Correction to: Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its predictors in the Portuguese population: a nationwide population-based study
The original version of this article, published on 02 March 2020, unfortunately contained an error on “Fig. 3 Prevalence of Vitamin D Levels by NUTSII.” (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 2, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Degraded microarchitecture by low trabecular bone score is associated with prevalent vertebral fractures in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus
ConclusionDegraded microarchitecture by TBS was associated with prevalent vertebral fractures in SLE patients. Our result suggests that TBS can be a complementary tool for assessing vertebral fracture prevalence in this population. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 27, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

A service evaluation of e-triage in the osteoporosis outpatient clinic —an effective tool to improve patient access?
ConclusionE-triage supports effective referral management in a busy osteoporosis service. Efficiency is limited by reliance on a sole clinician and 5  day working at present. There is scope to further improve systems access through multidisciplinary team working, virtual clinics and future information technology developments. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 21, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Does quality of care in hip fracture vary by day of admission?
This study investigates if the day of the week a person is admitted with a hip fracture influences the quality of care they receive. We found those admitted Thursday and Friday were likely to obtain poorer postoperative care, indicating a need to optimize services ensuring equality for all.PurposeWe sought to investigate how the day of admission affects the quality of care provided to hip fracture patients according to national standards (The Scottish Standards of Care for Hip Fracture Patients [SSCHFP]).MethodsRetrospective analysis of national cohort data. Data were collected by the Scottish Hip Fracture Audit (SHFA) loc...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Association between bone mineral density and ulnar styloid fracture in older Japanese adults with low-energy distal radius fracture
This study aimed to investigate whether USF concomitant with low-energy DRF was associated with the bone mineral status and the degree of radiographically observed pretreatment radius displacement in Japanese adults above 50  years of age.MethodsThe study subjects were 45 (44 female, 1 male) consecutive patients aged>  50 years with DRF caused by falls from June 2015 to May 2016. Fractures due to high-energy injuries were excluded. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of USF. Radius displacement was assessed on anteroposterior and lateral radiographs by measuring ul...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 19, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

CTXA hip: the effect of partial volume correction on volumetric bone mineral density data for cortical and trabecular bone
ConclusionThe default and new CTXA analyses for volumetric data generate different results, both for cortical and trabecular bone. For cortical bone, the uncorrected results are subject to partial volume effects but the correction method of the default analysis overcorrects the effect leading to in part unreasonable results for cortical bone volume and BMD. For trabecular bone, the correction effects are smaller. CTXA volumetric data should be interpreted with caution. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 19, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Oolong tea drinking boosts calcaneus bone mineral density in postmenopausal women: a population-based study in southern China
ConclusionLong-term moderate oolong tea consumption may have beneficial effects on bone health in postmenopausal women in Shantou of southern China. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Effects of dairy products on bone mineral density in healthy postmenopausal women: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
AbstractPurposeTo investigate the effects of dairy products on bone mineral density (BMD) in healthy postmenopausal women.MethodsThe EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Medline, and Web of Science databases were systematically searched for relevant studies. The pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) with its 95% confidence interval (CI) was used as the effect size. Subgroup analysis and Begg ’s test were conducted.ResultsSix studies with a total of 618 participants were included in the meta-analysis. Milk was the main dairy product used in the trials. There was a significant association between dairy product consumption and...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Association between grip strength and bone mineral density in general US population of NHANES 2013 –2014
AbstractSummaryAssociation between strength of nonadjacent muscles and bone mineral density is unclear. We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to convince the effect of grip strength on femoral neck and lumbar spine mineral density in the general US population. This research can broaden the area of muscle-bone interaction.IntroductionGrip test measures the maximum isotonic strength of hand and forearm and is often used as an indicator of general muscle strength. Muscle has been shown to exert positive effects on bone health, and studies are needed to test whether grip strength can be associa...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 16, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Fragility fractures in France: epidemiology, characteristics and quality of life (the EPIFRACT study)
