Low rate of densitometric diagnosis and treatment in patients with severe osteoporosis in Colombia
ConclusionsOur study shows that Colombian patients have little knowledge about osteoporosis and its relationship with fragility fractures. It also shows that densitometries are not done and, what is worse, patients with a diagnosis of fracture have limited access to treatment after discharge. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - September 5, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

An investigation of the bidirectional link between osteoporosis and periodontitis
ConclusionPeriodontal disease did not constitute a predictor for reduced systemic bone density in the studied population of elderly women. On the other hand, FRAX ® demonstrated to be a useful tool to suggest periodontal evaluation. Antiresorptive medication showed benefits on periodontal and bone status. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - August 23, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Assessing the risk of osteoporotic fractures: the Ecuadorian FRAX model
ConclusionsThe FRAX tool provides a country-specific fracture prediction model for Ecuador. This update of the model is based on the original FRAX methodology, which has been validated externally in several independent cohorts. The FRAX model is an evolving tool that is being continuously refined, as the databases of each country are updated with more epidemiological information. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - August 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

What are the influencing factors in self-rated health status after hip fracture? A prospective study on 402 patients
AbstractSummaryHealth status (HS) and influencing factors in HS were evaluated six and 12  months after hip fracture. One-third of the patients did not reach their pre-fracture HS within 1 year. HS before fracture and fall risk could, inter alia, be identified as influencing factors.PurposeFrom a patient ’s perspective, regaining pre-fracture health status (HS) is one of the most important factors concerning the outcome after hip fracture. The aim of this study was to evaluate the HS and particularly to identify influencing factors in HS 6 and 12 months after hip fracture.MethodsA total of 402 patients...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - August 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Trabecular bone score and bone mineral density reference data for women aged 20 –70 years and the effect of local reference data on the prevalence of postmenopausal osteoporosis: a cross-sectional study from Sri Lanka
ConclusionWe found a significant difference in the prevalence of osteoporosis when the local reference values were used instead of data provided by the manufacturer. However, representative data from more centers and fracture data are required before a recommendation to use local instead of international reference data can be stated. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - August 20, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Derivation of a clinical prediction rule to determine fall risk in community-dwelling individuals with knee osteoarthritis: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionThe CPR obtained from this study would be useful as a screening test to detect the fall risk probability in individuals with knee OA. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - August 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

An investigation into the effects of kinesiotaping for posture correction on kyphosis angle, pain, and balance in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis-associated thoracic kyphosis
AbstractSummaryAlthough positive effect of kinesiotaping in reducing back pain in addition to exercise was observed in 6-week follow-up, no additional contribution to exercise was demonstrated in kyphosis angle and balance assessment. Instantaneous positive effect of taping was observed in kyphosis angle and static balance measurement using a SportKAT device measurements 30  min after taping.ObjectiveThe present study aims to investigate whether kinesiotaping for posture correction in patients with osteoporosis-related increased kyphosis provides additional benefits to routine osteoporosis and balance exercises in red...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - August 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Influence of hospital adverse events and previous diagnoses on hospital care cost of patients with hip fracture
ConclusionsAlthough few baseline comorbidities have a direct impact on hospitalization costs, most previous diagnoses increase the risk of in-hospital adverse events, which ultimately influence the hospitalization cost. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - August 11, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Persistence and compliance to osteoporosis therapy in a fracture liaison service: a prospective cohort study
ConclusionsAfter 2  years in a high-level intervention FLS, more than half the treated participants were persistent and compliant to treatment. Comparative effectiveness studies must be undertaken to determine whether this intervention is an improvement over usual care. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - August 3, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The impact of nonstandard hip rotation on densitometric results of hip regions and potential misclassification of diagnosis
Discussion and conclusionsAccording to the results, the changes in the BMD andT- andZ-scores can be interpreted as underdiagnosis or, in simple terms, not finding the disease or underestimating the level of disease. Therefore, proper rotation of the leg is an important factor during densitometry. Any deviation from standard rotation changes the BMD of those regions, and thereby theT- andZ-scores accordingly, and thus the diagnosis. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - August 1, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Chinese patients ’ preference for pharmaceutical treatments of osteoporosis: a discrete choice experiment
This study was performed to elicit Chinese patients ’ preferences for osteoporosis medication treatment and to investigate the heterogeneities of the preferences in subgroups.MethodsA discrete choice experiment comprising 15 choice sets with 4 important attributes was conducted in a Chinese population at risk of osteoporotic fracture. The four attributes were treatment efficacy in reducing the risk of fracture, out-of-pocket cost per year, adverse effects of treatment, and mode of administration. The patients were asked to choose between two hypothetical treatments; they could also choose no treatment. Mixed logit mo...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 31, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Status quo of osteoporosis treatment in Japan disclosed by the National Database of Health Insurance Claims and Specific Health Checkups: too late in treatment initiation and too few in treated patients?
