Assessment of risk for obstructive sleep apnea by using STOP-BANG questionnaire in type 2 diabetes mellitus
ConclusionType 2 diabetics are at risk of OSA and STOP-BANG questionnaire could detect nearly 50%. The screening is simple and can be used in primary care setting. These sub-set of patients can be subjected to gold standard polysomnography at home or in hospital for further management. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - September 10, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The prevalence of prediabetes and associated conditions in Ahmedabad population
ConclusionPrediabetes and its associated risk factors were found to be common in the city of Ahmedabad which suggests the need for greater public awareness programmes on these morbidities. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - August 23, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study to evaluate diabetes management, control and complications in 1631 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Vietnam (DiabCare Asia )
AbstractAimsTo assess diabetes care delivery and prevention of short- and long-term diabetes-related complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Vietnam.MethodsDiabCare Asia is an observational, non-interventional, cross-sectional study of hospital-based outpatient care for patients diagnosed with T2DM.ResultsA total of 1631 patients (mean age 62.7  years; 58.9% female) participated in the study. The percentage of patients with HbA1c
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - August 21, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Central obesity is associated with helicobacter pylori infection: a large-scale cross-sectional retrospective study in West China
The objective is to investigate the relationship between obesity andH. pylori infection, as diagnosed on the basis of a 14C urea breath test (14C-UBT) and waist circumference (WC).Settings and designA retrospective cross-sectional study was performed at Health management center of a Tertiary care teaching hospital in Southwest of China.Materials and methodsClinical information of 76,915 individuals (46,003 men and 30,912 women) with 44.0 (35.0 –51.0) years was extracted from medical record.H. pylori infection was diagnosed by a positive 14C-UBT, and obesity was defined as WC ≥ 90 cm in men and ≥ 8...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - August 14, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Duration of type 2 diabetes mellitus and pulmonary function tests: a correlative study
AbstractBackgroundDiabetes mellitus (DM) encompasses a group of metabolic disorders characterized by elevated levels of plasma glucose leading to macro- and micro-vascular damages to target organs. According to IDF, India had 73 million population of diabetes in 2017, and this figure may rise to 134 million adults by 2045 International Diabetes Federation,2017. Since the alveolar capillary network in the lung is a large micro-vascular unit, microangiopathy may be targeting lungs along with other organs.ObjectiveTo correlate pulmonary function tests with duration of type 2 diabetes mellitus.MethodThe cross-sectional study w...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - August 14, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a school-based pilot program on ‘diabesity’ knowledge scores among adolescents in Chennai, South India
AbstractBackgroundIndia has the 2nd largest number of children and adolescents living with diabetes in the world. Hence, the present study aimed to evaluate the knowledge on diabetes and obesity among school going adolescents in Chennai, south India.MethodsStudy participants were 3505 adolescents belonging to sixth and seventh grades of select private and government schools in Chennai. A school-based intervention consisting of five classroom activities were delivered to the intervention group participants. Teachers and peer leaders from intervention schools played a key role in program delivery. The control group received ...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - August 13, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The clinical relevance of lipohypertrophy
(Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - August 3, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Frequency and risk factors of diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes presenting at a tertiary care hospital
ConclusionAn early screening program reduces the risk of incidence of diabetic retinopathy. Hence, screening of retinopathy should be done once in a year. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - July 31, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The tear VEGF and IGFBP3 in healthy and diabetic retinopathy
AbstractBackground/ purposeDiabetic retinopathy is an important problem worldwide. The purposes of this study were to measure and analyze VEGF and IGFBP3 level changes in tears of type 2 diabetics with and without retinopathy.MethodsIn a case –control study, tear samples of 30 diabetes patients without diabetic retinopathy (DNR) were collected, as well as tears of 30 patients with diabetes retinopathy (DR), and 30 healthy subjects without diabetes as the control group by Schirmer’s standard strip, who were matched in terms of age and sex with the other groups. VEGF and IGFBP3 concentration was measured by ELISA...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - July 29, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Knowledge, attitude, and practices of fasts in patients with type 2 diabetes among different religions in North India
ConclusionThe study showed significant gaps in knowledge and attitude regarding fasts among subjects with T2DM, in spite of fasting being common among all religions. The different nature and duration of different fasts and associated religious practices may contribute to these differences. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - July 24, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Factors associated with silent myocardial ischemia, autonomic or peripheral neuropathies, and survival in diabetes mellitus type 2 patients without cardiovascular symptoms
