Epigenetics in Multiple Sclerosis.

Epigenetics in Multiple Sclerosis. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2020;1253:309-374 Authors: Chan VS Abstract Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an aggravating autoimmune disease that cripples young patients slowly with physical, sensory and cognitive deficits. The break of self-tolerance to neuronal antigens is the key to the pathogenesis of MS, with autoreactive T cells causing demyelination that subsequently leads to inflammation-mediated neurodegenerative events in the central nervous system. The exact etiology of MS remains elusive; however, the interplay of genetic and environmental factors contributes to disease development and progression. Given that genetic variation only accounts for a fraction of risk for MS, extrinsic risk factors including smoking, infection and lack of vitamin D or sunshine, which cause changes in gene expression, contribute to disease development through epigenetic regulation. To date, there is a growing body of scientific evidence to support the important roles of epigenetic processes in MS. In this chapter, the three main layers of epigenetic regulatory mechanisms, namely DNA methylation, histone modification and microRNA-mediated gene regulation, will be discussed, with a particular focus on the role of epigenetics on dysregulated immune responses and neurodegenerative events in MS. Also, the potential for epigenetic modifiers as biomarkers and therapeutics for MS will be reviewed. PMID: 32445101 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

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Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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Source: Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of NeuroImmune Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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