Non-invasive brain stimulation for food cravings, consumption, and disorders of eating: A review of methods, findings and controversies.
CONCLUSIONS: Excitatory NIBS-particularly rTMS-can reliably reduce food cravings in single and multi-session format. For multi-session treatment of clinical conditions, more studies are needed for both rTMS and tDCS, particularly in relation to obesity, bulimia, and binge eating disorder. Application of excitatory brain stimulation for anorexia is less clear at this point, and excitatory NIBS may be contraindicated on theoretical and empirical grounds. PMID: 28288802 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - March 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hall PA, Vincent C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Changing children's eating behaviour - A review of experimental research.
In conclusion, controlling strategies for changing children's eating behaviour in a positive direction appear to be counterproductive. Hands-on approaches such as gardening and cooking programs may encourage greater vegetable consumption and may have a larger effect compared to nutrition education. Providing children with free, accessible fruits and vegetables have been experimentally shown to positively affect long-term eating behaviour. The authors recommend future research to examine how taste and palatability can positively affect children's attitudes and eating behaviour. PMID: 28286164 [PubMed - as supplied by p...
Source: Appetite - March 9, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: DeCosta P, Møller P, Frøst MB, Olsen A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Living alone but eating together: Exploring lunch clubs as a dining out experience.
This study explores the perceptions and preferences of ten older people towards domestic and communal meals in South East Scotland. Qualitative data were generated from 5-day food diaries and in-depth interviews with individuals who lived alone and attended a community-based senior citizen's lunch club. Data were coded and thematically analysed using a symbolic interactionist perspective. A number of key themes were identified, including the meaning of mealtimes. It was found that most participants ate the majority of their meals at home alone. Despite this, dining alone was not necessarily experienced as 'lonely'. Partici...
Source: Appetite - March 6, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Thomas N, Emond R Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Development of a new in-home testing method to assess infant food liking.
In conclusion, the elaborate method produced better product liking discrimination than the basic method by focusing maternal attention on infants' eating behaviours since the first spoons. PMID: 28274649 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - March 5, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Madrelle J, Lange C, Boutrolle I, Valade O, Weenen H, Monnery-Patris S, Issanchou S, Nicklaus S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Ethnic differences in parental feeding behaviors in UK parents of preschoolers.
Abstract Childhood obesity is prevalent among ethnic minorities in the UK but little is known about parent feeding practices in these populations. We administered questionnaires assessing parental feeding behaviors and perceptions and concerns relating to child weight to White British (n = 271), South Asian (n = 59), and Black Afro-Caribbean (n = 42) parents of UK 3-5 year-olds. Child BMI z-scores were determined from measured heights and weights. South Asian and Black Afro-Caribbean parents exhibited greater pressure to eat than White British parents. Black Afro-Caribbean parents add...
Source: Appetite - March 5, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gu C, Sarah W, Amaral ML, Carnell S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A review of instruments developed to measure food neophobia.
CONCLUSIONS: Several instruments to measure neophobia and willingness to try unfamiliar foods exist. We recommend selecting one or more among the 13 instruments reviewed in this paper to assess relevant aspects of neophobia. PMID: 28268200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - March 4, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Damsbo-Svendsen M, Frøst MB, Olsen A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Exploring perceptions and beliefs about the cost of fruit and vegetables and whether they are barriers to higher consumption.
CONCLUSIONS: A minority reported F&V were not affordable where they shopped and that cost was a barrier to higher consumption. However, it is apparent that young adults and those on low incomes eat less than they would like because of cost. Strategies that remove financial impediments to consumption are indicated for these population sub-groups. PMID: 28263775 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - March 2, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chapman K, Goldsbury D, Watson W, Havill M, Wellard L, Hughes C, Bauman A, Allman-Farinelli M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

"Why some consumers don't care": Heterogeneity in household responses to a food scandal.
