An application of partial least squares for identifying dietary patterns in bone health
ConclusionOur findings using a robust statistical technique provided important support to initiatives focusing on what constitutes a healthy diet and its implications. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 12, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Erratum to: The influence of birth weight and length on bone mineral density and content in adolescence: The Troms ø Study, Fit Futures
(Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 10, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Low evaluation rate for osteoporosis among patients presenting with a rib fracture
ConclusionsThis study in a regional hospital setting found a low evaluation rate for osteoporosis among patients presenting with a rib fracture. This study suggests that increased emphasis or education for osteoporosis evaluation may be necessary for physicians who are often referred to for care of rib fractures. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 30, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

High prevalence of missed opportunities for secondary fracture prevention in a regional general hospital setting in Singapore
This study aims at assessing the gap in secondary fracture prevention at a regional general hospital setting in Singapore. Male patients have significantly lower rate of being investigated and treated for osteoporosis than their female counterparts. Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in our population.PurposeSecondary fracture prevention services are not routine in Singapore; we seek to assess the treatment gap that exists in the lack of diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in fragility fracture patients.MethodsWe performed a retrospective analysis of all admissions for fragility fractures between December 2013 and Decem...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 27, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Factors associated with high 24-month persistence with denosumab: results of a real-world, non-interventional study of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis in Germany, Austria, Greece, and Belgium
ConclusionsTwenty-four-month persistence with denosumab is consistently high among postmenopausal women in Europe and may be influenced by patient characteristics. Further studies are needed to identify determinants of low persistence. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 22, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Adherence to osteoporosis medicines in Estonia —a comprehensive 15-year retrospective prescriptions database study
ConclusionsThere is room for improvement in Estonia with medication adherence relating to all three aspects that determine adherence —initiation, implementation, and persistence. This means further efforts are to be made to educate patients and healthcare professionals on realizing the importance of good adherence. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 22, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

A scoping review of the public health impact of vitamin D-fortified dairy products for fracture prevention
ConclusionThis systematic review suggests that the use of dairy products could substantially reduce the burden of osteoporotic fractures and seem to be an economically beneficial strategy. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 21, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Modifiable lifestyle factors associated with osteoporosis in Korean men: a case-control study
ConclusionsSeveral modifiable lifestyle factors were associated with male osteoporosis. Current smokers at any age and underweight men below age 50 were more likely to have osteoporosis, whereas men who were overweight, obese, or had a regular exercise habit were more likely to have normal bone status, regardless of age. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 4, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Management of older adults with hip fractures in India: a mixed methods study of current practice, barriers and facilitators, with recommendations to improve care pathways
ConclusionThe development and implementation of national guidelines and standardized protocols of care for older people with hip fractures in India has the potential to improve both care and patient-related outcomes. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 2, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The influence of birth weight and length on bone mineral density and content in adolescence: The Troms ø Study, Fit Futures
ConclusionsWe found a positive association between birth size and BMC in adolescence. However, this association was attenuated after adjustment for weight, height and physical activity during adolescence. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 2, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Epidemiology of hip fracture and the development of FRAX in Ukraine
ConclusionThe Ukrainian FRAX model should enhance accuracy of determining fracture probability among the Ukrainian population and help to guide decisions about treatment. The study also indicates that the use of surrogate FRAX models or models from other countries, whilst correctly stratifying risk, may markedly over or underestimate the absolute fracture probability. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 31, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Relationship of bone mineral density with valvular and annular calcification in community-dwelling older people: The Cardiovascular Health Study
ConclusionThese findings support further investigation of the sex-specific relationships between low BMD and cardiac calcification, and whether processes linking the two could be targeted for therapeutic ends. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 30, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Awareness of osteoporosis in a polytechnic in Enugu, South East Nigeria
This study aims to determine the awareness of osteoporosis and factors that determine awareness of osteoporosis. Results showed that osteoporosis awareness was associated with age (p = 0.006) and occupation (p 
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 24, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Association between lumbar bone mineral density and serum uric acid in postmenopausal women: a cross-sectional study of healthy Chinese population
ConclusionThe lumbar BMD was linearly associated with SUA levels within the normal physiologic range of postmenopausal women. Higher SUA levels had a protective effect on bone loss in postmenopausal osteoporosis. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 19, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Hip fracture pattern at a major Tanzanian referral hospital: focus on fragility hip fractures
