Randomized controlled trial of a text messaging intervention for reducing processed meat consumption: The mediating roles of anticipated regret and intention.
Abstract The present study aimed to extend the literature on text messaging interventions involved in promoting healthy eating behaviours. The theoretical framework was the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). A randomized controlled trial was used to test the impact of daily text messages compared to no message (groups) for reducing processed meat consumption (PMC) over a 2 week period, testing the sequential mediation role of anticipated regret and intention on the relationship between groups and PMC reduction. PMC and TPB variables were assessed both at Time 1 and Time 2. Participants were Italian undergraduates ...
Source: Appetite - June 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Carfora V, Caso D, Conner M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Consumption of key food groups during the postpartum period in low-income, non-Hispanic black mothers.
This study examined consumption of key food groups during the first 2 years postpartum among low income, non-Hispanic black, first-time mothers. Data were from the Infant Care, Feeding and Risk of Obesity Study, a cohort of 217 mother-infant dyads, followed from 3 to 18 months postpartum, collected from 2003 to 2007. At each study visit (3, 6, 9, 12, and 18 months) 24-h dietary recalls were collected. Consumption levels were compared to those recommended from the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs) for each of the following food groups: fruits, vegetables, grains, whole grains, protein foods and dairy, as well as ...
Source: Appetite - June 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kay MC, Wasser H, Adair LS, Thompson AL, Siega-Riz AM, Suchindran CM, Bentley ME Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Study on the change and acculturation of dietary pattern of Southeast Asian workers living in South Korea.
This study analyzed the dietary pattern of Southeast Asian workers (Vietnamese, Thais, Cambodians and Myanmar) living in South Korea in order to recognize the dietary changes after they moved to South Korea. Questionnaires were completed by 251 Southeast Asian workers living in South Korea. Using a self-administered questionnaire, we assessed the diets before and after living in the hometown and in South Korea. Significant changes observed in the Southeast Asian workers were decreased in consumption frequency of fresh fruits, cooked vegetables, rice noodles, green tea and glutinous rice, and increase in consumption of Kimc...
Source: Appetite - June 22, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lee EJ, Lee KR, Lee SJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Impact of Agaricus bisporus mushroom consumption on satiety and food intake.
The objective of this study was to assess the differences with satiety and ten-day food intake between A. bisporus mushrooms (226 g) and meat (28 g) in a randomized open-label crossover study. Thirty-two healthy participants (17 women, 15 men) consumed two servings of mushrooms or meat for ten days. On the first day, fasted participants consumed protein-matched breakfasts. Participants rated their satiety using visual analogue scales (VAS) at baseline and at regular intervals after the meal. Three hours later, participants were served an ad libitum lunch. Participants were given mushrooms or meat to consume at ho...
Source: Appetite - June 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hess JM, Wang Q, Kraft C, Slavin JL Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Impulsivity moderates the effect of approach bias modification on healthy food consumption.
Abstract The study aimed to modify approach bias for healthy and unhealthy food and to determine its effect on subsequent food consumption. In addition, we investigated the potential moderating role of impulsivity in the effect of approach bias re-training on food consumption. Participants were 200 undergraduate women (17-26 years) who were randomly allocated to one of five conditions of an approach-avoidance task varying in the training of an approach bias for healthy food, unhealthy food, and non-food cues in a single session of 10 min. Outcome variables were approach bias for healthy and unhealthy food and...
Source: Appetite - June 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kakoschke N, Kemps E, Tiggemann M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Hunger and disinhibition but not cognitive restraint are associated with central norepinephrine transporter availability.
In conclusion, these initial data provide in vivo imaging support for the involvement of the central NE system in maladaptive eating behaviors such as susceptibility to hunger. PMID: 28647385 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - June 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bresch A, Rullmann M, Luthardt J, Becker GA, Patt M, Ding YS, Hilbert A, Sabri O, Hesse S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Psychometric evaluation of the German version of the Intuitive Eating Scale-2 in a community sample.
Abstract Intuitive eating is based on a strong physical connection with the body, aligned to internal cues of hunger and satiety, and a low preoccupation with food. The aim of this study was to provide a German version of the Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2) and to examine its psychometric properties with data collected from 532 participants aged 18-91 years. The IES-2 was translated into German following the World Health Organization guidelines (2016). Cronbach's alpha as a measure of internal consistency was .89 for the IES-2 total score, as well as .73 - .92 for the IES-2 subscale scores. For group differences,...