"Why some consumers don't care": Heterogeneity in household responses to a food scandal. Appetite. 2017 Mar 01;: Authors: Rieger J, Weible D, Anders S Abstract In the aftermath of food scandals, household perceptions about the health risks posed by failures in food safety play a central role in determining their mitigating behavior. A stream of literature has shown that factors including media coverage of a scandal, risk perceptions, trust in food safety information, and consumption habits matter. This paper deviates from the standard assumption of a homogeneous response to media information...
Source: Appetite - March 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rieger J, Weible D, Anders S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Disruption of re-intake after partial withdrawal of gastric food contents in rats lesioned in the gelatinous part of the nucleus of the solitary tract.
The objective of this study was to analyze the participation of the gelatinous part (SolG) of the NST in short-term food intake. One-third of the stomach food content was withdrawn at 5 min after the end of a meal, and food was then available ad libitum for different time periods. SolG-lesioned and control animals ingested a similar amount of the initial liquid meal, but the former consumed significantly smaller amounts and failed to compensate for the food deficit, whereas the controls re-ingested virtually the same amount as extracted. These data suggest that the SolG, as in the case of related anatomical structures...
Source: Appetite - March 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zafra MA, Agüera AD, Molina F, Puerto A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Not so fast: The impact of impulsivity on weight loss varies by treatment type.
We examined specific facets of impulsivity (inhibitory control and delay discounting) as moderators of outcome in BWL. Overweight adults (n = 190) were randomized to standard behavioral treatment (SBT) or acceptance-based behavioral treatment (ABT). We hypothesized that impulsivity would be inversely associated with weight loss, and that the association between impulsivity and outcome would be attenuated in the ABT condition. Poorer general inhibitory control predicted lower percent weight lost at 12 months across conditions at the trend level (b = -0.003, p = 0.06). The negative impact of low...
Source: Appetite - February 28, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Manasse SM, Flack D, Dochat C, Zhang F, Butryn ML, Forman EM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The effect of moderate versus severe simulated altitude on appetite, gut hormones, energy intake and substrate oxidation in men.
This study examined appetite, gut hormone, energy intake and substrate oxidation responses to breakfast ingestion and exercise at simulated moderate and severe altitudes compared with sea-level. Twelve healthy males (mean ± SD; age 30 ± 9years, body mass index 24.4 ± 2.7 kg m(-2)) completed in a randomised crossover order three, 305 min experimental trials at a simulated altitude of 0 m, 2150 m (∼15.8% O2) and 4300 m (∼11.7% O2) in a normobaric chamber. Participants entered the chamber at 8am following a 12 h fast. A standardised ...
Source: Appetite - February 28, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Matu J, Deighton K, Ispoglou T, Duckworth L Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The application of defaults to optimize parents' health-based choices for children.
Abstract Optimal defaults is a compelling model from behavioral economics and the psychology of human decision-making, designed to shape or "nudge" choices in a positive direction without fundamentally restricting options. The current study aimed to test the effectiveness of optimal (less obesogenic) defaults and parent empowerment priming on health-based decisions with parent-child (ages 3-8) dyads in a community-based setting. Two proof-of-concept experiments (one on breakfast food selections and one on activity choice) were conducted comparing the main and interactive effects of optimal versus subopti...
Source: Appetite - February 28, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Loeb KL, Radnitz C, Keller K, Schwartz MB, Marcus S, Pierson RN, Shannon M, DeLaurentis D Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food cravings in everyday life: An EMA study on snack-related thoughts, cravings, and consumption.
Abstract Food craving refers to an intense desire to consume a specific food and is regularly experienced by the majority of individuals. Yet, there are interindividual differences in the frequency and intensity of food craving experiences, which is often referred to as trait food craving. The characteristics and consequences of trait and state food craving have mainly been investigated in questionnaire-based and laboratory studies, which may not reflect individuals' behavior in daily life. In the present study, sixty-one participants completed the Food Cravings Questionnaire-Trait-reduced (FCQ-T-r) as measure of ...
