Associations of rs1883832 and rs4810485 Polymorphisms of CD40 Gene with Myocardial Infarction in the Tunisian Population
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): R. Jemaa, M. Soussi, A. Kallel, M.H. Sbai, M. Ben Hlima, S. Ben Wafi, M.S. Mourali, M. FekiBackgroundCluster of differentiation 40 (CD40), and its ligand CD40L, are major co-stimulatory molecules whose interactions are important in both cellular and humoral immunity, and has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome.ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to examine the association of CD40 polymorphisms (−1C > T (rs1883832) and 945G > T (rs4810485)...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Prescription of adapted physical activity: Knowledge and needs among general practitioners of Île-de-France
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): A. Astruc, J. BlanchardBackgroundPhysical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of death in the world. The concept of medical prescription of physical activity (PA) adapted now appears in a law, which specifies the central role of the family physician. The needs of the general practitioners (GP) about prescription of PA have not been studied.AimTo assess the knowledge and needs of GPs regarding the medical prescription of PA.MethodThis is a transversal observational epidemiological study of GPs working in th...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Evaluation of maintained physical capacity one year after cardiac rehabilitation (EMAP study) in coronary patients
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): B. PavyIntroductionThere are few data about the follow-up in coronary patients after cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Do they maintain a regular physical activity? Do they improve or decrease their cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF)?AimsTo measure the CRF in coronary patients during CR and one year later, in a French multicentre registry.MethodsPatients were included after an acute coronary syndrom (77%) and/or revascularization less than 3 months ago. They underwent a CR programme with 2 exercise testing ...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Factors associated with exercise capacity in patients with a systemic right ventricle
ConclusionNYHA functional class is the strongest predictor of impaired exercise capacity in adult patients with SRV. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Comparative study between physiological remodeling of the athlete's heart and dilated cardiomyopathies with cardiac MRI
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): A. Ben Halima, A. Zidi, F. Laabidi, S. Ayachi, D. KobaaIntroductionThe differential diagnosis between physiological remodeling of the athlete's heart and cardiomyopathies responsible for sudden death is sometimes difficult.AimDescribe the difference between physiological dilatation of cardiac cavities in athletes with pathological dilatation by comparing a group of high-level athletes (athlete group) to a subject group followed for dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM group).Materials and methodsWe conducted a prospec...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cardiac damage induced by long term and intensive endurance exercise training in senior athletes: A cardiac magnetic resonance and exercise echocardiography analysis
ConclusionAthletes showed signs of physiological cardiac remodelling, consistent with previous descriptions of athlete's heart. Despite this remodelling, there was no evidence of myocardial fibrosis or exercise ventricular dysfunction in athletes. Our results are not supporting the hypothesis of deleterious cardiac effects induced by long term and intensive endurance exercise training. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Rehabilitation in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: REHAB-HTP
ConclusionIn this preliminary study, cardio-pulmonary rehabilitation led to improved quality of life and exercise capacity in PAH. The increased RV contractile reserve post-rehabilitation might explain, in association with the peripheral muscular effects of exercise training, the clinical benefits of rehabilitation in PAH. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Evaluation attempt of respective benefits of cardiac rehabilitation and valsartan/sacubitril association in patients with heart failure and impaired systolic function
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): R. Carlioz, J. Vieillescazes, J.H. Bertrand, V. Miramont, C. Defrance, J. Delhautal, R. CarliozBenefits on morbi-mortality and quality of life of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and valsartan/sacubitril (VS) association are well known in patients (P) with heart failure (HF) and impaired systolic function (ISF), but few studies reported their respective benefits on left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and cardiorespiratory exercise testing (VO2 ST) parameters. The aim of the study was to evaluate the middle ter...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

High prevalence of tobacco-related risky behaviors among amateur rugby players, coaches and referees: It is time to act!
