Protective effect of diallyl disulfide against cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis and associated lung injury in mice.

This study was aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory role and the underlying molecular mechanisms of DADS in cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis (AP) and associated lung injury. Administration of DADS significantly attenuated the severity of pancreatic and pulmonary inflammation by inhibiting cerulein induced serum amylase, myeloperoxidase activity (MPO) and histological changes in pancreas and lung. Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory effect of DADS was associated with the decrease in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α,cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE), preprotachykinin A (PPTA), neurokinin-1-receptor (NK1R) expression and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) production in both pancreas and lung. In addition, DADS reduced caerulein-induced I-κB degradation and subsequent translocation of NF-κB in the pancreas and lung. These results show for the first time that in AP, DADS exhibits an anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting CSE/H2S and SP/NK1R signaling and NF-кB pathway. PMID: 31991372 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Immunopharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research

Related Links:

Source: Clinics - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Survival across the two time periods remained stable for oral SCC but showed a significant increase for oropharyngeal SCC, possibly because of improvements in the patients ’ response to radiotherapy, such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy, and the use of more accurate diagnostic imaging approaches.
Source: Clinics - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The Brazilian Society of Hepatology (SBH) published in 2015 its first recommendations about the management of HCC. Since then, new data have emerged in the literature, prompting the governing board of SBH to sponsor a single-topic meeting in August 2018 in S ão Paulo. All the invited experts were asked to make a systematic review of the literature reviewing the management of HCC in subjects with cirrhosis. After the meeting, all panelists gathered together for the discussion of the topics and the elaboration o...
Source: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Goals: The main purpose of this study was to assess the recent trends in mortality and health care utilization of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among Medicare population in the United States. Background: The incidence of HCC is increasing in the United States. Materials and Methods: Data were obtained for a sample of Medicare beneficiary from 2005 to 2014. Diagnosis of HCC and etiology of liver disease were based on ICD-9 codes. Temporal trends in HCC rates, clinical, demographical and utilization parameters were analyzed by joinpoint regression model. Results: Study cohort included 13,648 Medicare recipients w...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: LIVER, PANCREAS & BILIARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Prediagnosis use of metformin dose ≤1500 mg/d is associated with longer overall survival of elderly diabetic HCC patients.
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: LIVER, PANCREAS & BILIARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
This study was conducted at the Radiation-Oncology Department of a tertiary center. PATIENTS: Patients with rectal cancer,
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgical techniques are routinely promoted as alternatives to open surgery because of improved outcomes. However, the impact of robotic surgery on certain subsets of the population, such as frail patients, is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to examine the association between frailty and minimally invasive surgical approaches with colon cancer surgery. DESIGN: This is a retrospective study of prospectively collected outcomes data. Thirty-day surgical outcomes were compared by frailty and surgical approach using doubly robust multivariable logistic regression ...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Signoretti M, Roggiolani R, Stornello C, Delle Fave G, Capurso G Abstract Changes in diet, lifestyle and exposition to environmental risk factors account for the increased incidence of pancreatic disorders, including acute and chronic pancreatitis, and pancreatic cancer. The role of the microbiome in the development of pancreatic disorders is increasingly recognized. The translocation of gut bacteria and endotoxins following gut barrier failure is a key event contributing to the severity of acute pancreatitis, while small intestine bacterial overgrowth is common in patients with chronic pancreatitis and fu...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research
More News: Allergy & Immunology | Antidoxidants | Brain | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Garlic | Neurology | Pancreas | Pancreatic Cancer | Pancreatitis | Study | Translocation