Incidence of bacterial enteropathogens among diarrhea patients from tribal areas of Odisha.

Incidence of bacterial enteropathogens among diarrhea patients from tribal areas of Odisha. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2020 Feb 28;: Authors: Ranjan Nayak S, Kumar Nayak A, Laxmi Biswal B, Prasad Jena R, Kanta Samal S, Bhusan Pal B Abstract Infectious diarrheal diseases still account for high morbidity and mortality in the developing and underdeveloped countries. The present study was envisaged to document the etiology of bacterial enteropathogens in three tribal districts of Odisha from July, 2010 to September, 2013. A total of 1427 rectal swabs were collected and bacteriologically analyzed following standard procedure. Among 930 (65.2%) culture positive samples E.coli were 636 (44.6%), V.cholerae O1 were 146 (10.2%), Salmonella spp were 10 (0.7%), Shigella spp were 79 (5.5%) and Aeromonas spp were 59 (4.1%). From 729 Environmental Water samples (river, open well, Nala (Small stream), chua (shallow pit in river bed) 14 (1.9%) were V.cholerae non-O1 non-O139 and 13 (1.8%) were V.cholerae O1 strains. Demographic analysis showed age group>14-40 years was highly affected and diarrhea due to V.cholerae were mostly during rainy and post rainy seasons. All the enteropathogens were multidrug resistant, found throughout the study period. V.cholerae strains isolated were El Tor variant having classical, El Tor and Haitian ctxB, where Haitian ctxB was on rise and classical ctxB was dominating over El Tor ctxB. These findings indicate for active surveillance to monitor t...
Source: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Jpn J Infect Dis Source Type: research

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