Semiautomated carotid artery plaque composition: are intraplaque CT imaging features associated with cardiovascular risk factors?

This study set out to assess for any such associations.Materials and methodsA retrospective review was completed of consecutive patients that had CTA neck imaging prior to CEA. Body mass index (BMI), tobacco and/or alcohol use, and history of diabetes and/or hypertension were collected from patients ’ medical records. Lab values were dichotomized based on values: total cholesterol
Source: Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsOur results showed a high prevalence of MetS in the Belgian population. Identifying MetS high risk groups based on the socio-demographic and behavioral determinants is of major importance to establish preventive measures for cardiovascular diseases and diabetes of the Belgian population.Key messagesThe overall prevalence of MetS is almost 31% in the Belgian population.Age, education, overweight, obesity and chronic diseases are factors associated with the presence of MetS.
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Indian Heart J. 2021 Sep-Oct;73(5):644-646. doi: 10.1016/j.ihj.2021.07.003. Epub 2021 Jul 17.ABSTRACTHypertension is the most common chronic disease of older adults and an important modifiable cause of mortality and morbidity. In this cross-sectional study, we gathered information about the demographic profile and biochemical parameters associated with hypertension in 897 study subjects above 50 years by structured questionnaires and various laboratory investigations. Higher body mass index, sedentary lifestyle, male sex, living alone, diabetes mellitus, alcohol consumption, medication non-compliance, and a higher serum ch...
Source: Indian Heart J - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
We examined factors associated with not having a healthcare visit in the past year among US adults with hypertension using data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2018 (n=5,985). Hypertension was defined as systolic BP ≥140 mmHg, diastolic BP ≥90 mmHg, or antihypertensive medication use. Having a healthcare visit in the past year was self-reported.RESULTS: Overall, 7.0% of US adults with hypertension reported not having a healthcare visit in the past year. Those without versus with a healthcare visit in the past year were less likely to be aware they had hypertension (45.0% versus 83.9%...
Source: American Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Objective: Using data from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS), to determine the role of estrogen formulation, dose, route of delivery, and its combination with different progestogens on the risk for hypertension in the WHI-OS. Methods: After excluding women with diagnosed hypertension, receiving antihypertensive medication, presenting with elevated blood pressure ( ≥ 140/90), and those not taking menopausal hormone therapy at baseline, 19,986 women remained eligible for the analyses. Using hierarchal modeling, proportional hazard rate calculation, and linear and logistic regression...
Source: Menopause - Category: OBGYN Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
In this study, mature DCs (mDCs), generated from the GM-CSF and IL-4 induced bone marrow cells, were intravenously injected into wild-type mice. Three days later, assays showed that the mDCs were indeed able to return to the thymus. Homing DCs have been mainly reported to deplete thymocytes and induce tolerance. However, medullary TECs (mTECs) play a crucial role in inducing immune tolerance. Thus, we evaluated whether the mDCs homing into the thymus led to TECs depletion. We cocultured mDCs with mTEC1 cells and found that the mDCs induced the apoptosis and inhibited the proliferation of mTEC1 cells. These effects were onl...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Previously undetected risk factors were found to be highly prevalent among the studied siblings. Significant number of siblings were was found to be hypertensive and in addition some had elevated fasting blood sugar levels. Other modifiable risk factors like obesity, alcohol consumption, tobacco use, passive smoking and lack of exercise were also found to be widely prevalent. An important aspect that the study highlighted is the widespread lack of awareness in the study population about risk factors for disease.PMID:34472803
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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