Mesothelioma Deaths Peak 30 Years After Asbestos Ban

Almost 30 years after Italy passed sweeping legislation that banned the mining, use and commercialization of asbestos, the country is facing the peak of its mesothelioma cancer crisis. The worst has just arrived. Asbestos may be the primary cause of mesothelioma, but banning it did not slow the rate of diagnosis or death from this rare and aggressive cancer. The International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health published an in-depth study recently that examined the connection in Italy between its ban of asbestos and the deaths from mesothelioma. Researchers found there is no immediate benefit from an asbestos ban, serving as a reminder to continue the search for a cure to save those who will be diagnosed in the future. “The MPM [malignant pleural mesothelioma] epidemic in Italy is still far from being concluded,” the study authors wrote. “Our results suggest that the number of MPM cases is still increasing.” Italy Passed Its Ban Almost 30 Years Ago Italy passed its ban of asbestos in 1992. It is one of more than 60 countries today that have instituted some form of a ban. Yet the rate of asbestos-related disease is at an all-time high, exceeding an estimated 100,000 deaths annually, according to the World Health Organization. Asbestos is the naturally occurring mineral that was used ubiquitously through much of the 20th century in a myriad of products. It was hailed for its versatility, strength and heat resistance. Unfortunately, asbes...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news

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In conclusion, the additional analyses we performed according to Mezei et al’s suggestions confirm the association between asbestos exposure and pericardial and TVT mesothelioma, supporting the c ausal role of asbestos for all mesotheliomas. ReNaM`s continuing surveillance system with national coverage is a precious platform for launching analytical studies on pleural and extra pleural mesothelioma. References 1. Mezei G, Chang ET, Mowat FS, Moolgavkar SH. Comments on a recent case-control study of malignant mesothelioma of the pericardium and the tunica vaginalis testis Scand J Work Environ Health – online fi...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Author's reply Source Type: research
Abstract As the first case-control study of malignant mesothelioma of the pericardium and the tunica vaginalis testis (mTVT), the paper by Marinaccio et al (1) is potentially an important epidemiologic contribution. A careful review of the paper, however, raises a number of methodological issues. Any case-control study can be viewed as being nested within a conceptual cohort, with controls being sampled from the at-risk cohort as cases arise over time. This view of case-control studies leads to the concept of incidence-density sampling of controls (eg, 2, 3). For Marinaccio et al (1) this would mean that, as cases...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - Category: Occupational Health Authors: Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research
Authors: van Zandwijk N, Reid G, Frank AL Abstract Introduction: Asbestos, the most frequent cause of occupational cancer, continues to be consumed on a massive scale, with millions of people exposed on a daily basis. This review explains why we have failed in curtailing the silent epidemic of asbestos-related disease and why the numbers of asbestos victims are likely to remain high. Emerging and developed countries have to be reminded that asbestos exposure has yet to become a problem of the past. The worldwide spread of asbestos, followed by the surge of asbestos-related cancers, resembles the lung cancer epidemi...
Source: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Expert Rev Anticancer Ther Source Type: research
The Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation has postponed its annual International Symposium on Malignant Mesothelioma next month because of the COVID-19 virus, commonly known as the novel coronavirus. The event is the largest gathering of the mesothelioma community each year. It was scheduled for April 6-7 in San Antonio, Texas. Officials with the Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation announced the postponement Wednesday but has not yet rescheduled. Each year, the symposium brings together patients, caregivers, advocates, attorneys, financial consultants, doctors and nurses from various disciplines. The goal is to edu...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
Abstract In an editorial in an earlier issue of this journal, Johanson &Tinnerberg (1) expressed serious and well-founded concern over the large number of future occupational cancer cases that will result if exposures for a number of substances are not reduced below the so-called "binding occupational exposure limit values" (BOELV) issued by the EU (2). The balance between what is perceived as possible to comply with and the foreseeable health gain when setting BOELV is further discussed in a letter to the Editor by Cherrie (3). This debate raises several important aspects of how to protect workers f...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - Category: Occupational Health Authors: Tags: Scand J Work Environ Health Source Type: research
ConclusionHospitalizations data regarding asbestosis and silicosis are consistent. Silicosis had a higher impact than asbestosis on the Italian health system. Although data show decreasing incidence of both fibroses, multiple correspondence analysis highlights that levels of illness severity were higher in silicosis and increased over time in both diseases. Further studies investigating the effectiveness of the current health surveillance programs concerning these diseases are suggested.
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Karain is a village in Cappadocia, Turkey, which experience an epidemic of MM. Total population was 875 in 1975. By 2014 it was reduced to 139 as approximately 400 of them died of MM and others migrated to Sweden, Ausralia, Urgup, and Western Europe hoping to reduce the risk of dying of MM. A mortality study performed in Karain between 1970-1994 showed that 58% of deaths were due to cancer:85% of cancer deaths were due to MPM(malignant pleural mesothelioma) and 4% to MPEM(malignant peritoneal mesothelioma). The M to F ratio was 1.4 and the median age of death was 55(YI Baris, J Natl Cancer Inst 2006). We linked MM to genet...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Pleural and Mediastinal Malignancies Source Type: research
ConclusionThe MPM epidemic in Taiwan will likely peak in 2012–2020 as a result of local asbestos consumption. Approximately 659 new MPM cases in the next 30 years warrant an urgent need to implement a total asbestos ban and put more resources on a comprehensive surveillance, diagnosis, and follow-up health care system for ARDs.
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Banning all forms of asbestos won’t end the problem of asbestos-related diseases. It is merely a good starting point. As more countries around the world move closer to an outright ban, Australia has become a reminder to guard against false hope. The Australian experience proves how unrelenting this problem is and how much more work must be done. Fifteen years after its much-celebrated ban of the toxic mineral, Australia has just reached its peak of asbestos-related diseases such as malignant mesothelioma cancer. “It took many years, and efforts from many organizations, for a complete ban to be put in place,&rdq...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
Authors: Melaiu O, Gemignani F, Landi S Abstract Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a cancer of the pleural cavity whose main risk factor is exposure to asbestos. However, it has been shown that only a minority of exposed people develops MPM. In fact, the incidence among professionally exposed workers was shown to vary between 0.5% and 18.0%. Various hints suggested that other important cofactors could play a role, in particular the genetic susceptibility. Impressive is the case of Cappadocians families exposed to erionite and affected by an "epidemic" of MPM with about half of the inhabitants dying ...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
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