performance Liquid Chromatography Confrmatory Technique in Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran (2007–2015)
Conclusions:Although the consanguineous marriage pattern is a major cause of hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) particularly in Iranian, there was nosignifcant difference between groups in this study. Now, screening should be executed for all of the family that they have the familial history of PKU in Iran. According to varies actual of prevalence and incidence rate of PKU reported a real patient and taking PKU with mild PKU and HPA, it is recommended, the will provide the PKU reports based on the severity of the disease.Keywords:Chromatography high ‑pressure liquid, Iran, neonatal screening, phenylketonurias (Source: Internati...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Are Gender Differences in Health ‑related Quality of Life Attributable to Sociodemographic Characteristics and Chronic Disease Conditions in Elderly People?
Conclusions:Adjusting for sociodemographic and chronic disease conditions reduced the effect size of poorer HRQoL for women compared with men but did not remove the sex differences. The poorer scores of HRQoL in Iranian women needs further physical, psychological, and socialsupports in elderly.Keywords:Chronic diseases, elderly, gender differences, health ‑related quality of life, sociodemographic characteristics (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - December 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Modeling the underlying tobacco smoking predictors among 1st year university students in Iran
Conclusions:Our study showed considerably low prevalenceof tobacco smoking among 1styear students. Longitudinal studies are necessary to approve theobserved results of this study and thus allow for a certain generalization of the observations.Keywords:Cigarette smoking, risk ‑taking behaviors, substance abuse, university students (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Estimating the prevalence of Positive Tuberculin Skin Test Reactions in General Population and High-risk Groups: A Meta-analysis
This study aims to estimate the prevalence of latent TB infection in general and high ‑risk populations in Iran. National and international databanks were searched using specifc keywords. After restricting the search strategy, duplicates exclusion, reviewing titles, abstracts and full texts, and quality assessment, eligible papers were selected. The heterogeneity between the result s was assessed according to Cochrane and I‑squared indices. The prevalence of positive TST reactions was estimated using fxed and random effect models. Totally, 33 papers were entered into the meta‑analysis reporting the TST results in 126...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Investigation of Five Common Mutations on Phenylalanine Hydroxylase Gene of Phenylketonuria Patients from Two Provinces in North of Iran
Conclusions:The high frequency of c.1066 ‑11G>A mutation in Golestan province may be related to genetic drift, founder effect, and consanguinity.Keywords:Mutation, phenylalanine hydroxylase, phenylketonuria (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Promoting the quality of health research-based news: Introduction of a tool
Conclusions: The resultant indices of the study indicate that the checklist has appropriate validity and reliability. Hence, it can be used by health journalists to develop health research-based news.Keywords: Checklist, health news, medical journalism, reliability, validity (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Social determinants of health and attempt to change unhealthy lifestyle: A population-based study
Conclusions: The prevalence of inadequate physical activity and being overweight or obese was considerable in Shiraz, Iran. Attempts to change unhealthy lifestyle were less than ideal. Social determinants of health factors including unemployment and low levels of education and socioeconomic status play important roles in attempts to change current lifestyles.Keywords: Exercise, lifestyle, smoking, Social determinants of health (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - November 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Association between Risk Factors and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Canada: A Cross ‑sectional Study Using the 2014 Canadian Community Health Survey
Background:The global prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is expected to increase and the disease is projected to be the third leading cause of death by the year 2020. The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence and determine the risk factors for COPD in Canada.Methods:This is a cross ‑sectional study that uses data from a nationally generalizable survey, the Canadian Community Health Survey, 2014. There were 46,924 respondents aged 35 years or older. Uni‑ and multi‑variate logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the risk factors associated with COPD.Results:The ove...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevention of Insulin Resistance by Dietary Intervention among Pregnant Mothers: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions:The current intervention was effective to decrease pregnancy ‑induced insulin increases and IR. Considering study results on FPG levels and incidence of GDM, we suggest repeat of study design in a larger sample.Keywords:Diet modifcation, insulin resistance, intervention studies, Iran, pregnancy (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Early Childhood Development and Iranian Parents ’ Knowledge: A Qualitative Study
