Evaluation of the validity of osteoporosis and fracture risk assessment tools (IOF One Minute Test, SCORE, and FRAX) in postmenopausal Palestinian women
ConclusionsSimple self-assessment tools like FRAX without BMD, SCORE, and the IOF One Minute Tests were valid for predicting Palestinian postmenopausal women at high risk of developing osteoporosis. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 24, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Comparing self-perceived and estimated fracture risk by FRAX ® of women with osteoporosis
ConclusionsHungarian OP patients fail to recognize most of the risk factors of fractures. Thus, education of patients about these risk factors would be beneficial especially for the elderly with a low femoral T-score and parental hip fracture history. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 21, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Evaluation of the first fracture liaison service in the Greek healthcare setting
ConclusionsWe report the first implementation of FLS in the Greek healthcare setting. The participation rate is moderate and definitely needs improvement. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 21, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Vitamin D status correction in Saudi Arabia: an experts ’ consensus under the auspices of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis, and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO)
ConclusionVitamin D supplementation/correction is advised in all persons whose serum 25(OH)D falls below 50 nmol/l (20 ng/ml), and achieving a target of 75 nmol/l (30 ng/ml) is particularly suited for frail, osteoporotic, and older patients. Conducting well-designed clinical trials in the region that will address economic implications and investigations on the treatment persistence and compliance to vitamin D treatment in the region are encouraged. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 21, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Evaluation of sarcopenia in patients with distal radius fractures
ConclusionsSarcopenia is more prevalent in patients with DRF than in age- and sex-matched controls. Lower appendicular mass in men, weaker grip strength, and lower hip BMD in both men and women increase the likelihood of DRF. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 21, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Orthopedic surgeons ’ attitudes to osteoporosis investigation and management after minimal trauma fracture (MTF)
ConclusionsThis study shows that many rural orthopedic surgeons believe that follow-up in regard to osteoporosis after MTF is important, that responsibility for follow-up diagnosis and management of osteoporosis lies with primary health care and the current communication systems are poor. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 21, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Fracture incidence rates in Norwegian children, The Troms ø Study, Fit Futures
ConclusionsThe overall incidence of fractures in childhood in Northern Norway corresponds with other reports from Scandinavia, although the proportion of fractures in girls is higher than in other studies. Both sexes seem especially vulnerable at stages related to sexual maturation. Whether this reflects bone vulnerability or other changes related to puberty requires further investigation. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 8, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Bone mineral content and areal density, but not bone area, predict an incident fracture risk: a comparative study in a UK prospective cohort
ConclusionsIn conclusion, BMC and aBMD appear to predict incident fracture with similar HR/SD, even after adjustment for body size. In contrast, BA only weakly predicted the future fracture. These findings support the use of DXA aBMD in fracture risk assessment, but also suggest that factors which specifically influence BMC will have a relevance to the risk of the incident fracture. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 3, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Patient factors associated with increased acute care costs of hip fractures: a detailed analysis of 402 patients
ConclusionHip fractures are associated with high acute care costs. This study underlines the necessity of sophisticated risk-adjusted payment models based on specific patient factors. Economic aspects should be an integral part of future hip fracture research due to limited health care resources. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - November 4, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Unmet needs and current and future approaches for osteoporotic patients at high risk of hip fracture
ConclusionPreventive surgical intervention needs to be appraised for osteoporotic patients at imminent and/or at very high risk of hip fracture. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - October 31, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Bone mineral density in children with acute leukemia and its associated factors in Iran: a case-control study
AbstractSummaryAcute leukemia is the most common malignancy in children. We showed that low bone mass is prevalent among children with leukemia, especially in femur. Serum calcium, exercise, chemotherapy protocol, and radiotherapy are the main contributing factors. We suggest that early diagnosis and treatment of this problem could improve bone health in them.IntroductionAcute leukemia is the most common malignancy in children and has been reported to be associated with low bone mass. Due to lack of sufficient data about the bone mineral density of children with leukemia in the Middle East, and inconsistencies between poss...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - October 26, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Excess mortality of 1  year in elderly hip fracture patients compared with the general population in Beijing, China
ConclusionCompared with the control population, hip fractures caused approximately twofold excess mortality rate during 1  year 2014 for elderly citizens in Beijing. Future studies are needed to explore the actual mechanism to design the most effective strategies for optimizing recovery from hip fracture. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - October 26, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Effects of acupuncture on quality of life and pain in patients with osteoporosis —a pilot randomized controlled trial
