Reducing meat consumption: Identifying group-specific inhibitors using latent profile analysis.
Abstract Consumption of animal products is an important greenhouse gas emitting behavior. However, perceived hindrances to incorporating more plant-based diets present challenges for the successful design of behavior-change interventions. Latent profile analysis of survey responses revealed three distinct groups. Meat-reducers perceive the fewest inhibitors and are the most willing to incorporate more meat-free days in their diets. Moderate-hindrance meat eaters perceive many more inhibitors, and are hindered by a lack of social support, attachment to meat, not wanting to change their routine, and less awareness o...
Source: Appetite - April 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lacroix K, Gifford R Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Application of latent profile analysis to define subgroups of parenting styles and food parenting practices.
Abstract Food parenting practices and parenting styles are associated with child weight status, dietary intake, and eating behaviors. Although parents maintain a parenting style while also engaging in food parenting practices day-to-day, most studies have examined the separate impact of these two constructs on child outcomes. An examination of both practices and styles will facilitate the identification of how they mutually co-exist and influence child weight and weight-related outcomes. The current study examined the clustering of food parenting practices and parenting styles and evaluated the relationship betwee...
Source: Appetite - April 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jennings KM, Loth KA, Tate AD, Miner MH, Berge JM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

What makes people leave LESS food? Testing effects of smaller portions and information in a behavioral model.
d P Abstract To contribute to a better understanding of consumer food leftovers and to facilitate their reduction in out-of-home settings, our study analyzes the effects of two common intervention strategies for reducing leftovers in a holistic behavioral model. Based on a quasi-experimental baseline-intervention design, we analyzed how the display of information posters and the reduction of portion sizes take an effect on personal, social and environmental determinants in a structural equation model. Applying data from online surveys and observations among 880 guests (503 baseline, 377 intervention) during two we...
Source: Appetite - April 5, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lorenz-Walther BA, Langen N, Göbel C, Engelmann T, Bienge K, Speck M, Teitscheid P Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators to healthy eating among low-income Latino adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Interventions to promote healthy eating among low-income Latino adolescents should address common nutritional misconceptions, target families as well as teens, consider peer influences, and advocate for policy approaches that improve the school food environment. PMID: 30954634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - April 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Beck AL, Iturralde EM, Haya-Fisher J, Kim S, Keeton V, Fernandez A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Anticipation of aerobic exercise increases planned energy intake for a post-exercise meal.
Abstract In many situations, meals are planned (i.e. what and how much) before they are eaten, but how exercise influences this planning is unknown. Therefore, this study investigated whether anticipation of an exercise session alters food intake planned for post-exercise. Forty (16 male) regular exercisers (mean ± SD; age 23.3 ± 5.6 y, BMI 22.7 ± 3.3 kg/m2, body fat 25.6 ± 7.6%) completed the study. Subjects arrived ≥3 h post-prandial and were given two hypothetical scenarios for the following day: 1) morning rest (REST), or 2) morning rest with the addition of...
Source: Appetite - April 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Barutcu A, Witcomb GL, James LJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Appetitive characteristics in children with cystic fibrosis: Questionnaire validation and associations with nutritional status.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Appetitive characteristics are an important factor in the nutritional status of children with cystic fibrosis (CF). We administered a brief parent-report eating behavior questionnaire, validated in healthy children, to determine the relationship between appetitive characteristics and body weight in children with CF. METHODS: Parents of children attending the Johns Hopkins Pediatric CF Clinic completed the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) at a routine clinic visit. Responses were correlated with anthropometric and other clinical data. RESULTS: Parents of 64 children with CF ...
Source: Appetite - April 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Papantoni A, Reinblatt SP, Findling RL, Moran TH, Mogayzel PJ, Carnell S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The use of wearable cameras in assessing children's dietary intake and behaviours in China.
