The impact of environmental, parental and child factors on health-related behaviors among low-income children.
This study examined the simultaneous impact of variables obtained at the level of the home environment (e.g., mealtime ritualization), parent (e.g., modeling) and child (e.g., satiety responsiveness) with the outcomes of practicing healthy and limiting unhealthy child behaviors (PHCB and LUCB, respectively) in a low-income U.S. SAMPLE: This was a cross sectional study of caregivers of preschool children (n = 432). Caregivers were interviewed using validated scales. Structural equation modeling was used to examine associations with the outcomes. Adjusting for study region, demographics and caregiver's body ma...
Source: Appetite - January 31, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Musaad SM, Speirs KE, Hayes JT, Mobley AR, Fitzgerald N, Jones BL, VanBrackle A, Sigman-Grant M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Young adults' use of emotional food memories to build resilience.
on F Abstract The overall aim of this study is to specifically investigate how young adults make use of emotional-relational food memories related to "significant others" during childhood when trying to build resilience and solve developmental tasks in this period of life. A theoretical sample of three semi-structured interviews drawn from a larger sample of 30 interviews with young adults in Sweden formed the basis for analysis, guided by the steps of a phenomenologically oriented critical narrative analysis. The results illustrate three different overall directions in how the relationship to food can e...
Source: Appetite - January 31, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: von Essen E, Mårtensson F Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Diet and public health campaigns: Implementation and appropriation of nutritional recommendations in France and Luxembourg.
ier F Abstract Based on two surveys - a French and a Luxembourgish one - with in-depth-interviews, this article examines the implementation of nutritional recommendations in two European countries. Each of them has promoted at governmental level a public health campaign regarding food consumption and daily diet. In which way - and by which social categories - are the recommendations taken in and put into practice, and if so, which appropriation processes and interpretations occur? Do the social, societal and cultural differences between Luxembourg and France (as well as within them), in terms of standard of living...
Source: Appetite - January 30, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Reckinger R, Régnier F Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The changing meaning of eating out in three English cities 1995-2015.
We describe the consequences for popular understanding of the social significance of eating out in 2015, its informalisation and normalisation. PMID: 28153702 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - January 30, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Paddock J, Warde A, Whillans J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Overweight in adolescent, psychiatric inpatients: A problem of general or food-specific impulsivity?
Abstract Adolescent psychiatric patients are vulnerable to weight problems and show an overrepresentation of overweight compared to the healthy population. One potential factor that can contribute to the etiology of overweight is higher impulsivity. As of yet, it is unclear whether it is a general impulse control deficit or weight-related aspects such as lower impulse control in response to food that have an impact on body weight. As this may have therapeutic implications, the current study investigated differences between overweight and non-overweight adolescent psychiatric inpatients (N = 98; aged 12-2...
Source: Appetite - January 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Deux N, Schlarb AA, Martin F, Holtmann M, Hebebrand J, Legenbauer T Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Deciphering the consumer behaviour facets of functional foods: A literature review.
Abstract This paper presents a systematic literature review of studies investigating various facets of consumer behaviour towards functional foods. It focuses on published international research on functional food attitude and behaviour from across the world. Research papers (n = 112) that were identified were coded in terms of study type, variables studied, product type, participant profile, research methodology and analysis details, as well as results and implications for future research. Results provide a systematic overview of the context in which behaviour towards functional foods have been examined...
Source: Appetite - January 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kaur N, Singh DP Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Volitional regulation of brain responses to food stimuli in overweight and obese subjects: a real-time fMRI feedback study.
d M Abstract Obese subjects who achieve weight loss show increased functional connectivity between dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) and ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), key areas of executive control and reward processing. We investigated the potential of real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rt-fMRI) neurofeedback training to achieve healthier food choices by enhancing self-control of the interplay between these brain areas. We trained eight male individuals with overweight or obesity (age: 31.8 ± 4.4 years, BMI: 29.4 ± 1.4 kg/m(2)) to up-regulate functional connectivity betw...