Source: Appetite - June 20, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ruzanska UA, Warschburger P Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Eating out in four Nordic countries: National patterns and social stratification.
lm L Abstract Using a survey conducted in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) in 2012, we investigated whether eating out in cafés and restaurants in these countries is best characterized as a workday pattern activity or a leisure activity; and, whether frequent eating at cafés and restaurants is related to socio-demographic factors and factors relevant to the organization of daily life. We found that eating out is not a fundamental part of everyday eating. It is something which takes place occasionally. This may be taken to suggest that eating out in the Nordic countries is p...
Source: Appetite - June 17, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lund TB, Kjærnes U, Holm L Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Promoting healthier children's meals at quick-service and full-service restaurants: Results from a pilot and feasibility study.
This study pilot-tested a combination of four strategies (toy incentive, placemats, server prompts, signage) designed to increase demand for healthier kids' meals, which were defined as those eligible for the National Restaurant Association's Kids LiveWell program. Relative sales of healthier kids' meals were examined before (n = 3473 total kids' meal orders) and during Month 1 (n = 3546 total kids' meal orders) and Month 2 of implementation (n = 3645 total kids' meal orders) of an 8-week intervention in two locations each of a quick-service (QSR) and full-service (FSR) restaurant chain. Conve...
Source: Appetite - June 15, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lopez NV, Folta SC, Glenn ME, Lynskey VM, Patel AA, Anzman-Frasca S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Children's purchase behavior in the snack market: Can branding or lower prices motivate healthier choices?
CONCLUSION: It is not simple brand awareness but a child's liking of the brand that determines whether a brand is successful in motivating a child to choose a product. The extent of children's experience with money influences their price responsiveness. To the extent that children who receive an allowance are primarily the ones buying food snacks, higher prices for EDNP snacks could be successful in motivating children to choose a healthier option. PMID: 28625855 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - June 15, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hartmann M, Cash SB, Yeh CH, Landwehr SC, McAlister AR Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Prolonged chewing at lunch decreases later snack intake" [Appetite 62 (1 March 2013) 91-95].
Corrigendum to "Prolonged chewing at lunch decreases later snack intake" [Appetite 62 (1 March 2013) 91-95]. Appetite. 2017 Jun 14;: Authors: Higgs S, Jones A PMID: 28624181 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - June 14, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Higgs S, Jones A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Incentivizing healthy eating in children: An investigation of the "ripple" and "temporal" effects of a reward-based intervention.
Incentivizing healthy eating in children: An investigation of the "ripple" and "temporal" effects of a reward-based intervention. Appetite. 2017 Jun 14;: Authors: Toossi S Abstract Although previous studies have established the effectiveness of using small reward-based incentives in inducing the choice and consumption of healthier foods among children, little is known about their impact outside of experimental settings or their effectiveness over time when administered daily. This paper presents the results of a field experiment conducted to provide insight on these matters. The st...
Source: Appetite - June 14, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Toossi S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Body talk, weight status, and pathological eating behavior in romantic relationships.
This study examined whether engagement in body talk would interact with weight status (body mass index; BMI) to predict pathological eating behaviors among romantically involved adults. Adults (N = 137, females = 86.86%, average age = 23.50) involved in a romantic relationship were recruited to complete an online survey about their body image, dietary behaviors, and engagement in body talk. Results indicated that engagement in negative body talk was directly related to higher pathological eating (i.e., drive for thinness, dieting, and bulimia symptoms). Positive body talk, on the other hand, h...
Source: Appetite - June 14, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hart E, Chow CM, Tan CC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A walnut-containing meal had similar effects on early satiety, CCK, and PYY, but attenuated the postprandial GLP-1 and insulin response compared to a nut-free control meal.
Abstract Regular nut consumption is associated with lower adiposity and reduced weight gain in adulthood. Walnut feeding studies have observed minimal effect on body weight despite potential additional energy intake. Several mechanisms may explain why consuming nuts promotes weight control, including increased early phase satiety, possibly reflected in postprandial response of gastrointestinal and pancreatic peptides hypothesized to affect appetite. The purpose of this study was to compare postprandial insulin, glucagon and gastrointestinal peptide response and satiety following a meal with ∼54% of energy from...