Abstract The use of lifelogging device in dietary assessments can reduce misreporting and underreporting, which are common in the previous studies conventional methods. We performed the first study in Chinese children (primary school Grade 4) that applied the wearable cameras in assisting dietary recall. Children (n = 52) wore the wearable cameras (Narrative Clip 2) for seven consecutive days, during which they completed a 3-day 24-h dietary recall at home. Then children modified their dietary recalls at school by reviewing the photos taken by the wearable camera at school, with the assistance of the investiga...
Source: Appetite - April 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhou Q, Wang D, Mhurchu CN, Gurrin C, Zhou J, Cheng Y, Wang H Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Protective and therapeutic benefits of environmental enrichment on binge-like sucrose intake in C57BL/6J mice.
We report here, for the first time, that early EE exposure protects mice from binge-like excessive sucrose intake during adulthood. Ongoing binge-like high sucrose intake in SE-reared mice was also significantly reduced when switched to EE conditions. The present observations suggest that EE exposure might be a promising tool for preventing repetitive binge-like sucrose consumption from transitioning to BED and food addiction. PMID: 30940610 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - March 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rodriguez-Ortega E, Alcaraz-Iborra M, de la Fuente L, Cubero I Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The effects of salience of the sound of food on consumption.
Abstract In order to promote their products, food marketers use labels (e.g., crunchy) to make salient the sound created by the food when it is eaten. Will merely making the sound of the food salient (without changing its actual sound) affect consumption? The extant literature is silent on this question. Addressing this gap, we propose that the mere salience of the food's sound can impact consumption. In three studies, we find that the salience of the food's sound increases consumption because it enhances consumers' auditory experience of the sound of food and increases taste evaluations. However, the salience of ...
Source: Appetite - March 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ordabayeva N, Srinivasan R Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Default-name and tasting nudges increase salsify soup choice without increasing overall soup choice.
Abstract Nudging is a popular behavior change technique but the conditions for its effectiveness have not been researched extensively. The current study aimed to test whether the effectiveness of nudging is limited to certain characteristics of the nudged product by focusing on a specific product (salsify soup) within a broader category (soups). Two parallel studies were conducted in two sandwich restaurants in a university setting at which a default-name nudge ("suggestion of the chef") and a tasting nudge were implemented aimed at increasing the choice for salsify soup using a non-randomized study desi...
Source: Appetite - March 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Broers VJV, Van den Broucke S, Taverne C, Luminet O Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Poverty does not modify the association between perceived diet healthiness and adherence to nutritional guidelines in the Constances cohort (France).
Abstract Poor individuals have less healthy diets and seem to benefit less from nutrition information campaigns. One may wonder if they are less aware of their diets' shortcomings. The aim of this paper is to assess whether the association between perceived diet healthiness and adherence to nutritional guidelines is weaker among poor people. Data were collected from 40,000 participants from the Constances study, a large population-based observational cohort in France. Adherence to French nutritional guidelines was measured by a validated score based on a 22 item food frequency questionnaire and poverty was defined...
Source: Appetite - March 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Plessz M, Kesse-Guyot E, Zins M, Matta J, Czernichow S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Development of a new questionnaire to assess the links between children's self-regulation of eating and related parental feeding practices.
Abstract Young children have an innate ability to self-regulate food intake, driven primarily by hunger and satiety cues, but this ability tends to decrease during early childhood. The study aimed to first examine the development and initial validation of a self-report questionnaire suitable for French samples that assess two dimensions of children's self-regulation of eating (eating in the absence of hunger, poor eating compensation abilities) and potential related parental feeding practices. The second aim was to assess the links between children's self-regulation of eating and parental feeding practices as well...
Source: Appetite - March 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Monnery-Patris S, Rigal N, Peteuil A, Chabanet C, Issanchou S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Okay to promote eating less meat, but don't be a cheat - The role of dietary identity, perceived inconsistency and inclusive language of an advocate in legitimizing meat reduction.