Source: Appetite - February 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Richard A, Meule A, Reichenberger J, Blechert J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Taste assessment in normal weight and overweight individuals with co-occurring Binge Eating Disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: There were significant differences in the taste perception of OW BED relative to the other three groups. These findings may provide partial explanation as to why previous studies correlating taste and weight status have mixed results. Replication in larger samples assessed longitudinally is needed to extend this work. PMID: 28242311 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - February 24, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Arlt JM, Smutzer GS, Chen EY Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Development of novel tools to measure food neophobia in children.
sen A Abstract BACKGROUND: The main tool currently used to measure food neophobia (the Food Neophobia Scale, FNS, developed by Pliner & Hobden, 1992) may not remain optimal forever. It was developed around 25 years ago, and the perception and availability of "novel" and "ethnic" foods may have changed in the meantime. Consequently, there is a need for developing updated tools for measuring food neophobia. OBJECTIVE: To develop novel tools to measure food neophobia in children. DESIGN: Based on a review of 13 designs to assess food neophobia and willingness to try unfamiliar foods,...
Source: Appetite - February 24, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Damsbo-Svendsen M, Frøst MB, Olsen A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Eating behaviour among nutrition students and social desirability as a confounder.
CONCLUSION: Our study shows that social desirability should be considered while assessing eating behaviour among nutrition students, particularly when studying external eating, binge eating and eating self-efficacy. Moreover, when tailoring interventions to reduce the possible effects of eating behaviour on nutritionists and dieticians' practice, we should consider the influence of social desirability. PMID: 28242313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - February 24, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Freitas D, Oliveira BM, Correia F, Pinhão S, Poínhos R Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Impossible meals? The food and meal situation of flight attendants in Scandinavia - A qualitative interview study.
Abstract The working conditions of flight attendants (FAs) often involve extended and irregular working hours, short rest periods, difficulties in planning for breaks and high demands of service provision. Moreover, work schedules including early check-in, shifts during circadian low and time-zone transitions imply constant exposure to alterations in circadian systems and related health risks. The aim of this explorative study was to investigate how the organisation of work, time and place influence the food and meal situation of FAs when at work, focusing on patterns, form and social context of meals. The researc...
Source: Appetite - February 24, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nyberg M, Wiklund ML Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Appetite suppressing effect of Spinacia oleracea in rats: Involvement of the short term satiety signal cholecystokinin.
Abstract Spinacia oleracea (spinach) is a green leafy vegetable rich in antioxidant phyto-constituents such as flavonoids, polyphenols, carotenoids and vitamins. Fruits and vegetables rich in flavonoids are known to prevent weight gain by inducing satiety. The present study evaluates the appetite suppressing effect of a flavonoid rich extract of the spinach leaf (SOE) in rats. HPTLC of SOE was performed for detecting flavonoids. Rats were administered SOE (200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg, p. o) and fluoxetine (6 mg/kg i. p) as a pre-meal for 14 days. Food intake and weight gain was observed daily during the...
Source: Appetite - February 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Panda V, Shinde P Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Attitudes toward health and taste of food among women with bulimia nervosa and women of a non-clinical sample.
In this study, we compared taste preferences and health concerns in 27 women with diagnosis of bulimia nervosa (BN) and 216 women of a non-clinical sample. All participants completed the Health and Taste Attitude Scale (HTAS). Using analysis of covariance we compared the HTAS scores of the BN patients with those of the college students. Risk behaviors for ED (assessed by the Eating Attitudes Test) were identified in 54 (25%) of the non-clinical sample, all of whom were therefore excluded in comparison of BN patients. Non-clinical sample, compared to patients, scored higher on the HTAS Taste domain (p 
Source: Appetite - February 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Koritar P, Philippi ST, Alvarenga MD Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Consumers' acceptance and preferences for nutrition-modified and functional dairy products: A systematic review.
