Central sleep apnea syndrome prevalence is high early after an acute coronary syndrome without heart failure or left ventricular dysfunction

ConclusionAs expected, OSA is frequent in coronary artery disease patients (early after ACS in this study). High prevalence of CSA was less expected. Our results suggest that, before looking for another (neurological) cause, confirmation of CSA should be done at least 2 months after the ACS.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Tatjana PS Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with increased risk of death, stroke and heart failure. The prevalence and incidence of AF is increasing due to better overall medical treatment, longer survival and increasing incidence of cardiometabolic and lifestyle risk factors. Treatment of AF and AF-related complications significantly increase health-care costs. In addition, use of conventional rhythm control strategies (i.g. antiarrhyhtmic drugs and catheter-ablation) is associated with limited efficacy for sinus rhythm maintenance and serious adverse effe...
Source: Polish Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Kardiol Pol Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe main objective of the 1st part of this review is to demonstrate that a better understanding of comorbidities such as COPD, obstructive sleep apnea, thyroid dysfunction, cardiorenal syndrome, its pathophysiological and therapeutic implications, impact on the management of FH by interfering with its survival, and quality of life of patients.Recent FindingsThe prevalence of heart failure will increase 46% from 2012 to 2030, resulting in>  8 million people ≥ 18 years of age. This disease has a large burden of noncardiovascular comorbidities, which may increase the risk of m...
Source: Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
fic council Abstract BACKGROUND: Diuretics have been reported as effective for reducing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity by preventing fluid retention and reducing rostral fluid shift. The benefit of diuretics might vary depending upon the OSA clinical phenotype and comorbidities. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a propensity score-matched cohort analysis of data from the French national sleep apnea registry "Observatoire Sommeil de la Fédération de Pneumologie" (OSFP). METHODS: A propensity score analysis was used to determine the impact of diuretics on OSA severity. Matchi...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
AbstractObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is the most common sleep-breathing disorder, which is associated with increase cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. OSA increases risk of resistant arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease, heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, and stroke. Studies showed the significant relationship between OSA and cardiac remodeling. The majority of investigations were focused on the left ventricle and its hypertrophy and function. Fewer studies investigated right ventricular structure and function revealing deteriorated diastolic and systolic function. Data regarding left and right...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Chronic SF mimicking OSA did not induce echocardiographic changes in cardiac structure and function in both healthy and HF mice. Thus, the deleterious cardiac consequences of OSA are likely induced by other perturbations associated with this prevalent condition, or result from interactions with underlying comorbidities in OSA patients.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionAmong patients with AF, OSA is an independent risk factor for MACNE and, more specifically, stroke/SE.Graphical Abstract
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Severe OSA is independently associated with miRNAs that are involved in heart failure (miR-1254), myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (miR-320e), and cell proliferation in some cancer types (miR-1254 and miR-320e). Future investigations addressing whether these miRs may provide prognostic information in OSA are needed. PMID: 31898194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
ConclusionSevere OSA is independently associated with miRNAs that are involved in heart failure (miR-1254), myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (miR-320e), and cell proliferation in some cancer types (miR-1254 and miR-320e). Future investigations addressing whether these miRs may provide prognostic information in OSA are needed.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 December 2019Source: Heart &LungAuthor(s): Sikandar H Khan, Shalini Manchanda, Ninotchka L Sigua, Erika Green, Philani B Mpofu, Siu Hui, Babar A. KhanAbstractBackgroundIn-hospital respiratory outcomes of non-surgical patients with undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), particularly those with significant comorbidities are not well defined. Undiagnosed and untreated OSA may be associated with increased cardiopulmonary morbidity.Study objectivesEvaluate respiratory failure outcomes in patients identified as at-risk for OSA by the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ).MethodsThis was a retros...
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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