Source: Appetite - January 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Spetter MS, Malekshahi R, Birbaumer N, Lührs M, van der Veer AH, Scheffler K, Spuckti S, Preissl H, Veit R, Hallschmid M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Is it time to consider the "food use disorder?"
Is it time to consider the "food use disorder?" Appetite. 2017 Jan 24;: Authors: Nolan LJ Abstract In the contemporary milieu, the term "addiction" brings to mind issues of physical dependence, uncontrolled behavior, psychoactive substances, and disease. Thus, the use of the term "food addiction" which has become common in research on binge eating and obesity, suggests a disease state characterized by craving, compulsive eating and, possibly, the presence of food constituents with drug-like properties which weaken the will power to abstain from consumption. In this commen...
Source: Appetite - January 24, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nolan LJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The relative reinforcing value of sweet versus savory snack foods after consumption of sugar- or non-nutritive sweetened beverages.
Abstract The effects of sugar-sweetened (SSB) and non-nutritive sweetened (NSB) beverages on the regulation of appetite, energy intake and body weight regulation remain controversial. Using a behavioral choice paradigm, we sought to determine the effects of consuming a SSB or NSB on appetite and the reinforcing value of sweet relative to salty/savory snack foods. In a randomized crossover study, 21 healthy weight adults consumed 360 ml of SSB (sucrose; 31 g) or NSB (sucralose; 4 g) with a standardized meal. Hedonic ratings for the sweet and salty/savory snack foods used for the reinforcement task we...
Source: Appetite - January 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Casperson SL, Johnson L, Roemmich JN Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Does a 'protective' message reduce the impact of an advergame promoting unhealthy foods to children? An experimental study in Spain and the Netherlands.
This study examined whether incorporating a 'protective' message in an advergame promoting energy-dense snacks would reduce children's snack intake. A randomized between-subject design was conducted in the Netherlands (N = 215) and Spain (N = 382) with an advergame promoting either energy-dense snacks or nonfood products. The results showed that playing an advergame promoting energy-dense snacks increased caloric intake in both countries, irrespective of whether the 'protective' message was present or not. These results point to the limitations of 'protective' messages and advertising literacy and provi...
Source: Appetite - January 22, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Folkvord F, Lupiáñez-Villanueva F, Codagnone C, Bogliacino F, Veltri G, Gaskell G Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Exploring the efficacy of an acceptance, mindfulness & compassionate-based group intervention for women struggling with their weight (Kg-Free): A randomized controlled trial.
Exploring the efficacy of an acceptance, mindfulness & compassionate-based group intervention for women struggling with their weight (Kg-Free): A randomized controlled trial. Appetite. 2017 Jan 21;: Authors: Palmeira L, Pinto-Gouveia J, Cunha M Abstract This randomized-controlled trial aims to test the efficacy of a group intervention (Kg-Free) for women with overweight or obesity based on mindfulness, ACT and compassion approaches. The intervention aimed to reduce weight self-stigma and unhealthy eating patterns and increase quality-of-life (QoL). Seventy-three women, aged between 18 and 55 years...
Source: Appetite - January 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Palmeira L, Pinto-Gouveia J, Cunha M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Two novel candidate genes identified in adults from the Newfoundland population with addictive tendencies towards food.
Abstract Food addiction (FA) is a distinguished clinical feature affecting about 5% adults of the general population in Canada. FA contributes to obesity, however, the underlying genes in FA are largely unknown. The aim of the current study was to search for FA candidate genes using an exome sequencing followed by a verification study using the most significantly associated identified genes. From a total of 752 adults, 24 subjects were selected including 8 obese with high and 8 obese with low/zero FA clinical symptom score (FAO, NFO), and 8 healthy controls with normal BMI and low/zero FA symptom score (Ctrl). Exo...
Source: Appetite - January 20, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pedram P, Zhai G, Gulliver W, Zhang H, Sun G Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Portion size tells who I am, food type tells who you are: Specific functions of amount and type of food in same- and opposite-sex dyadic eating contexts.