Abstract The legitimacy of meat-rich diets in Western societies is slowly in decline as the benefits of meat reduction for personal health, ecological welfare, and animal welfare are become increasingly clear. This is mirrored by a surge of campaigns, which rely heavily on social media platforms to legitimize meat reduction among their target audience: meat-eaters. Social Identity Theory suggests that the effectiveness of meat reduction advocacy will depend on the dietary identity of advocates and their rhetorical style. To examine this, we used a 2 × 2 between-participants factorial design in which we e...
Source: Appetite - March 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: De Groeve B, Bleys B, Hudders L Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

How can mindful parenting be related to emotional eating and overeating in childhood and adolescence? The mediating role of parenting stress and parental child-feeding practices.
Abstract To explore whether the association between mindful parenting and children/adolescents' disordered eating behaviors (i.e., emotional eating and overeating) may be mediated by parenting stress and parental child-feeding practices. The sample comprised 726 family dyads composed of a mother (79.8%) or a father (20.2%) and their child (7-18 years old), of which 362 children/adolescents had normal weight (BMI = 5-85th percentile) and 364 had overweight or obesity (BMI ≥ 85th percentile) according to the WHO Child Growth Standards. Parents completed self-report measures of mindful parenting, parenting...
Source: Appetite - March 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gouveia MJ, Canavarro MC, Moreira H Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Committed vs. uncommitted meat eaters: Understanding willingness to change protein consumption.
This study of Australian meat consumers identifies consumer segments with varying levels of willingness to make the following changes to their protein consumption: reduce meat consumption, follow a meat-free diet most of the time, avoid meat consumption altogether, and follow a strict plant-based diet (i.e., stop eating all animal-products). Segments are characterised, and predictors of segment membership are determined. Discrete Factor analysis, based on a nationally-representative sample of 287 Australian meat consumers surveyed in 2016, identified four unique segments. Findings show that 46% of consumers are not willing...
Source: Appetite - March 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Malek L, Umberger WJ, Goddard E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study of children's temperament, food consumption and the role of food-related parenting practices.
In conclusion, children's temperament may be an important factor behind food-related parenting practices and children's diet. However, further longitudinal research and research covering different food-related parenting practices and home environment factors is necessary to better understand the complex associations between temperament and food consumption among young children. PMID: 30917941 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - March 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kaukonen R, Lehto E, Ray C, Vepsäläinen H, Nissinen K, Korkalo L, Koivusilta L, Sajaniemi N, Erkkola M, Roos E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Correlation between Children's eating behaviors and caregivers' feeding behaviors among preschool children in China.
Abstract The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between caregivers' feeding behaviors and children's eating behaviors among preschoolers in China. From April to July 2016, a cross-sectional survey was administered to 912 preschoolers' caregivers in China. The Chinese Preschooler's Caregiver Feeding Behavior Scale (CPCFBS) and Chinese Preschooler's Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CPEBQ) were used to assess caregivers' feeding behaviors and children's eating behaviors, respectively. Pearson correlation and canonical correlation analysis (CCA) based on principal component analysis were performed to expl...
Source: Appetite - March 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yuan J, Zhang Y, Lu Z, Xu T, Zhang H, Tan MMZ, Yu L, Jiang X, Shang L Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A modified model of the willingness to pay for functional foods.
a P, Kiss M Abstract The aim of this research was to develop a modified version of the Munene model summarizing the factors influencing willingness to pay for functional foods, adjusted to the Hungarian population. The questionnaire survey was conducted in 2014 in Hungary on a sample of 500 individuals, representative for gender, age, settlement type and region. Building blocks of the Munene model were examined and tested with a Latent Variable Path Analysis with the Partial Least Squares (LVPLS) model. According to the results, the strongest relationship in the modified model was identified between attitudes towa...
Source: Appetite - March 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Szakály Z, Kovács S, Pető K, Huszka P, Kiss M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

"Animals are friends, not food": Anthropomorphism leads to less favorable attitudes toward meat consumption by inducing feelings of anticipatory guilt.