ConclusionsAround 340,000 people aged ≥ 50 years living at home in France are estimated to experience osteoporotic fractures each year. However,>  75% of panellists reporting fractures were never diagnosed with osteoporosis and thus did not have the opportunity to receive appropriate care. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 13, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The relationship between platelet count and bone mineral density: results from two independent population-based studies
ConclusionHighest platelet counts within the normal range are significantly associated with osteopenia and osteoporosis in middle-aged and elderly people. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 12, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Successful implementation of a Fracture Liaison Service through effective change management: a qualitative study
ConclusionsAn effective change management approach neutralized change fatigue. This approach, if maintained, bodes well for the potential spread of the FLS provincially if proven effective and cost effective. Change readiness assessment tools could be used strategically to inform the spread of the FLS to early adopter sites. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 12, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Bone mineral density in young adults: the influence of vitamin D status, biochemical indicators, physical activity and body composition
ConclusionsPhysical activity has the most significant effect on bone status especially in men. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 12, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness analyses of interventions to improve osteoporosis care in France
ConclusionOur results suggest that structural interventions and indirect interventions to improve OP care (BMD and OP treatment prescription), in women 50  years old with a first fragility fracture, were dominant strategies. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 7, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Recognizing osteoporotic vertebral deformity on frontal view radiograph: a cohort analysis and a pictorial review
ConclusionModerate and severe grades of VD are identifiable on FR as long as the involved vertebrae are clearly filmed. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 6, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Osteogenesis imperfecta and rheumatoid arthritis: is there a link?
ConclusionThe prevalence of joint inflammation in OI is unknown and may be underestimated. As musculoskeletal involvement affects the quality of life in most OI patients, exploring this relation may help ease the disease burden. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 6, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Osteoporosis and premature ovarian insufficiency: geographic variation in clinicians ’ and consumers’ knowledge gaps and barriers to care
AbstractPurposeTo determine whether geographic variation exists in osteoporosis knowledge, management, and barriers to care in the setting of premature ovarian insufficiency (POI), among general practitioners (GPs) and women with POI.MethodsAustralian GPs completed an online questionnaire regarding osteoporosis knowledge, barriers to care and educational preferences for managing osteoporosis in POI. Women with POI/early menopause (EM) completed an online questionnaire regarding osteoporosis knowledge, risk factors and health beliefs. Clinicians and consumers in metropolitan areas were compared to those in rural areas.Resul...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 3, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Association between peptic ulcer disease and osteoporosis
(Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 3, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Quality of life after fragility fracture in the Russian Federation: results from the Russian arm of the International Cost and Utility Related to Osteoporotic Fractures Study (ICUROS)
ConclusionsFractures of the hip, vertebral, distal forearm, ankle, and proximal humerus incur substantial loss of QoL in Russia. The utility values derived from this study can be used in future economic evaluations. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 2, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its predictors in the Portuguese population: a nationwide population-based study
AbstractSummaryVitamin D deficiency is prevalent worldwide, but its prevalence is unknown in adult Portuguese population. In Portugal, 66% of adults present Vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency. Winter, living in Azores, older age, and obesity were the most important risk factors. It highlights the need of strategies to prevent vitamin D deficiency in Portugal.ObjectiveTo estimate the prevalence and risk factors of vitamin D deficiency in the adult Portuguese population.MethodsAdults ( ≥ 18 years old) from the EpiReumaPt Study (2011–2013) were included. Standardized questionnaires on socio-demographic an...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 2, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Diagnosis and management of vitamin D deficiency in the Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC) countries: an expert consensus summary statement from the GCC vitamin D advisory board