Source: Appetite - June 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rock CL, Flatt SW, Barkai HS, Pakiz B, Heath DD Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Participants with pharmacologically impaired taste function seek out more intense, higher calorie stimuli.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Research suggests a weaker sense of taste in people with obesity, with the assumption that this debilitated taste response increases the desire for more intensely tasting stimuli to compensate for decreased taste input. However, empirical testing of this supposition remains largely absent. METHOD: In a randomized, repeated measure design, 51 healthy subjects were treated with varying concentrations of a tea containing Gymnema sylvestre (GS), to temporarily and selectively diminish sweet taste perception, or a control tea. Following treatment in the four testing sessions, taste intensity ra...
Source: Appetite - June 9, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Noel CA, Sugrue M, Dando R Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A comparison of the Health Star Rating system when used for restaurant fast foods and packaged foods.
Abstract BACKGROUND: In June 2014, the Australian government agreed to the voluntary implementation of an interpretive 'Health Star Rating' (HSR) front-of-pack labelling system for packaged foods. The aim of the system is to make it easier for consumers to compare the healthiness of products based on number of stars. With many Australians consuming fast food there is a strong rationale for extending the HSR system to include fast food items. OBJECTIVE: To examine the performance of the HSR system when applied to fast foods. DESIGN: Nutrient content data for fast food menu items were collected from the we...
Source: Appetite - June 8, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dunford E, Wu JHY, Wellard L, Watson W, Crino M, Petersen K, Neal B Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Organic consumption and diet choice: An analysis based on food purchase data in France.
PMID: 28603060 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - June 8, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Boizot-Szantai C, Hamza O, Soler LG Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

An investigation of two dimensions of impulsivity as predictors of loss-of-control eating severity and frequency.
Abstract Loss-of-control (LOC) eating episodes represent one form of dysregulated eating common to full- and sub-threshold eating disorders. Extensive evidence suggests that impulsivity, particularly in the context of negative affect and/or depression, may play an important etiological role in the development and maintenance of LOC eating. However, most prior studies have considered LOC eating as a dichotomous rather than dimensional construct, and few studies have considered the interaction of multiple dimensions of impulsivity while also accounting for the role of depressive symptoms. The present study examined ...
Source: Appetite - June 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Espel HM, Muratore AF, Lowe MR Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The rural school meal as a site for learning about food.
Abstract The aim of the article is to contribute to the understanding of the school meal as a site for learning about food, nutrition and the wider determinants of health in three small rural schools of Ecuador. Based on a year-long qualitative fieldwork, the multiple case study associates Vygotsky's sociocultural theory of learning with Noddings' theory of care to analyze the findings. In the study, elements of care in the relationships between children and adults seemed to promote dialogue and, in this way, adults were able to model what is required to care for others and oneself. This entails that a focus solel...
Source: Appetite - June 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Torres I, Benn J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Family food talk, child eating behavior, and maternal feeding practices.
Abstract Families discuss food and eating in many ways that may shape child eating habits. Researchers studying how families talk about food have examined this process during meals. Little work has examined parent-child food-related interactions outside of mealtime. We assessed family food talk at home outside of mealtime and tested whether food talk was associated with obesogenic child eating behaviors, maternal feeding practices, or child weight. Preschool and school-aged mother-child dyads (n = 61) participated in naturalistic voice recording using a LENA (Language ENvironment Analysis) recorder. A co...
Source: Appetite - June 3, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Roach E, Viechnicki GB, Retzloff LB, Davis-Kean P, Lumeng JC, Miller AL Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The association of addictive-like eating with food intake in children.
CONCLUSIONS: As the first study of objectively measured eating behavior, we found addictive-like eating scores in children were positively associated with the total amount of calories consumed. Among younger children, "food addiction" was more strongly associated with the total calories consumed than BMI percentile, highlighting the importance of assessing behavioral phenotypes when evaluating caloric intake. This association between addictive-like eating and caloric intake among younger, but not older children may be due to differences in inhibitory control and dietary restraint. PMID: 28587942 [PubMed - as...
Source: Appetite - June 3, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Richmond RL, Roberto CA, Gearhardt AN Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Autistic traits associated with food neophobia but not olfactory sensitivity.
ini S Abstract Food neophobia has been shown to be associated with a range of personality traits (including anxiety, lower sensation seeking) and additionally sensory aspects of food such as taste and texture. Running parallel to that work, research has demonstrated higher incidences of food neophobia in autistic populations and separately evidence of hypersensitivity in some sensory domains. The aim of the current study was to extend our understanding by exploring whether the broader aspects of autistic traits can predict food neophobia in a non-autistic population and whether this is mediated by differences in o...