ConclusionOur findings suggested that osteoporosis treatment should be initiated in younger age, especially in men, in order to avoid osteoporotic fractures in Japan. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 31, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Osteoporosis in colorectal cancer survivors: analysis of the linkage between SWOG trial enrollees and Medicare claims
AbstractSummaryTo explore the rates of osteoporosis (diagnosis and screening) and fractures in colorectal cancer survivors (CRCS), records of clinical trial enrollees was linked to Medicare. Female/male risk of fracture in CRCS is 74% higher than general population. Less than 30% of male and female CRCS receive osteoporosis screening. Osteoporosis is a significant morbidity in CRCS.IntroductionIn the USA, the population of colorectal cancer survivors (CRCS) is on the rise. Calcium and vitamin D are the common thread between colorectal cancer and osteoporosis. We set to explore the patterns and prevalence of osteoporosis (O...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 28, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The effects of short-term back extensor strength training in postmenopausal osteoporotic women with vertebral fractures: comparison of supervised and home exercise program
This study explores the effect of supervised back extensor strength training on spinal pain, back extensor muscle strength, trunk-arm endurance, kyphosis, functional mobility, and quality of life (QoL) among sixty postmenopausal women with vertebral osteoporotic fractures.PurposeTo compare the effects of a 6-week supervised or home-based program of back-strengthening exercise on spinal pain, back extensor strength, trunk-arm endurance, kyphosis, functional mobility, and QoL in osteoporotic postmenopausal women with vertebral fractures.MethodsThe study was designed as a randomized controlled clinical trial. Sixty osteoporot...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 27, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Incidence and costs of hip fractures in elderly Italian population: first regional-based assessment
AbstractSummaryWe analyzed for the first-time hospitalizations and costs for hip fractures in the elderly Italian population at the regional level from 2007 to 2014. The number of fractures and the overall costs increased, mainly due to people aged>  85 in all the Italian regions, although at different rates.ObjectiveWe aimed at evaluating the burden of hip fractures in elderly Italian population at the regional level.MethodsWe analyzed national hospitalizations records 2007 –2014 to compute standardized hospitalizations rates (SHR) due to hip fractures per 10,000 inhabitants at the regional level and avera...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 24, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Ethnic differences in bone mineral density among midlife women in a multi-ethnic Southeast Asian cohort
ConclusionBMD in middle-aged Asian women differ by ethnicity and site. Particular attention should be paid to underweight women of Chinese ethnic origin, who may be at highest risk of osteoporosis at the femoral neck and hence hip fractures. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 19, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Longitudinal changes in bone mineral density and trabecular bone score following yearly zoledronic acid infusion in postmenopausal osteoporosis —a retrospective-prospective study from southern India
ConclusionLumbar spine BMD showed significant improvement with zoledronic acid treatment. No decline was noted in femoral neck BMD and TBS with treatment. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The impact of height on low/reduced bone mineral density in Chinese adolescents aged 12-14 years old: gender differences
AbstractSummaryLow/reduced bone mineral density (BMD) is an important predictor of childhood fracture. In this article, we presented the prevalence of BMD  in Chinese adolescents and, for the first time, demonstrated the gender disparities in the impact of height on BMD.PurposeTo analyze the gender disparities in the association of low/reduced BMD  with height in Chinese adolescents at the stage of growth spurt.MethodsA total of 8152 adolescents aged 12 –14 years old were included based on a cross-sectional study in Tianjin, China. Height and weight were measured with standard equipment. BMD was measur...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 8, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Retraction Note to: Secular trends in major osteoporotic fractures among 50+ adults in Denmark between 1995 and 2010
The publisher has retracted this article [1] from Archives of Osteoporosis in order to publish in Osteoporosis International as originally intended by the authors and the Editors of Osteoporosis International. Springer Nature apologizes to readers and the authors. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 8, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Cyclists ’ fractures in the elderly
ConclusionsOur study showed that cyclists ’ fractures were not uncommon in the elderly. In the elderly group, the ratio of women and the frequency of upper extremity fractures were significantly lower, compared with the young group. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 6, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Relevance of the semi-quantitative short Food Frequency Questionnaire in assessment of calcium consumption by female inhabitants of Zabrze over the age of 55  years (the Silesia Osteo Active Study)
