Food stories: Unraveling the mechanisms underlying healthful eating.
Abstract The biomedical model of health (BMH) studies the causes and origins of disease. When applied to nutrition research, eating is studied as a behavior that supports physical health. However, the lack of attention the BMH pays to social and historical circumstances in which health behaviors are constructed has been widely addressed in literature. When people are studied without considering contextual influences, the relevance to everyday life is limited. As a result, how individuals actively deal with their context to manage healthful eating is poorly understood. This research applies a complementary model, s...
Source: Appetite - October 4, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Swan E, Bouwman L, Aarts N, Rosen L, Hiddink GJ, Koelen M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Development and preliminary validation of the Salzburg Stress Eating Scale.
Abstract Stress-related eating has long been a focus of study in several disciplines. Currently available psychometric scales conflate stress-related eating with emotional eating despite that not all stress states can be subsumed under some form of specific emotion. Moreover, existing measures primarily assess increased food intake in response to emotions and stress, thus ignoring evidence of decreased food intake in response to stress. Therefore, we drew from established stress concepts to develop the first genuine stress-related eating scale (Salzburg Stress Eating Scale [SSES]) in both German and English versio...
Source: Appetite - October 3, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Meule A, Reichenberger J, Blechert J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

What motivates their food choice? Children are key informants.
Abstract In Australia, children are not eating according to the Australian Dietary Guidelines despite the incorporation of numerous public health initiatives in the school setting. Literature regarding children's views about what influences their food choice is limited. Incorporating children in the creation of strategies to build healthy public policy aligns with the World Health Organisation (WHO) Ottawa Charter framework. In this qualitative study we used participatory action research to determine why children make the food choices they do. Five action cycles were used to collect data from school children and t...
Source: Appetite - September 30, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Waddingham S, Shaw K, Van Dam P, Bettiol S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

When does behavior follow intent? Relationships between trait level dietary restraint and daily eating behaviors.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings confirm the usefulness of assessments of self-reported trait dietary restraint behaviors as a method of capturing dieting behaviors. In contrast, trait level dietary restraint intentions was a poor predictor of eating outcomes and more research on the way that restraint intentions affect eating behaviors is warranted. PMID: 28970185 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - September 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rodgers RF, Fuller-Tyszkiewicz M, Holmes M, Skouteris H, Broadbent J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Is hunger important to model in fMRI visual food-cue reactivity paradigms in adults with obesity and how should this be done?
Abstract We considered 1) influence of self-reported hunger in behavioral and fMRI food-cue reactivity (fMRI-FCR) 2) optimal methods to model this. Adults (N = 32; 19-60 years; F = 21; BMI 30-39.9 kg/m(2)) participated in an fMRI-FCR task that required rating 240 images of food and matched objects for 'appeal'. Hunger, satiety, thirst, fullness and emptiness were measured pre- and post-scan (visual analogue scales). Hunger, satiety, fullness and emptiness were combined to form a latent factor (appetite). Post-vs. pre-scores were compared using paired t-tests. In mixed-effects models, appea...
Source: Appetite - September 27, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chin SH, Kahathuduwa CN, Stearns MB, Davis T, Binks M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Eating out and getting fat? A comparative study between urban and rural China.
Abstract In parallel with the increased prevalence of overweight and obesity, the rate of food away from home (FAFH) consumption in China has increased notably in recent years. Under the long-term urban-rural dual structure in China, the purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of FAFH consumption on body mass index (BMI) by a comparative study between rural and urban areas, using 26,244 subjects from the 2004-2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey. The results indicated that urban residents have a higher rate of FAFH consumption than rural residents with the difference narrowing over time. The empirica...
Source: Appetite - September 27, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zeng Q, Zeng Y Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

At-home and away-from-home dietary patterns and BMI z-scores in Brazilian adolescents.