ConclusionWe concluded that men and women contributed almost equally to the fragility hip fracture burden. The dominant cause of hip fractures overall was low-energy injuries. There was an increase in proportions of fragility hip fractures in the period of January 2011 to December 2015. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 8, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Hip fractures in young adults: a retrospective cross-sectional study of characteristics, injury mechanism, risk factors, complications and follow-up
ConclusionYoung adults with MTF of the hip have more severe systemic disease and are at risk of post-operative complications and subsequent fractures. Referral of patients to endocrine care is recommended to manage osteoporosis and comorbid diseases. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 4, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Public priorities for osteoporosis and fracture research: results from a general population survey
ConclusionThis is the first study of public research priorities in osteoporosis and has identified new research areas of importance to members of the public including access to information. The findings are being incorporated into the research strategy of the National Osteoporosis Society. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

UK clinical guideline for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis
Conclusions and recommendations were systematically graded according to the strength of the available evidence.ResultsReview of the evidence and recommendations are provided for the diagnosis of osteoporosis, fracture-risk assessment, lifestyle measures and pharmacological interventions, duration and monitoring of bisphosphonate therapy, glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis, osteoporosis in men, postfracture care and intervention thresholds.ConclusionThe guideline, which has received accreditation from the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE), provides a comprehensive overview of the assessment and manage...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 19, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The clinical benefits of denosumab for prophylaxis of steroid-induced osteoporosis in patients with pulmonary disease
ConclusionsVery little is known regarding the active prevention of GIO. Our data indicates that denosumab can play a promising role in the treatment of GIO. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 19, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Effect of health literacy on adherence to osteoporosis treatment among patients with distal radius fracture
ConclusionsPatients with inadequate health literacy, adverse drug events, or medical comorbidities had higher rates of non-adherence with alendronate treatment after sustaining a DRF. Further research is needed to show whether improvements in patient comprehension via informational intervention in patients with a DRF will improve adherence to osteoporosis treatment. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 18, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Effect of low appendicular lean mass, grip strength, and gait speed on the functional outcome after surgery for distal radius fractures
ConclusionPatients with low appendicular lean mass plus slowness or weakness are at risk for poor functional recovery after surgery for DRF, even when they have similar radiologic outcomes. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 14, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Cessation rate of anti-osteoporosis treatments and risk factors in Spanish primary care settings: a population-based cohort analysis
ConclusionsOver half of the patients initiating AOM stopped therapy within the first year after initiation. The described risk factors for cessation could be proxies for non-severe osteoporosis, and/or disease/risk awareness, which could inform the targeting of high-risk patients for monitoring and/or interventions aimed at improving persistence. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 11, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Calcium intake, bone mineral density, and fragility fractures: evidence from an Italian outpatient population
This study was performed in 1000 adult Italian subjects to focus on the effects of dietary calcium intake on bone health. A higher fracture risk appears to be associated with a reduced calcium intake. An adequate daily calcium intake is recommended to counteract osteoporotic fractures.PurposeThe principal aim of the present study was to focus on the effects of dietary calcium intake on bone mineral density (BMD) and fragility fractures in a representative sample of an adult Italian outpatient population.MethodsThe study group consisted of 1000 consecutive adult Italian subjects [838 women (F) and 162 men (M)] referred to t...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 11, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Changes and tracking of bone mineral density in late adolescence: the Troms ø Study, Fit Futures
This study explores the development of aBMD and associated factors in Norwegian adolescents. Our results indicate a high degree of tracking of aBMD levels in adolescence. Anthropometric measures and lifestyle factors were associated with deviation from tracking.PurposeNorway has one of the highest reported incidences of hip fractures. Maximization of peak bone mass may reduce future fracture risk. The main aims of this study were to describe changes in bone mineral levels over 2  years in Norwegian adolescents aged 15–17 years at baseline, to examine the degree of tracking of aBMD during this period, and to...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 8, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Screening for osteoporosis following non-vertebral fractures in patients aged 50 and older independently of gender or level of trauma energy —a Swiss trauma center approach
This study aimed to identify the rate of osteoporosis in patients of both genders after fracture independently of the underlying level of trauma energy.MethodsA random cohort of patients aged 50 or older with non-vertebral fractures participated in a standardized diagnostic protocol to evaluate the indication for treatment of osteoporosis (number needed to screen (NNS)). Univariate and multivariate analysis as well as correlation testing were performed to determine statistical relationships. Significance was set atp 
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 8, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Awareness of osteoporosis among female head of household: an Iranian experience
ConclusionConsidering the poor awareness level of the studied women and their poor practice of bone healthy behavior, one could conclude that more programs are needed or the content/delivery style of the existing ones should be optimized. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 6, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Impact of air pollution on vitamin D deficiency and bone health in adolescents
