Effects of Yogurt and Yogurt Plus Shallot Consumption on Lipid Profles in Type 2 Diabetic Women
Conclusions:This study found that yogurt plus shallot intake signifcantly decreased LDL-C, TG, and TC levels in diabetic women compared with yogurt intake.Keywords:Shallot, type II diabetes, yogurt (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 26, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prediction of Low Birth Weight Delivery by Maternal Status and Its Validation: Decision Curve Analysis
Conclusions:It is conceivable to foresee LBW utilizing a prediction model show in light of noteworthy hazard components connected with LBW. The majority of the hazard elements for LBW are preventable, and moms can be alluded amid early pregnancy toa middle which is furnished with facilities for administration of high hazard pregnancy and LBW infant.Keywords:Decision curve analysis, low birth weight, maternal status, validation (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 26, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Driving Behavior among Different Groups of Iranian Drivers Based on Driver Coping Styles
This study aimed to assess driving behavior of Iranian drivers based on their coping styles (problem ‑oriented, emotion‑oriented, and avoiding).Methods:This study was conducted on 610 drivers divided into four different groups. The drivers’ behaviors and coping styles wereevaluated using driver behavior questionnaire (DBQ) and coping inventory for stressful situations.Results:The results showed a signifcant difference among the three coping styles regarding the mean scores of DBQ dimensions (P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing the Need for Routine Screening for Mycoplasma genitalium in the Low ‑risk Female Population: A Prevalence and Co‑infection Study on Women from Croatia
Background:There is an ongoing debate regarding possible cost and benefts, but also harm of universal screening for the emerging sexually transmitted pathogenMycoplasma genitalium.Methods:From the initial pool of 8665 samples that were tested, a subset ofChlamydia trachomatis‑positive and randomly selectedC. trachomatis‑negative cervical swabs were further interrogated forM. genitaliumby real ‑time polymerase chain reaction, using a 224 bp long fragment of the glyceraldehyde‑3‑phosphate dehydrogenase gene.Results:M. genitaliumwas detected in 4.8% ofC. trachomatis‑positive samples and none ofC. trachomatis‑neg...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Randomized Clinical Trial on Treatment of Chronic Constipation by Traditional Persian Medicine Recommendations Compared to Allopathic Medicine: A Pilot Study
Background:The aim of this study was to compare the effcacy and side effects of lactulose plus traditional Persian medicine with only lactulose on the functional chronic constipation.Methods:Participants included 20 patients (10 in each group) aged 18–80 years, with major inclusion criteria of ROME III. They were assigned into two parallel therapeutic groups, including the intervention group (lactulose plus traditional Persian medicine [TPM] advices) and control group (only lactulose) through a block randomization. Weekly follow ‑up was done for 1 month for both groups.Results:After the intervention, the frequency ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Awareness of the Necessity of Regular Eye Examinations among Diabetics: The Yazd Eye Study
Conclusions:This study showed that a signifcant proportion of Yazd diabetic population (about 73%) needs to be informed about the necessity of regular eye examinations. The remaining respondents, who had this information, mainly had undergone regular ophthalmologist visits, which imply that educational interventions could improve the situation.Keywords:Awareness, diabetes mellitus, diabetic retinopathy (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Passive Leg Raising: Simple and Reliable Technique to Prevent Fluid Overload in Critically ill Patients
Conclusions:PLR coupled with real ‑time SV monitors is considered a simple, noninvasive, and accurate method to determine fluid responsiveness in critically ill patients with high sensitivity and specifcity for a 10% increase in SV. The adverse effect of albumin on the mortality of head trauma patients and chloride‑rich crystal loids on mortality and kidney function needs to be considered when choosing the type of fluid for resuscitation.Keywords:Colloids, critically ill patients, crystalloids, fluid responsiveness, passive leg raising,stroke volume (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Quality of Life in Elderly Iranian Population Using Leiden ‑Padua Questionnaire: A Systematic Review and Meta‑analysis
This study revealed that the total QOL for the elderly population is relatively low in Iranian society. It is appeared to provide social support, and upgrade their QOL seems to be essential for the elderly population.Keywords:Elderly, Iran, Leiden ‑Padua questionnaire, meta‑analysis, quality of life (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - July 4, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Novel Effects of Traditional Wooden Toothbrush on Bowel Motility Symptoms in Spinal Cord Injury Patients; Findings from a Pilot Quasi ‑experimental Study