The objective of this paper was to identify at-home and away-from-home dietary patterns among adolescents in Brazil, and to evaluate the relationship between these patterns and body mass index (BMI) z-scores. DESIGN: Data from the Brazilian National Dietary Survey 2008-2009 were analyzed in this cross-sectional study. Dietary intake was assessed by completion of written food records on two non-consecutive days. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Five thousand two hundred sixty-six adolescents 10-19 years of age living in urban areas of Brazil were included in the analysis. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Thirty-two food groups wer...
Source: Appetite - September 27, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cunha DB, Bezerra IN, Pereira RA, Sichieri R Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Effects of 3-week total meal replacement vs. typical food-based diet on human brain functional magnetic resonance imaging food-cue reactivity and functional connectivity in people with obesity.
We examined the effects of a 3-week 1120 kcal/d TMR intervention as compared to an iso-caloric TD intervention using an fMRI-FCR paradigm. METHODS: Thirty-two male and female subjects with obesity (19-60 years; 30-39.9 kg/m(2)) participated in a randomized two-group repeated measures dietary intervention study consisting of 1120 kcal/d from either 1) TMR (shakes), 2) TD (portion control). Pre-intervention and following the 3-week diet fMRI FCR, functional connectivity, food cravings (Food Craving Inventory) and weight were considered. RESULTS: Compared to TD, TMR showed increased fMRI-FCR of the bi...
Source: Appetite - September 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kahathuduwa CN, Davis T, O'Boyle M, Boyd LA, Chin SH, Paniukov D, Binks M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food addiction and substance addiction in women: Common clinical characteristics.
Abstract Food addiction is characterized by poorly controlled intake of highly-palatable, calorically-dense, foods. While previous studies indicate that risk factors for food addiction are similar to substance use disorders (SUD), these studies have looked at food addiction and SUD in independent samples, limiting the ability to directly compare food addiction to SUD. The present study was conducted to assess rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, childhood and adult trauma exposure, as well as presence and severity of emotion dysregulation, in a sample of women (N = 229) who either m...
Source: Appetite - September 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hardy R, Fani N, Jovanovic T, Michopoulos V Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Understanding fruit and vegetable consumption in children and adolescents. The contributions of affect, self-concept and habit strength.
This study investigated the association of affective attitude, self-identity and habit with fruit and vegetable (FV) intentions and intake in children. Previous studies have not fully explored their implications for children of different age groups and have not considered their independent contribution as part of a coherent model of behaviour that also controls for other psychosocial and environmental determinants of intake. Data was collected through face-to-face interviews with 362 children, 9-15 years old. Children were asked to report on measures of affective attitude, cognitive attitude, self-concept, social norms and...
Source: Appetite - September 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Albani V, Butler LT, Traill WB, Kennedy OB Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The effects of dissociation on willingness to eat meat are moderated by exposure to unprocessed meat: A cross-cultural investigation.
Abstract Dissociating meat from its animal origins helps consumers deal with the cognitive dissonance resulting from liking meat but disliking causing pain to animals. Extending previous research, we tested whether dissociation would play less of a role for meat consumption in a country where average consumers are more frequently exposed to unprocessed meat (i.e., Ecuador) than where such exposure is rare (i.e., the US). Specifically, we randomly showed Ecuadorians and US Americans a pork roast with the head present or removed. Showing the head led to less dissociation, and subsequently more disgust and empathy fo...
Source: Appetite - September 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kunst JR, Palacios Haugestad CA Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Using food as a reward: An examination of parental reward practices.
Abstract Eating patterns and taste preferences are often established early in life. Many studies have examined how parental feeding practices may affect children's outcomes, including food intake and preference. The current study focused on a common food parenting practice, using food as a reward, and used Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) to examine whether mothers (n = 376) and fathers (n = 117) of children ages 2.8 to 7.5 (M = 4.7; SD = 1.1) grouped into profiles (i.e., subgroups) based on how they use of food as a reward. The 4-class model was the best-fitting LPA model, wit...
