Demystifying Medicine: Suicide and Depression in Time of COVID-19

Demystifying Medicine Lecture Series The COVID-19 pandemic has brought profound stress into our lives — from social isolation and hectic work schedules, to grief over the loss of those who have died from COVID-19 and the inability to fully gather together to mourn them. Populations with underlying depression and addiction disorders are particularly vulnerable to self-harm during these trying times. While depression, suicide and COVID clearly are associated in terms of public health, are they also linked mechanistically, particularly in regard to neurobiology? Are there genetic factors or biomarkers for susceptibility? The April 13 presentations will address both public health and neurobiology aspects of this complex situation. Our first speaker, Dr. Volkow, is director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse. She is a leading authority on the disease of addiction. She and her colleagues have recorded significant increases in many kinds of drug use since in onset of the pandemic in March 2020. They have developed strategies to help curb such drug use as well as to help those already in recovery maintain their regimen. Our second speaker, Dr. Zarate, is chief of the Experimental Therapeutics&Pathophysiology Branch in the National Institute of Mental Health. He has pioneered the use of ketamine to treat depression and reduce suicidal impulses. His lab conducts proof-of-concept studies utilizing novel compounds and biomarkers with PET, fMRI, magnetoencephalography and p...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video

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Addict Behav. 2021 Aug 12;124:107084. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107084. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Previous literature finds an increase in depressive symptoms, substance use, and suicidal ideation following the COVID-19 pandemic in the US - suicides do not appear to increase. We examine whether 1) state lockdown policies in the US precede an increase in mental health symptoms; and 2) the extent to which using substances amplifies or attenuates the relation.METHODS: We specified, as our exposure variable, the timing of state-level lockdown orders. We used, as the outcome variable, the 4-item Patient Health Q...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Jackson Avenue is the main road that cuts through Oxford, Miss. At its northern limit, it circles the Ole Miss campus where Raven Saunders had spent the past three years as a student athlete. At its western end, Jackson splits into a T junction populated by a cluster of familiar American fast food restaurants and retail chains: a Walmart Supercenter, a Home Depot, a Popeye’s, a Chick-Fil-A. Saunders, a senior at University of Mississippi and a star shot putter on the school’s track and field team, knew the intersection well. Turn right, and the road led home. Turn left, and the highway hugged a steep drop-off f...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized olympics Tokyo Olympics Source Type: news
Although James Toussaint has never had COVID-19, the pandemic is taking a profound toll on his health. First, the 57-year-old lost his job delivering parts for a New Orleans auto dealership in spring 2020, when the local economy shut down. Then, he fell behind on his rent. Last month, Toussaint was forced out of his apartment when his landlord—who refused to accept federally funded rental assistance—found a loophole in the federal ban on evictions. Toussaint has recently had trouble controlling his blood pressure. Arthritis in his back and knees prevents him from lifting more than 20 pounds, a huge obstacle for...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
ConclusionDespite being turned back from an effort to bluntly reduce opioid prescribing by the FDA in 2013 based on a lack of scientific evidence for its position (17,18), PROP has had a disproportionate effect on opioid policy in the Untied States for almost a decade. PROP found a willing federal regulatory partner in the CDC, and while PROP may not have “secretly written” the 2016 CDC Pain Guidelines (75), they certainly enjoyed disproportionate representation on CDC’s review panels and Core Expert Group (23-25) in a process that lacked transparency (22, 23, 26, 27). When the CDC admitted that its Pain ...
Source: Pallimed: A Hospice and Palliative Medicine Blog - Category: Palliative Care Tags: CDC health policy kollas opioids pain prop Source Type: blogs
Amber Capone had become afraid of her husband. The “laid-back, bigger than life and cooler than cool” man she’d married had become isolated, disconnected and despondent during his 13 years as a U.S. Navy SEAL. Typically, he was gone 300 days of the year, but when he was home, Amber and their two children walked on eggshells around him. “Everyone was just playing nice until he left again,” Amber says. In 2013, Marcus retired from the military. But life as a civilian only made his depression, anger, headaches, anxiety, alcoholism, impulsivity and violent dreams worse. Sometimes he’d get up...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Drugs feature Magazine Mental Health Source Type: news
Orv Hetil. 2021 Mar 7;162(10):366-374. doi: 10.1556/650.2021.31141.ABSTRACTÖsszefoglaló. Az elmúlt hónapokban életünket alapvetően megváltoztatta a COVID-19-pandémia, melynek egészségügyi, gazdasági és társadalmi hatásai egyelőre szinte felbecsülhetetlenek. A vírusfertőzés akut következményei mellett egyre több adat bizonyítja a teljes népességre kifejtett hatásait: a pszichológiai distressz, a depressziós és szorongásos tünete...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Orv Hetil. 2021 Mar 7;162(10):366-374. doi: 10.1556/650.2021.31141.ABSTRACTÖsszefoglaló. Az elmúlt hónapokban életünket alapvetően megváltoztatta a COVID-19-pandémia, melynek egészségügyi, gazdasági és társadalmi hatásai egyelőre szinte felbecsülhetetlenek. A vírusfertőzés akut következményei mellett egyre több adat bizonyítja a teljes népességre kifejtett hatásait: a pszichológiai distressz, a depressziós és szorongásos tünete...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Orv Hetil. 2021 Mar 7;162(10):366-374. doi: 10.1556/650.2021.31141.ABSTRACTÖsszefoglaló. Az elmúlt hónapokban életünket alapvetően megváltoztatta a COVID-19-pandémia, melynek egészségügyi, gazdasági és társadalmi hatásai egyelőre szinte felbecsülhetetlenek. A vírusfertőzés akut következményei mellett egyre több adat bizonyítja a teljes népességre kifejtett hatásait: a pszichológiai distressz, a depressziós és szorongásos tünete...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Presently, there is a real possibility of a second pandemic occurring: a grief pandemic. There are estimated to be over 1 million children and young people experiencing bereavement because of Covid-19. Adolescent grief is unique due to bio-psycho-social factors such as increased risk-taking, identity-formation, and limited capacity for emotional regulation. In this article, we will argue that adolescents are at increased risk of developing complicated grief during the Covid-19 pandemic, and that it is vital that services are improved to recognize and address this need before secondary problems emerge, including anxiety, de...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Addressing the mental health crisis (Pharma Field): Each day we find out more about the mental health effects of the pandemic. Early on, the Office for National Statistics found that one in five Britons reported symptoms of depression, compared with one in 10 before. And, according to a recent study led by the University of Nottingham and King’s College London, stress, anxiety and depression were all significantly higher in participants compared with ‘population norms’, with 64% of the participants reporting symptoms of depression and 57% reporting symptoms of anxiety. … Through simple force of nec...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Brain/ Mental Health Technology & Innovation advertising standards cognitive behavioural therapy consumer protection digital health digital health applications digital mental health digital mental health interventions digital therapeutic Source Type: blogs
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