ConclusionssFFQ can be used as a short medical screening. It is suggested to use both the 3DFR, conducted by the patient, and sFFQ, as a complementary method. It is necessary to continue this type of studies and to standardise the methods of nutritional status assessment with regard to selected groups. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Bone union after spinal fusion surgery using local bone in long-term bisphosphonate users: a prospective comparative study
ConclusionsEven though there was significant delayed union after 6  months in long-term BPs users, at the 2-year postoperative follow-up, there was no significant difference in bone fusion rate between the two groups. Long-term BPs users showed fusion rates greater than 80% and clinical outcome improvements that were comparable to those in non-users. No significan t effect on fusion rate after PLIF was found in long-term BPs users. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Blood pressure lowering medication initiation and fracture risk: a SWAN pharmacoepidemiology study
ConclusionsThere was evidence of an increased risk in fractures among women initiating blood pressure –lowering medications compared to those initiating antidepressants. This is likely related to an increased risk of falling. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 28, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Restricting vitamin A intake increases bone formation in Zambian children with high liver stores of vitamin
AbstractSummaryThis analysis was performed in Zambian children who had a high prevalence of hypervitaminosis A, defined as> 1.0 μmol retinol/g liver. Bone parameters included markers of bone formation (P1NP), bone resorption (CTX), parathyroid hormone, calcium, vitamin A, and vitamin D. Low dietary vitamin A intake increased P1NP.PurposeVitamin A (VA) interacts with bone health, but mechanisms require clarification. In countries where multiple interventions exist to eradicate VA deficiency, some groups are consuming excessive VA. Bone metabolism and inflammatory parameters were measured in Zambian childre...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 28, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Osteoporosis preventive behaviors in adolescent girls: the educational program based on BASNEF model
This study aimed to assess the short-term effect of the educational program based on the Beliefs, Attitude, Subjective Norms, Enabling Factors (BASNEF) model on the osteoporosis preventive behaviors in adolescent girls. It was found that the BASNEF model improved the osteoporosis preventive behaviors in adolescent girls.PurposeOsteoporosis is a progressive and preventable metabolic disease. This study aimed to investigate the short-term effect of the education program based on the BASNEF model on the osteoporosis preventive behaviors in adolescent girls.MethodsThis randomized clinical trial was conducted on adolescent girl...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 27, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

A scorecard for osteoporosis in four Latin American countries: Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, and Argentina
ConclusionsOsteoporosis management, including the rate of post-fracture care, is very poor in Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, and Argentina and needs to be strengthened. Improvements in the rates of care are necessary to curb the debilitating impact of osteoporotic fractures on patients and health systems. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 27, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Bone measurements at multiple skeletal sites in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis —an in vivo correlation study using DXA, HR-pQCT and QCT
AbstractSummarySignificant correlations for bone mineral density and bone microstructure between spinal and non-spinal skeletal sites (distal radius and proximal femur) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients were observed, indicating that proximal femoral DXA and distal radial HR-pQCT could provide valid clinical assessments in patients with AIS.PurposeLow bone mass is an important feature of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), which is a complex 3D spinal deformity that affects girls during puberty. However, no clinical imaging modality is suitable for regular monitoring on their spinal bone qualities in rap...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 27, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Effect of periodic abstinence from dairy products for approximately half of the year on bone health in adults following the Christian Orthodox Church fasting rules for decades
AbstractSummaryChristian Orthodox Church (COC) fasting is characterized by periodic abstinence from animal foods (including dairy products). We found that, despite this, older individuals adhering to COC fasting for decades did not differ in bone mineral density, bone mineral content, or prevalence of osteoporosis at five sites from non-fasting controls.PurposeThe present observational study investigated whether adherence to COC fasting, characterized by periodic abstinence from animal foods (including dairy products), affects bone health and the prevalence of osteoporosis in older individuals.MethodsParticipants were 200 ...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 27, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Are osteoporotic vertebral fractures or forward head posture associated with performance-based measures of balance and mobility?