Abstract Previous research has shown that women eating small portions of food (vs. eating big portions) are perceived as more feminine, whereas men eating large portions are perceived as more masculine. The specific type of food items have also been shown to carry connotations for gender stereotyping. In addition, matching the co-eater's food quantity is also a means to ingratiate him or her. Thus, a potential motivational conflict between gender identity expression and ingratiation arises when people eat in opposite-sex dyads. Scholars have, thus far, focused their attention on one of these two dimensions at a ti...
Source: Appetite - January 19, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cavazza N, Guidetti M, Butera F Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Responsiveness to healthy advertisements in adults: An experiment assessing beyond brand snack selection and the impact of restrained eating.
The objective of this study was to explore the impact of different advertising messages on adults' snack choice. Eighty participants (18-24 years old) were offered the choice between two snack packs following exposure to one of three advertising conditions. The snack packs contained either healthy or high fat, sugar or salt (HFSS) foods. Participants were exposed to commercials containing either non-food products, healthy food products or HFSS food products and their subsequent choice of snack pack was recorded. The Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (DEBQ) was used to assess the impact of external, restrained and emotio...
Source: Appetite - January 19, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dovey TM, Torab T, Yen D, Boyland EJ, Halford JC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Analysis of the economic structure of the eating-out sector: The case of Spain.
The objective of this article is to analyse the structure of the Spanish eating-out sector from an economic point of view, and more specifically, from the supply perspective. This aspect has been studied less than the demand side, almost certainly due to the gaps which exist in available official statistics in Spain, and which have been filled basically with consumer surveys. For this reason, focus is also placed on the economic relevance of the sector and attention is drawn to the serious shortcomings regarding official statistics in this domain, in contrast to the priority that hotel industry statistics have traditionall...
Source: Appetite - January 19, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Miragaya LC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Eating moderates the link between body mass index and perceived social connection.
Abstract Some studies have demonstrated that heavier people perceive themselves as lacking social connections, whereas others have not. The current study investigated whether eating alters the link between body mass index (BMI) and perceived social connection, providing one explanation for inconsistencies across previous studies. Participants were instructed to refrain from eating or drinking anything except water after 9 p.m. the prior night. Upon arrival at the lab, participants were assigned to the food (n = 63) or no food (n = 110) condition. They also provided a saliva sample that was assa...
Source: Appetite - January 18, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jaremka LM, Sunami N, Nadzan MA Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The unified model of vegetarian identity: A conceptual framework for understanding plant-based food choices.
Abstract By departing from social norms regarding food behaviors, vegetarians acquire membership in a distinct social group and can develop a salient vegetarian identity. However, vegetarian identities are diverse, multidimensional, and unique to each individual. Much research has identified fundamental psychological aspects of vegetarianism, and an identity framework that unifies these findings into common constructs and conceptually defines variables is needed. Integrating psychological theories of identity with research on food choices and vegetarianism, this paper proposes a conceptual model for studying veget...
Source: Appetite - January 18, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rosenfeld DL, Burrow AL Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Reward sensitivity and body weight: The intervening role of food responsive behavior and external eating.
CONCLUSIONS: These results highlight the importance of the focus on eating behaviors as well as trait characteristics in prevention programs for overweight. PMID: 28108344 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - January 17, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Vandeweghe L, Verbeken S, Vervoort L, Moens E, Braet C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Water, juice, or soda? Mothers and grandmothers of preschoolers discuss the acceptability and accessibility of beverages.
a P Abstract Intake of sugary beverages is strongly associated with weight gain and obesity among children; however, differences between mothers' and grandmothers' attitudes and practices concerning young children's beverage consumption remain unclear. This is notable since about a quarter of families in the US and the UK rely on grandparents as the main providers of informal childcare. The aim of this study is to examine mothers' and maternal grandmothers' attitudes, knowledge, and practices regarding preschool-age children's beverage consumption. The analysis focuses on identifying intergenerational similarities...