Abstract This systematic literature review collects and summarizes research on consumer acceptance and preferences for nutrition-modified and functional dairy products, to reconcile, and expand upon, the findings of previous studies. We find that female consumers show high acceptance for some functional dairy products, such as yogurt enriched with calcium, fiber and probiotics. Acceptance for functional dairy products increases among consumers with higher diet/health related knowledge, as well as with aging. General interest in health, food-neophobia and perceived self-efficacy seem also to contribute shaping the ...
Source: Appetite - February 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bimbo F, Bonanno A, Nocella G, Viscecchia R, Nardone G, De Devitiis B, Carlucci D Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Decision-making processes shaping the home food environments of young adult women with and without children.
In this study, we explore the factors that influence two key decision-making processes-food choices while grocery shopping and the use of non-home food sources-and whether there are differences by motherhood status. In-depth interviews were conducted with 40 women, aged 20-29, living in southwest Georgia. Thematic analysis was used to analyze qualitative data stratified by whether or not children were present in the home. Decision-making was affected by numerous factors, which differed across groups. In regard to grocery shopping, women with children more frequently discussed the influence of nutrition and the preferences ...
Source: Appetite - February 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Raskind IG, Woodruff RC, Ballard D, Cherry ST, Daniel S, Haardörfer R, Kegler MC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Consumer underestimation of sodium in fast food restaurant meals: Results from a cross-sectional observational study.
This study quantifies the difference between estimated and actual sodium content of restaurant meals and examines predictors of underestimation in adult and adolescent diners at fast food restaurants. In 2013 and 2014, meal receipts and questionnaires were collected from adults and adolescents dining at six restaurant chains in four New England cities. The sample included 993 adults surveyed during 229 dinnertime visits to 44 restaurants and 794 adolescents surveyed during 298 visits to 49 restaurants after school or at lunchtime. Diners were asked to estimate the amount of sodium (mg) in the meal they had just purchased. ...
Source: Appetite - February 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Moran AJ, Ramirez M, Block JP Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Suprathreshold measures of taste perception in children - Association with dietary quality and body weight.
Abstract Childhood obesity is an increasing problem in the Western world, and is affected by a multitude of interacting factors. Recent evidence suggests that taste perception may differ between obese and normal weight children. Evidence also suggests that perception of sweet and bitter taste is linked to differential food liking of various foods. To date, most studies have focused on single food items or food groups, rather than an overall view of dietary quality, and mainly on bitterness. Thus it is unclear whether taste perception is associated with dietary quality in children. Our objective was to examine the ...
Source: Appetite - February 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Feeney EL, O'Brien SA, Scannell AG, Markey A, Gibney ER Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Practices and preferences: Exploring the relationships between food-related parenting practices and child food preferences for high fat and/or sugar foods, fruits, and vegetables.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between food-related parenting practices and child fruit, vegetable, and high fat/sugar food preferences. Parents (n = 148) of children (3-7 years old) completed the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire (CFPQ), the Preschool Adapted Food Liking Scale (PALS), and answered demographic questions. Separate linear regressions were conducted to test relationships between the different food categories on PALS (fruits, vegetables, and high fat/sugar foods) and each food-related parenting practice using race, ethnicity, and income level...
Source: Appetite - February 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Vollmer RL, Baietto J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Effects of twelve weeks of capsaicinoid supplementation on body composition, appetite and self-reported caloric intake in overweight individuals.
We examined if 12 weeks of capsaicinoid (CAP) supplementation affected appetite, body composition and metabolic health markers. Seventy seven healthy male and female volunteers (30 ± 1 y, 171.2 ± 9.8 cm, 81.0 ± 2.2 kg, 27.5 ± 0.6 kg/m(2)) were randomly assigned to ingest either low-dose CAP (2 mg/d; L-CAP, n = 27), high-dose CAP (4 mg/d; H-CAP, n = 22) from Capsimax or placebo (corn starch; PLA, n = 28) for 12 weeks. At baseline (0 WK), 6 weeks (6 WK) and 12 weeks (12 WK) waist: hip...