AbstractIntroductionComplications from diabetes mellitus (DM) include cardiovascular system, peripheral neuropathy (PN), and autonomic dysfunction (AD). Goal: Assess the association of silent myocardial ischemia, AD, and PN in cardiovascular asymptomatic type 2 diabetics.MethodsAs part of a multicenter project, 40 patients with type 2 DM were studied, with> 5 years of known disease and a baseline electrocardiogram non suggestive of coronary artery disease. Myocardial SPECT was performed with exercise stress test measuring corrected QT interval (QTc) and heart rate recovery (HRR) post-exercise (abnormal QTc ≥ 450 ms at rest and HRR
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - July 23, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Association of Helicobacter pylori infection with metabolic and inflammatory profile in type 2 diabetes mellitus
AbstractObjectiveTo evaluate the effect ofHelicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection upon metabolic and inflammatory parameters in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).MethodsA total of 72 patients with T2DM were included in the study. These patients were divided into two groups asH. pylori infection positive or negative. For each patient, the following data were collected: age, gender, duration of diabetics, anti-diabetic treatment, the body mass index (BMI), and laboratory parameters (lipid profile, GLU, HbA1c, HCY, HsCRP, ghrelin, leptin, leukocyte, and platelet counts).ResultsTotally 47 patients (65.28%) wereH. pylori positi...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - July 22, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The use of ABI in screening for diabetes-related lower limb peripheral arterial disease in IDF middle- and low-income countries: a scoping review
ConclusionsThe widespread reporting and large scale use of ABI in PAD screening in Asia are evident, compared to fewer reports from Africa and South America. Many Asian publications report using faster, automated ABI equipment in conjunction with handheld Doppler evaluation of flow signals. Despite concerns regarding the potential for false elevations secondary to vessel calcification and non-compressibility, ABI remains a useful first encounter test in screening for PAD. Asian publications endorse and report the use of ABI firmly within the core clinical examination and consideration of other risk factors for PAD. No publ...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - July 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The association between gallstone disease (GSD) and the incidence of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM): a prospective cohort study
ConclusionOur findings suggest that GSD is more closely related to the late-phase mechanisms in the development of type 2 DM than early-phase mechanisms. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - July 1, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Diabetes mellitus in Pakistan: the past, present, and future
(Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - June 20, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Administration of coenzyme Q10 to a diabetic rat model: changes in biochemical, antioxidant, and histopathological indicators
ConclusionCoenzyme Q10 could, therefore, be used as an adjunct in the management of diabetes.Antidiabetic activity of conenzyme Q10 (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - June 11, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Association of RETN gene polymorphism at +299 G & gt;A with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis
ConclusionSignificant association was observed between RETN gene polymorphism at SNP rs3745367 and T2D. The pooled odds ratio (OR) was 1.45 (95% CI 1.10 –1.92) with a p value of 0.009 under an allelic genetic model, whereas no significant association was found between RETN gene polymorphism at SNP rs3745368 and T2D. The pooled OR was 1.10 (95% CI, 0.66–1.83) with a p value of 0.71 under anallelic genetic model. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - June 10, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Association of the rs3758391 polymorphism in the SIRT1 gene with diabetic nephropathy and decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in a population from southwest Iran
AbstractIntroductionType 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a polygenic metabolic disorder. SIRT1 has an essential role in the insulin-signaling pathway and energy homeostasis. SIRT1 exerts protective effects in the kidney cells.ObjectivesWe aimed to investigate whether the rs3758391 variant was associated with diabetic nephropathy, measures of kidney function, and BMI in a population with and without diabetes in southwest Iran.MethodsThe study comprised 132 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (with and without nephropathy). They were compared with 66 normal subjects. The subjects were genotyped for the rs3758391 poly...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - June 7, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Effects of diabetic foot infection on vascular and immune function in the lower limbs
AbstractObjectThe study investigated the effects of diabetic foot infection on vascular and immune function in the lower limbs.MethodsSeventy-two patients with diabetic foot infection were included in the infected group, while 64 diabetic patients without infection were selected as the control group. Hemodynamic parameters and vascular endothelial function of the dorsalis pedis artery were assessed by color Doppler ultrasonography. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine the serum levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-17, tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP), and high mobility...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - May 30, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

A genetic approach to examine the relationship between vitamin B 12 status and metabolic traits in a South Asian population
ConclusionOur findings suggest that a genetically lowered vitamin B12 concentration may have an impact on central obesity in the presence of a dietary influence; however, our study failed to provide evidence for an impact of metabolic-GRS on lowering B12 concentrations. Given that our study has a small sample size, further large studies are required to confirm our findings. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - May 27, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The association of diabetes risk score and body mass index with incidence of diabetes among urban and rural adult communities in Qingdao, China