Source: Appetite - June 2, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stafford LD, Tsang I, López B, Severini M, Iacomini S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Cookbooks in U.S. history: How do they reflect food safety from 1896 to 2014?
Abstract Historical cookbooks as a source of recipes and food preparation information would be expected to document advancements in food safety related to kitchen equipment, cleaning, foodborne illness knowledge, and consumer education materials. In turn, this food safety information might be expected to contribute to consumers' food safety behaviors. Using both quantitative and qualitative research methodology, this study assessed how food safety information in cookbooks changed and how quickly advancements were incorporated. Faster assimilation into cookbooks was associated with kitchen equipment, educational re...
Source: Appetite - June 2, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Almanza BA, Byrd KS, Behnke C, Ma J, Ge L Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

"What can I do when he/she doesn't want to eat?": Maternal strategies for ensure children's food consumption in early childhood.
"What can I do when he/she doesn't want to eat?": Maternal strategies for ensure children's food consumption in early childhood. Appetite. 2017 Jun 01;: Authors: Broilo MC, Vitolo MR, Stenzel LM, Levandowski DC Abstract This cross-sectional analysis aimed to analyze the strategies used by mothers of children aged 2-3 to ensure their food consumption as well as to investigate the maternal and family characteristics associated with using these strategies. Data of 463 mothers who use the public health care system in Porto Alegre, Brazil, were analyzed. Among these mothers, 58.5% (n = ...
Source: Appetite - June 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Broilo MC, Vitolo MR, Stenzel LM, Levandowski DC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Validation of prospective portion size and latency to eat as measures of reactivity to snack foods.
Abstract In experimental studies that investigate reactivity to the sight and smell of highly palatable snack foods, ad libitum food intake is commonly used as a behavioural outcome measure. However, this measure has several drawbacks. The current study investigated two intake-related measures not yet validated for food cue exposure research involving common snack foods: prospective portion size and latency to eat. We aimed to validate these measures by assessing prospective portion size and eating latencies in female undergraduate students who either underwent snack food exposure or a control exposure. Furthermor...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: van den Akker K, Bongers P, Hanssen I, Jansen A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Texture-dependent effects of pseudo-chewing sound on perceived food texture and evoked feelings in response to nursing care foods.
This study examined the influences of texture inhomogeneity on the effects of chewing sound modulation. Three kinds of nursing care foods in two food process types (minced-/puréed-like foods for inhomogeneous/homogeneous texture respectively) were used as sample foods. A pseudo-chewing sound presentation system, using electromyogram signals, was used to modulate chewing sounds. Thirty healthy elderly participants participated in the experiment. In two conditions with and without the pseudo-chewing sound, participants rated the taste, texture, and evoked feelings in response to sample foods. The results showed that i...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Endo H, Ino S, Fujisaki W Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Seeing is doing. The implicit effect of TV cooking shows on children's use of ingredients.
Abstract Prior research has established that TV viewing and food marketing influence children's eating behavior. However, the potential impact of popular TV cooking shows has received far less attention. TV cooking shows may equally affect children's food selection and consumption by distributing both food cues and portion-size cues. In an experimental study, elementary school children were randomly exposed to a cooking show, that either did or did not display a portion-size cue, or a non-food TV show. Results showed that children used significantly more sugar on their pancakes, and consumed significantly more of ...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Neyens E, Smits T Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Consumption of dark chocolate attenuates subsequent food intake compared with milk and white chocolate in postmenopausal women.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Chocolate has a reputation for contributing to weight gain due to its high fat, sugar and calorie content. However, the effect of varying concentrations of cocoa in chocolate on energy intake and appetite is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To compare the acute effect of consuming an isocaloric dose of dark, milk and white chocolate on subsequent energy intake, appetite and mood in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Fourteen healthy postmenopausal women (57.6 ± 4.8yr) attended an introductory session followed by three experimental trials performed in a counterbalanced order at a st...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marsh CE, Green DJ, Naylor LH, Guelfi KJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Class and eating: Family meals in Britain.