ConclusionSeveral gaps were identified before regional guidelines could be developed. These include adequacy and standardization of vitamin D testing, frequency of repeated testing and reference ranges, distinguishing prevention from the treatment of vitamin D deficiency, quality assurance of vitamin D products sold within GCC including contents and origins of products, and cut-points for vitamin D levels in local populations. A platform is created that can be further developed for overall regional implementation. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 2, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Survival analysis of patients with hip fracture, Shiraz, Iran
ConclusionThis study showed that women are more likely to have hip fractures, but mortality among men is more observable. Alzheimer ’s disease, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases were considered as risk factors, while patients who were female and those who lived with the family member or in nursing homes had better survival. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 2, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

A systematic review of the Irish osteoporotic vertebral fracture literature
ConclusionsSeveral studies show that VF are common when addressed systematically and the prevalence may be rising. However, there is a deficit of large studies systematically addressing the epidemiology and their importance in Ireland. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 2, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Osteoporosis screening using computed tomography for men with prostate cancer: results of a prospective study
AbstractSummaryWe performed a prospective study using both FRAX and computed tomography to screen for osteoporosis in men undergoing radiation for prostate cancer. We found that implementing routine computed tomography (CT)-based screening was feasible in the setting of a prospective study, but the yield of osteoporosis identification was low in this population.PurposeMen with prostate cancer (PCa) are at increased risk of hip fracture for multiple reasons. Estimation of hip fracture risk with the FRAX tool is currently recommended, but FRAX alone may not identify a portion of men with osteoporosis. We hypothesized that ad...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 29, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Prevalence of osteoporosis and its associated factors among postmenopausal women in Kiambu County, Kenya: a household survey
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of osteoporosis among postmenopausal women in a Kenyan periurban population.MethodsThis community-based cross-sectional survey involving 254 postmenopausal African women in Kiambu County, Kenya, was carried out between October 2017 and February 2018. Multi-stage random sampling approach was adopted where households were selected after sampling sub-counties and enumeration areas. A structured questionnaire was administered and physical examination done on recruited participants by the principal investigator and research assistants. Weight and...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 28, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Epidemiology of osteoporotic fracture in Kazakhstan and development of a country specific FRAX model
ConclusionThe FRAX model should enhance accuracy of determining fracture probability among the Kazakh population and help guide decisions about treatment. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 27, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Effects of smoking habit change on hospitalized fractures: a retrospective cohort study in a male population
ConclusionsLonger time since smoking cessation in men may lead to decreased risk for fractures, especially lumbar and other site fractures. Physicians should counsel patients at risk for fractures both to quit smoking and to maintain abstinence from smoking. Further studies may be required to help comprehend how smoking cessation can affect fracture risk. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 27, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Epidemiology of hip fractures in Bulgaria: development of a country-specific FRAX model
ConclusionThe FRAX model should enhance accuracy of determining fracture probability among the Bulgarian population and help guide decisions about treatment. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 27, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Development and efficacy of a computerized decision support system for osteoporosis management in the community
AbstractSummaryComputerized alerts for primary care physicians, provided during visits of patients who met treatment guidelines based on their electronic medical records, are an efficient method to raise awareness to many otherwise missed cases, especially after fracture.PurposeMeasure the efficacy of an automated real-time alert which was developed to assist osteoporosis management in the community.MethodsThe study population included treatment na ïve patients with T-score ≤ − 2.5 or hip or vertebral fracture in a 2 million member Israeli health fund. On each ambulatory visit to a primar...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 26, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Effects of age and sex on osteocalcin and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase —reference intervals and confounders for two bone formation markers