ConclusionsAir pollution is a chief factor determining the amount of solar UVB that reaches the earth ’s surface. Thus, atmospheric pollution may play a significant independent role in the development of vitamin D deficiency. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 5, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Performance of risk assessment tools for predicting osteoporosis in south Indian rural elderly men
ConclusionOSTA and MORES were found to be useful screening tools for predicting osteoporosis in Indian elderly men. These tools are simple, easy to perform, and cost effective in the context of rural Indian setting. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 5, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Pre-fracture hospitalization is associated with worse functional outcome and higher mortality in geriatric hip fracture patients
ConclusionsHip fracture patients with a recent pre-fracture hospital admission are at a substantial risk for inferior functional outcomes and increased mortality rates not only in the perioperative phase but also in the first postoperative year. As a simple dichotomous variable, pre-fracture hospitalization might be a suitable tool for future geriatric hip fracture screening instruments. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 27, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Osteoarthritis of the hip joint in elderly patients is most commonly atrophic, with low parameters of acetabular dysplasia and possible involvement of osteoporosis
ConclusionIn elderly patients with hip OA, the parameters of acetabular dysplasia decreased and the incidence of the atrophic type increased as the patients aged. The frequency of vertebral body fracture was high in patients with the atrophic type, suggesting the involvement of osteoporosis in the onset of hip OA. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 22, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Cannabis use and bone mineral density: NHANES 2007 –2010
ConclusionsA history of cannabis use, although highly prevalent and related to other risk factors for low BMD, was not independently associated with BMD in this cross-sectional study of American men and women. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 13, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in Internet searches for vitamin D
AbstractSummaryInternet search rates for “vitamin D” were explored using Google Trends. Search rates increased from 2004 until 2010 and thereafter displayed a seasonal pattern peaking in late winter. This knowledge could help guide the timing of public health interventions aimed at managing vitamin D deficiency.PurposeThe Internet is an important source of health information. Analysis of Internet search activity rates can provide information on disease epidemiology, health related behaviors and public interest. We explored Internet search rates for vitamin D to determine whether this reflects the increasing sci...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 10, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Effect of bisphosphonate initiation at week 2 versus week 12 on short-term functional recovery after femoral neck fracture: a randomized controlled trial
ConclusionsWhile underpowered, the findings of this study suggest that there were no significant differences in short-term functional recovery or significant adverse events between the two bisphosphonate groups. Thus, the initiation of bisphosphonate therapy may be considered as early as 2 weeks after femoral neck fracture. It is important that low serum calcium and vitamin D status must be corrected with calcium and vitamin D supplementation prior to or at the time of bisphosphonate initiation.Clinical trial registration numberThis study was registered in the database via the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS)...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 10, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Use of cone beam computed tomography in identifying postmenopausal women with osteoporosis
AbstractSummaryThe aim of this study is to correlate radiometric indices from cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. Quantitative CBCT indices can be used to screen for women with low BMD.PurposeOsteoporosis is a disease characterized by the deterioration of bone tissue and the consequent decrease in BMD and increase in bone fragility. Several studies have been performed to assess radiometric indices in panoramic images as low-BMD predictors. The aim of this study is to correlate radiometric indices from CBCT images and BMD in postmenopausal women.MethodsSixty po...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 6, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Erratum to: Unmet needs and current and future approaches for osteoporotic patients at high risk of hip fracture
(Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 2, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Two-year persistence and compliance with osteoporosis therapies among postmenopausal women in a commercially insured population in the United States
ConclusionsPatients initiating injectable therapies had greater persistence and compliance at 2  years than those initiating oral therapies. Patients initiating an every-6-month injection had significantly higher persistence compared with those initiating more frequently dosed (e.g., daily and weekly) oral or injectable agents. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Lumbar disc degeneration was not related to spine and hip bone mineral densities in Chinese: facet joint osteoarthritis may confound the association
ConclusionBMD may not be a risk factor for lumbar disc degeneration in Chinese. Facet joint osteoarthritis inflates DXA spine BMD measurements and therefore, may confound the association between spine BMD and disc degeneration. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 16, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Relationships among diet, physical activity, and dual plane dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry bone outcomes in pre-pubertalgirls
AbstractMini-abstractIn pre-pubertal girls, nutrient intakes and non-aquatic organized activity were evaluated as factors in vertebral body bone mass, structure, and strength. Activity, vitamin B12, and dietary fiber predicted bone outcomes most consistently. Exercise and vitamin B12 appear beneficial, whereas high fiber intake appears to be adverse for vertebral body development.PurposeChildhood development sets the baseline for adult fracture risk. Most studies evaluate development using postero-anterior (pa) dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) areal bone mineral density, bone mineral content, and bone mineral apparen...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 14, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Unparallel gender-specific changes in the incidence of hip fractures in Tangshan, China