Source: Appetite - January 12, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Eli K, Hörnell A, Etminan Malek M, Nowicka P Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food portion size area mediates energy effects on expected anxiety in anorexia nervosa.
Abstract A study in which adolescent patients with anorexia nervosa (n = 24) rated their expected food-anxiety in response to images of portions of food (potatoes, rice pizza, and M&Ms) showed that lower energy-dense foods elicited higher expected anxiety per kilocalorie than higher energy-dense foods. However, the area of the portion sizes could be an unmeasured variable driving the anxiety response. To test the hypothesis that area mediates the effects of energy content on expected anxiety, the same images of portions were measured in area (cm(2)), and standardized values of expected anxiety were r...
Source: Appetite - January 12, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Herzog M, Douglas CR, Kissileff HR, Brunstrom JM, Halmi K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Sensory-specific satiety is intact in rats made obese on a high-fat high-sugar choice diet.
Abstract Sensory-specific satiety (SSS) is the temporary decreased pleasantness of a recently eaten food, which inhibits further eating. Evidence is currently mixed whether SSS is weaker in obese people, and whether such difference precedes or follows from the obese state. Animal models allow testing whether diet-induced obesity causes SSS impairment. Female rats (n = 24) were randomly assigned to an obesogenic high-fat, high-sugar choice diet or chow-only control. Tests of SSS involved pre-feeding a single palatable, distinctively-flavored food (cheese- or cocoa-flavored) prior to free choice between bo...
Source: Appetite - January 12, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Myers KP Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Trends in wild food plants uses in Gorbeialdea(Basque Country).
ía V Abstract Despite wild food plants' potential nutritional and economic value, their knowledge and consumption is quickly decreasing throughout the world. We examine how the consideration that a wild plant use is within the cultural tradition of a given area relates to its consumption by analysing 1) current perception and 2) past and present use of six wild plants' food-uses, of which only three are locally perceived as being part of the local tradition. Research was conducted in Gorbeialdea, an area in the Basque Country with a clearly marked Basque identity opposed to the Spanish identity. Overall, th...
Source: Appetite - January 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Menendez-Baceta G, Pardo-de-Santayana M, Aceituno-Mata L, Tardío J, Reyes-García V Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Multidimensional Assessment of Impulsivity in Relation to Obesity and Food Addiction.
This study sought to clarify relations between three major domains of impulsivity (i.e., impulsive personality traits, discounting of delayed rewards, and behavioral inhibition) in both obesity and food addiction. Based on the association between impulsivity and compulsive drug use, the general hypothesis was that the impulsivity-food addiction relation would be stronger than and responsible for the impulsivity-obesity relation. Using a cross-sectional dimensional design, participants (N = 181; 32% obese) completed a biometric assessment, the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scales, a Go/NoGo...
Source: Appetite - January 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: VanderBroek-Stice L, Stojek MK, Beach SR, vanDellen MR, MacKillop J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The influence of calorie and physical activity labelling on snack and beverage choices.
This study aimed to assess the impact of physical activity based and kilocalorie (Kcal) based labels on the energy content of snack food and beverage choices made. METHODS: An independent-groups design, utilizing an online questionnaire platform tested 458 UK adults (87 men), aged 18-64 years (mean: 30 years) whose BMI ranged from 16 to 41 kg/m(2) (mean: 24 kg/m(2)). Participants were randomized to one of four label information conditions (no label, Kcal label, physical activity label [duration of walking required to burn the Kcal in the product], Kcal and physical activity label) and were asked to choose fr...
Source: Appetite - January 9, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Masic U, Christiansen P, Boyland EJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Multicontextual correlates of energy-dense, nutrient-poor snack food consumption by adolescents.
This study was designed to inform strategies for reducing adolescent intake of energy-dense snack foods by identifying individual and environmental influences. Surveys were completed in 2009-2010 by 2540 adolescents (54% females, mean age = 14.5 ± 2.0, 80% nonwhite) in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota schools. Daily servings of energy-dense snack food was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire that asked about consumption of 21 common snack food items, such as potato chips, cookies, and candy. Data representing characteristics of adolescents' environments were collected from parents/caregiv...