Background:The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of traditional wooden toothbrush usage on most severe constipation, which usually occurs in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients.Methods:In a quasi ‑experimental study, 61 SCI patients were selected who had injuries in different spinal levels (cervical, thoracic, and lumbar), and severe constipation from one defection in a few days to 3 weeks. They were recommended to use traditional wooden toothbrush for 5 mintwice a day, after breakfast and dinner, over a 6 weeks period. Two proper standard scales, called neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD), and&ldq...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

World Water Day, 2016; Better Water, Better Jobs for the Unorganized Sector
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effcacy of Human Papillomavirus L1 Protein Vaccines (Cervarix and Gardasil) in Reducing the Risk of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A Meta ‑analysis
This study aims to estimate the effcacy of L1 protein vaccines (Cervarix and Gardasil) in CIN 1, 2, 3 risk reduction using meta ‑analysis. Relevant articles were identifed by two independent researchers searching international databanks. After application of inclusion/exclusion criteria and quality assessment, eligible articles were entered into the fnal meta‑analysis. Inverse variance method and fxed effect model were u sed to combine the results of the primary studies. The heterogeneity between the results was assessed using Cochrane andI2indices. Of 11,530 evidence identifed during the primary search, three papers w...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Comparative Study of the Effect of Nasal Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation and Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure on the Regional Brain Tissue Oximetry in Premature Newborns Weighing < 1500 g
Conclusions:This study revealed that applying NIPPV may have an unfavorable effect on the premature newborn’s brain tissue perfusion. However, more studies are needed to ensure solid outcomes.Keywords:Cerebral regional oxygen saturation, nasal continuous positive airway pressure, nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Controlling Lipids AIDS in the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes, Hypertension, and Cardiovascular Diseases
Conclusions:This study observed the incidences in the abnormalities of serum lipid profles in both nondiabetic and diabetic persons. It also presents the high occurrence of nondiabetic women with dyslipidemia as they presented with high cholesterol, high TG, low HDL ‑C, and high VLD‑L with BMI over 30 kg/m².Keywords:Abnormal lipid profle, middle ‑aged, nondiabetic, type 2 diabetic, weight (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Contemporary Review of the Relationship between Red Meat Consumption and Cardiovascular Risk
Cardiovascular diseases burden is increasing due to aging populations and represents one of the major health issues worldwide. Dietary habits have been extensively studied in the cardiovascular feld despite the diffculty in the quantifcation of the assumption of each single food and the observation that several foods affect cardiovascular risk with opposite effects. Moreover, some older fndings have been reverted by more recent studies. Red meat has been widely studied in this context, and it has been suggested to increase cardiovascular risk primarily by causing dyslipidemia. Our aim is to review the relationship between ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Childbirth Rights for Pregnant Women: Success for Poland and Inspiration for Other Nations
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of Synbiotic Food Consumption on Serum Minerals, Liver Enzymes, and Blood Pressure in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Double ‑blind Randomized Cross‑over Controlled Clinical Trial
Conclusions:Overall, synbiotic in T2D patients had benefcial effects on calcium, iron, and total bilirubin concentrations.Keywords:Blood pressure, liver enzymes, serum minerals, synbiotic, type 2 diabetes (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Is There Any Association between Glutathione S ‑transferases M1 and Glutathione S‑transferases T1 Gene Polymorphisms and Endometrial Cancer Risk? A Meta‑analysis
Epidemiological evidence on the association between genetic polymorphisms in glutathione S ‑transferases M1 (GSTM1) and T1 (GSTT1) genes and risk of endometrial cancer (EC) has been inconsistent. In this meta‑analysis, we seek to investigate the relationship between GSTM1and GSTT1 polymorphisms and the risk of EC. We searched Medline, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database, and Chinese Biomedical Literature database to identify eligible studies. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confdenceintervals (CIs) for the association were determined using a fxed ‑ or random‑effe...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - June 9, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Does Alpha ‑lipoic Acid Supplement Regulate Blood Pressure? A Systematic Review of Randomized, Double‑blind Placebo‑controlled Clinical Trials