This study finds that higher educated individuals have more frequent family meals, and more affluent individuals spend more time at the table with their household members. Work characteristics are associated with frequency of meals, but not with their duration. Finally, household composition matters for how people eat. Parents of younger children eat with their family members more frequently than parents of teenagers. Single parents, a notoriously time-poor category, spend the least amount of time eating with their families and have fewer commensal meals. PMID: 28572070 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jarosz E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Social approval bias in self-reported fruit and vegetable intake after presentation of a normative message in college students.
CONCLUSIONS: Those receiving the message that they were in the lowest 20th percentile of intake reported a half-cup increase in self-reported FV intake and a one-cup increase in perception of peers' intake (p = 0.037 and p=
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nix E, Wengreen HJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The critical role of cognitive-based trait differences in Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) suppression of food craving and eating in frank obesity.
Abstract Obesity remains a major public health concern and novel treatments are needed. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a neuromodulation technique shown to reduce food craving and consumption, especially when targeting the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) with a right anode/left cathode electrode montage. Despite the implications to treat frank (non-binge-eating) obesity, no study has tested the right anode/left cathode montage in this population. Additionally, most tDCS appetite studies have not controlled for differences in traits under DLPFC control that may influence how well one respo...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ray MK, Sylvester MD, Osborn L, Helms J, Turan B, Burgess EE, Boggiano MM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Hunger, taste, and normative cues in predictions about food intake.
This study examined whether the same biases apply when making predictions about how much food a person would eat. Participants (n = 364) read a series of vignettes describing an eating scenario and predicted how much food the target person would eat in each situation. Some scenarios consisted of a single eating cue (hunger, taste, or a normative cue) that would be expected to increase intake (e.g., high hunger) or decrease intake (e.g., a companion who eats very little). Other scenarios combined two cues that were in conflict with one another (e.g., high hunger + a companion who eats very little). In th...
Source: Appetite - May 28, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Vartanian LR, Reily NM, Spanos S, McGuirk LC, Herman CP, Polivy J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Maternal nutrition knowledge and child nutritional outcomes in urban Kenya.
Abstract We examine the link between maternal nutrition knowledge and nutritional outcomes of children and adolescents (5-18 years) measured in terms of height-for-age Z-scores (HAZ). One particular focus is on the role of different types of nutrition knowledge. The analysis builds on household-level and individual-level data collected in urban Kenya in 2012 and 2015. Various regression models are developed and estimated. Results show that maternal nutrition knowledge - measured through an aggregate knowledge score - is positively associated with child HAZ, even after controlling for other influencing factors such...
Source: Appetite - May 27, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Debela BL, Demmler KM, Rischke R, Qaim M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The role of working memory sub-components in food choice and dieting success.
Abstract Evidence suggests a role for self-reported working memory (WM) in self-reported food intake, but it is not known which WM sub-components are involved. It is also important to consider how individual differences in dietary restraint and disinhibition influence WM and the impact of this on food choice. The current study assessed the relationship between WM sub-components and food choice, using computerised measures of WM sub-components and a direct assessment of food intake. The role of dieting success (measured by restraint and disinhibition) as a distal predictor of food choice that influences food choice...
Source: Appetite - May 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Whitelock V, Nouwen A, van den Akker O, Higgs S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Executive function in childhood obesity: Promising intervention strategies to optimize treatment outcomes.
Abstract Executive functions (EFs) are hypothesized to play a role in the development and maintenance of obesity due to their role in self-regulatory processes that manage energy-balance behaviors. Children with obesity have well-documented deficits in EF, which may impede effectiveness of current, evidence-based treatments. This review examines top-down EF processes (e.g., inhibitory control, working memory, cognitive flexibility), as well as bottom-up automatic processes that interact with EFs (e.g., attentional bias, delay discounting) and their relation to weight-loss treatment success in children. It then eva...
Source: Appetite - May 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hayes JF, Eichen DM, Barch DM, Wilfley DE Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Vegetarian on purpose: Understanding the motivations of plant-based dieters.
Abstract Much recent research has explored vegetarians' dietary motivations, recurrently highlighting the significant influence they exert on how people view themselves and others. For vegetarians and other plant-based dieters, dietary motivations have been theorized to be a central aspect of identity. Yet not all plant-based dieters are motivated to follow their diets; rather, some face aversions and constraints. In this paper, we propose that motivations, aversions, and constraints constitute three distinct reasons for consuming a plant-based diet. After conceptually distinguishing motivations from aversions and...
Source: Appetite - May 24, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rosenfeld DL, Burrow AL Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Resting state hypothalamic response to glucose predicts glucose-induced attenuation in the ventral striatal response to food cues.