"Animals are friends, not food": Anthropomorphism leads to less favorable attitudes toward meat consumption by inducing feelings of anticipatory guilt. Appetite. 2019 Mar 21;: Authors: Wang F, Basso F Abstract Why do people befriend animals, yet don't feel conflicted about eating some of them? Previous research on the "meat paradox" suggests that the dehumanization of meat animals plays a crucial role in attenuating the negative affective states that consumers may experience when consuming meat. However, relatively little is known about how the converse process, namely anthropomorp...
Source: Appetite - March 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wang F, Basso F Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Psychological aspects of diet: Development and validation of three measures assessing dietary goal-desire incongruence, motivation, and satisfaction with dietary behavior.
CONCLUSION: The Dietary Goal-Desire Incongruence scale, Motivation for Dietary Self-control scale, and Satisfaction with Dietary Behavior scale have good psychometric properties and are brief, easy to administer measures. The utility of the scales can be explored further with other populations and in intervention studies. PMID: 30904410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - March 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Love H, Bhullar N, Schutte NS Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The effect of appearance-related media on implicit cognitive responses to food.
Abstract The goal of this study was to investigate how exposure to commercials featuring thin or plus-size models affects women's implicit cognitive responses to food. One hundred sixteen college-age women watched a neutral documentary that contained a commercial depicting either a thin woman (n = 39), a plus-size woman (n = 38), or content with no human actors (n = 39). After the documentary, women completed the Flanker task to measure their implicit attention to foods, the Affect Misattribution Procedure (AMP) to measure their implicit evaluation of food, and a measure of state body dissatisfaction. ...
Source: Appetite - March 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Plummer RS, Forestell CA Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Australian children's discourses of health, nutrition and fatness.
Abstract Talking to children about their health-related understandings and experiences can provide valuable information for public health practitioners who seek to improve children's dietary behaviours. To date, however, research on children's food consumption has generally prioritized the views of parents and caregivers, rather than children themselves. This paper reports results from a qualitative study that explored preadolescent children's attitudes and perceptions towards health and nutrition. 38 children aged 11-12 years, across three state government schools, took part in an individual interview or group in...
Source: Appetite - March 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Velardo S, Drummond M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food selection, food craving, and body mass index in persons in treatment for substance use disorder.
Abstract Studies of persons in treatment for substance use disorder (SUD) frequently report significant body weight gain and higher food consumption. It is unclear what psychological variables might mediate a relationship between SUD treatment status and food selection. To examine the association between SUD treatment status and food selection, 212 men and women (104 in treatment for SUD) were asked, in an online survey, to choose from among 16 food images in an imagined all-you-can-eat buffet scenario. Food craving, emotional eating (EE), impulsivity, and drugs used were examined as potential mediators while rewa...
Source: Appetite - March 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nolan LJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A hierarchical-drift diffusion model of the roles of hunger, caloric density and valence in food selection.
In this study, we showed 16 healthy young adults low- and high-calorie food when hungry or fed, and we asked them to evaluate the valence of each visually-presented food. To compute the relative influence of hunger, caloric density and valence on food choice, we applied a hierarchical drift diffusion model (HDDM). Results indicated that hunger, caloric density and valence affected how fast participants accumulated information in favor of the chosen item over the other. When fed, participants were faster in choosing low-calorie foods and foods with a higher valence. Conversely, when hungry, participants were faster in choos...
Source: Appetite - March 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Garlasco P, Osimo SA, Rumiati RI, Parma V Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Traffic light labelling of meals to promote sustainable consumption and healthy eating.
Abstract The focus of the present study is to examine the impact of behavioral interventions designed to encourage consumer change around food choices in line with more sustainable consumption as well as healthy eating. More specifically, as a potential method of persuasion, we test the effect of the provision of information using traffic light labelling attached to different meal options signalling their impact on the environment (e.g. carbon emission levels) as well as on their health (e.g., calorific content). While traffic light labelling has shown some success in encouraging both healthy and sustainable food ...