This study was designed to determine the association of the QDRS with the incidence of diabetes in the general population in urban and rural settings.MethodsA stratified, random, cluster-sampling method was used to select representative individuals in 2006 and 2009, and the follow-up survey was conducted from 2012 to 2015. Of 5851 participants, 3248 were available in cohort study. The individuals without data of FPG, 2  h PG was excluded in follow-up survey. Finally, a total of 3033 participants were included. Waist circumference, age, and family history of diabetes were collected to determine the QDRS. Cox proportion...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - May 25, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Prediction of diabetes distress among adults with type 2 diabetes
ConclusionA list of important, interactive, direct, and independent factors of diabetes distress has been developed. This will be useful for the identification of high-risk patient cohort through patient screening. Furthermore, the benefits of the assessment of both disease-related and current life stressors in medical care have been found by identifying the effects of high diabetes distress and biological factors. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - May 22, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Predictive value of the ratio of homocysteine to serum albumin concentrations in the recurrence of diabetic foot ulcer
AbstractObjectiveTo investigate the predictive value of the ratio of homocysteine to serum albumin concentrations (Hcy/Alb) in the recurrence of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU).MethodsA total of 210 patients hospitalized due to diabetic foot disease from May 2012, to May 2017 were selected and followed up for one year. The value of Hcy/Alb in predicting the recurrence of DFU was determined using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.ResultsHcy (odd ratio  = 1.171; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.101–1.246) was an independent risk factor for the recurrence of DFU. Alb (odd ratio =&thinsp...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - May 22, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Normoalbuminuric diabetic kidney disease: a distinct entity?
(Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - May 22, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Analysis of variation in pre-meal exercise effect on fasting interstitial glucose level
(Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - May 22, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Association between major dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome components: a population-based study from north-west of Iran
ConclusionsAvoidance from animal food dietary pattern could be suggested by dietitians for prevention of hypertension in the adult population. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - May 11, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Arterial stiffness and matrix metalloproteinases: A correlation study in hypertensive type 2 diabetic subjects
AbstractIntroductionMatrix metalloproteinases (MMP ’s) and tribbles 3 human homolog (Trb3) are implicated in atherosclerosis. Changes in the concentration of these biomolecules signal the risk of atherosclerosis in type 2 subjects (T2DM), with or without hypertension (HT), at an early stage.AimOur aim was to assess the relation between noninvasive arterial stiffness indices and circulating levels of MMP2, MMP9 and Trb3.MethodologyThe study included 144 participants divided into 4 groups: T2DM  >  5 years + HT, DM + HT (n = 55), T2DM 
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - May 9, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The Efficacy and Safety of an Insulin Infusion Protocol in a Medical Intensive Care Unit at a Tertiary Care Hospital: a Prospective Study
AbstractAimsTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of a modified insulin infusion protocol, targeting a blood glucose level of 140 –180 mg/dL, in a medical intensive care unit at a tertiary care university hospital.MethodsWe compared glycemic control parameters before and after using the KCMH insulin infusion protocol in a MICU (pre- and post-protocol groups). In the pre-protocol group, hyperglycemia was managed by conventional care. In the post-protocol group, hyperglycemia was managed according to the KCMH protocol. Study outcomes were a proportion of patients achieving a glycemic target of 140 –180 mg...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - May 3, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Management of new onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) with use of novel algorithm
AbstractCorticosteroids, calcineurin inhibitors, and mTOR inhibitors are often used as an immunosuppressant in patients after solid-organ transplant. These agents can lead to significant hyperglycemia which is called “New onset of diabetes after transplantation (NODAT)”. Tight-glycemic control in patients with NODAT not only reduces the risk of post-transplant infection and graft failure but also reduces the long-term morbidity and mortality. Management of patients with NODAT is complicated because changes i n doses of immunosuppressant can lead to change in glycemic status. Here, we present a series of cases i...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - May 1, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes of diabetes after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in a Lebanese bariatric practice
ConclusionThis is the first report from the MENA region on the long-term outcomes of RYGB in the treatment of type II DM. The results are similar to those in the international literature. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - April 15, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Results of simultaneous application of hyperbaric oxygen and negative pressure wound therapy in diabetic foot ulcers treatment