Source: Appetite - January 9, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Larson N, Miller JM, Eisenberg ME, Watts AW, Story M, Neumark-Sztainer D Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Impulsivity and test meal intake among women with bulimia nervosa.
Abstract Many patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) also meet criteria for a lifetime alcohol use disorder (AUD). In order to understand possible mechanisms contributing to the co-occurrence and perpetuation of these disorders, this study investigated the importance of impulsivity and test meal intake among patients with BN by comparing women with BN only (n = 18), BN and current/past AUDs (n = 13), and healthy controls (n = 12). All participants completed assessments of eating disorder symptoms, frequency of alcohol use, binge eating, and purging via questionnaires and semi-structured i...
Source: Appetite - January 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sysko R, Ojserkis R, Schebendach J, Evans SM, Hildebrandt T, Walsh BT Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Cookie or fruit? Relative reinforcing value of snack foods among preschoolers with overweight/obesity compared to healthy weight.
Abstract The reinforcing value of food is an important determinant of food intake. Research has yet to examine the relative reinforcing value (RRV) of snack foods in young children with overweight and obesity (OW/OB). The current study compared the RRV of high-energy dense foods (cookies) to low-energy dense foods (fruits) between preschoolers with OW/OB and healthy weight (HW). RRV of cookies and fruits in preschoolers with OW/OB (n = 30; Mage = 4.4 ± 0.84; 60% male) and HW (n = 30; Mage = 4.5 ± 0.85; 70% male) was assessed with a developme...
Source: Appetite - January 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: McCullough MB, Guilkey H, Stark L Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Role of food preoccupation and current dieting in the associations of parental feeding practices to emotional eating in young adults: A moderated mediation study.
This study examined the relationships between recalled childhood experiences of parental pressure to eat and restriction and current food preoccupation, dieting, and emotional eating in a racially diverse sample of college students (N = 711). Results revealed that parental restriction, but not pressure to eat, was associated with more emotional eating (r = 0.18, p 
Source: Appetite - January 6, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Williams NA, Dev DA, Hankey M, Blitch K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Perceptions of food intake and weight status among parents of picky eating infants and toddlers in China: A cross-sectional study" [Appetite 108 (2017) 456-463].
Corrigendum to "Perceptions of food intake and weight status among parents of picky eating infants and toddlers in China: A cross-sectional study" [Appetite 108 (2017) 456-463]. Appetite. 2017 Jan 05;: Authors: Li Z, van der Horst K, Edelson-Fries LR, Yu K, You L, Zhang Y, Vinyes-Pares G, Wang P, Ma D, Yang X, Qin L, Wang J PMID: 28065531 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - January 5, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Li Z, van der Horst K, Edelson-Fries LR, Yu K, You L, Zhang Y, Vinyes-Pares G, Wang P, Ma D, Yang X, Qin L, Wang J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Effortful control as a moderator in the association between punishment and reward sensitivity and eating styles in adolescent boys and girls.
Abstract The reactive traits of Sensitivity to Punishment (SP) and Sensitivity to Reward (SR) are assumed to be involved in the development of Eating Disorders (EDs). Most studies examine whether levels of these traits differ between ED diagnoses, without taking other variables into account. However, vulnerability theories of psychopathology posit that the risk for psychopathology depends on the interaction between reactive traits and self-regulatory traits such as Effortful Control (EC). As such, the present objective was to examine the moderating role of EC in the association between SP, SR and the eating styles...
Source: Appetite - January 5, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Matton A, Goossens L, Vervaet M, Braet C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial to study the effects of breakfast on energy intake, physical activity, and body fat in women who are nonhabitual breakfast eaters.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of eating breakfast on energy intake, physical activity, body weight, and body fat in women who are nonhabitual breakfast eaters over a four-week period. METHODS: Forty-nine women who were nonhabitual breakfast-eaters were randomized to one of two conditions: breakfast or no breakfast. Breakfast eaters were required to eat at least 15% of their daily energy requirement before 8:30 a.m. Non-breakfast eaters did not consume any energy until after 11:30 a.m. Weight and body fat were assessed at baseline and after four weeks of intervention....