Although several animal and human studies have investigated the effect of alpha ‑lipoic acid (ALA) on blood pressure (BP), these fndings are inconsistent. This systematic review of randomized clinical trials was conducted to summarize the evidence on the effect of ALA on BP. PubMed,SCOPUS, and Google Scholar databases were searched based on MESH term (“Thioctic acid” in combination with“Hypertension” and“Blood pressure”) to identify related papers published up to December 2015. We summarized the results of the relevant studies in this review. In total, ninestudies included in this revi...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Discouraging the Practice of Tobacco Initiation among Children and Adolescents through Promoting of Smoke ‑free Films
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Determinants of Hypertension among Iranian Adults, Birjand, Iran
In this study, we report the prevalence rate of HTN in Birjand population.Methods:This cross ‑sectional study was conducted on 1286 individuals in Birjand in 2014. Individuals with systolic blood pressure (SBP)≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP)≥90 mmHg were considered ashypertensive. Data were analyzed using Chi ‑square test, independentt‑test, and one‑way ANOVA.P
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Clinical Effcacy and Safety of Methotrexate versus Hydroxychloroquine in Preventing Lichen Planopilaris Progress: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Conclusions:Methotrexate was more effective than hydroxychloroquine intreating refractory lichen planopilaris.Keywords:Hydroxychloroquine, lichen planopilaris, methotrexate (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Penile Inflammatory Skin Disorders and the Preventive Role of Circumcision
Penile inflammatory skin conditions such as balanitis and posthitis are common, especially in uncircumcised males, and feature prominently in medical consultations. We conducted asystematic review of the medical literature on PubMed, EMBASE, and Cohrane databases using keywords“balanitis,”“posthitis,”“balanoposthitis,”“lichen sclerosus,”“penile inflammation,” and“inflammation penis,” along with“circumcision,”“circumcised,” and“uncircumcised.” Balanitis is the most common inflammatory disease of the penis. The accumul...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 6, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Screen Time in Iranian Children and Adolescents: The CASPIAN ‑IV Study
This study aimsto assess factors associated with screen time in a national sample of children and adolescents.Methods: This nationwide study was conducted among 14,880 students aged 6–18 years. Data collection was performed using questionnaires and physical examination. The World HealthOrganization ‑Global School Health Survey questionnaire was used. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between demographic variables, socioeconomic status (SES), family structure, physical activity, unhealthy eating habits, body mass index, and mental distress with screen time.Results: The participation r...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 6, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Using Virtual Social Networks for Case Finding in Clinical Studies: An Experiment from Adolescence, Brain, Cognition, and Diabetes Study
Conclusions: Using social networks can be suggested as a beneficial method for local researchers who look for easiersampling methods, winning their samples’ trust, following up with the procedure, and an easy ‑access database.Keywords: Case finding, clinical studies, diabetes, sampling, social network (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 6, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Effect of Lavender Oil Aroma in the Early Hours of Postpartum Period on Maternal Pains, Fatigue, and Mood: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Background: Busy care providers focus on the serious complications of postpartum period. This issue causes the seemingly trivial complications, such as mother’s pains, fatigue, and psychological status, to be less taken into account. The study aimed to determine the effect of lavender oil aroma inthe early hours of postpartum period on maternal pains, fatigue, and mood in primiparous mothers.Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 56 participants; 29 in intervention group and 27 in control group. The intervention group received lavender oil in three doses during the first 24 h after delivery. Sesame ...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 6, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Tumor Cells Growth and Survival Time with the Ketogenic Diet in Animal Models: A Systematic Review
In conclusions, although studies in this feld are rare and inconsistence, recent fndings have demonstrated that KD can potentially inhibit the malignant cell growth and increase the survival time. Because of differences physiology between animals and humans, future studies in cancer patients treated with a KD are needed.Keywords:Cancer, ketogenic diet, survival, tumor growth (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - May 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of Salient Beliefs Affecting Mothers ’ Intention to Adherence to Dietary Diversity in their Children’s Complementary Feeding
Conclusions: Findings of this study represent the important beliefs that can be addressed in development planning aimed atmodifying mothers’ child complementary feeding practices.Keywords: Beliefs, complementary feeding, mothers, theory of planned behavior (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 18, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Relationship between Academic Performance with Physical, Psychosocial, Lifestyle, and Sociodemographic Factors in Female Undergraduate Students
Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between physical, psychosocial, lifestyle and sociodemographic factors with academic performance in femaleundergraduate students.Methods: One hundred undergraduate female students from theFaculty of Science at the University of Quebec at Montreal participated in this study (mean age = 24.4± 4.6 years old). All participants provided their university transcript and had tocomplete at least 45 course credits from their bachelor degree. Body composition (DXA), handgrip strength, estimated maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) (Bruce Protocol) and bl...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 16, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Outcomes Following 6.5 Years: A Nested Case –control Study
Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in worldwide. This nested case–control study investigated the predictors of death in long ‑term follow‑up after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG).Methods: Cases were defined as CABG patients who died in the period of May 2006–March 2013. Controls were CABG patientswho were alive in the same period. Cases and controls were derived from an existing cohort, Tehran Heart Center ‑Coronary Outcome Measurement. One hundred and fifty‑nine patients in control group were randomly selected from 566 available patien...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 16, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Predictors of Smoking among the Secondary High School Boy Students Based on the Health Belief Model
Conclusions: The findings of this study show that the prevalence of smoking in the studied sample is somewhat lower than other regions of Iran, but it should be noted that if no interventions are done to prevent smoking in this age group. The findings of the study also showed that the structure of attitudes, self ‑efficacy, and Cues to action are the strongest predictors of smoking among students. Albeit, attitude was strongest predictor of smoking that shows the prevalence of smoking can be reduced by focusing in this part. Considering the mean age of participants (16/2± 0.25 years), that shows the riskiestperiod...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 16, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Maximal Oxygen Consumption, Respiratory Volume and Some Related Factors in Fire ‑fighting Personnel
This study aimed to assess the cardiorespiratory system and its related factors in firefighters.Methods: This study was conducted on 110 firefighters from various stations. An self-administered questionnaire (respiratory disorders questionnaire, Tuxworth ‑Shahnavaz step test, and pulmonary function test) was used to collection of required data. Average of humidity and temperature was 52% and 17°C, respectively. Background average noise levels were between 55 and 65 dB. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 19).Results: The mean age of the study participants was32± 6.2 years. The means of forced vital...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 16, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Self ‑reported Factors Associated with Engagement in Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity among Elderly People: A Population‑based Study
Conclusions: Psychosocial attributes considerably influence PA behaviors in older adults. Lower extremity joint pain is a key medical concern. Interventions to promote PA amongolder adults should be multilevel and particularly targeting personal psychosocial factors.Keywords: Moderate to vigorous, older adults, physical activity, self ‑report (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 16, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Contribution of Health Researches in National Knowledge Production: A Scientometrics Study on 15 ‑Year Research Products of Iran
Conclusions: Despite the ascending trends in health research outputs, more efforts required for the promotion of collaborative outputs that cause synergy of resources and the use of practical results. These analyses also could be useful for better planning and management of planning and conducting studies in these fields.Keywords: Health services research, Iran, scientometrics (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 16, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

A Systematic Review on the Effects of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons on Cardiometabolic Impairment
Conclusions: Most studies included in this systematic review reported a significant positive association of PAH exposure with increased risk of CVDs and its major risk factors including elevated BP and obesity. These findings should be confirmed by longitudinal studies with long ‑term follow‑up.Keywords: Blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction, polycyclic aromatichydrocarbon (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 8, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Effect of Health Care as the “Home Visiting” on Postpartum Depression: A Controlled Clinical Trial