Background:Early childhood is the most important step throughout the lifespan and it is a critical period continuing to the end of 8 ‑year‑old. Mothers’ knowledge is one of the important aspects of child development. The goals of this study were to determine the situation of knowledge inIranian parents about the concept and the importance of early childhood development (ECD) and determining the sources of parental knowledge about ECD from the perspective of parents and grandparents.Methods:This qualitative study was conducted based on the directional contentanalysis in 2016. The purposive sampling method is utili...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Peruvian Scientifc Production on Abortion in Scopus
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Rubella Seromarkers among Children and Adolescent
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mosquito Net and Snakebite
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Imminent Angiotensin ‑converting Enzyme Inhibitor from Microbial Source for Cancer Therapy
Conclusions:The results of this study revealed that Peptide has been determined as an active compound that inhibited the activity of ACE. These properties indicate the possibilities of the use of purifed protein as a potent anticancer agent.Keywords:16S rRNA gene sequence, angiotensin ‑converting enzyme inhibitor, anticancer activity, antimetastatic, antiproliferative, beef extract, hippuric acid, MCF‑7 cell line, Micrococcus luteus (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in a Sample of Iranian Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Conclusions:NAFLD is frequent in patients with PCOS with combination with other metabolic derangements. BMI, ALT, fasting insulin, and IR are the risk factors for high prevalenceof NAFLD in women with PCOS.Keywords:Fatty liver, metabolic syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dihydroartemisinin Induces Apoptosis in Human Bladder Cancer Cell Lines Through Reactive Oxygen Species, Mitochondrial Membrane Potential, and Cytochrome C Pathway
Conclusions:These fndings demonstrated that DHA induces apoptosis through mitochondrial signaling pathway. These suggest that DHA may be a potential agent for induction of apoptosis in human bladder cancer cells.Keywords:Apoptosis, artemisinins, reactive oxygen species, urinary bladder neoplasms (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Base Transceiver Station Antennae Exposure and Human Health
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevention of Chemotherapy ‑Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Cancer
Children with cancer treated with cytotoxic drugs are frequently at risk of developing renal dysfunction. The cytotoxic drugs that are widely used for cancer treatment in children are cisplatin (CPL), ifosfamide (IFO), carboplatin, and methotrexate (MTX). Mechanisms of anticancerdrug ‑induced renal disorders are different and include acute kidney injury (AKI), tubulointerstitial disease, vascular damage, hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), and intrarenal obstruction. CPL nephrotoxicity is dose‑related and is often demonstrated with hypomagnesemia, hypokalemia, and impaired rena l function with rising serum creatinine and ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - October 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Face and Content Validity of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for the Treatment of Iranian Patients
Background:There is not a valid Persian tool for measuring the decision ‑making competency of patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the face and content validity of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for the treatment of Iranian Persian‑speaking patients.Methods:To assess the validity of the Persian version of the tool, a self ‑administrated questionnaire was designed. The Lawshe method was also used for assessing each item. Content validity ratio (CVR) and content validity index (CVI) were used to assess the content validity quantitatively. According to the experts’ judgment, questions with a CVR≥0.62 and CVR
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Analysis of Widely Viewed YouTube Videos on Anal Cancer
Conclusions:It is important for health practitioners to be aware of the type of information available for their patients on the YouTube platform.Keywords:Anal cancer, communication, social media, YouTube (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Indicator for Success of Obesity Reduction Programs in Adolescents: Body Composition or Body Mass Index? Evaluating a School ‑based Health Promotion Project after 12 Weeks of Intervention