Source: Appetite - March 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Osman M, Thornton K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

How consumers of meat-based and plant-based diets attend to scientific and commercial information sources: Eating motives, the need for cognition and ability to evaluate information.
This study explores how consumers' eating motives, need for cognition, and subjective ability to evaluate information were associated with the perceived influence of scientific and commercial information sources, and how these were associated with a self-reported consumption of red meat and plant-based alternatives. An online survey of a nationally representative sample of the 18- to 65-year-old adult population living in Finland (N = 1279) was analysed with structural equation modelling. The perceived influence of commercial sources was negatively associated, and the perceived influence of scientific sources positivel...
Source: Appetite - March 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Vainio A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Examining similarities in eating pathology, negative affect, and perfectionism among peers: A social network analysis.
Abstract Friends tend to be more similar than non-friends (i.e., homophily) in body image concerns and disordered eating behaviors. These similarities may be accounted for by similarities in eating disorder risk factors and correlates. The current study sought to replicate findings of homophily for eating pathology using social network analysis and to test if similarity in eating pathology is present above and beyond homophily for eating disorder risk factors and correlates. College students (n = 89) majoring in nutrition completed a social network assessment and measures of eating pathology (i.e., body dissat...
Source: Appetite - March 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Forney KJ, Schwendler T, Ward RM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food insecurity in relation to obesity in peri-urban Cape Town, South Africa: Implications for diet-related non-communicable disease.
The objective of this paper is to explore peri-urban residents' perspectives of changing food environments, framed by the Food Aid Organization (FAO) definition of food security and demonstrating the interconnectedness of dimensions of food security. We conducted three-part in-depth interviews with 21 participants and nine focus group discussions with a total of 57 participants, consisting primarily of women aged 20-84, in a peri-urban township and informal settlement outside of Cape Town, South Africa. Participants' encounters in clinical settings framed choice as a driver of diet-related non-communicable disease (NCD). Y...
Source: Appetite - March 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hunter-Adams J, Battersby J, Oni T Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Predicting what mothers feed their preschoolers: Guided by an extended theory of planned behaviour.
DISCUSSION: The findings suggest important differences in the predictors of different feeding behaviours that can provide direction for future intervention development. PMID: 30872144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - March 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: McKee M, Mullan B, Mergelsberg E, Gardner B, Hamilton K, Slabbert A, Kothe E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Regulatory focus, nutrition involvement, and nutrition knowledge.
Abstract Few studies have examined the antecedents of nutrition involvement. Similarly, conflicting results have been recorded on the relationship between nutrition involvement and knowledge, knowledge and dietary behaviors, and nutrition involvement and dietary behaviors. This paper addresses these research gaps by exploring the role of regulatory focus as an antecedent of nutrition involvement. It also examines the effect of nutrition involvement on nutrition knowledge and the effects of both involvement and knowledge on diet adjustment. A large-scale study with 1125 Taiwanese consumers demonstrates a positive e...
Source: Appetite - March 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pillai KG, Liang YS, Thwaites D, Sharma P, Goldsmith R Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Comparing the ways a sample of Brazilian adults classify food with the NOVA food classification: An exploratory insight.
Abstract The aim of this study is to have an exploratory insight on how a sample of Brazilian adults classify food, attempting to identify the main factors involved in this process, and to compare these classifications to the NOVA food classification of the 2014 Brazilian dietary guidelines. An exploratory and qualitative approach was conducted with a selected sample of teachers, administrative technicians, and students (N = 24) from the Federal University of Grande Dourados, Brazil. First, using the pile sort method, participants were asked to freely classify 24 pictures of food (sourced from examples of the ...
Source: Appetite - March 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Menegassi B, de Morais Sato P, Scagliusi FB, Moubarac JC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A comparison of maternal feeding responses to child fussy eating in low-income food secure and food insecure households.
