IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 12550: Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) in Integrated Crop & ndash;Livestock Systems: Environmental Exposure and Human Health Risks

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 12550: Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) in Integrated Crop–Livestock Systems: Environmental Exposure and Human Health Risks International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph182312550 Authors: Gaurav Jha Vanaja Kankarla Everald McLennon Suman Pal Debjani Sihi Biswanath Dari Dawson Diaz Mallika Nocco Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are highly persistent synthetic organic contaminants that can cause serious human health concerns such as obesity, liver damage, kidney cancer, hypertension, immunotoxicity and other human health issues. Integrated crop–livestock systems combine agricultural crop production with milk and/or meat production and processing. Key sources of PFAS in these systems include firefighting foams near military bases, wastewater sludge and industrial discharge. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances regularly move from soils to nearby surface water and/or groundwater because of their high mobility and persistence. Irrigating crops or managing livestock for milk and meat production using adjacent waters can be detrimental to human health. The presence of PFAS in both groundwater and milk have been reported in dairy production states (e.g., Wisconsin and New Mexico) across the United States. Although there is a limit of 70 parts per trillion of PFAS in drinking water by the U.S. EPA, there are not yet regional screening guidelines for conducting risk a...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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This study aims to determine the impact of bariatric surgery-induced weight loss on the prevention of kidney cancer.SETTING: Academic Hospital, United States.METHODS: The National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS) was queried for the period 2010 to 2015 for first-time kidney cancer-related hospitalization, used as a proxy for cancer incidence, in patients with a history of bariatric surgery (cases) and patients with obesity but no history of bariatric surgery (controls). Patients with a previous diagnosis of cancer were excluded from the analysis. In order to identify comparable patients, all controls had to have a body ...
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
i Paola Romagnani Sex and gender disparities have been reported for different types of non-reproductive cancers. Males are two times more likely to develop kidney cancer than females and have a higher death rate. These differences can be explained by looking at genetics and genomics, as well as other risk factors such as hypertension and obesity, lifestyle, and female sex hormones. Examination of the hormonal signaling pathways bring further insights into sex-related differences. Sex and gender-based disparities can be observed at the diagnostic, histological and treatment levels, leading to significant outcome diffe...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Adv Exp Med Biol. 2021;1315:17-50. doi: 10.1007/978-981-16-0991-6_2.ABSTRACTHydrogen sulfide (H2S) is constitutively synthesized in the kidney. Recent investigations suggest a role for H2S in the regulation of fundamental kidney physiological events including arterial blood flow, glomerular filtration, and electrolyte and water transport. Deficiency of H2S generation has been implicated in acute kidney injury brought on by ischemia, administration of nephrotoxic medications, and obstruction. A role for impaired H2S expression has been shown in chronic kidney injury seen with chronic heart failure, obesity, and diabetes. De...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract The link between diet and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of diet with RCC's incidence and mortality rates worldwide. We conducted an ecological study including 170 countries, whose data on age-standardized (AS) incidence and mortality rates of RCC, dietary factors, and potentially confounding factors such as obesity, insufficient physical activity, tobacco smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and human development index (HDI) were collected and available on May 2020 from the Global Cancer Observatory, the Global Dietary Database, the Glob...
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Nutr Cancer Source Type: research
Authors: Everatt R, Virvičiūtė D, Tamošiūnas A Abstract OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have observed notable unexplained geographic differences in incidence of kidney cancer in Europe. Lithuania is among the countries with the highest incidence and mortality. Our objective was to investigate the effect of different lifestyle, anthropometric and biological factors on the risk of kidney cancer in Lithuanian men. METHODS: This population-based cohort study included 6,849 men initially free from cancer. During the follow-up (1978-2008), 79 incident cases of kidney cancer were identified. Cox proportional h...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research
Summary: As early detection and advances in the treatment for renal cell carcinoma continue to lead to excellent oncologic outcomes, the preservation of renal function in kidney cancer patients has emerged as an increasingly important clinical objective. Given that diabetes, hypertension, obesity, cigarette smoking, and aging are independent risk factors for renal cell carcinoma, the corresponding non-neoplastic kidney diseases frequently are present, but often undiagnosed. In addition, the subsequent clinical management of the ensuing chronic kidney disease historically has not included nephrologists.
Source: Seminars in Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeRenal cell carcinoma (RCC) incidence is higher among black than white Americans. The reasons for this disparity remain unclear.MethodsWe calculated race- and sex-specific population attributable risk percentages (PAR%) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) for hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD) among black and white subjects  ≥  50 years of age from the US Kidney Cancer Study (USKC; 965 cases, 953 controls), a case–control study in Chicago and Detroit, and a nested case–control study in the Kaiser Permanente Northern California health care network (KPNC; 2,162 c...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we determine whether transient reintroduction of embryonic stem cell cycle miR-294 promotes cardiomyocyte cell cycle reentry enhancing cardiac repair after myocardial injury. A doxycycline-inducible AAV9-miR-294 vector was delivered to mice for activating miR-294 in myocytes for 14 days continuously after myocardial infarction. miR-294-treated mice significantly improved left ventricular functions together with decreased infarct size and apoptosis 8 weeks after MI. Myocyte cell cycle reentry increased in miR-294 hearts parallel to increased small myocyte number in the heart. Isolated adult myocytes from miR-...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Average age at the time of diagnosis of RCC in Sri Lankan patients is lower than the developed world, with a large proportion of patients being under 50 years. Obesity, hypertension, and DM are associated risk factors for RCC in Sri Lankan patients while smoking is not.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract To perform a systematic review of modifiable risk factors associated with the incidence of renal cell cancer (RCC). A systematic search of the literature was conducted using PubMed, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases from January 1996 until August 2017. We also extracted articles from the reference lists of identified studies and reviews. We targeted modifiable risk factors for RCC to include exercise, smoking, alcohol, diet, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes. We utilized predefined inclusion criteria and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis statement. We identified...
Source: Urologic Oncology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urol Oncol Source Type: research
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