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention on different anthropometric indices in 12–16 ‑year‑old boy adolescents after 12 Weeks of Intervention.Methods:A total of 96 male adolescents from two schools participated in this study. The schools were randomly assigned to intervention (53 students) and control school (43 students). Height and weight of students were measured and their body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Body fat percent (BF) and body muscle percent (BM) was assessed using a bioimpedance analyzer considering the age, gender, and height of students at baseline an...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Carotenoids as Potential Antioxidant Agents in Stroke Prevention: A Systematic Review
Stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases are among the most common causes of death worldwide. Prevention of modifable risk factors is a cost ‑effective approach to decrease the risk of stroke. Oxidative stress is regarded as the major flexible operative agent in ischemic brain damage. This review presents recent scientifc advances in understanding the role of carotenoids as antioxidants in lowering stroke risk based on observational s tudies. We searched Medline using the following terms: (Carotenoids [MeSH] OR Carotenes [tiab] OR Carotene [tiab] OR“lycopene [Supplementary Concept]” [MeSH] OR lycopene [tiab...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Birth Weight as a Cardio Metabolic Risk Factor in Iranian Adolescents
Conclusions:The study fndings on the correlation between BW and cardio metabolic factors might serve as confrmatory evidence on the association of LBW with future cardio metabolic disorders.Keywords:Birth weight, cardiometabolic, children, Iran, risk factor (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preventive Kidney Stones: Continue Medical Education
Nephrolithiasis is a common health problem across the globe with a prevalence of 15%–20%. Idiopathic hypercalciuria is the most common cause of nephrolithiasis, and calcium oxalate stones are the most common type of stones in idiopathic hypercalciuric patients. Calcium phosphatestones are frequently associated with other diseases such as renal tubular acidosis type 1, urinary tract infections, and hyperparathyroidism. Compared with flat abdominal flm and renal sonography, a noncontrast helical computed tomography scan of the abdomen is the diagnostic procedure of choice for detection of small and radiolucent kidney ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health Status and Working Condition of Migrant Workers: Major Public Health Problems
Background:Very little research and survey have been performed on the occupational health, hazards, and working condition of urban and rural of workers in Qatar. The aim of the current study is to identify the health status, lifestyle condition, working ‑related problems, and accidentsexperienced by Indian subcontinental migrants (ISCM) in Qatar and their access to health ‑care facilities.Methods:This is a cross ‑sectional study based on a representative sample of 1186 workers and study covering sociodemographic characteristics, medical conditions, and health‑seeking behaviors and personal experience.Results:There ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of Angiotensin ‑converting Enzyme Inhibitor on Cardiac Fibrosis and Oxidative Stress Status in Lipopolysaccharide‑induced Inflammation Model in Rats
Background:Renin ‑angiotensin (Ang)‑aldosterone system not only plays a key role in the regulation of circulatory homeostasis, but also it acts as a powerful pro‑inflammatory mediator. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of captopril (Cap), a known Ang‑converting enzyme inhibitor, on inflammat ion‑induced cardiac fbrosis, and heart oxidative stress status inlipopolysaccharide (LPS) ‑induced inflammation in male rats.Methods:Fifty male rats were randomly divided into fve groups control, LPS (1 mg/kg/day), LPS + Cap 10 mg/kg, LPS + Cap 50 mg/kg and LPS + Cap 100 mg/kg. After 2 weeks, blood samples...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Uptake in Canada: A Systematic Review and Meta ‑analysis
The objectives of this study are twofold and aim to (1) determine the levels and (2) examine the various factors in fluencing vaccine uptake among the general Canadian population. A literature search was conducted on seven databases, followed by screening, methodological quality review (using modifed Newcastle‑Ottawa Scale), and data extraction. Pooled meta‑analysis and a subgroup analysis were conducted str atifying by a number of variables (age, sex, type of program, and method of payment) determinedapriori. A total of 718 peer ‑reviewed articles were initially identifed with 12 remaining after screening and under...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Premenstrual Syndrome: Symptomatic and Diagnosed Prevalence, Dualistic Treatment Approach – A Cross‑Sectional Study in Ukraine
Conclusions:We have concluded that when dealing with the burden of PMS/PMDD, the affected treatment ‑seeking women should have choice and access to the variety of therapies within integrative medicine (both conventional and nonconventional).Keywords:Complementary alternative medicine, cross ‑sectional study, premenstrual dysphoricdisorder, premenstrual syndrome (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of Interleukin ‑33 Serum Levels in Asthmatic Patients with a Control Group and Relation with the Severity of the Disease