Abstract Children learn to like a wide variety of healthy foods through exposure in their early feeding environment. While some children may reject foods during this learning process, parents may perceive persistent refusal as 'fussy' or 'picky' eating. Low-income parents may provide fussy children with a narrow range of foods that they will like and accept to avoid food and economic waste; inadvertently limiting children's exposure to a variety of healthy foods. This 'risk aversion' to food rejection may be particularly salient in food insecure households where resources are further constrained. We aimed to exami...
Source: Appetite - March 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Harris HA, Staton S, Morawska A, Gallegos D, Oakes C, Thorpe K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Social, temporal and situational influences on meat consumption in the UK population.
This study investigated the probability of eating meat and the amount eaten at a meal within different social, temporal and situational contexts. Dietary intake data from 4-day diet diaries of adults (19 years and above) taken from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2008/9-2013/14) were used for the analysis. Individual eating occasions were identified and the effects of where the food was eaten, with whom, day of the week, age and gender on the probability of eating meat and amount of meat eaten were modelled using general linear mixed models. Each factor showed distinctive effects on the probability of eating mea...
Source: Appetite - March 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Horgan GW, Scalco A, Craig T, Whybrow S, Macdiarmid JI Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Differences in parental feeding styles and practices and toddler eating behaviour across complementary feeding methods: Managing expectations through consideration of effect size.
This study provides an estimation of the size of the difference between the solid feeding practices groups for a variety of practices consistent with the development of healthy food preferences and behaviours. 565 participants with infants between 12 and 36 months old completed a survey concerning their preferred parental feeding styles, parental feeding practices, sources of information on feeding and toddler's eating behaviour. Participants were categorised to one of four groups reflecting the level of infant self-feeding level a month after the introduction of solid food (Strict PLW, Predominant PLW, Predominant BLW and...
Source: Appetite - March 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Komninou S, Halford J, Harrold J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Instruments assessing parental responsive feeding in children ages birth to 5 years: A systematic review.
Abstract Responsive feeding of young children has been identified as a protective factor against the development of childhood obesity. Instruments developed to assess responsive feeding by parents of children birth to 5 years of age over the past 17 years were reviewed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. Four electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Scopus) were used to search for relevant articles to include at least one parental responsive feeding category (Food Rewards, Pressure to Eat, Parental Control of Intake, Emotional Feeding, or Resp...
Source: Appetite - March 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Heller RL, Mobley AR Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Approach-avoidance tendencies towards food: Measurement on a touchscreen and the role of attention and food craving.
Abstract Automatic approach tendencies are often assessed with joystick-based approach-avoidance tasks (AATs). In line with similar studies, we have previously shown that individuals show an approach bias towards palatable food only when picture valence (i.e., the content of the picture) is relevant for task performance. In the current study, we adapted this joystick-based AAT for implementation on a touchscreen, which required participants to perform more naturalistic approach-avoidance movements. One-hundred and seven participants (73% female) were instructed to pull or push pictures of chocolate-containing food...
Source: Appetite - March 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Meule A, Lender A, Richard A, Dinic R, Blechert J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Avoiding hunger or attaining fullness? Implicit goals of satiety guide portion selection and food intake patterns.
We examined whether portion selection and food intake were guided by such implicit goals pertaining to the nature of satiety. Across 3 studies, we observed that individuals report distinct subjective requirements (degrees of fullness) to attain different states of satiety (stop hunger, feel comfortably full, feel completely full), suggesting that these states reflect independent goals or outcomes. Importantly, personal requirements to feel completely full (compared to stop hunger or feel comfortably full) were observed to be the strongest predictor of portion sizes selected in Study 1 (B = 1.17, p 
Source: Appetite - March 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cheon BK, Sim AY, Lee L, Forde CG Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Infrastructures of taste: Rethinking local food histories in Lithuania.