Source: Appetite - September 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Roberts L, Marx JM, Musher-Eizenman DR Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Beliefs and practices regarding solid food introduction among Latino parents in Northern California.
The objective of this study was to elucidate beliefs and practices related to the introduction of solids and solid food feeding in the first year of life among low-income Latino parents residing in Northern California. We conducted 26 semi-structured interviews that explored the timing of introduction of solids, selection of foods to serve to infants, feeding strategies, sources of information on solid food feeding and concerns about infant weight. We found that most parents relied on traditional practices in selecting first foods for infants and had a strong preference for homemade food, which was often chicken soup with ...
Source: Appetite - September 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Beck AL, Hoeft KS, Takayama JI, Barker JC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Effectiveness of brief nutrition interventions on dietary behaviours in adults: A systematic review.
Abstract Brief interventions are effective in improving health behaviours including alcohol intake, however the effectiveness of brief interventions targeting nutrition outcomes has not been determined. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of brief nutrition interventions in adults. Seven databases were searched for RCT/pseudo RCT studies published in English to April 2016, and evaluating brief interventions (i.e. single point of contact) designed to promote change in eating behaviours in healthy adults (≥18 years). Of 4849 articles identified, 45 studies met inclusion criteria. ...
Source: Appetite - September 22, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Whatnall MC, Patterson AJ, Ashton LM, Hutchesson MJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Experiential avoidance, eating expectancies, and binge eating: A preliminary test of an adaption of the Acquired Preparedness Model of eating disorder risk.
This study investigated learned expectancies of eating outcomes as a mechanism through which maladaptive avoidant strategies relate to eating psychopathology. Participants included 244 undergraduate students at a Midwestern university. The participants completed a battery of measures online. Preacher and Hayes's (2008) bootstrapping method of mediation and structural equation modeling were used to analyze the relationships among experiential avoidance, eating expectancies, and binge eating and to test how experiential avoidance fits within the Acquired Preparedness model of eating disorder risk that highlights the role of ...
Source: Appetite - September 22, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Della Longa NM, De Young KP Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

An introduction to the special issue on 'Executive function training & eating behaviour'.
An introduction to the special issue on 'Executive function training & eating behaviour'. Appetite. 2017 Sep 22;: Authors: Houben K, Nederkoorn C, Higgs S PMID: 28947186 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - September 22, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Houben K, Nederkoorn C, Higgs S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

State and trait positive and negative affectivity in relation to restraint intention and binge eating among adults with obesity.
Abstract Restraint and binge eating are cognitive and behavioral processes that are particularly important in the context of obesity. While extensive research has focused on negative affect (NA) in relation to binge eating, it is unclear whether affective valence (i.e., positive versus negative) and stability (i.e., state versus trait) differentially predict binge eating and restraint among individuals with obesity. Distinguishing between valence and stability helps elucidate under which affective contexts, and among which individuals, restraint and binge eating are likely to occur. Therefore, the present study ex...
Source: Appetite - September 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Smith KE, Mason TB, Crosby RD, Engel SG, Crow SJ, Wonderlich SA, Peterson CB Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Nutrition labeling reduces valuations of food through multiple health and taste channels.
Abstract One popularized technique to promote healthy dietary choice involves posting calorie or other nutritional information at the time individuals make a consumption decision. While the evidence on the effectiveness of such interventions is mixed, relatively little work has focused on the underlying mechanisms of how such labels alter behavior. In the research reported here, we asked hungry laboratory subjects to make bids over foods with and without nutrition labels present. We found that the presence of a nutrition label reduced bids by an average of 25 cents. Furthermore, we found this reduction was driven ...
Source: Appetite - September 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fisher G Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Consumers' willingness to pay for reprocessed fried chicken: A way of reducing uneaten food.