ConclusionsBoth types of acupuncture were equally effective in producing sustained, clinically relevant pain relief in patients with osteoporosis. Verum acupuncture had stronger and longer-lasting effects on quality of life and pain at rest. The possible reasons for these findings include the specificity of acupuncture point selection and the performance of needle stimulation. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - October 20, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

A qualitative systematic review of patients ’ experience of osteoporosis using meta-ethnography
ConclusionsOur synthesis has highlighted the wealth of qualitative data about osteoporosis and osteopenia. Despite the increasing body of literature on the subject, there remains a need to adjust our interactions with patients. This will allow clinicians to understand how patients can be helped to receive and understand their diagnosis and move forward in partnership with healthcare providers to promote optimal management of the disease. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - October 13, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Different aetiologies in male and female osteoporosis in Northern Ireland
(Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - October 8, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Utilization of osteoporosis medication after a fragility fracture among elderly Medicare beneficiaries
AbstractSummaryOsteoporosis medications are recommended for elderly patients after a fragility fracture. However, we found substantial under-treatment in the post-fracture year, especially among patients who had not previously received such medications. Improved treatment of elderly patients experiencing fragility fractures is needed.IntroductionOsteoporosis medications are recommended for elderly patients after a fragility fracture, but under-treatment is common. We determined osteoporosis medication use after fragility fractures and examined associated factors.MethodsOur cohort included elderly (age ≥66 years) Me...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - September 30, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The effect of hyperglycaemia on osseointegration: a review of animal models of diabetes mellitus and titanium implant placement
ConclusionsTherefore, the review suggests that the study population needs to be broadened to include both T1DM and T2DM models, older rats as well as young rats, and importantly animals from both sexes to reflect more accurately clinical practice. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - September 16, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Utilization and cost of anti-osteoporosis therapy among US Medicare beneficiaries
AbstractSummaryThere is a strong impetus to prevent and treat osteoporosis to prevent fractures. $990 million dollars was spent on anti-osteoporosis drugs in 2013. As we shift our focus on primary prevention of fractures, providers are encouraged to find the most cost-effective anti-osteoporosis therapy for patients.PurposeOsteoporosis is a major global problem with osteoporotic fractures posing a potentially avoidable burden on healthcare resources. We studied the utilization and cost of anti-osteoporotic therapy using the 2013 Medicare Part D data.MethodsDescriptive data were produced from Microsoft Excel and SPSS regard...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - August 30, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Predicting imminent risk for fracture in patients aged 50 or older with osteoporosis using US claims data
ConclusionsIn patients with osteoporosis and no recent fracture, falls, older age, poorer health status, comorbidities, and other potential fall risk factors were predictive of imminent risk for fracture. Identification of factors associated with imminent risk for vertebral/nonvertebral fracture may help identify and risk stratify those patients most in need of immediate and appropriate treatment to decrease fracture risk. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 30, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

A systematic review of intervention thresholds based on FRAX
Conclusion The use of FRAX (fixed or age-dependent thresholds) as the gateway to assessment identifies individuals at high risk more effectively than the use of BMD. However, the setting of intervention thresholds needs to be country-specific. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 27, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Vitamin D status in healthy Moroccan men and women aged 50  years and older: a cross-sectional study
Conclusions Despite a sunny environment, we found in this study a high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D (insufficiency  + deficiency) in Moroccan men over 50 years old and postmenopausal women. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 5, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Vitamin D status in healthy Moroccan men and women aged 50 years and older: a cross-sectional study
Conclusions Despite a sunny environment, we found in this study a high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D (insufficiency + deficiency) in Moroccan men over 50 years old and postmenopausal women. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - July 5, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The National Osteoporosis Foundation ’s methods and processes for developing position statements
Abstract Summary The methods and processes described in this manuscript have been approved and adopted by the NOF Board of Trustees on November 11, 2015. This manuscript has been peer-reviewed by the NOF Research Committee and Osteoporosis International . The National Osteoporosis Foundation frequently publishes position statements for the benefit of educating healthcare professionals and the general public on a particular issue and/or concern related to preventing osteoporosis and/or promoting strong bones throughout the lifespan. This manuscript represents the official methods and processes adopted by the NOF Board o...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 26, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The National Osteoporosis Foundation’s methods and processes for developing position statements
Abstract Summary The methods and processes described in this manuscript have been approved and adopted by the NOF Board of Trustees on November 11, 2015. This manuscript has been peer-reviewed by the NOF Research Committee and Osteoporosis International. The National Osteoporosis Foundation frequently publishes position statements for the benefit of educating healthcare professionals and the general public on a particular issue and/or concern related to preventing osteoporosis and/or promoting strong bones throughout the lifespan. This manuscript represen...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 26, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