Abstract Lithuania hosts a diversity of places that offer consumers a taste of local food, which appear to mirror the recent popularity of local and alternative food initiatives globally. In this paper we show that the proliferation of local foods in the region is not a novel phenomenon, nor is it solely a manifestation of taste preferences or identities associated with food. Drawing on the growing scholarly work on the role of infrastructures in mediating social, economic and political relations, we conceptualize the taste for local food as embedded in broader networks and reproduced through material facilities. ...
Source: Appetite - March 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Blumberg R, Mincyte D Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Eating behaviours and dietary intake associations with self-reported sleep duration of free-living Brazilian adults.
This study aimed to describe eating behaviours and dietary intakes of Brazilian adults and investigate their associations with self-reported sleep duration encompassing aspects of chrono-nutrition. Demographic, socioeconomic, anthropometric, lifestyle, sleep duration and dietary data were obtained from an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire of the cross-sectional population-based study, 2015 ISA-Capital, (n = 1081 adults, ≥20y). The independent associations between sleep duration (categories: ≤6 h, 7-8 h, and ≥9 h) and dietary variables were assessed after adjustment for covariates. Employm...
Source: Appetite - March 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: de Castro MA, Garcez MR, Pereira JL, Fisberg RM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

What's in a name? Consumer perceptions of in vitro meat under different names.
This study investigated the effect of different names for IVM on measures of consumer acceptance. Participants (N = 185) were allocated to one of four conditions in an experimental design in which the product name was manipulated to be 'clean meat', 'cultured meat', 'animal free meat', or 'lab grown meat'. Participants gave word associations and measures of their attitudes and behavioral intentions towards the product. The results indicated that those in the 'clean meat' and 'animal free meat' conditions had significantly more positive attitudes towards IVM than those in the 'lab grown meat' condition, and those in the...
Source: Appetite - March 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bryant CJ, Barnett JC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Eating behaviors, attitudes toward health and eating, and symptoms of orthorexia nervosa among students.
Abstract The adoption of a balanced diet positively affects the state of human health; however, excessive focus on proper eating may lead to obsession about foods, described as orthorexia nervosa (ON). The aim of the study was to assess eating behaviors and concerns regarding health and eating among students with symptoms of ON. The participants were 1120 college students from seven universities in Poland enrolled in health-related majors (n = 547) and other majors (n = 573). The students completed the ORTO-15 test, Health Concern Scale (HCS) and Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ-6). Afterwards, eight diet...
Source: Appetite - March 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Plichta M, Jezewska-Zychowicz M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The calories underestimation of "organic" food: Exploring the impact of implicit evaluations.
The calories underestimation of "organic" food: Exploring the impact of implicit evaluations. Appetite. 2019 Mar 03;: Authors: Besson T, Lalot F, Bochard N, Flaudias V, Zerhouni O Abstract Specific attributes of a food product can cause it to be spontaneously but wrongly perceived as healthier than it really is (i.e., the health halo effect). Notably, there is preliminary evidence that individuals evaluate organic food as less caloric than regular, non-organic food. However, explanations regarding the cognitive mechanisms underlying the health halo effect remain scarce. Drawing from the impl...
Source: Appetite - March 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Besson T, Lalot F, Bochard N, Flaudias V, Zerhouni O Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Towards a situational taxonomy of comfort foods: A retrospective analysis.
Abstract The concept of comfort food is heterogeneous and encompasses many different aspects that have been difficult to define. Here, we propose that a situational approach may provide a new perspective for categorizing comfort foods. Using a web-based survey, 322 respondents first provided their lay definition of comfort foods. These definitions included the components of emotions, unhealthiness, nostalgia, tastiness, and ease of preparation. Although some participants listed each of these components, half of the participants listed only one of these components, suggesting that most lay definitions of comfort fo...
Source: Appetite - March 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Soffin MT, Batsell WR Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Wanting and liking for sugar sweetened beverages and snacks differ following depletion and repletion with energy and fluids.