Source: Appetite - January 4, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: LeCheminant GM, LeCheminant JD, Tucker LA, Bailey BW Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Individual, behavioural and home environmental factors associated with eating behaviours in young adolescents.
This study aimed to examine individual, behavioural and home environmental factors associated with frequency of consumption of fruit, vegetables and energy-dense snacks among adolescents. Adolescents aged 11-12 years (n = 521, 48% boys) completed a paper-based questionnaire during class-time which included a Food Frequency Questionnaire assessing their consumption of fruit, vegetables, and energy-dense (ED) snacks, and items assessing habits, self-efficacy, eating at the television (TV), eating with parents, parenting practices, and home availability and accessibility of foods. Multiple linear regression analyses...
Source: Appetite - January 3, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pearson N, Griffiths P, Biddle SJ, Johnston JP, Haycraft E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Main meal quality in Brazil and United Kingdom: Similarities and differences.
This study aimed to compare the nutritional quality of the main meal consumed by adults in Brazil and UK. Food record data was obtained from representative samples from UK and Brazil databases. The Main Meal Quality Index (MMQI) was applied to estimate the quality of the main meal consumed in Brazil and UK. Differences in food groups consumed in the main meal in Brazil and UK were observed using classification decision tree. Meals with higher average energy content were lunch for Brazil, and dinner for the UK. On average, the Brazilian main meal had better nutritional quality (4.42 times higher), independently of sex, age,...
Source: Appetite - January 2, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gorgulho BM, Pot GK, Sarti FM, Marchioni DM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "The role of parental control practices in explaining children's diet and BMI" [Appet. 50 (2008) 252-259].
Corrigendum to "The role of parental control practices in explaining children's diet and BMI" [Appet. 50 (2008) 252-259]. Appetite. 2017 Jan 01;108:525 Authors: Brown KA, Ogden J, Vogel C, Gibson EL PMID: 27916193 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - December 7, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Brown KA, Ogden J, Vogel C, Gibson EL Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Infusion of exogenous cholecystokinin-8, gastrin releasing peptide-29 and their combination reduce body weight in diet-induced obese male rats.
In conclusion, CCK-8, GRP-29 and their combination reduce BW in the DIO rat model. If infused near their gastrointestinal sites of action CCK-8, GRP-29 and their combination may have a role in regulating BW. PMID: 27916474 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - December 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mhalhal TR, Washington MC, Newman K, Heath JC, Sayegh AI Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Effects of polydextrose with breakfast or with a midmorning preload on food intake and other appetite-related parameters in healthy normal-weight and overweight females: An acute, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, and crossover study.
Abstract Polydextrose (PDX) reduces subsequent energy intake (EI) when administered at midmorning in single-blind trials of primarily normal-weight men. However, it is unclear if this effect also occurs when PDX is given at breakfast time. Furthermore, for ecological validity, it is desirable to study a female population, including those at risk for obesity. We studied the effects of PDX, served as part of a breakfast or midmorning preload, on subsequent EI and other appetite-related parameters in healthy normal-weight and overweight females. Per earlier studies, the primary outcome was defined as the difference i...
Source: Appetite - December 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ibarra A, Olli K, Pasman W, Hendriks H, Alhoniemi E, Raza GS, Herzig KH, Tiihonen K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Recalled taste intensity, liking and habitual intake of commonly consumed foods.
Abstract Taste intensity and quality affect the liking of foods, and determine food choice and consumption. We aimed to 1) classify commonly consumed foods based on recalled taste intensity for bitter, sweet, salty, sour, and fatty taste, and 2) examine the associations among recalled taste intensity, liking, and habitual consumption of foods. In Stage 1, 62 Canadian adults recalled the taste intensity of 120 common foods. Their responses were used to identify sets of 20-25 foods classified as strongly bitter, sweet, salty, sour or fatty-tasting. In Stage 2, 287 U.S. adults validated these selections, and let us r...