AbstractSummaryBone formation markers bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin are used in many clinical situations. Therefore, we calculated reference intervals for the two markers and investigated how they are influenced by several factors including sex and age. Furthermore, we established clinically relevant reference intervals for the two markers.ObjectiveThe bone turnover markers (BTMs), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (bone ALP), and osteocalcin (OC), are frequently measured formation markers. The purpose of this study was to establish reference intervals (RIs) for the two BTMs in a general adult Danish ...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 24, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Vertebral fracture assessment by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry along with bone mineral density in the evaluation of postmenopausal osteoporosis
ConclusionVF was seen in more than two-thirds of the postmenopausal women referred for osteoporosis evaluation. VFA identified additional patients with VF whose BMD was not in the osteoporotic range. Incorporation of VFA to BMD will assist in documenting prevalent vertebral fracture which is an independent risk factor for incident fragility fracture irrespective of the BMD. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 24, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Calcium intake in an adult Ukrainian population
AbstractSummaryThis is a first large epidemiological study of calcium intake in Ukrainian population. The data from 1518 outpatient subjects aged 20 –89 years old showed that the mean level of calcium intake composed 615.6 mg/day (735.4 mg/day in males and 565.6 mg/day in females, p 
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 23, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Impact of changes in fat mass and lean soft tissue on bone mineral density accrual in adolescents engaged in different sports: ABCD Growth Study
ConclusionsChanges in LST were the most relevant determinant of BMD accrual in the lower limbs, mainly among adolescents engaged in sports. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 23, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Cumulative network meta-analyses, practice guidelines, and actual prescriptions for postmenopausal osteoporosis: a meta-epidemiological study
ConclusionsIn postmenopausal osteoporosis, there was no apparent discrepancy between guideline recommendations and drug prescribing rankings, with the exception of vDCa, when we used cumulative NMAs as references. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 23, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Associations between bone mineral density and coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies
ConclusionsLow BMD was not associated with the prevalence of CAD. Without age adjustment, the BMD of CADs is significantly lower than that of non-CADs, and the patients with lower BMD are inclined to more severe coronary artery lesions. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 23, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

What is a reasonable rate for specific osteoporosis drug therapy in older fragility fracture patients?
AbstractBackgroundOsteoporosis is the most common condition contributing to 95% of fractures in older patients hospitalized for fracture treatment. Despite the significant impact of fragility fractures on patient morbidity and mortality, efforts in optimizing osteoporotic treatment and prevention remain inadequate. In contrast, in patients with limited life expectancy, withholding specific osteoporosis drug treatment appears reasonable. The threshold between under- and overtreatment is still unclear.MethodsIn 2016, we implemented a fracture liaison service (FLS) for 18  months to improve the quality of osteoporosis ca...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

‘Nonagenarians’ with a hip fracture: is a different orthogeriatric treatment strategy necessary?
ConclusionNonagenarians differ from patients aged 70 –79 and 80–89 years in baseline characteristics, complication and mortality rates. Differences increased gradually with age. The results of this study can be used, in combination with the Almelo Hip Fracture Score, to deliver efficiently targeted orthogeriatric treatment to the right patient gr oup. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Low-dose and sparse sampling MDCT-based femoral bone strength prediction using finite element analysis
ConclusionOur simulations indicate that up to 50% reduction in radiation dose through sparse sampling can be used for FE-based prediction of femoral failure load. Sparse-sampled MDCT may allow fracture risk prediction and treatment monitoring in osteoporosis with less radiation exposure in the future. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Correlation of bone mineral density with MRI T2* values in quantitative analysis of lumbar osteoporosis
AbstractSummaryWe found that the MRI T2* value is moderately negatively correlated with the bone mineral density assessed with quantitative computed tomography in evaluating osteoporosis in postmenopausal women and may have some potential in assessing severity of lumbar osteoporosis for scientific research.PurposeTo investigate the T2* quantitative measurement in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its correlation with the bone mineral density (BMD) values evaluated with quantitative computed tomography (QCT) in women with postmenopausal lumbar vertebrae osteoporosis.Materials and methodsEighty-seven postmenopausal women ...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Distal radius bone microarchitecture: what are the differences between age 25 and old age?