Background: Postpartum depression is considered as a major health complication of women afterdelivery. It is necessary to find an essential approach for the prevention of its serious consequenceson mothers’ and infants’ health. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of home visitingon postpartum depression.Methods: The first stage of study was the design of postpartum package.According to the package, a clinical trial was performed for 276 mothers who had delivered inaffiliated hospitals of Shahid Beheshti University in 2013 and were divided into two groups,i.e., control group and intervention grou...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 8, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Association between Birthdays and Medical Emergencies
Conclusions: People are more likely to present to emergency departments in the week starting from their birthday than any other week of the year. There is scope for publichealth initiatives such as sending health education information in the form of a birthday card to raiseawareness of this risk.Keywords: Attendance, birthday, emergencies (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - April 8, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Bacteriological Aspects of Hand Washing: A Key for Health Promotion and Infections Control
The aim of this review is to show the historical aspects of hands washing for healthy life and explains how can reduce the transmission of community ‑acquired infectious agents by healthcare workers and patients. This review article is prepared based on available database. The key words used were hands washing, risk assessment, hands hygiene, bacterial flora, contamination, infection, nosocomial, tap water, sanitizer, bacterial resistance, han ds bacterial flora, washing methods, antiseptics, healthcare workers, healthcare personnel, from PubMed, ScienceDirect, Embase, Scopus, Web of Sciences, and Google Scholar. Data we...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 15, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Validation of Iranian Version of Pregnancy Related Anxiety Questionnaire
Conclusions: The short form of anxiety during pregnancy questionnaire has the essentialpsychometric properties. In this study, five ‑factors extracted in the PRAQ were adapted withthe factors extracted from the original version. This study introduces an instrument that can bebenefit in measuring anxiety and concerns of women during pregnancy.Keywords:Anxiety, Iranian, pregnancy, validation (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 15, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Elimination of Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus in India: A Triumph Tale
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Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 8, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Nurse Staffing Norm in Iran Hospitals: What Features Should be Included for Success?
Conclusions: Given that standardization of nursing staff estimation is announced as one of the challenges in reaching Iran’s 20 ‑year vision plan. Hence, design and implementation of a nursing staff estimation model in regard to identified features could be part of priorities in Ministry of Health in Iran.Keywords: Hospital, Iran, nurse, qualitative research (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 8, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Low Birth Weight in the Southeast of Iran
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and related factors of low birth weight (LBW) in the Southeast of Iran.Methods: This cross ‑sectional study was carried out in Kerman province. Data were collected from Iranian Maternal and Neonatal Network at public and private hospitals. All live births fromMarch 2014 to March 2015 considered as the source population. The risk factors including maternal age, gravida, parity, abortion, pregnancy risk factors, maternal nationality, maternal education, maternity insurance, place of living, consanguinity, neonate sex, preterm labor, place of birth, deliv...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 8, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Wound Healing Activity of Extracts and Formulations of Aloe vera, Henna, Adiantum capillus ‑veneris, and Myrrh on Mouse Dermal Fibroblast Cells
Conclusions: The present study demonstrated that the mentioned herbal extracts might be effective in wound healing, through the improvement in the migration of fibroblast cells and regulating the gene expression of Tgfβ1and Vegf ‑A genes in fibroblast cells treated with extracts.Keywords: Fibroblast, herbal, transforming growth factor ‑β1, vascular endothelial growth factor, wound healing (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 3, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Persian Version of Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire: Translation and Evaluation of its Psychometric Properties
This study aimed to translate theÖMPSQ into Persian, to adapt it for Iranian culture, and to investigate its psychometric properties.Methods: Using a linguistic methodology, theÖMPSQ was translated into Persian according to the World Health Organization guideline. A total of 106 patients with LBP participated in the study. Internal consistency and test ‑retest reliability were evaluated. Concurrent validity was estimatedwith Pearson’s correlation between theÖMPSQ and short form health survey (SF ‑12), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and visual analog scale (VAS). Factor analysis was u...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 3, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Geographical Disparities in the Health of Iranian Women: Health Outcomes, Behaviors, and Health ‑care Access Indicators