Conclusions:IL ‑33 is suggested as a new inflammatory marker of severe and refractory asthma. Therefore, it may be a unique therapeutic target in these patients.Keywords:Asthma, interleukin ‑33, severity (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Short-term High Dose of Quercetin and Resveratrol Alters Aging Markers in Human Kidney Cells
Conclusions:According to the results of this research, quercetin, resveratrol, and especially combination treatments with increased expression levels of antioxidants, can reduce aging markers in HEK cell line in hyperglycemia conditions. These results lead us to use flavonoids such as resveratrol for anti-aging potential.Keywords:Aging, human embryonic kidney cell-293, quercetin, resveratrol, thioredoxins (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Is Cost of Medication for Quit Smoking Important for Smokers, Experience of Using Champix in Iranian Smoking Cessation Program 2016
Conclusions:Use of Champix for more than 6 weeks increases the quitting success rate compared with using for a shorter time. The cost of Champix was important for smokers and adding Champix to the list of insurance medication or getting it free of charge is needed.Keywords:Champix, quit, smoking (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Compliance of Specifc Provisions of Tobacco Control Law around Educational Institutions in Delhi, India
This study accessed compliance of Section 6 of COTPA around EIs inDelhi.Methods:A cross ‑sectional study was conducted in randomly selected 100 EIs from 6600 schools/colleges in Delhi. Activities related to Section 6 ofCOTPA around EIs, such as the sale of tobacco products within a radius of 100 yards, sale of tobacco products to and by minors, and existence of display boards prohibiting sale of tobacco products were observed using Global Positioning System (GPS) ‑enabled tablet computers preloaded with maps and Open Data Kit software. Data analysis was done using Epi Info version 7.Results:Among the 100 EIs surveyed (...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of Melatonin and Sertraline Therapies on Tinnitus: A Randomized Clinical Trial
In this study, we aimed to compare the effcacy of melatonin and sertraline in treating tinnitus for the frst time.Methods:In this clinical trial, 70 patients with tinnitus according to inclusion and exclusion criteria were included and randomly divided into twogroups: melatonin group, taking melatonin 3 mg once daily and sertraline group taking sertraline 50 mg once daily, all treating for 3 months. Before and after treatments, every patient received Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) questionnaire and severity of tinnitus was assessed, and dataanalysis was performed.Results:Before treatments, the mean of THI score for mela...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Issues Surrounding HIV Status Disclosure: Experiences of Seropositive Women in Lagos, Nigeria
Background:Disclosure of human immunodefciency virus (HIV) seropositivity by infected women is crucial in HIV control. To determine the rates, patterns, effects, and determinants of disclosure of status among HIV ‑positive women in Lagos, Nigeria.Methods:This was a descriptive cross ‑sectional study. Simple random sampling method was used to select 364 HIV‑positive women accessingcare in HIV treatment centers in Lagos Island. Data were collected using interviewer ‑administered questionnaires and analyzed with Epi Info (version 3.5.3). Inferential statistics done was Chi‑square test and level of statistical signifcance was set at
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Construct and Criterion Validity of the PedsQL ™ 4.0 Instrument (Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory) in Colombia
Conclusions: The Spanish version for Colombia of the PedsQL™ 4.0 displays suitable indicators of criterion and construct validity, therefore becoming a valuable tool for measuring HRQOL in children in our country. Some modifications are recommended for the Colombian version of the scale.Keywords: Child, outcome assessment (health care), PedsQL™4.0, psychiatric status rating scales, quality of life, validation studies (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Effects of Aerobic Exercises and 25(OH) D Supplementation on GLP1 and DPP4 Level in Type II Diabetic Patients
Background:The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8 ‑week aerobic exercise and supplementation of 25(OH)D3 on GLP1 and DDP4 levels in men with type II diabetes.Methods: In this semiexperimental research, among 40–60 ‑year‑old men with type II diabetes who were referred to the diabetic center of Isabn‑E Maryam hospital in Isfahan; of whom, 48 patients were voluntarily accepted and then were randomly divided into 4 groups: aerobic exercise group, aerobic exercise with 25(OH) D supplement group, 25(OH) D sup plement group, and the control group. An aerobic exercise program was conducted f...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 9, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Who Would Be the Ideal Minister to Run the Current Health System of Iran?
