Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 895: Differentially Methylated Ultra-Conserved Regions Uc160 and Uc283 in Adenomas and Adenocarcinomas Are Associated with Overall Survival of Colorectal Cancer Patients

This study suggests that promoter methylation of Uc160, Uc283, and Uc346 is altered during CRC development and that Uc160 and Uc283 methylation may have prognostic significance for CRC patients.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Abstract A 60-year-old Caucasian male was diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma and multiple metastases to the bone, spleen, and brain. He underwent radiotherapy for the brain and lumbar spine metastases, plus chemotherapy (cisplatin and pemetrexed). The chemotherapy was discontinued due to vomiting and hyponatremia, and nivolumab was then administered. Eight months later, 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography showed tracer uptake in the colon. Colonoscopy revealed a reddish multinodular polyp in the sigmoid colon. The polyp showed irregular microvessels. No colonic mucosal surface structures were obser...
Source: Acta Med Okayama - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Acta Med Okayama Source Type: research
Authors: Gravina AG, Dallio M, Tuccillo C, Martorano M, Abenavoli L, Luzza F, Stiuso P, Lama S, Grieco P, Merlino F, Caraglia M, Loguercio C, Federico A Abstract BACKGROUND: Urotensin II (U-II) is a vasoactive peptide that interacts with a specific receptor named UTR. Recently, our group has demonstrated increased UTR expression in both human colon adenocarcinoma cell lines and adenomatous polyps, as well as in colon carcinoma samples if compared to healthy colon samples of the same patients. We also showed that an UTR agonist induced an increase in colon adenocarcinoma cell growth in vitro, whereas the UTR block w...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research
Conclusions The current review reports recent epidemiological and experimental data supporting the bright future of dietary polyphenols as chemopreventive, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and anticancer agents in CRC (Figure 1). The polyphenol-rich diet not only may represent a chemopreventive treatment but also has important function on immune system by promoting symbiont and commensal bacterial populations, increases reciprocal interaction between host and microbiota which in turn have important effects on immune function Evidence underlines the use of polyphenols as sensitizers of chemo/radiotherapies paving the w...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
ConclusionsFemale gender, lymphovascular invasion, desmoplastic reaction, criteria for surgery ≥2 and polyp size ≥18 mm were all in complex significant risk factors for lymph node metastasis in T1 colorectal cancer. Acting as a single factor, these variables had no effect to increased risk of metastasis.
Source: ANZ Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Abstract Plk2 is a target of p53. Our previous studies demonstrated that with wild-type p53, Plk2 impacts mTOR signaling in the same manner as TSC1, and Plk2-deficient tumors grew larger than control. Other investigators have demonstrated that Plk2 phosphorylates mutant p53 in a positive feedback loop. We investigated Plk2's tumor suppressor functions in relationship to mTOR signaling. Archival specimens from 12 colorectal adenocarcinomas were stained for markers including Plk2, phosphorylated mTOR (serine 2448) and ribosomal S6 (Serine 235/236). We show that Plk2 is expressed in normal colon, with a punctate stai...
Source: Neoplasia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Neoplasia Source Type: research
Rationale: Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome (CCS) is an idiopathic, nonhereditary syndrome haracterized by gastrointestinal (GI) polyposis and ectodermal changes including alopecia, onychatrophia, and pigmentation. CCS colon polyps were previously considered to be benign neoplasms. However, serrated adenoma was reported to be associated with malignant neoplasms in some cases of gastric and colorectal carcinomas, and esophageal cancers. Although malignant colon and gastric cancer have been reported in CCS, reports of distant metastasis have been rare in CCS. Patient concerns: A 58-year-old male was referred from a nearby hospital...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
AbstractMixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma (MANEC) of the colon is rare and has a poor prognosis. Here, we report a case of MANEC in the ascending colon, in which streptozocin monotherapy achieved a partial response. A 36-year-old woman underwent right hemicolectomy for colonic polyposis, which included ascending colon cancer. Pathological examination revealed that some mucosal polyps were adenocarcinoma while one submucosal polyp was neuroendocrine carcinoma. Adjuvant chemotherapy was not administered, and 5  months after the operation, multiple liver metastases were identified. She was started on modified (5-FU, le...
Source: International Cancer Conference Journal - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Endoscopic mucosal biopsy may misplace mucosal elements into the submucosa of colonic adenomas, mimicking invasive adenocarcinoma. Biopsy-related misplacement can be more challenging to recognize than typical misplaced epithelium (pseudoinvasion) in pedunculated polyps. We compared the features of 16 polyps with biopsy-related misplaced epithelium with those of 10 adenomas with pseudoinvasion and 10 adenomas with invasive adenocarcinoma and performed Ki67 and p53 immunostaining on all cases. Features of misplaced epithelium in polyps referred to the Bowel Cancer Screening Program Expert Board in the United Kingdom were als...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
In this study, we identified relevant genes using autologous samples. By performing genome-wide SNP genotyping and RNA sequencing analysis of adenocarcinomas, adenomatous polyps, and non-neoplastic colon tissues (referred as tri-part samples) from individual patients, we identified 68 genes with differential copy number alterations and progressively dysregulated expression. Aurora A, SKA3, and DSN1 protein levels were sequentially up-regulated in the samples, and this overexpression was associated with chromosome instability (CIN). Knockdown of SKA3 in CRC cells dramatically reduced cell growth rates and increased apoptosi...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Authors: Yamanouchi K, Sakata Y, Tsuruoka N, Shimoda R, Uchida M, Akutagawa T, Shirai S, Fujimoto K, Iwakiri R Abstract We herein report a case of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS) complicated with triple primary cancers. The patient was diagnosed with CCS at 65 years of age. At 76 years of age, one of his colon polyps was diagnosed as adenocarcinoma. At 81 years of age, gastric carcinoma was detected. Weight loss and fatigue appeared one month before he visited our hospital. An examination revealed dilatation of the intrahepatic bile duct. Cholangiocarcinoma was diagnosed as a result of bile duct cytology. Patients ...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
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