This study aimed to understand whether changes in the hypothalamic activity in response to glucose-induced metabolic signals are linked to food-cue reactivity within brain areas involved in reward processing. We combined two neuroimaging modalities (Arterial Spin Labeling and Blood Oxygen Level Dependent) to measure glucose-induced changes in hypothalamic cerebral blood flow (CBF) and food-cue task induced changes in brain activity within reward-related regions. Twenty-five participants underwent a MRI session following glucose ingestion and a subset of twenty individuals underwent an additional water session on a separate...
Source: Appetite - May 24, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Luo S, Melrose AJ, Dorton H, Alves J, Monterosso JR, Page KA Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Executive functions and the self-regulation of eating behavior: A review.
Abstract In order to pursue the long-term goal of losing weight, a dieter needs to resist the urge to eat appealing, tasty foods. Beside sufficient motivation to resist these foods, dieters also need the capacity for successful self-regulation, and this capacity is strongly related to executive functions. Executive function is an umbrella term encompassing a number of interrelated higher-order cognitive processes that allow people to take goal-directed action. In this review, we outline how basic facets of executive functioning (updating, inhibiting, and shifting) contribute to the successful self-regulation of ea...
Source: Appetite - May 24, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dohle S, Diel K, Hofmann W Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

"Smile away your cravings" - Facial feedback modulates cue-induced food cravings.
"Smile away your cravings" - Facial feedback modulates cue-induced food cravings. Appetite. 2017 May 23;: Authors: Schmidt J, Martin A Abstract Food cravings are common experiences that precede dysfunctional eating behaviors, such as overeating and binge eating. These cravings are often related to negative affect, especially in emotional eaters. Recent studies have revived interest in a theory on the implicit modulation of affect: the facial feedback-hypothesis. This theory claims that mimic expressions influence affective experiences. Given the association between negative affect and food c...
Source: Appetite - May 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Schmidt J, Martin A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Perception of food consumed at home and dietary intake: A nationwide study from Brazil.
Abstract Perception of food consumed is a key factor in acknowledging the need for behavioral change to improve diet quality. We analyzed family dietary intake according to the head of household's perception of satisfaction with food consumed by the family. Households (n = 13,351) that participated in the Brazilian Household Budget Survey and the National Dietary Survey were classified as satisfied or dissatisfied with the food consumed in the home. We compared the family dietary intake of the two groups considering their socio-demographic characteristics. Satisfied families (n = 4429) reported...
Source: Appetite - May 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gombi-Vaca MF, Horta PM, Hassan BK, Fialho da Rocha T, Skov LR, Verly-Jr E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Positive and negative emotional eating have different associations with overeating and binge eating: Construction and validation of the Positive-Negative Emotional Eating Scale.
Abstract Research on emotional eating mostly focuses on negative emotions. Much less is known about how positive emotions relate to overeating and binge eating (BE). The aim of the current study was to construct a scale for positive and negative emotional eating and to assess its predictive validity. In study 1, the Positive-Negative Emotional Eating Scale (PNEES) was constructed and tested on 531 women, who also completed Eating Disorders Assessment Scale (EDAS). Results showed that a two-factor model constituting Positive emotional eating (PNEES-P) and Negative emotional eating (PNEES-N) fit the data well. PNEES...
Source: Appetite - May 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sultson H, Kukk K, Akkermann K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Cognitive training as a potential treatment for overweight and obesity: A critical review of the evidence: Proposal for special issue in appetite: Executive function training & eating behaviour.
Cognitive training as a potential treatment for overweight and obesity: A critical review of the evidence: Proposal for special issue in appetite: Executive function training & eating behaviour. Appetite. 2017 May 22;: Authors: Jones A, Hardman CA, Lawrence N, Field M Abstract The aim of this review is to critically evaluate the effectiveness and candidate mechanisms of action of psychological interventions which aim to either (a) improve the capacity for self-regulatory, reflective processes or (b) reduce the impact of automatic appetitive processes, in an attempt to influence food intake and ass...
Source: Appetite - May 22, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jones A, Hardman CA, Lawrence N, Field M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Maternal feeding practices and children's eating behaviours: A comparison of mothers with healthy weight versus overweight/obesity.