In memoriam: Silvano Adami
(Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - May 9, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Patient-reported barriers to osteoporosis therapy
Abstract Summary We investigated reasons for non-treatment of osteoporosis and discontinuation of osteoporosis therapy. Barriers to treatment include patients’ preference for alternative treatments and a fear of possible side effects. Side effects are a common reason for treatment discontinuation, and they may be associated with a lack of willingness to restart treatment. Purpose/introduction Osteoporosis patients commonly cite treatment-related side effects, or the fear thereof, as a reason for discontinuing or not initiating anti-osteoporo...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 29, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Vitamin D status and parathyroid hormone levels in relation to bone mineral density in apparently healthy Syrian adults
Abstract Summary Vitamin D deficiency was highly prevalent in this study. More than half of the participants with vitamin D level less than 5 ng/mL had secondary hyperparathyroidism, which implicated a major bone health concern. After adjustment for potential predictors, parathyroid hormone (PTH) explained about 3 % of the variance in total hip bone mineral density (BMD). Purpose Bone mineral density (BMD) is known to be influenced by serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels. The relationship between ...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 28, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Correlation between osteoporotic fracture risk in Brazilian postmenopausal women calculated using the FRAX with and without the inclusion of bone densitometry data
Conclusion The correlation found for the FRAX-Brazil score obtained with and without the inclusion of BMD values was good for the risk of a major osteoporosis fracture and moderate for the risk of a hip fracture. The fracture risk calculated was similar in this population irrespective of whether or not BMD values were included in the algorithm. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 11, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Vitamin D status and bone mineral density in the Chinese population: a review
Conclusion The evidence for a relationship between the serum 25(OH)D concentration and BMD in the middle-aged and elderly Chinese population living in Asia appears to be limited and inconsistent. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 30, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Vitamin D deficiency: knowledge and practices among the adult population in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Conclusion The majority of the adults demonstrated significant lack of knowledge and poor practices towards vitamin D and its deficiency. Therefore, attempts to increase the awareness about this issue are required through establishing educational campaigns targeting the general public in Sharjah, UAE. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 30, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Time trends in hospital stay after hip fracture in Canada, 2004–2012: database study
Conclusions Hospital stay following hip fracture shortened substantially between 2004 and 2012 in Canada, mostly due to shortening of postoperative stays. Shorter hospital stays may reflect changes in bed management protocols rather than in access policy. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 7, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Time trends in hospital stay after hip fracture in Canada, 2004 –2012: database study
Conclusions Hospital stay following hip fracture shortened substantially between 2004 and 2012 in Canada, mostly due to shortening of postoperative stays. Shorter hospital stays may reflect changes in bed management protocols rather than in access policy. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - March 7, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

High prevalence of secondary factors for bone fragility in patients with a recent fracture independently of BMD
Conclusions Our findings demonstrate a high prevalence of secondary factors for bone fragility in patients who have sustained a recent fracture, independently of BMD. The significant number of documented factors, which were treatable, suggest that patients who sustained a fracture should be screened for secondary factors for bone fragility regardless of BMD values to optimise secondary fracture prevention. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 23, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Urban–rural differences in the uptake of new oral bisphosphonate formulations
Conclusion We identified significantly slower uptake and lower proportions of new formulations dispensed in rural regions compared to urban regions. Further research examining regional differences in outcomes may demonstrate whether urban–rural differences in prescribing translate into health disparities between regions. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 8, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Urban –rural differences in the uptake of new oral bisphosphonate formulations
Conclusion We identified significantly slower uptake and lower proportions of new formulations dispensed in rural regions compared to urban regions. Further research examining regional differences in outcomes may demonstrate whether urban –rural differences in prescribing translate into health disparities between regions. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 8, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Differences in the trajectory of bone mineral density change measured at the total hip and femoral neck between men and women following hip fracture
Conclusions There is evidence of significant BMD loss among men at the FN in the year after hip fracture. Although not statistically greater than women, these clinically significant findings highlight the need for improved osteoporosis care among men prior to and after hip fracture. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 4, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Evaluation of osteoporosis risk and initiation of a nurse practitioner intervention program in an orthopedic practice