This study examines the possibility of selling reprocessed meat products made from raw meat near its sell-by date, using Japanese fried chicken as an example. If reprocessed products are accepted by consumers, this will significantly contribute to reducing food waste in grocery stores. Because reprocessing does not require a reduction in current meat consumption, selling reprocessed foods is a more feasible and realistic way to reduce food waste compared to other initiatives, such as "Meat Free Monday." We use a choice experiment to elicit consumer preference for reprocessed fried chicken. Our results show that t...
Source: Appetite - September 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kawata Y, Kubota S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Augmenting fruit and vegetable consumption by an online intervention: Psychological mechanisms.
CONCLUSION: Both intervention arms produced overall improvements in FV intake. The enhanced intervention resulted in a steeper increase in self-efficacy in women compared to men, and compared to the standard intervention. A psychological mechanism transpired that included a sequence leading from initial outcome expectancies via planning, self-efficacy, and intention towards FV intake. PMID: 28943477 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - September 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Keller J, Motter S, Motter M, Schwarzer R Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Taste the feeling or feel the tasting: Tactile exposure to food texture promotes food acceptance.
s A Abstract The texture of food can be a reason why children reject it: It matters if food is crispy, slimy, smooth or has pips and bits in it. In general, mere exposure is the best method to increase acceptance of food: becoming more familiar with a food by repeated exposure increases liking for it. However, exposure to texture can be difficult, as children can be reluctant to try tasting it. In the current study, it is tested if acceptance of a food with a specific texture is improved after exposure to the feel of it, with hands only. Sixty-six children (between 3 and 10 years old) were randomly assigned to eit...
Source: Appetite - September 20, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nederkoorn C, Theiβen J, Tummers M, Roefs A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Optimal timing of exercise for influencing energy intake in children during school lunch.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Laboratory studies have shown that exercise can reduce energy intake, with a benefit to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in individuals. The aim of the current study was to identify the impact of MVPA before lunch on ad libitum energy intake in very young children in a natural setting. METHODS: Three conditions were tested on three occasions, each using a counterbalance testing sequence as follows: A) Meal_MVPA: Meal at the beginning of the lunch period followed by a 40-min MVPA (reference condition); B) LPA_meal: 40 min of light intensity exercise session followed by ...
Source: Appetite - September 19, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mathieu ME, Lebkowski A, Laplante E, Drapeau V, Thivel D Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Progressive ratio (PR) schedules and the sipometer: Do they measure wanting, liking, and/or reward? A tribute to Anthony Sclafani and Karen Ackroff.
Abstract This paper honors the contributions made by Anthony (Tony) Sclafani and Karen Ackroff to both the Columbia University Seminar on Appetitive Behavior and to the field of ingestive behavior in general. We review their use of the progressive ratio (PR) licking paradigm, to determine whether the taste of sucrose, independent of its post-ingestive effects, is always positively reinforcing in animals. They demonstrated a monotonic increase in licking as concentration increased, and obtained results identical to those obtained with a lever-pressing paradigm, but licking was easier and more natural than lever pre...
Source: Appetite - September 18, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kissileff HR, Herzog M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Shopping for food with children: A strategy for directing their choices toward novel foods containing vegetables.
The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of involving children in food purchasing on food choices, intake, liking and appetite. A between-subject experiment was conducted with 86 children (from 8 to 10 years old). Forty-three children (PURCHASE group) participated in a workshop dedicated to purchasing the necessary ingredients online for the preparation of three unfamiliar foods containing vegetables: apple and beetroot juice, zucchini tortilla sandwich and spinach cookies. Forty-three children (CONTROL group) participated instead in a creativity workshop. Afterwards, all the children were invited to cho...
Source: Appetite - September 13, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Allirot X, Maiz E, Urdaneta E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Self-reported and observed feeding practices of Rhode Island Head Start teachers: Knowing what not to do.
CONCLUSIONS: Although self-report measures are typically used to capture feeding practices, there are inconsistencies between self-report and observation measures. The inconsistencies found among healthful self-reported and observed feeding practices have implications for future research protocols, measurement refinement, and training of child care teachers. PMID: 28916196 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - September 12, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fallon M, Halloran K, Gorman K, Ward D, Greene G, Tovar A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A short food literacy questionnaire (SFLQ) for adults: Findings from a Swiss validation study.