Source: Appetite - February 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Urbina SL, Roberts MD, Kephart WC, Villa KB, Santos EN, Olivencia AM, Bennett HM, Lara MD, Foster CA, Purpura M, Jäger R, Taylor LW, Wilborn CD Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Validation of the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire in 3 year old children of a multi-ethnic Asian population: The GUSTO cohort study.
Abstract The Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) was developed to measure eating behaviors related to obesity risk in children. However, this questionnaire has not been validated for use in South East Asia, where parenting practices are different from those in western countries and child obesity rates are increasing. The aim of this study was to examine the validity of the CEBQ administered to mothers of children aged 3 years in Singapore. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to examine if the original 35-item, 8-factor model was supported in our cohort. Participants were 636 mother-child dyads...
Source: Appetite - February 20, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Quah PL, Cheung YB, Pang WW, Toh JY, Saw SM, Godfrey KM, Yap F, Chong YS, Mary CF Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Genetic variations in taste perception modify alcohol drinking behavior in Koreans.
This study examined the influence of genetic variants in the taste-sensing mechanism on alcohol drinking behavior and the choice of alcoholic beverages. A total of 1829 Koreans were analyzed for their alcohol drinking status (drinker/non-drinker), total alcohol consumption (g/day), heavy drinking (≥30 g/day) and type of regularly consumed alcoholic beverages. Twenty-one genetic variations in bitterness, sweetness, umami and fatty acid sensing were also genotyped. Our findings suggested that multiple genetic variants modified individuals' alcohol drinking behavior. Genetic variations in the T2R bitterness receptor f...
Source: Appetite - February 19, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Choi JH, Lee J, Yang S, Kim J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Consumer preferences for sustainable aquaculture products: Evidence from in-depth interviews, think aloud protocols and choice experiments.
The objective of this contribution is to determine what consumers expect from sustainable aquaculture and whether they prefer sustainable aquaculture products. A combination of qualitative research methods, with think aloud protocols and in-depth interviews, as well as quantitative methods, using choice experiments and face-to-face interviews, was applied. Data was collected in three different cities of Germany. Results revealed that sustainable aquaculture was associated with natural, traditional, local, and small scale production systems with high animal welfare standards. Overall, participants paid a lot of attention to...
Source: Appetite - February 18, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Risius A, Janssen M, Hamm U Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Self-compassion directly and indirectly predicts dietary adherence and quality of life among adults with celiac disease.
Abstract Strict adherence to a gluten-free diet (GFD) is the only treatment for preventing both short- and long-term consequences of celiac disease. Given that following a strict GFD can be difficult, evidence-based strategies are needed to improve the psychological experience of living with celiac disease and following the GFD. Self-compassion appears to be an important component of effectively self-regulating one's behavior to cope with a chronic disease. The main goal of this study was to examine the relationships between self-compassion and management of celiac disease as assessed by (a) adherence to a strict ...
Source: Appetite - February 18, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dowd AJ, Jung ME Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The mediating role of child self-regulation of eating in the relationship between parental use of food as a reward and child emotional overeating.
Abstract Emotional eating, or eating in response to negative emotions rather than internal hunger cues, has been related to many maladaptive eating patterns that contribute to weight gain and obesity. The parent feeding practice of use of food as a reward is positively associated with children emotionally overeating. Yet, little is known as to the potential behavioral mechanism linking these behaviors. The current study examined the mediating role of child self-regulation of eating in the relationship between parental use of food as a reward and child emotional overeating. Parents of preschool aged children (n&nbs...
Source: Appetite - February 16, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Powell EM, Frankel LA, Hernandez D Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Longitudinal multigroup invariance analysis of the satisfaction with food-related life scale in university students.