ConclusionOWD was significantly associated with physical performance but fracture characteristics were not. These analyses were exploratory and require replication in future studies. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 26, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Temporal changes in access to FRAX ® in Thailand between 2010 and 2018
AbstractSummaryThe usage of FRAX ® tool in Thailand and other countries was explored using Google Analytics data. Over the period 2010–2018, Thailand ranked 35th in the world for FRAX usage (the US is ranked first). Incorporation of FRAX into a national osteoporosis guideline in Thailand appears to have increased its usage.PurposeTo document access to the web-based FRAX ® tool and specifically its access in Thailand between 2010 and 2018.MethodsA descriptive retrospective study using data from Google Analytics that provides numerical and geographical information on internet access to the FRAX tool website wor...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Interaction of body fat percentage and height with appendicular functional muscle-bone unit
ConclusionsOnly body fat had significant negative correlation with appendicular BMC for LBM, and thus, should be addressed when evaluating functional muscle-bone unit. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 20, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Associations of obesity with osteoporosis and metabolic syndrome in Korean postmenopausal women: a cross-sectional study using national survey data
ConclusionsThe findings demonstrate the most and the least desirable types of obesity in terms of risk for both osteoporosis and MS. Public health practitioners may consider the type of obesity to reduce or prevent both conditions in postmenopausal women. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 19, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Intensive screening for osteoporosis in patients with hip fracture
ConclusionWe report that an intensive outreach osteoporosis investigation program can help increase the number of hip fracture patients being tested and treated for osteoporosis. Further, the initiation of treatment can significantly increase the T-score. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 19, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Prescription practices of anti-osteoporosis medication among Thai orthopedic surgeons (PAMOS study) in osteoporotic hip fracture
ConclusionsKnowing the factors affecting the prescription of anti-osteoporosis medication is beneficial for strategic planning in order to increase the rate of prescription. The gap of treatment may be reduced, and the morbidity and mortality of the patients can be decreased. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Factors affecting recovery during the first 6  months after hip fracture, using the decision tree model
ConclusionsAwareness of the factors that affect patients ’ recovery can be helpful in improving the patients’ health, as well as improving care services, thereby increasing the success of treatment. Osteoporosis, new-onset depression after hip fracture, and SES were the most important factors associated with patients’ recovery. Therefore, focusing o n these variables is essential. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Management of osteoporosis in the Middle East and North Africa: a survey of physicians ’ perceptions and practices
ConclusionsThis first look at physicians ’ practice patterns on the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in the MENA region underscores the pressing need for an official call for action, at all levels, to address this large care gap. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 7, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Increased bone mineral density for 1  year of romosozumab, vs placebo, followed by 2 years of denosumab in the Japanese subgroup of the pivotal FRAME trial and extension
This report evaluates Japanese women in FRAME.MethodsPostmenopausal women with osteoporosis (T-score − 3.5 to − 2.5 at total hip or femoral neck) received romosozumab 210 mg or placebo subcutaneously monthly for 12 months, then each group received denosumab 60 mg subcutaneously every 6 months for 24 months. The key endpoint for Japanese women was BMD change. Other endpoints included ne w vertebral, clinical, and nonvertebral fracture; the subgroup analysis did not have adequate power to demonstrate statistically significant reductions.ResultsOf 7180 enrolled subjects, 492 ...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 5, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Postural instability and position of the center of pressure into the base of support in postmenopausal osteoporotic and nonosteoporotic women with and without hyperkyphosis
In this study, we investigated the effect of bone mineral density (BMD) and thoracic kyphosis on the center of pressure (CoP) sway and its location related to the base of support (BoS).MethodsTen young and 39 postmenopausal women voluntarily participated in this study. Postmenopausal women were divided into four groups according to the thoracic kyphosis angle (normal kyphotic  
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - June 3, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Unhealthy lifestyles are associated with the increased risk of low-energy fracture in Chinese men ≥ 50 years, a population-based survey
This study aims to investigate the incidence of low-energy fractures in men aged 50 years and older in China and to explore associated risk factors.MethodsAll the relevant data were available from the China National Fracture Survey (CNFS), which was a cross-sectional survey carried out in eight Chinese provinces (municipalities) between January and May 2015.ResultsThrough 2014, 76,687 men above 50 years participated in this study and 223 participants had low-energy fractures, indicating the incidence rate 290.8 (95%CI, 252.7 –328.9)/100,000 men. Over 80% of the fractures occurred at home and on the common road. The f...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The impact of hip fracture on health-related quality of life and activities of daily living: the SPARE-HIP prospective cohort study
ConclusionsHip fracture results in a large decline in the ability to perform activities of daily living and patient-reported health-related quality of life with only partial recovery amongst survivors 4-month post-fracture. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Age-specific 1-year mortality rates after hip fracture based on the populations in mainland China between the years 2000 and 2018: a systematic analysis
