Molar Sodium Lactate Attenuates the Severity of Postcardiac Arrest Syndrome: A Preclinical Study

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether continuous IV infusion of molar sodium lactate would limit cardiac arrest–induced neurologic injury and cardiovascular failure. DESIGN: Randomized blinded study (animal model). SETTING: University animal research facility. SUBJECTS: Twenty-four adult male “New Zealand White” rabbits. INTERVENTIONS: Anesthetized rabbits underwent 12.5 minutes of asphyxial cardiac arrest and were randomized to receive either normal saline (control group, n = 12) or molar sodium lactate (molar sodium lactate group, n = 12) at a rate of 5 mL/kg/hr during the whole 120-minute reperfusion period. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Pupillary reactivity (primary outcome), levels of S100β protein, in vitro brain mitochondria functions, cardiovascular function, and fluid balance were assessed. Molar sodium lactate reduced brain injury, with a higher proportion of animals exhibiting pupillary reactivity to light (83% vs 25% in the CTRL group, p = 0.01) and lower S100β protein levels (189 ± 42 vs 412 ± 63 pg/mL, p 0.99), but hemodynamics were significantly improved in the molar sodium lactate group compared with the control group (higher mean arterial pressure [49 ± 2 vs 29 ± 3 mm Hg; p
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Laboratory Investigations Source Type: research