Source: Appetite - November 30, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cornelis MC, Tordoff MG, El-Sohemy A, van Dam RM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A nudge in a healthier direction: How environmental cues help restrained eaters pursue their weight-control goal.
nner TA Abstract Losing weight is a goal for many people, but it is hard to pursue. However, dieting cues in the environment hold promise for improving individuals' eating behavior. For example, exposure to thin, human-like sculptures by the artist Alberto Giacometti has been found to promote healthy snack choices at a vending machine. Whether health- or weight-related processes drive such effects has not yet been determined. However, a detailed understanding of the content-related drivers of environmental cues' effects provides the first indications regarding a cue's possible use. Therefore, two laboratory studie...
Source: Appetite - November 30, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stämpfli AE, Stöckli S, Brunner TA Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Parental feeding practices in families with children aged 2-13 years: Psychometric properties and child age-specific norms of the German version of the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ).
Abstract The Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) is a self-report questionnaire for assessing parental attitudes to child weight and parental feeding practices. Previous evaluations of its psychometric properties were conducted primarily with small-to medium-sized samples (N 
Source: Appetite - November 30, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Schmidt R, Richter R, Brauhardt A, Hiemisch A, Kiess W, Hilbert A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Impact of food choice on sodium intake patterns from multiple NHANES surveys.
Abstract To examine how the food consumption from various food groups would impact American adults' sodium intake and whether this impact structurally changes over time, data were obtained from six-cycle National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2010. Foods were categorized by the first two digits of the USDA food code. Regression models were employed to investigate the associations between the consumption of each food group and sodium intake, and whether there were changes in the associations in consecutive six cycles. Results show that the calorie consumption of oils, beverages and water, fr...
Source: Appetite - November 26, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dong Z, Gao Z, McFadden B Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of binge eating disorder related features in the community.
Abstract Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with high levels of obesity and psychological suffering, but little is known about 1) the distribution of features of BED in the general population and 2) their consequences for weight development and psychological distress in young adulthood. We investigated the prevalence of features of BED and their association with body mass index (BMI) and psychological distress among men (n = 2423) and women (n = 2825) from the longitudinal community-based FinnTwin16 cohort (born 1975-1979). Seven eating-related cognitions and behaviors similar to the def...
Source: Appetite - November 26, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mustelin L, Bulik CM, Kaprio J, Keski-Rahkonen A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The types and aspects of front-of-pack food labelling schemes preferred by adults and children.
This study extends this work by: (i) including the new Health Star Rating system recently introduced in Australia and New Zealand; (ii) allowing a large sample of consumers to self-nominate the evaluation criteria they consider to be most important in choosing between FoPLs; (iii) oversampling consumers of lower socioeconomic status; and (iv) including children, who consume and purchase food in their own right and also influence their parents' food purchase decisions. A cross-sectional online survey of 2058 Australian consumers (1558 adults and 500 children) assessed preferences between a daily intake FoPL, a traffic light...
Source: Appetite - November 25, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pettigrew S, Talati Z, Miller C, Dixon H, Kelly B, Ball K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The persistence of and resistance to social norms regarding the appropriate amount to Eat:A preliminary investigation.
Abstract We conducted a preliminary investigation on the resistance to, and persistence of, social influence regarding the appropriate amount to eat, defined in terms of eating an amount similar to that eaten by a confederate. Participants ate pizza both alone and in the presence of remote confederates presenting either a high or low eating norm. In the portion of the experiment examining resistance to social influence, participants given an initial opportunity to form a personal eating norm by eating alone for one session in the absence of social influence were no more resistant to low eating norms than were thos...
Source: Appetite - November 24, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Feeney JR, Pliner P, Polivy J, Herman CP Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

An exploratory study of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction for emotional eating.