ConclusionIn this systematic review and meta-analysis, we calculated the 1-year mortality rate after hip fracture in mainland China and found that this rate was lower than that in most countries. We also estimated the age-specific mortality rates for different age groups after hip fracture. These findings will be beneficial for the prevention and treatment of hip fracture in mainland China. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 25, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Dominant vs. non-dominant hip comparison in bone mineral density in young sporting athletes
AbstractSummaryTo explore differences in bone mineral density (BMD) between dominant and non-dominant hip within levels of sport impact. BMD was higher in the non-dominant hip in high-impact sports, whereas the dominant hip had increased BMD for low-impact sports. The side-to-side differences were relatively small and not clinically relevant.PurposeIt is unknown whether there is difference in BMD at the hip between dominant and non-dominant sides in young athletes. The aims of this study were to explore the dominant –non-dominant differences in hip BMD in young athletes participating in low- and high-impact sports an...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 25, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Predictors of imminent non-vertebral fracture in elderly women with osteoporosis, low bone mass, or a history of fracture, based on data from the population-based Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CaM os )
ConclusionsImminent risk of low-trauma non-vertebral fracture is elevated among high-risk women with a history of falls or low-trauma fracture, poorer physical function, and lowerT score. Careful consideration should be given to identifying and targeting this population for therapy. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Associations between the lipid profile and the lumbar spine bone mineral density and trabecular bone score in elderly Iranian individuals participating in the Bushehr Elderly Health Program: a population-based study
AbstractSummaryWe hypothesized that the lipid profile or dyslipidemia may have an influence on the bone mineral density and bone microstructure in an elderly Iranian population. The results of this study showed some significant associations between the serum lipid levels and the lumbar spine and femoral areal bone mineral densities and the trabecular bone score (TBS).PurposeSerum lipid abnormalities are possible risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and osteoporosis. Our aim was to evaluate the associations between the lipid profile and the areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and trabecular bone score in an elderly Irania...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 11, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Primary screening for increased fracture risk by the FRAX ® questionnaire—uptake rates in relation to invitation method
ConclusionsTwo out of five early postmenopausal women returned the questionnaire and women contacted directly by mail were more prone to respond. Out of the participants, 26.6% had a 10-year fracture risk score ≥ 15% according to the FRAX® algorithm. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 8, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Cost-benefit analysis of calcium and vitamin D supplements
ConclusionsCalcium and vitamin D supplements are highly cost-effective, and expanded use could considerably reduce fractures and related costs. Although these analyses included individuals aged ≥ 50 years, the observed effects are likely driven by benefits observed in those aged ≥ 65 years. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 30, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Parity and lactation are not associated with incident fragility fractures or radiographic vertebral fractures over 16  years of follow-up: Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CaM os )
ConclusionsParity and lactation have no adverse associations with clinical fragility or radiographic vertebral fractures, or the rate of BMD decline over 10  years, in this prospective, multicenter study of a randomly selected, population-based cohort of women. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Primary care physicians ’ views on osteoporosis management: a qualitative study
ConclusionPhysicians perceived osteoporosis as a silent disease that is complicated to manage. They gave low priority to osteoporosis and thought their patients shared this view. The physicians saw other issues and medical conditions as more important than osteoporosis. They wanted better collaboration at their PHC centres and with hospitals. They also wanted district nurses to be more involved in managing osteoporosis and especially in assessing fracture risk. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 26, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Incidence and excess mortality of hip fractures in a predominantly Caucasian population in the South of Brazil
ConclusionThe incidence of hip fractures among the oldest in this predominantly Caucasian population living in Southern Brazil was similar to that of European populations from the northern hemisphere. The annual incidence of fragility hip fractures among people in their 80s was 59 times higher than that among people in their 50s. The mortality rate was 4.3 times higher in the first year after hip fracture than in the age-related local population. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Endocrine parameters in association with bone mineral accrual in young female vocational ballet dancers
AbstractSummaryLess is known on bone mass gains in dancers involved in vocational dance training. The present study found that, as young vocational dancers progress on their professional training, their bone health remains consistently lower compared to non-exercising controls. Endocrine mechanisms do not seem to explain these findings.PurposeLittle is known on bone mass development in dancers involved in vocational training. The aim of the present study was to model bone mineral content (BMC) accruals and to determine whether circulating levels of oestrogens, growth hormone (GH), and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-1) e...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research