This study examined longitudinal measurement invariance in the Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL) scale using follow-up data from university students. We examined this measure of the SWFL in different groups of students, separated by various characteristics. Through non-probabilistic longitudinal sampling, 114 university students (65.8% female, mean age: 22.5) completed the SWFL questionnaire three times, over intervals of approximately one year. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine longitudinal measurement invariance. Two types of analysis were conducted: first, a longitudinal invariance by time, and s...
Source: Appetite - February 16, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Schnettler B, Miranda H, Miranda-Zapata E, Salinas-Oñate N, Grunert K, Lobos G, Sepúlveda J, Orellana L, Hueche C, Bonilla H Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Associations of parental food-choice control and use of food to soothe with adiposity in childhood and adolescence.
CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to some studies, higher parental control over food choice was associated with lower adiposity, but use of food to soothe was not associated with adiposity at ages 7 and 15. PMID: 28215545 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - February 16, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chong SY, Chittleborough CR, Gregory T, Lynch JW, Mittinty MN, Smithers LG Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Longitudinal associations between maternal feeding and overweight in low-income toddlers.
Abstract Maternal feeding is a frequent intervention target for the prevention of early childhood obesity but longitudinal associations between feeding and child overweight are poorly understood. This observational cohort study sought to examine the cross-lagged associations between maternal feeding and overweight across ages 21, 27, and 33 months. Feeding was measured by maternal self-report (n = 222) at each age. Child weight and length were measured. Cross-lagged analysis was used to evaluate longitudinal associations between feeding and overweight, adjusting for infant birth weight, maternal body mas...
Source: Appetite - February 14, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lumeng JC, Kaciroti N, Retzloff L, Rosenblum K, Miller AL Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Play with your food! Sensory play is associated with tasting of fruits and vegetables in preschool children.
The objective of the current study was to ascertain whether taking part in a sensory play activity with real fruits and vegetables (FV) can encourage tasting in preschool children, compared to a non-food activity or visual exposure to the activity. Three to four year old pre-school children (N = 62) were recruited from three preschool nursery classes from a school in Northamptonshire, UK. A between participants experimental study was conducted with each class assigned to one of three conditions; sensory FV play, sensory non-food play and visual FV exposure. Parental report of several baseline variables were taken...
Source: Appetite - February 12, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Coulthard H, Sealy AM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Acceptance- and imagery-based strategies can reduce chocolate cravings: A test of the elaborated-intrusion theory of desire.
Abstract The elaborated-intrusion theory of desire proposes that craving is a two-stage process whereby initial intrusions about a desired target are subsequently elaborated with mental imagery. The present study tested whether the craving reduction strategies of cognitive defusion and guided imagery could differentially target the intrusion and elaboration stages, respectively, and thus differentially impact the craving process. Participants were randomly assigned to a cognitive defusion, a guided imagery or a mind-wandering control condition. Pre- and post-intervention chocolate-related thoughts, intrusiveness o...
Source: Appetite - February 11, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Schumacher S, Kemps E, Tiggemann M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A qualitative study of overweight and obese Australians' views of food addiction.
Abstract The concept of food addiction is increasingly used in the academic literature and popular media to explain some forms of overweight and obesity. However, there is limited evidence on how this term is understood by and impacts overweight and obese individuals. This qualitative study investigated the views of overweight and obese individuals on food addiction, and its likely impact upon stigma, treatment-seeking, and support for public policies to reduce overeating. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 23 overweight and obese individuals (Mage = 38, MBMI = 33, 74% female) and a...
Source: Appetite - February 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cullen AJ, Barnett A, Komesaroff PA, Brown W, O'Brien KS, Hall W, Carter A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The effect of real-time vibrotactile feedback delivered through an augmented fork on eating rate, satiation, and food intake.
Abstract Eating rate is a basic determinant of appetite regulation, as people who eat more slowly feel sated earlier and eat less. Without assistance, eating rate is difficult to modify due to its automatic nature. In the current study, participants used an augmented fork that aimed to decelerate their rate of eating. A total of 114 participants were randomly assigned to the Feedback Condition (FC), in which they received vibrotactile feedback from their fork when eating too fast (i.e., taking more than one bite per 10 s), or a Non-Feedback Condition (NFC). Participants in the FC took fewer bites per minute t...