Abstract Emotional eating is an important predictor of weight loss and weight regain after weight loss. This two part study's primary aim was to explore changes in emotional eating in a general population of individuals taking the Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program, with a secondary aim to explore whether changes in mindfulness predicted changes in emotional eating. Self-reported survey data exploring these questions were collected before and after the intervention for two sequential studies (Study 1 and Study 2). While there were no control groups for either study, in both studies emotional eating ...
Source: Appetite - November 24, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Levoy E, Lazaridou A, Brewer J, Fulwiler C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Maternal history of eating disorders: Diet quality during pregnancy and infant feeding.
Abstract We studied associations of maternal history of eating disorders (EDs) with diet quality of pregnant women and their infants, and breastfeeding practices. We included 6196 mother-child pairs from Generation R, a population-based cohort in the Netherlands. Maternal history of lifetime EDs was assessed during pregnancy with a questionnaire. Dietary intake during pregnancy and in infancy was assessed with food-frequency questionnaires and diet quality scores were calculated, reflecting adherence to dietary guidelines. Breastfeeding practices were assessed with questionnaires at 2, 6, and 12 months. We observe...
Source: Appetite - November 23, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nguyen AN, de Barse LM, Tiemeier H, Jaddoe VW, Franco OH, Jansen PW, Voortman T Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Health status, physical activity, and orthorexia nervosa: A comparison between exercise science students and business students.
Abstract Orthorexia nervosa is described as an exaggerated fixation on healthy food. It is unclear whether students in health-oriented academic programs, highly focused on physical exercise, are more prone to develop orthorexia nervosa than students in other educational areas. The aim was to compare health status, physical activity, and frequency of orthorexia nervosa between university students enrolled in an exercise science program (n = 118) or a business program (n = 89). The students completed the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)...
Source: Appetite - November 23, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Malmborg J, Bremander A, Olsson MC, Bergman S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

How parents describe picky eating and its impact on family meals: A qualitative analysis.
This study demonstrates that many parents experience child picky eating and report that it impacts family meals. It provides information on the specific ways pickiness impacts the family meal and how parents respond to pickiness. This study also provides guidance for future studies wishing to define picky eating or evaluate the prevalence of child pickiness. PMID: 27889496 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - November 23, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Trofholz AC, Schulte AK, Berge JM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Assessment of the motivation to use artificial sweetener among individuals with an eating disorder.
This study also supports the novel application of a PR ratio task to quantify the motivating effect of sweet taste among individuals with an eating disorder. PMID: 27884761 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - November 21, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Schebendach J, Klein DA, Mayer LE, Attia E, Devlin MJ, Foltin RW, Timothy Walsh B Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Pleasantness, familiarity, and identification of spice odors are interrelated and enhanced by consumption of herbs and food neophilia.
l M Abstract The primary dimension of odor is pleasantness, which is associated with a multitude of factors. We investigated how the pleasantness, familiarity, and identification of spice odors were associated with each other and with the use of the respective spice, overall use of herbs, and level of food neophobia. A total of 126 adults (93 women, 33 men; age 25-61 years, mean 39 years) rated the odors from 12 spices (oregano, anise, rosemary, mint, caraway, sage, thyme, cinnamon, fennel, marjoram, garlic, and clove) for pleasantness and familiarity, and completed a multiple-choice odor identification. Data on t...
Source: Appetite - November 21, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Knaapila A, Laaksonen O, Virtanen M, Yang B, Lagström H, Sandell M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The role of food in the Polish migrant adjustment journey.
In this study, Polish migrants described the move to a new culture as a time of stress and loneliness. Due to a lack of money, they were forced to eat local food, which exacerbated their unease, as they found it to be tasteless and unhealthy. As soon as their financial situation improved, they reverted to a Polish diet, relying on ingredients brought from home, from London, or more recently, purchased from local Polish shops. This gave them comfort, and all participants acknowledged the vital role of food in their adjustment to life in a new culture. PMID: 27876486 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - November 19, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Brown DL, Paszkiewicz I Tags: Appetite Source Type: research