Conclusion After patient education and referral to endocrinology, significantly more patients began calcium and vitamin D supplementation. However, up to 50 % of patients with osteoporosis would not complete follow-up visits and/or did not adhere to treatment recommendations for osteoporosis. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - February 4, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Forearm fractures in Central Norway, 1999–2012: incidence, time trends, and seasonal variation
Conclusions The incidence rate of forearm fractures in Central Norway was high. However, a small decline in the incidence of the first fracture among women older than 50 years was observed. Fractures were more often sustained during winter months among women. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 18, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Bilateral non-traumatic hip fractures in a heavy smoker COPD patient on inhaled steroids
Conclusion History of COPD with corticosteroid use may be used as a diagnostic tool to identify patients having osteoporosis. Preventive measures can be performed by monitoring high-risk patients with bone mineral densitometry, WHO fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX tool), serum calcium, and vitamin D levels to prevent bone fractures. Treating those patients with the lowest effective dose of corticosteroids should be targeted. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 18, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Forearm fractures in Central Norway, 1999 –2012: incidence, time trends, and seasonal variation
Conclusions The incidence rate of forearm fractures in Central Norway was high. However, a small decline in the incidence of the first fracture among women older than 50  years was observed. Fractures were more often sustained during winter months among women. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 18, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Quality assessment of osteoporosis clinical practice guidelines for physical activity and safe movement: an AGREE II appraisal
Conclusions There were several high-quality CPGs; however, variability in quality and lack of specific parameters for implementation necessitates caution and critical examination by readers. CPG development groups should pay special attention to the clinical applicability of their CPGs as well as fully disclosing conflicts of interest. CPGs were in general an agreement regarding safe physical activity and safe movement recommendations. However, recommendations were often vague and the more specific recommendations were inconsistent between CPGs. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 13, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Establishment of TBS reference plots and correlation between TBS and BMD in healthy mainland Chinese women
Conclusions This study suggested that TBS decreased with age and correlated positively with BMD. The TBS reference of Chinese women is similar with those of French and US Caucasian women but higher than that of Japanese women. Furthermore, the TBS may be more significantly applied in women in menopause for less than 10 years. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 11, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Vitamin D deficiency in patients admitted to the general ward with breast, lung, and colorectal cancer in Buenos Aires, Argentina
Abstract Summary A high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D has been reported in cancer patients. Low levels of 25-(OH)-vitamin D were found in 158 of 162 (97.5 %) inpatients with breast, lung, and colorectal cancer under active treatment, with severe deficiency (30 ng/ml), mild deficiency (20–30 ng/ml), and severe deficiency (
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - January 5, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Accumulation of risk factors associated with poor bone health in older adults
Conclusion Clustering of risk factors for poor bone health is common in community-dwelling older adults and is associated with increased risk of fracture and adverse bone health in women. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 22, 2015 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Normative data for calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation among children and adolescents from Colombia: the FUPRECOL Study
Conclusions For the first time, our results provide sex- and age-specific BUA reference values for Colombian children and adolescents aged 9–17.9 years. A more specific set of reference values is useful for clinicians and researchers and informs clinical practice to monitor bone mineral status. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 21, 2015 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Chronic widespread bodily pain is increased among individuals with history of fracture: findings from UK Biobank
Abstract Summary In this cross-sectional analysis of the UK Biobank cohort, a history of fracture was associated with increased risk of current widespread chronic pain. Purpose/Introduction We aimed to test the hypothesis that a history of fracture is associated with reporting chronic widespread bodily pain (CWBP), using baseline data from the UK Biobank cohort, comprising 502,656 people aged 40–69 years. Methods The case definition of current chronic widespread bodily...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 17, 2015 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Age-related fragility fracture: insights from the natural homeostatic system in the skeleton
(Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - December 1, 2015 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The risk factors for fractures and trabecular bone-score value in patients with endogenous Cushing’s syndrome
Conclusions Young patients with CS have a low TBS. However, the only predictor of low traumatic fracture is the severity of the disease itself, indicated by high 24hUFC levels. (Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - November 25, 2015 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Different outcomes of meta-analyses and data inconsistency: response to comments by Pfeifer
(Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - November 24, 2015 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Randomized controlled clinical trials and meta-analyses
(Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery)
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - November 24, 2015 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research