Source: Appetite - February 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hermans RC, Hermsen S, Robinson E, Higgs S, Mars M, Frost JH Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Perceived eating norms and children's eating behaviour: An informational social influence account.
Abstract There is initial evidence that beliefs about the eating behaviour of others (perceived eating norms) can influence children's vegetable consumption, but little research has examined the mechanisms explaining this effect. In two studies we aimed to replicate the effect that perceived eating norms have on children's vegetable consumption, and to explore mechanisms which may underlie the influence of perceived eating norms on children's vegetable consumption. Study 1 investigated whether children follow perceived eating norms due to a desire to maintain personal feelings of social acceptance. Study 2 investi...
Source: Appetite - February 9, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sharps M, Robinson E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The Carnism Inventory: Measuring the Ideology of Eating Animals.
PMID: 28189749 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - February 8, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Monteiro CA, Pfeiler TM, Patterson MD, Milburn MA Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Intermittent feeding alters sensitivity to changes in reward value.
Abstract The influence of binge-like feeding schedules on subsequent food-related behavior is not well understood. We investigated the effect of repeated cycles of restriction and refeeding on two food-related behaviors; goal-directed responding for a palatable food reward and sensory-specific satiety. Hungry rats were trained to perform two instrumental actions for two distinct food rewards and were then subjected to repeated cycles of restricted and unrestricted access to their maintenance chow for 30-days or were maintained on food restriction. Goal-directed control was then assessed using specific satiety-indu...
Source: Appetite - February 8, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Parkes SL, Furlong TM, Black AD, Balleine BW Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food shopping, sensory determinants of food choice and meal preparation by visually impaired people. Obstacles and expectations in daily food experiences.
Abstract The number of visually impaired and blind people is rising worldwide due to ageing of the global population, but research regarding the impact of visual impairment on the ability of a person to choose food and to prepare meals is scarce. The aim of this study was threefold: to investigate factors determining the choices of food products in people with impaired vision; to identify obstacles visually impaired people face while purchasing food, preparing meals and eating out; and to determine what would help them in the areas of food shopping and meal preparation. The data was collected from 250 blind and vi...
Source: Appetite - February 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kostyra E, Żakowska-Biemans S, Śniegocka K, Piotrowska A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Predicting organic food consumption: A meta-analytic structural equation model based on the theory of planned behavior.
Abstract During the last decade, the purchase of organic food within a sustainable consumption context has gained momentum. Consequently, the amount of research in the field has increased, leading in some cases to discrepancies regarding both methods and results. The present review examines those works that applied the theory of planned behavior (TPB; Ajzen, 1991) as a theoretical framework in order to understand and predict consumers' motivation to buy organic food. A meta-analysis has been conducted to assess the strength of the relationships between attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and ...
Source: Appetite - February 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Scalco A, Noventa S, Sartori R, Ceschi A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Does a future-oriented temporal perspective relate to body mass index, eating, and exercise? A meta-analysis.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to quantify the magnitude of the association between future temporal perspective and Body Mass Index (BMI), diet, and exercise, respectively, and to clarify whether subjective future-focus scales or delay-discounting tasks are a more robust predictor of health behaviors. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for studies that included a dispositional measure of future temporal perspective and a measure of BMI, eating, and/or exercise behavior. Effect sizes for BMI, eating, and exercise were calculated using a random-effects model. RESULTS: The aggregate eff...
Source: Appetite - February 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sweeney AM, Culcea I Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Understanding maternal dietary choices during pregnancy: The role of social norms and mindful eating.