Abstract Drinking sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) seems to uniquely contribute to excess weight gain, and several mechanisms have been proposed to account for this. Here we examine a further proposal, namely that explicit wanting and liking for SSBs may be less sensitive to changes in physiological state, when contrasted to equi-palatable solid sweet snacks. Study 1 explored this by having participants rate wanting for (on seeing) and liking of (on tasting) several SSBs and snacks, before and after receiving a solid lunch with ad libitum water. Participant reports of hunger and thirst, obtained at multiple time-p...
Source: Appetite - March 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pender S, Stevenson RJ, Francis HM, Oaten MJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Overeating during painful episodes among adults with chronic pain: An preliminary study.
CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary study supports that some adults with chronic pain follow poor nutritional patterns when in pain which may make weight management difficult. Pain clinicians should assess and counsel clients for overeating or undereating risks to facilitate pain and weight management. PMID: 30831191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - March 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bigand T, Wilson M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Dealing with the meat paradox: Threat leads to moral disengagement from meat consumption.
Abstract Meat consumption is conflicted, because meat provides pleasure to many people, but it also causes animals to suffer. This so-called meat paradox elicits discomfort in meat-eaters and they try to reduce their discomfort, for example, by means of moral disengagement. In the present investigation, we tried to scrutinize this process and examine the boundary conditions that increase moral disengagement. We assumed that, due to a domain general action-oriented state, people tend to resolve the meat paradox via moral disengagement, even if inconsistency is elicited in a different, not food-related domain. Two e...
Source: Appetite - February 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Buttlar B, Walther E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Use of cyproheptadine to stimulate appetite and body weight gain: A systematic review.
DISCUSSION: CY appears to be a safe, generally well-tolerated medication that has utility in helping facilitate weight gain in patients drawn from a variety of underweight populations. Future prospective randomized controlled studies in low weight patients that include objective measures of appetite and intake are needed to better understand the mechanism by which CY augments weight gain. PMID: 30825493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - February 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Harrison ME, Norris ML, Robinson A, Spettigue W, Morrissey M, Isserlin L Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Anxiety increases visual attention to hedonic foods: A preliminary eye-tracking study on the impact of the interplay between integral and incidental affect on foods.
Abstract Two types of affect influence consumers' attention: incidental affect unrelated to a particular perception or judgment and integral affect directly related to the particular options under consideration. Although integral and incidental affect likely coexist on a regular basis, the claim that both concurrently guide consumers' attention has thus far received little attention. To fill this gap, the present study investigated the effects of the interplay of integral and incidental affect on the visual processing of food. Food labels play an essential role in attracting consumer attention. Food labels include...
Source: Appetite - February 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Motoki K, Saito T, Nouchi R, Kawashima R, Sugiura M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Can I eat that too? 18-month-olds generalize social information about edibility to similar looking plants.
Abstract Learning what to eat is a critical problem that humans must solve over the course of ontogeny. Recent research underscores the importance of social learning processes to the development of food preferences in infancy and early childhood, but research investigating how (and whether) learned edibility information is generalized remains inconclusive. Here we investigate whether 18-month-olds generalize socially learned information about plant edibility. Across two experiments, infants watched an adult eat fruit from one type of plant and then were presented with a choice between two new plants: one plant was...
Source: Appetite - February 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wertz AE, Wynn K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Changing the behaviour of children living in Dutch disadvantaged neighbourhoods to improve breakfast quality: Comparing the efficacy of three school-based strategies.
Abstract Children's breakfast habits are suboptimal. A novel school-based education programme was developed and tested with the aim of improving children's attitude, knowledge and breakfast quality. A pre- and post-test design was used with four conditions: group-based education, role modelling, tailored feedback with goal setting, and a combination of these three delivery modes. Two hundred eighty children from disadvantaged communities (9.3 ± 0.8 years) participated in three lessons at school over a two-month period. Children's attitude, knowledge and breakfast behaviour were evaluated by a pre- and p...
Source: Appetite - February 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zeinstra GG, Vingerhoeds MH, Vrijhof M, van Mourik S, Houtzager RN, van Kleef E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research