This study evaluated SFLQ measurement properties. We used a workplace intervention trial to reduce salt intake in Switzerland to explore the underlying structure of the questionnaire with 350 respondents and identify the ideal number of SFLQ items to capture the different elements of FL. Exploratory factor analysis showed a unidimensional structure of the final 12-item questionnaire. A sum score based on all 12 items (Cronbach's α = 0.82) showed expected positive associations with health literacy and knowledge of recommended salt intake. The findings indicate the SFLQ is a feasible and reliable tool to asse...
Source: Appetite - September 11, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gréa Krause C, Beer-Borst S, Sommerhalder K, Hayoz S, Abel T Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Is higher formula intake and limited dietary diversity in Australian children at 14 months of age associated with dietary quality at 24 months?
Abstract A varied and diverse diet in childhood supports optimum long-term preferences and growth. Previous analysis from 14-month-old Australian children in the NOURISH and South Australian Infants Dietary Intake (SAIDI) studies found higher formula intake was associated with lower dietary diversity. This analysis investigated whether formula intake and dietary diversity at 14 months of age is associated with dietary quality at 24 months. Secondary analysis of intake data from NOURISH and SAIDI cohorts. Scores for dietary diversity, fruit variety, vegetable variety and meat/alternative variety were combined using...
Source: Appetite - September 9, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Byrne R, En Yeo JM, Mallan K, Magarey A, Daniels L Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Predicting preschool Children's eating in the absence of hunger from maternal pressure to eat: A longitudinal study of low-income, Latina mothers.
Abstract Early work by Klesges et al. (1983, 1986) suggested that mothers who frequently prompt their children to eat have children at greater risk for obesity. This is consistent with the hypothesis that controlling feeding practices override children's responsiveness to their internal fullness cues, increasing the risk of overeating and obesity (e.g., Johnson & Birch, 1994). Subsequent cross-sectional research on pressure to eat, however, has been inconsistent. Most studies have shown that maternal self-reports of pressure to eat are negatively associated with childhood obesity, and observational studies sho...
Source: Appetite - September 9, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Galindo L, Power TG, Beck AD, Fisher JO, O'Connor TM, Hughes SO Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Examining the "Veggie" personality: Results from a representative German sample.
Examining the "Veggie" personality: Results from a representative German sample. Appetite. 2017 Sep 07;: Authors: Pfeiler TM, Egloff B Abstract An increasing proportion of people choose to follow a vegetarian diet. To date, however, little is known about if and how individual differences in personality relate to following a vegetarian diet. In the two studies presented here, we aimed to (1) estimate the prevalence of self-defined vegetarians in two waves of a German representative sample (N = 4496 and 5,125, respectively), (2) analyze the effect of socio-demographic variables on di...
Source: Appetite - September 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pfeiler TM, Egloff B Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Learned pleasure from eating: An opportunity to promote healthy eating in children?
The objective of this narrative review is to explore whether these three dimensions may play a role in promotion of healthy eating behaviour among children. Up to now, it was assumed that providing nutritional information, pointing out which types of foods are "good" or "bad" for health, would drive healthier food choices in children. Today, we know that such strategies based on a cognitive approach toward eating have a limited impact on healthy choices and can even be counter-productive, leading children to avoid healthy foods. In the context of increasing rates of childhood obesity, new perspectives a...
Source: Appetite - September 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marty L, Chambaron S, Nicklaus S, Monnery-Patris S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Can attentional bias modification inoculate people to withstand exposure to real-world food cues?
Abstract Two experiments investigated whether attentional bias modification can inoculate people to withstand exposure to real-world appetitive food cues, namely television advertisements for chocolate products. Using a modified dot probe task, undergraduate women were trained to direct their attention toward (attend) or away from (avoid) chocolate pictures. Experiment 1 (N = 178) consisted of one training session; Experiment 2 (N = 161) included 5 weekly sessions. Following training, participants viewed television advertisements of chocolate or control products. They then took part in a so-cal...