Conclusions: We found large provincial disparities in determinants of women’s health in Iran. Determinants such as lifestyle, health behavior, health knowledge, and health ‑care services availability should be considered by health policymakers in addressing the inequality in women’s health at a provincial level.Keywords: Demographic and health survey, health behavior, health care inequalities, social determinants of health, women’s health (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 3, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Effect of a Lifestyle Modification Education on Adiposity Measures in Overweight and Obese Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Patients
Background: Obesity is increasingly associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and weight loss through a combination of dietary modifications and increased physical activity is a primary goal of therapy in this disease. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a lifestyle modification education on adiposity measures, physical activity, and total calorie intake in overweight and obese NAFLD patients.Methods: During 8 weeks, 82 obese patients were randomly assigned into either an intervention group (n = 41) receiving a lifestyle modification education or to a control group (n = 41) receivi...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Association of Age and Gender with Risk Factors of Noncommunicable Diseases among Employees in West of Iran
Background: The relationships that age and gender share with risk factors (RFs) of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) were assessed among a large ‑scale employ in Western Iran.Methods: In this epidemiologic cross ‑sectional study, 7129 employees from Kermanshah Province were assessed using a census method in 2012. Data on RFs of NCD were collectedusing a standard questionnaire. Demographic information, diet, physical activity, tobacco use, and history of hypertension, history of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, andcancer were studied.Results: The proportion of≥5 servings of fruits and vegetables consump...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Demographic and Life Styles Determinants of Somatic Complaints ’ Structures: A Cross‑sectional Study on a Large Sample of Iranian Adults Using Factor Mixture Model
Background: To identify somatic complaints dimensions, classify studied population and study the association of demographic and lifestyle factors with somatic complaints dimensions.Methods: In a cross ‑sectional study conducted on 4763 Iranian adults, somatic complaints were assessed using a comprehensive 30‑item questionnaire. Self‑administered standard questionnaires were used to assess demographic and lifestyle factors. Factor mixture modeling (FMM) was usedto identify somatic complaints dimensions and classify studied population.Results: The mean age of participants was 36.58± 0.13 years, 55.8% were female...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Continuity of Care Evaluation: The View of Patients and Professionals about Urban Family Physician Program
Conclusions: It seems that after 3 years of using urban FP program in two pilot provinces, there were still some problems in COC. Strengthen software program, introducing incentives for FPs, and promoting patients’ responsibility can be used by policy ‑makers when they seek to enhance COC.Keywords: Continuity of care, family physician, Iran, Primary Care Evaluation Tool (Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Possible Role of Common Spices as a Preventive and Therapeutic Agent for Alzheimer ’s Disease
For centuries, spices have been consumed as food additives or medicinal agents. However, there is increasing evidence indicating the plant ‑based foods in regular diet may lower the risk of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer disease. Spices, as one of the most commonly used plant‑based food additives may provide more than just flavors, but as agents that may prevent or even halt neurodegenerative processes associated wi th aging. In this article, we review the role and application of five commonly used dietary spices including saffron turmeric, pepper family, zingiber, and cinnamon. Besides suppressing infl...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 8, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Zika Virus Diseases – The New Face of an Ancient Enemy as Global Public Health Emergency (2016): Brief Review and Recent Updates
Zika virus (ZIKV) disease is caused by a virus transmitted by Aedes mosquito. It presents as flu ‑like symptoms lasting for 5–7 days and shows potential association with neurological and autoimmune complications such as congenital microcephaly and adult paralysis disorder, Guillain–Barré syndrome. Treatment measures are conservative as the disease is self ‑limiting. ZIKV earlier affected several tropical regions of Africa and Asia from 1951 to 2006. Subsequently, it moved out from these regions to land as outbreaks in Yap Island, French Polynesia, South America, and most recently in Brazil. The WHO d...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - February 7, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research