First magnetic resonance imaging-guided cardiac radioablation of sustained ventricular tachycardia.

CONCLUSION: Real-time tracking and beam-gating were successfully applied in this first MRgRA to treat sustained VT. PMID: 32067819 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiother Oncol Source Type: research

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Aims: One-third of DCM patients experience ventricular tachycardia (VT), but a clear biological basis for this has not been established. The purpose of this study was to identify transcriptome signatures and enriched pathways in the hearts of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients with VT.Methods and Results: We used RNA-sequencing in explanted heart tissue from 49 samples: 19 DCM patients with VT, 16 DCM patients without VT, and 14 non-failing controls. We compared each DCM cohort to the controls and identified the genes that were differentially expressed in DCM patients with VT but not without VT.
Source: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Source Type: research
We examined frequency, clinical characteristics and AF‐related management and outcomes amongst this patient population.MethodsWe retrospectively studied consecutive probands with inherited cardiomyopathy (n=962) and inherited arrhythmia syndromes (n=195) evaluated between 2002 ‐2018.ResultsAF was observed in 5 ‐31% of patients, with the highest frequency in HCM. Age of AF onset was 45.8 ± 21.9 years in the inherited arrhythmia syndromes compared to 53.3 ± 15.3 years in the inherited cardiomyopathies, with 4 CPVT patients developing AF at median age of 20 years. Overall, 11% of patients with AF had a t r...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The S-ICD™ seems to be a valuable option for the prevention of SCD in patients with DCM and no indication for CRT. As clinically relevant ventricular arrhythmias consisted of ventricular fibrillation or fast ventricular tachycardia in all patients in our cohort, no change to transvenous ICDs for anti-tachycardia pacing delivery was necessary. PMID: 31744658 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: J Cardiol Source Type: research
Conclusions: The clinical course of patients with ICM and DCM treated with CRT-D differs significantly during long-term follow-up, with increased mortality and incidence of ICD therapies in ICM patients. PMID: 31360179 [PubMed]
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
Ventricular tachycardia (VT) and VF occur mainly in people with impaired cardiac function and/or ischaemic heart disease, and account for the majority of sudden cardiac deaths worldwide.1 Treatment with anti-arrhythmic drugs such as amiodarone may be at best neutral in terms of mortality and carries significant long-term risks.2,3 While ICDs significantly improve survival for patients with significantly impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), the devices also carry risk
Source: Radcliffe Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Background: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) has not been well described in young patients with inherited heart diseases such as the inherited cardiomyopathies: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC); or inherited arrhythmia syndromes including long QT syndrome (LQTS), Brugada syndrome (BrS) or catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT).
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: 455 Source Type: research
AbstractAimsWe sought to investigate the overlap between late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and electro-anatomical maps (EAM) of patients with non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) and how it relates with the outcomes after catheter ablation of ventricular arrhythmias (VA).Methods and resultsWe identified 50 patients with NIDCM who received CMR and ablation for VA. Late gadolinium enhancement was detected in 16 (32%) patients, mostly in those presenting with sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT): 15 patients. Low-voltage areas (
Source: Europace - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that patients with LMNA-related cardiomyopathy are characterized by VTs refractory to RFCA probably because of the deep intramural focus at the basal ventricular septum, resulting in poor prognosis with progressive severe heart failure despite all available optimized therapies. Thus, we should consider heart transplantation in their early 50s when several VT events begin to occur. PMID: 31060954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: J Cardiol Source Type: research
Conclusion A consistent quota of DCM patients with intermediate left ventricular dysfunction receiving OMT experienced SCD/MVA during follow-up. Left atrial dilatation and arrhythmogenic pattern were associated with a higher risk of SCD/MVA.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Research articles: Heart failure Source Type: research
Investigations in dilated cardiomyopathy Chest X-ray PA view will assess the cardiac size in dilated cardiomyopathy and show evidence of pulmonary congestion. Sick persons may present with features of frank pulmonary edema in the form of hilar haze or bat wing pattern of pulmonary edema. Significant left ventricular dysfunction can exist without much of cardiomegaly on chest X-ray as well. ECG may show sinus tachycardia, left atrial overload and sometimes left ventricular hypertrophy. A wide QRS complex with left bundle branch block pattern may indicate potential benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). ECG ...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: General Cardiology Source Type: blogs
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