Source: Appetite - September 6, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kemps E, Tiggemann M, Stewart-Davis E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Easy-going, rational, susceptible and struggling eaters: A segmentation study based on eating behaviour tendencies.
This study aimed to understand the interactive occurrence of EE, UE and CR in two independent populations. Finnish (n = 1060) and German (n = 1070) samples were segmented on the basis of their responses to a modified Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ-R15). Well-being, coping strategies and food consumption habits of the segments were studied. Segmentation revealed four segments: "Susceptible", "Easy-going", "Rational" and "Struggling". These segments were similar in both countries with regard to well-being, coping strategies and food choices. EE and UE co-oc...
Source: Appetite - September 6, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pentikäinen S, Arvola A, Karhunen L, Pennanen K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

DNA methylation patterns at sweet taste transducing genes are associated with BMI and carbohydrate intake in an adult population.
oject Abstract Individual differences in taste perception may influence appetite, dietary intakes, and subsequently, disease risk. Correlations of DNA methylation patterns at taste transducing genes with BMI and dietary intakes were studied. A nutriepigenomic analysis within the Methyl Epigenome Network Association (MENA) project was conducted in 474 adults. DNA methylation in peripheral white blood cells was analyzed by a microarray approach. KEGG pathway analyses were performed concerning the characterization and discrimination of genes involved in the taste transduction pathway. Adjusted FDR values (p 
Source: Appetite - September 6, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ramos-Lopez O, Arpón A, Riezu-Boj JI, Milagro FI, Mansego ML, Martinez JA, MENA project Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Too sweet to eat: Exploring the effects of cuteness on meat consumption.
Abstract Although daily meat consumption is a widespread habit, many individuals at the same time put a high value on the welfare of animals. While different psychological mechanisms have been identified to resolve this cognitive tension, such as dissociating the animal from the consumed meat or denying the animal's moral status, few studies have investigated the effects of the animal's appearance on the willingness to consume its meat. The present article explored how the perception of cuteness influences hypothetical meat consumption. We hypothesized that cuter animals would reduce the willingness to consume mea...
Source: Appetite - September 4, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zickfeld JH, Kunst JR, Hohle SM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Feasibility and reliability of digital imaging for estimating food selection and consumption from students' packed lunches.
The objective of this project was to assess the feasibility and inter-rater reliability of digital imaging for determining selection and consumption from students' packed lunches, by adapting approaches previously applied to school lunches. Study 1 assessed feasibility and reliability of data collection among a sample of packed lunches (n = 155), while Study 2 further examined reliability in a larger sample of packed (n = 386) as well as school (n = 583) lunches. Based on the results from Study 1, it was feasible to collect and code most items in packed lunch images; missing data were most com...
Source: Appetite - September 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Taylor JC, Sutter C, Ontai LL, Nishina A, Zidenberg-Cherr S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Similarities in smell and taste preferences in couples increase with relationship duration.
Abstract Numerous studies point to partners' congruence in various domains and note an increase in their compatibility over time. However, none have explored a shift in chemosensory perception related to relationship duration. Here, we examined the relationship between the time heterosexual couples have spent together and the degree to which they share their gustatory and olfactory preferences. Additionally, we investigated whether these preferences are associated with relationship satisfaction. One-hundred couples aged from 18 to 68 years being together for a period between 3 and 540 months rated the pleasantness...
Source: Appetite - August 30, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Groyecka A, Sorokowska A, Oleszkiewicz A, Hummel T, Łysenko K, Sorokowski P Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Dietitians' perception of the healthiness of packaged food.