In the course of progress toward achieving universal health coverage in the new term of President Rouhani, the health system of Iran will face with several challenges that have to be appropriately addressed. Sustainable financing, good governance, and comprehensive and fair health servicedelivery are examples of such challenges. A key issue is, therefore, who as a minister of health is qualifed for this position? In this editorial, we answer this question based on the challenges that our health ‑care system has to go through and the criteria that have to be considered to deal with these challenges.Keywords:Health system,...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protective Effect of Two Extracts of Cydonia oblonga Miller (Quince) Fruits on Gastric Ulcer Induced by Indomethacin in Rats
Conclusions: Protective effect of QAE and QHE on gastric ulcer was done by undermining offensive factors including decreasing the secretion of gastric acid and pepsin activity and by strengthening the protective factors of gastric mucus including antioxidant capacity.Keywords: Gastric ulcer, indomethacin, quince extract, rats (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - August 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Yogurt and Yogurt Plus Shallot Consumption on Lipid Profles in Type 2 Diabetic Women
Conclusions:This study found that yogurt plus shallot intake signifcantly decreased LDL-C, TG, and TC levels in diabetic women compared with yogurt intake.Keywords:Shallot, type II diabetes, yogurt (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 26, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prediction of Low Birth Weight Delivery by Maternal Status and Its Validation: Decision Curve Analysis
Conclusions:It is conceivable to foresee LBW utilizing a prediction model show in light of noteworthy hazard components connected with LBW. The majority of the hazard elements for LBW are preventable, and moms can be alluded amid early pregnancy toa middle which is furnished with facilities for administration of high hazard pregnancy and LBW infant.Keywords:Decision curve analysis, low birth weight, maternal status, validation (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 26, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Driving Behavior among Different Groups of Iranian Drivers Based on Driver Coping Styles
This study aimed to assess driving behavior of Iranian drivers based on their coping styles (problem ‑oriented, emotion‑oriented, and avoiding).Methods:This study was conducted on 610 drivers divided into four different groups. The drivers’ behaviors and coping styles wereevaluated using driver behavior questionnaire (DBQ) and coping inventory for stressful situations.Results:The results showed a signifcant difference among the three coping styles regarding the mean scores of DBQ dimensions (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing the Need for Routine Screening for Mycoplasma genitalium in the Low ‑risk Female Population: A Prevalence and Co‑infection Study on Women from Croatia
Background:There is an ongoing debate regarding possible cost and benefts, but also harm of universal screening for the emerging sexually transmitted pathogenMycoplasma genitalium.Methods:From the initial pool of 8665 samples that were tested, a subset ofChlamydia trachomatis‑positive and randomly selectedC. trachomatis‑negative cervical swabs were further interrogated forM. genitaliumby real ‑time polymerase chain reaction, using a 224 bp long fragment of the glyceraldehyde‑3‑phosphate dehydrogenase gene.Results:M. genitaliumwas detected in 4.8% ofC. trachomatis‑positive samples and none ofC. trachomatis‑neg...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research