ConclusionCompared to the results in 2010, the crude incidence of hip fractures in 2015 in Tangshan increased in females but slightly decreased in males. However, the age-specific incidences of hip fracture in females aged over 65 and males aged over 75 are still increasing. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 11, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Patient-specific prescriber feedback can increase the rate of osteoporosis screening and treatment: results from two national interventions
This study assessed uptake of BMD testing and osteoporosis medicines following two national Australian quality improvement initiatives targeting women (70 –79 years) and men (75–85 years) at risk of osteoporosis.MethodsAdministrative health claims data were used to determine monthly rates of BMD testing and initiation of osteoporosis medicines in the 9-months post-intervention among targeted men and women compared to older cohorts of men and women. Log binomial regression models were used to assess differences between groups.ResultsIn 2008 91,794 patients were targeted and 52,427 were targeted in 2011...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 10, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Compliance to The Joint Commission proposed Core Measure set on osteoporosis-associated fracture: review of different secondary fracture prevention programs in an open medical system from 2010 to 2015
AbstractSummaryThere are care gaps in the evaluation and treatment of osteoporosis after a fragility fracture. The Joint Commission is considering adoption of core measures. We compared compliance between two secondary fracture prevention programs in our institution. Incorporating strengths of both may provide the best outcomes for secondary fracture prevention.PurposeThere are significant care gaps in the evaluation and treatment of osteoporosis after occurrence of fragility fracture. The Joint Commission is considering adoption of a core measure set on osteoporosis-associated fractures, including laboratory assessment, b...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 2, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Teriparatide treatment of femoral fracture nonunion that autogenous bone grafting failed to heal: a case report
ConclusionsTeriparatide may provide an alternative treatment for fracture nonunion. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 2, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

New insights into the tonifying kidney-yin herbs and formulas for the treatment of osteoporosis
AbstractOsteoporosis is characterized by an increasing osseous fragility and fracture resulting from the low mass and deteriorated microarchitecture in the bone tissue. The hormone replacement therapy and alendronate were frequently used to treat osteoporosis as the primary therapeutic strategy, but their adverse effects have severely limited their extensive clinical application, therefore, it is urgent to develop alternative or complementary therapeutic agents for anti-osteoporosis. Interestingly, with more people focusing on the complementary and alternative medicine, traditional Chinese herbs and formulas are being grad...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 26, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and bone turnover markers in Palestinian postmenopausal osteoporosis and normal women
This study evaluated the association of vitamin D and bone markers with the development osteoporosis in Palestinian postmenopausal women. Even though vitamin D deficiency was very high for the recruited subjects, it was not associated with osteoporosis except for bones of the hip. Age and obesity were the strongest determining factors of the disease.PurposeThe purpose of this study was to investigate the association of bone mineral density (BMD) with serum vitamin D levels, parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, obesity, and bone turnover markers in Palestinian postmenopausal women.MethodsThree hundred eighty-two postmenopaus...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 26, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Osteoporosis among hospitalized patients with proximal femoral fractures in Assiut University Trauma Unit, Egypt
ConclusionsOsteoporosis prevalence is high among hip fracture patients and associated with female sex, increase in age, low BMI, and fall on ground. Strategies to prevent osteoporosis are needed to decrease hip fracture rates. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 24, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Pregnancy-associated transient osteoporosis of the hip: results of a case-control study
ConclusionsOur results support the hypothesis that pregnancy-associated TOH is a multifactorial disease, to which several individual factors may contribute. Hereby, we found significant associations with immobility, dental problems, and lack of exercise in childhood. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 21, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Effects of acupuncture on quality of life and pain in patients with osteoporosis —a pilot randomized controlled trial: reply to comments by Moran et al.
(Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 10, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The importance of accurate sample size calculations in clinical trials
(Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 10, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Vitamin D deficiency in older adults and its associated factors: a cross-sectional analysis of the Mexican Health and Aging Study
AbstractSummaryVitamin D deficiency was common in older adults from a country with adequate sun exposure. The variables associated with this deficiency provide insight into the next steps needed to characterize older adults with this deficiency and to treat it accordingly.PurposeThe aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of and factors associated with vitamin D deficiency among Mexican older adults.MethodsThis was a secondary analysis of the last wave of the Mexican Health and Aging Study. Vitamin D levels along with other biomarkers were obtained from a sub-sample of Mexican adults older than 60  years. Pre...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 27, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Impact of structural and economic factors on hospitalization costs, inpatient mortality, and treatment type of traumatic hip fractures in Switzerland
AbstractSummaryThe assessment of structural and potentially economic factors determining cost, treatment type, and inpatient mortality of traumatic hip fractures are important health policy issues. We showed that insurance status and treatment in university hospitals were significantly associated with treatment type (i.e., primary hip replacement), cost, and lower inpatient mortality respectively.IntroductionThe purpose of this study was to determine the influence of the structural level of hospital care and patient insurance type on treatment, hospitalization cost, and inpatient mortality in cases with traumatic hip fract...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 24, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research