PMID: 28866030 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - August 30, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Thurecht RL, Pelly FE, Cooper SL Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Emotional eating is related with temperament but not with stress biomarkers in preschool children.
unsch S Abstract Emotional eating (EE) corresponds to a change in eating behaviour in response to distress and results in an increase of food intake (overeating (EOE)) or in food avoidance (undereating (EUE)). EE has been related to temperament (i.e. negative emotionality) and dysregulated stress biomarkers in school-aged children; parenting has been understood to influence this relationship in older children. The aim of the study was to investigate to which extent stress biomarkers and negative emotionality are related to EE and to understand the role of parenting in this relationship. The sample consisted of 271...
Source: Appetite - August 30, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Messerli-Bürgy N, Stülb K, Kakebeeke TH, Arhab A, Zysset AE, Leeger-Aschmann CS, Schmutz EA, Meyer AH, Ehlert U, Garcia-Burgos D, Kriemler S, Jenni OG, Puder JJ, Munsch S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Parental feeding behavior in relation to children's tasting behavior: An observational study.
This study examines how parents (1) model and (2) encourage their child to taste an unknown food. Thereby, attention is paid to the distinction between encouraging what (i.e. adaptive type of encouragement) and the amount (i.e. maladaptive type of encouragement) children eat/drink. Twenty-five families with a child with overweight and 30 families with a child of healthy weight (7-13 years) participated in a taste task. Both the child's tasting behavior and the parents' modelling and encouragement behavior were observed and related to the child's age and weight status. As 94.3% of the children tasted the unknown food, weigh...
Source: Appetite - August 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Moens E, Goossens L, Verbeken S, Vandeweghe L, Braet C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Salad bar selection patterns of elementary school children.
We examined three factors, gender, grade, and item placement, in relation to food selection. Gender was the most significant factor, with girls being more likely to choose both fruits and vegetables. Students in lower grades were more likely to select vegetables and to choose more of them. Finally, item placement did not affect choice. Our findings lead us to suggest the importance of integrating information about fruits and vegetables into the school curriculum and that schools strongly consider which items to offer because our results indicate children consistently do not choose certain items and probably do not conceive...
Source: Appetite - August 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Moreno-Black G, Stockard J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Pica is prevalent and strongly associated with iron deficiency among Hispanic pregnant women living in the United States.
CONCLUSIONS: Among pregnant Hispanic women, pica was prevalent and strongly associated with iron deficiency and food insecurity. Clinicians should screen for pica during pregnancy in Hispanic populations, and future studies should elucidate the underlying etiology and consequences of engaging in pica during pregnancy. PMID: 28864256 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - August 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Roy A, Fuentes-Afflick E, Fernald LCH, Young SL Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Measurement invariance of the feeding practices and Structure Questionnaire-28 among a community of socioeconomically disadvantaged mothers and fathers.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The FPSQ-28 subscales appear to be interpreted equivalently, and thus to measure the same constructs, irrespective of the gender of the parents. The questionnaire can be used to measure or compare mothers' and fathers' self-reported feeding practices and examine influence on child health outcomes. In the current sample of mothers and fathers recruited from a socioeconomically disadvantaged community, mothers used more 'covert restriction' than fathers. PMID: 28864257 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - August 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jansen E, Harris HA, Mallan KM, Daniels L, Thorpe K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Emotion suppression and food intake in the context of a couple discussion: A dyadic analysis.
, Bégin C Abstract Using dyadic analysis, this study examined whether emotion suppression is a valid mediator in the relationship between mood change following a stressful couple discussion and subsequent food intake among cohabiting couples. In a laboratory setting, 80 heterosexual couples were presented with a bogus taste test immediately after discussing aspects that they would like each other to change. Mood change, emotion suppression and appetite perceptions were self-reported using visual analogue scales, and BMI was calculated based on objective measures. The moderated-mediation Actor-Partner Interd...
Source: Appetite - August 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Côté M, Gagnon-Girouard MP, Sabourin S, Bégin C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Perceived impact of smaller compared with larger-sized bottles of sugar-sweetened beverages on consumption: A qualitative analysis.