CONCLUSIONS: The associations between mindful eating and dietary behaviour suggests that improving mindfulness related to food consumption before and during pregnancy may provide a strategy to address gestational weight gain. PMID: 28179204 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - February 5, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hutchinson AD, Charters M, Prichard I, Fletcher C, Wilson C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Introduction to the Columbia University Appetitive Behavior Festschrift in honor of Anthony Sclafani and Karen Ackroff.
PMID: 28174036 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - February 4, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Geliebter A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Observed infant food cue responsivity: Associations with maternal report of infant eating behavior, breastfeeding, and infant weight gain.
Abstract Infant obesity and the rate of weight gain during infancy are significant public health concerns, but few studies have examined eating behaviors in infancy. Food cue responsivity has been described as a key contributor to obesity risk in school age children and adults, but has been rarely examined during infancy. The purpose of the current study was to test among 30 infants aged 6-12 months the hypotheses that infants would show greater interest in food versus non-food stimuli, and that greater birth weight, greater rate of weight gain during infancy, greater mother-reported food responsiveness, being for...
Source: Appetite - February 4, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Buvinger E, Rosenblum K, Miller AL, Kaciroti NA, Lumeng JC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Fourth-grade children's dietary reporting accuracy by meal component: Results from a validation study that manipulated retention interval and prompts.
We examined reporting accuracy by meal component (beverage, bread, breakfast meat, combination entrée, condiment, dessert, entrée, fruit, vegetable) with validation-study data on 455 fourth-grade children (mean age = 9.92 ± 0.41 years) observed eating school meals and randomized to one of eight dietary recall conditions (two retention intervals [short, long] crossed with four prompts [forward, meal-name, open, reverse]). Accuracy category (match [observed and reported], omission [observed but unreported], intrusion [unobserved but reported]) was a polytomous nominal item response va...
Source: Appetite - February 4, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Baxter SD, Hitchcock DB, Royer JA, Smith AF, Guinn CH Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Validation of the intuitive Eating Scale for pregnant women.
Abstract Pre-pregnancy maladaptive eating behaviors have predicted inadequate or excess gestational weight gain and poor dietary intake during pregnancy, but little is known about effects of pre-pregnancy adaptive eating behaviors on pregnancy outcomes. The purpose of this study was to produce a valid and reliable measure of adaptive pre-pregnancy eating behaviors for pregnant women using the Intuitive Eating Scale. Data were collected from 266 pregnant women, aged 18 and older who were attending a private prenatal clinic at Texas Children's Hospital Pavilion for Women in Houston, TX using self-administered questi...
Source: Appetite - February 3, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Daundasekara SS, Beasley AD, O'Connor DP, Sampson M, Hernandez D, Ledoux T Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The impact of environmental, parental and child factors on health-related behaviors among low-income children.
This study examined the simultaneous impact of variables obtained at the level of the home environment (e.g., mealtime ritualization), parent (e.g., modeling) and child (e.g., satiety responsiveness) with the outcomes of practicing healthy and limiting unhealthy child behaviors (PHCB and LUCB, respectively) in a low-income U.S. SAMPLE: This was a cross sectional study of caregivers of preschool children (n = 432). Caregivers were interviewed using validated scales. Structural equation modeling was used to examine associations with the outcomes. Adjusting for study region, demographics and caregiver's body ma...
Source: Appetite - January 31, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Musaad SM, Speirs KE, Hayes JT, Mobley AR, Fitzgerald N, Jones BL, VanBrackle A, Sigman-Grant M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Young adults' use of emotional food memories to build resilience.
on F Abstract The overall aim of this study is to specifically investigate how young adults make use of emotional-relational food memories related to "significant others" during childhood when trying to build resilience and solve developmental tasks in this period of life. A theoretical sample of three semi-structured interviews drawn from a larger sample of 30 interviews with young adults in Sweden formed the basis for analysis, guided by the steps of a phenomenologically oriented critical narrative analysis. The results illustrate three different overall directions in how the relationship to food can e...
Source: Appetite - January 31, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: von Essen E, Mårtensson F Tags: Appetite Source Type: research