This study reported that the transitional zones in older adults were enlarged at the expense of the compact-appearing cortex with a greater porosity in all cortical sub-compartments. The magnitude of differences in areal and volumetric bone mineral density (aBMD, vBMD) between older and younger groups was similar.IntroductionAging is strongly associated with bone loss, but little is known about magnitudes of differences in bone microarchitectures, aBMD, and vBMD from peak bone mass (PBM) to senescence. We aimed to describe differences in aBMD, vBMD, and bone microarchitecture parameters at the distal radius between older a...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The one-year mortality rate in elderly patients with osteoporotic fractures of the pelvis
AbstractSummaryOsteoporosis is a common condition for elderly people. The incidence of osteoporotic pelvic fractures has been increasing. Osteoporotic pelvic fractures are associated with increased mortality rates. Based on the aim of our study, we found out that one-year mortality rate after a pelvic fracture is high and depends on the fracture type.PurposeThe aim of this study was to determine the one-year mortality rate in patients aged 65+ with osteoporotic pelvic fractures depending on the type of fracture according to AO/OTA classification.MethodsPatients aged 65+ with pelvic insufficiency fractures admitted to a sin...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Management of hospitalised osteoporotic vertebral fractures
ConclusionClinical care pathways for the hospitalised VFF population lack standardisation in Ireland. Key challenges reported by orthopaedic doctors and physiotherapists relate to pain management, osteoporosis medication prescription, clarity on indications for bracing and a lack of fracture liaison services. Clinical guidelines, defined clinical care pathways and high-quality clinical research trials are required for VFF management. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Epidemiology of osteoporotic fracture in Moldova and development of a country-specific FRAX model
ConclusionThe FRAX model should enhance accuracy of determining fracture probability among the Moldavan population and help guide decisions about treatment. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 28, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Burden of illness of hip fractures in elderly Dutch patients
ConclusionsHip fractures lead to a burden to patients, resulting from mortality and health-related quality of life reductions, and to society, due to (healthcare) costs. The results of this study can be used in future economic evaluations. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 3, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Experience gained from the implementation of the fracture liaison service in Greece
ConclusionThe participation rate remains low and needs improvement. However, we report herein that whenever the treating physician is involved in the FLS structure, patients are more easily convinced to complete the program, to receive anti-osteoporotic treatment, and to stay connected throughout with the outpatient clinic. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 3, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Association between osteoporotic femoral neck fractures and DXA-derived 3D measurements at lumbar spine: a case-control study
ConclusionThis study showed the association of DXA-derived measurements at lumbar spine with transcervical hip fractures. A strong association between vBMD at the posterior vertebral elements and transcervical hip fractures was observed, probably because of global deterioration of the cortical bone. Further studies should be carried out to investigate on the relative risk of transcervical fracture in patients with long-term cortical structural deterioration. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 3, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

A risk factor associated with subsequent new vertebral compression fracture after conservative therapy for patients with vertebral compression fracture: a retrospective observational study
ConclusionsConservative therapies focused on lumbar BMD, functional recovery and pain relief in the acute period may be useful in preventing subsequent VCF. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 3, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

No impact of anti-Rank ligand and PTH analogs on cardiovascular risk in postmenopausal osteoporosis: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsThe anti-Rank ligand and PTH analogs have no impact on cardiovascular risk and overall mortality in idiopathic osteoporosis. To better answer the question whether these treatments can reduce the long-term cardiovascular risk, further comparative studies with longer duration are required. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 3, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Second rebound-associated vertebral fractures after denosumab discontinuation
AbstractSummaryHere, we report the case of a 69-year-old female who discontinued denosumab to undergo dental treatment. She subsequently suffered rebound-associated vertebral fractures (RVFs) twice. Denosumab is approved in several countries for osteoporosis treatment. Its discontinuation can result in bone turnover rebound increase and rapid bone mineral density loss. Rebound-associated vertebral fractures (RVFs) after discontinuing denosumab have been widely reported. We previously reported the case of a patient who suffered RVFs after discontinuing denosumab to undergo dental treatment. A 69-year-old female suffered fiv...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 2, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Common errors in dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans in imaging centers in Ecuador
ConclusionsDXA quality standards exist but are often not implemented in clinical practice. When studies are performed incorrectly, it can lead to important errors in diagnosis and therapy. Physicians interested in the management of osteoporosis, although not directly involved in the performance and interpretation of DXA, should be familiar with the protocols to minimize errors and allow the proper use of bone densitometry. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 2, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research