Abstract Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption increases obesity risk and is linked to adverse health consequences. Large packages increase food consumption, but most evidence comes from studies comparing larger with standard packages, resulting in uncertainty regarding the impact of smaller packages. There is also little research on beverages. This qualitative study explores the experiences of consuming cola from smaller compared with larger bottles, to inform intervention strategies. Sixteen households in Cambridge, England, participating in a feasibility study assessing the impact of bottle size on in-home...
Source: Appetite - August 29, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mantzari E, Hollands GJ, Pechey R, Jebb S, Marteau TM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Conservatism predicts lapses from vegetarian/vegan diets to meat consumption (through lower social justice concerns and social support).
Abstract Lapses from vegetarian and vegan (i.e., veg*n) food choices to meat consumption are very common, suggesting that sustaining veg*nism is challenging. But little is known about why people return to eating animals after initially deciding to avoid meat consumption. Several potential explanatory factors include personal inconvenience, meat cravings, awkwardness in social settings, or health/nutrition concerns. Here we test the degree to which political ideology predicts lapsing to meat consumption. Past research demonstrates that political ideology predicts present levels of meat consumption, whereby those hi...
Source: Appetite - August 28, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hodson G, Megan E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Consumer lay theories on healthy nutrition: A Q methodology application in Germany.
Abstract Food is an important driver of individual health, and an important subject in public policy and health intervention research. Viewpoints on what constitutes healthy nutrition, however, are manifold and highly subjective in nature, suggesting there is no one-size-fits-all behavioral change intervention. This research explores fundamental lay theories regarding healthy nutrition with consumers in Germany. The study aimed at identifying and characterizing distinct groups of consumers based on similarities and differences in the lay theories individuals hold by means of Q methodology. Thirty German consumers ...
Source: Appetite - August 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yarar N, Orth UR Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Unsold is unseen … or is it? Examining the role of peripheral vision in the consumer choice process using eye-tracking methodology.
This article is based on controlled lab experiments as well as a field study conducted in a complex retail environment. Thus, the findings are valid both under controlled and ecologically valid conditions. PMID: 28851559 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - August 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wästlund E, Shams P, Otterbring T Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Binary components of food reinforcement: Amplitude and persistence.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Demand curves provide an index of how reinforcing a food is. Research examining the latent structure of alcohol and tobacco reinforcement identified two underlying components of reinforcement, amplitude and persistence. No research has assessed latent structure of food reinforcement and how these factors are related to BMI. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Participants were 297 adults from two studies that completed food purchasing tasks to assess the following measures of relative reinforcing efficacy (RRE) of food: intensity (Q0): purchases made when the food was free or of very minimal price, Oma...
Source: Appetite - August 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Epstein LH, Stein JS, Paluch RA, MacKillop J, Bickel WK Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

What does a person's eating identity add to environmental influences on fruit and vegetable intake?
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether knowledge of a person's eating identity (EI) can explain any additional variation in fruit and vegetable intake above and beyond that explained by food environment characteristics, perceptions of the food environment, and shopping behaviors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A total of 968 adults were recruited for a telephone survey by the Survey Research Laboratory in an eight-county region in South Carolina. SUBJECTS: The survey queried information on shopping behaviors, perceptions of the food environment, demographic and address information, fruit a...
Source: Appetite - August 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ma X, Blake CE, Barnes TL, Bell BA, Liese AD Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

What determines the fruit and vegetables intake of primary school children? - An analysis of personal and social determinants.
nn M Abstract The high prevalence of childhood obesity is a major concern in developed and developing countries. An increase in fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake is perceived as one of the numerous strategies to prevent and reduce the risk of adiposity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relevance of personal and social determinants in explaining children's F&V intake. Written questionnaire data were collected from 702 parent-child pairs that included 3rd and 4th graders (aged 7 to 10) and their parents. Children's F&V intake was recorded over three food records. Hierarchical linear regres...
Source: Appetite - August 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Haß J, Hartmann M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research