This study aimed to explore differences between mothers with healthy weight versus overweight/obesity in a wide range of their reported child feeding practices and their reports of their children's eating behaviours. Mothers (N = 437) with a 2-6-year-old child participated. They comprised two groups, based on their BMI: healthy weight (BMI of 18.0-24.9, inclusive) or overweight/obese (BMI of 25.0 or more). All mothers provided demographic information and completed self-report measures of their child feeding practices and their child's eating behaviour. In comparison to mothers with healthy weight, mothers who wer...
Source: Appetite - May 20, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Haycraft E, Karasouli E, Meyer C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Predicting healthy eating intention and adherence to dietary recommendations during pregnancy in Australia using the Theory of Planned Behaviour.
This study aims to aid in the development of more effective healthy eating intervention strategies for pregnant women by understanding the relationship between healthy eating intention and actual eating behaviour. Specifically, the study explored whether Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) constructs [attitude, subjective-norm, perceived-behavioural-control (PBC)] and additional psychosocial variables (perceived stress, health value and self-identity as a healthy eater) are useful in explaining variance in women's 1) intentions to consume a healthy diet during pregnancy and 2) food consumption behaviour (e.g. adherence to fo...
Source: Appetite - May 20, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Malek L, Umberger WJ, Makrides M, Zhou S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Is decision-making ability related to food choice and facets of eating behaviour in adolescents?
CONCLUSIONS: Findings from this study extend the existing research in adults and offer a more comprehensive understanding of factors that may contribute to eating behaviours and weight status in teenagers. PMID: 28536057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - May 20, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Macchi R, MacKew L, Davis C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

How important are the influencing factors to the decision on whether to provide seafood in infant and young child feeding?
This study aimed to measure the importance of factors that influence mothers' decisions on providing seafood for their child during infant and young child feeding (six months to four years). A mixed method Q methodology and cognitive interview approach was used with 32 mothers in Scotland. Despite a large consensus of opinion between mothers (n = 20) on the importance of factors on their decision-making, two viewpoints emerged highlighting an importance placed on food attributes and the infant, and convenience and family-centred. This study is the first to quantify the influences on the decision to provide seafoo...
Source: Appetite - May 20, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Carstairs SA, Marais D, Craig LCA, Kiezebrink K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Relationships between food neophobia and food intake and preferences: Findings from a sample of New Zealand adults.
Abstract Food neophobia (FN) has been shown to be a strong influence on food preferences using primarily small data sets. This has limited the explanatory power of FN and the extent to which it can be related to other factors that influence food choice. To address these limitations, we collected Food Neophobia Scale data from 1167 adults from New Zealand over a 45-month period. Participants also completed a 112-item food preference questionnaire and a self-report 24°hour, a 145 item food intake recall survey, and the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ). As a way of providing a structure to the food intake and pref...
Source: Appetite - May 19, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jaeger SR, Rasmussen MA, Prescott J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Perceptions of healthy eating amongst Indian adolescents in India and Canada.
CONCLUSION: This study suggests potential targets for family-based and school-based education programs and policies to improve dietary habits of Indian and Indo-Canadian adolescents which include, culturally focused nutrition education and guidelines, academic stress management strategies, parental education, food hygiene regulations and restriction on the sale and advertising of unhealthy foods. PMID: 28529114 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - May 18, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Correa N, Rajaraman D, Swaminathan S, Vaz M, Jayachitra KG, Lear SA, Punthakee Z Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The building blocks of drinking experience across men and women: A case study with craft and industrial beers.
Valentin D Abstract In today's market, every product seems to be marked by the label of "experience". It is expected that successful products give the consumer "extraordinary experiences". The research in consumption experience is growing, but much work still needs to be done to understand the food and beverage experience. A qualitative study was conducted using contextual focus groups to explore the building blocks of consumers' drinking experience of industrial and craft beers. The results show that drinking experience is shaped by our cognitive, sensory or affective systems, especially duri...
Source: Appetite - May 17, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gómez-Corona C, Escalona-Buendía HB, Chollet S, Valentin D Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Digital food photography technology improves efficiency and feasibility of dietary intake assessments in large populations eating ad libitum in collective dining facilities.
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the use of DFP allows an adequately reliable approach for quantifying NI in real-world scenarios involving large numbers of participants who must be assessed very rapidly, and researchers must have a small footprint. PMID: 28527951 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - May 17, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: McClung HL, Champagne CM, Allen HR, McGraw SM, Young AJ, Montain SJ, Crombie AP Tags: Appetite Source Type: research