AbstractBackgroundThe aim of this paper is to determine which therapy gives best results regarding process of healing of diabetic foot ulcers among three proposed: only negative pressure wound therapy, only hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and both when used in conjunction.MethodsThis bicentric prospective study included 60 patients, and they were, consecutively, assigned to one of three groups. The first group consisted of 20 patients who were treated only by hyperbaric oxygen therapy, second group consisted of 20 patients treated with combined hyperbaric oxygen and negative pressure wound therapy, and third group consisted of ...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - April 13, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Alstrom syndrome: insulin resistance in young with congestive heart failure
We report a case of a 20-year-old presenting with decompensated heart failure and had been blind since childhood who was eventually diagnosed as Alstrom syndrome based on clinical criteria. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - April 5, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Diabetic muscle infarction in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus: lessons from two cases
We present clinical and laboratory data of two patients, a 27-year-old woman with Down syndrome and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and a 47-year-old man with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who presented with DMI. Poor control of T1DM and delayed diagnosis of T2DM were the major underlying factors in these cases. Although the condition responds well to conservative treatment, overall prognosis of patients is poor with respect to diabetes complications and mortality. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - April 4, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

What makes patients with diabetes adopt physical activity behaviors? —a transtheoretical model approach
ConclusionA very low proportion of patients with diabetes are in maintenance phase of physical activity with a majority in various stages of change. The patients show various processes of change which all help in moving them through the early stages of change. Perceived pros and cons influence the physical activity behavior change and measures taken to address them are likely to positively influence physical activity behavior. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - April 2, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The effect of transitional care on the prevention of diabetic foot ulcers in patients at high risk for diabetic foot
ConclusionsTransitional care was beneficial to the prevention of DFU and could reduce the development of DFU and improve the patients ’ quality of life. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - March 30, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Exploring the factors associated with lipohypertrophy in insulin-treated type 2 diabetes patients in a tertiary care hospital in Mumbai, India
AbstractBackgroundThis exploratory study reports the prevalence of lipohypertrophy (LH) in insulin-treated type 2 diabetes patients attending a private tertiary hospital in Mumbai, India, and explores the factors associated with this condition.MethodsA total of 96 patients attending the outpatient department, completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire followed by an examination of insulin injection sites for the presence of LH by a trained diabetes nurse educator.ResultsNearly 68% of the respondents had LH. Most patients (82%) had LH on at least two injection sites, with the frontal areas of the right and left sid...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - March 30, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Glycaemic control among adults with self-reported diabetes in health and demographic surveillance site (HDSS) of rural North India
ConclusionAchievement of adequate glycaemic control in this population is poor and warrants prompt interventions. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - March 25, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The safety and efficacy of a low-energy diet to induce weight loss, improve metabolic health, and induce diabetes remission in insulin-treated obese men with type 2 diabetes: a pilot RCT
This study examined the safety and efficacy of a commercially available low-energy diet in insulin-treated obese men with type 2 diabetes.MethodsEighteen men ≥ 35 years old who had class III obesity, had received insulin treatment for ≥ 1 year for type 2 diabetes, and had glycated hemoglobin (Hb) ≥ 6.5% were randomized to receive either a low-energy diet (N = 9) or standard medical nutrition intervention (N = 9) for 6 months.ResultsCompared with 1.5% ( ± 3.55) in the control group, the mean percentage weight loss in the intervention grou...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - March 22, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Serum level of orexin A and its correlation with metabolic risk factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients
ConclusionThe serum levels of OXA and leptin are altered and significantly correlate to increase in the number of metabolic determinants in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - March 20, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Prevalence and patterns of cardiac autonomic dysfunction in male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic Charcot ’s neuroarthropathy: a cross-sectional study from South India
AbstractAimsOur study aimed to look at the prevalence and patterns of cardiac autonomic neuropathy related dysfunction in male patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus with chronic Charcot ’s foot.MethodsA total of 74 male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were included in this study. Three groups of patients were selected: Group 1 included patients with chronic Charcot ’s foot (n = 24), group 2 included patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy without chronic Charcot’s foot (n = 22) and group 3 included patients without peripheral neuropathy or chronic Charcot’s foot (n...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - March 19, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of sexual counseling using PLISSIT model on sexual function of women with type 2 diabetes mellitus: results from a randomized controlled trial
This study is a randomized clinical trial that was conducted on 100 married women aged 35-55  year old with type 2 diabetes referred to endocrinology clinic. The subjects were randomly assigned to the intervention and control groups. In the intervention group, individual counseling was designed based on PLISSIT model, in at least three sessions. The control group received a general health training pamphlet at the end of the study. Before the first session and then 4 and 8 weeks after the intervention, questionnaires of demographic information, Brief Sexual symptom checklist for women (BSSC-W), and Female sexual F...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - March 18, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Percent body fat and adiposity indicators: a study among tribal and non-tribal females of India
ConclusionAll of the selected adiposity indicators (WC, WHR, WHtR, and BMI) in all three populations were significantly positively correlated with %BF. Thus, %BF should be incorporated with other adiposity indicators as well, for a better understanding and categorisation of obesity among different populations. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - March 14, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The prevalence of obesity and metabolic abnormalities in eastern China: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsMiddle-aged male had higher level of CVD risk in eastern China. Government, individuals, and health care professionals should develop targeted age and gender-based intervention to prevent weight gain and manage metabolic abnormalities. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - March 11, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The prevalence and associated factors of type 2 diabetes in rural areas of Ningbo, China
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of T2DM and its risk factors in rural areas in Yinzhou District of Ningbo, China. A cross-sectional study with 4832 participants aged 18  years or older was conducted during the period of March 2013 to May 2013. Among the participants, 4760 completed a self-administered survey and physical examinations. Data collected included demographic characteristics, lifestyle, medical history, anthropometric measurements, and clinical assessme nt. After an overnight fasting of at least 10 h, participants also underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) for diagnosing T2DM. ...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - March 1, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Pharmacist-led interventional programs for diabetic patients in Arab countries: A systematic review study
ConclusionPharmacists ’ interventions in the management of DM patients in Arab countries tend to result in positive outcomes such as enhanced patient knowledge, greater adherence to treatment, and eventually better glycemic, lipid, and blood pressure control. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - February 28, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Screening for diabetic retinopathy —is the use of artificial intelligence and cost-effective fundus imaging the answer?
(Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - February 28, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Prevalence and clinical characteristics of individuals with newly detected lean diabetes in Tamil Nadu, South India: a community-based cross-sectional study
This study reports the prevalence of lean diabetes among individuals with newly detected diabetes, from Vellore, Tamil Nadu, South India.MethodsA cross-sectional WHO STEPS survey was conducted among adults aged 30 –64 years, in one rural block and 48 urban wards, in Vellore. Physical and anthropometric parameters were assessed in addition to fasting lipid profile and plasma glucose. Newly detected diabetes was defined as fasting plasma glucose ≥ 126 mg/dl and lean diabetes as non-ketotic diabetes mell itus, without clinical features to suggest pancreatic diabetes, with a body mass index (BMI)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - February 26, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Prevalence and determinants of high blood glucose in urban and rural Indonesian adult population
ConclusionsSocial, food pattern, and physical activity were not associated with high blood glucose. In this study, we reported that male and female adults living in the urban area had a higher risk for high blood glucose compared with those who lived in rural area. (Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries)
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - February 21, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Clinical and biochemical characteristics and the association of angiotensin type 1 receptor with normoalbuminuric chronic kidney disease among South Indian type 2 diabetes population
AbstractThe aim of the study was to determine the clinical and biochemical characteristics especially cystatin C and the association of angiotensin type I receptor (AT1R) gene polymorphism with normoalbuminuric chronic kidney disease (NACKD) among South Indian type 2 diabetes (T2DM) population.Material and methodsThe study comprised of 308 (M:F 190:118) subjects with T2DM categorized into three groups. Group I: T2DM patients without albuminuria (NA) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)>  90 ml/min/1.73m2 (n = 110); group II: T2DM patients with albuminuric chronic kidney disease (CKD) with eGFR
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - February 15, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

The Ahmedabad Declaration, 2018: the family and diabetes
AbstractThe family is the basic social unit and should be taken as the basic unit of engagement and intervention in diabetes care as well. Family members not only contribute to diabetes care and support but are also prone to all effects arising from this. Shared genetic and environmental factors lead to a higher prevalence of diabetes in family members, and open a window of opportunity for diabetes prevention as well. The Ahmedabad Declaration of 2018, titled “The Family and Diabetes” has been released during the Annual Conference of the Research Society for Study of Diabetes India (RSSDI). It supports the them...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - February 8, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research