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): F. Chagué, M. Georges, J. Israël, J.P. Guinoiseau, G. Garet, P. Ngassa, E. Reboursière, M. Geneste, J.P. Hager, J.C. Dincher, Y. Cottin, M. ZellerBackgroundHigh prevalence of smoking has been documented in France and new worrying patterns of tobacco and nicotine consumption are emerging, especially in some sports.PurposeWe addressed tobacco consumption and their related-risk knowledge across the whole spectrum of amateur rugby practice in a French region, i.e. players (P), coaches(C) and re...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Tennis-related cardiac arrests: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): H. Mustafic, O. Auzel, M.H. Murad, M. Hauguel-Moreau, M. Pepin, B. Montalvan, O. Dubourg, N. MansencalIntroductionPhysical activity confers important cardiovascular health benefits although intensive exercise may increase the cardiac arrest risk. With the increasing tennis popularity, its practice may be considered at risk but this association remains unclear.PurposeTo estimate the incidence of tennis-related cardiac arrests and measure its proportion among all sports-related cardiac arrests.MethodsAn electro...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The electrocardiographic peculiarities of Algerian competitive athletes in the region of Sétif
ConclusionThe ECG was normal in 29.3% of athletes with a female predominance and presents adaptive abnormalities to regular exercise in 66.3% with male predominance. 4.3% of athletes (with a female predominance) have abnormal aspects, not related to sports training. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

How to distinguish athlete's heart from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in cardiac MRI?
The objective of this work is to study in cardiac MRI the difference between the physiological hypertrophy of the myocardium of the athlete's heart and the hypertrophy of the pathological myocardium by comparing athletes (athlete group) to a group of subjects. non-athlete followed for HCM (HCM group).Material and methodsWe conducted a prospective comparative study including 61 subjects. The group of athletes comprised 31 subjects. TheHCM group consisted of 30 subjects. All subjects were paired to age and body surface and had cardiac MRI with the late enhancement study.ResultsThe thickness of the LV wall (mea...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Quality of life of patients with coronary artery disease in cardiac rehabilitation
ConclusionCardiac rehabilitation is clearly benefit in improving emotional quality of life of patients as illustrated by the results of SF12 test after their management in cardiac rehabilitation. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Impact of cardiac rehabilitation in LDL cholesterol level
ConclusionThis study demonstrated that cardiac rehabilitation is clearly benefic for patients to improve their LDL cholesterol level and their exercise capacities. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Effect of exercise training in Heart Rate recovery of patients in cardiac rehabilitation
ConclusionThis study demonstrated that exercise training is clearly benefit for patients to improve their exercise capacities and recover their heart rate. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Impaired pulmonary function and its association with clinical outcomes, exercise capacity and quality of life in children with congenital heart disease.
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): H. Abassi, A. Gavotto, M.C. Picot, H. Bertet, S. Matecki, S. Guillaumont, S. Moniotte, P. Auquier, J. Moreau, P. AmedroBackgroundImpaired pulmonary function is an independent predictor of mortality in adult congenital heart disease (CHD), but has been scarcely studied in the paediatric CHD population.AimsTo compare the pulmonary function of children with CHD to healthy controls, and evaluate its association with clinical outcomes, exercise capacity, and quality of life.MethodsCross-sectional multicentre study...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Oxygen uptake efficiency slope in children with congenital heart disease versus healthy children
This study aimed to evaluate the OUES of a large cohort of children with CHD, and to compare the results with those of healthy controls. We also intended to identify, in this specific population, the clinical and CPET variables associated with the OUES.Methods and resultsThis cross-sectional multicenter study enrolled 709 children (407 CHD and 302 healthy controls). The association of clinical characteristics with weight-normalized OUES (OUESkg) was studied using a multivariable analysis. The mean OUESkg was significantly lower in CHD than in healthy controls (respectively 38.6 ± 8.5 and 43....
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Screening and treatment of Familial Hypercholesterolemia in a French sample of ambulatory care: A retrospective longitudinal cohort study
ConclusionThis is the first study in France that use EMR to screen possible FH patients. Our data highlight the need to screen, diagnosis and treat potential FH patients in ambulatory care settings. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Prevalence of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy and post-partum in France
ConclusionHypertensive disorders affected 7.8% of pregnancies in France between 2010 and 2016. It is necessary to pay particular attention to these women in assessing their future cardio-vascular risk. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Serum Tenascin-C is independently associated with increased major adverse cardiovascular events and death in patients with type II diabetes
ConclusionsIn patients with type 2 diabetes, we show for the first time that increased serum TNC concentrations are independently associated with MACE and death. These findings suggest that elevated TNC expression might be implicated in the increased CV risk associated with diabetes, and might be useful for CV risk stratification in this context. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Psychosocial and behavioral characteristics of still smokers at 6 months after acute cerebro or cardiovascular events: Findings from INEV@L, a prospective pilot study
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): M. Zeller, E. Sales-Wuillemin, S. Guinchard, J. Chappé, F. Chagué, H. Ayari, M. Maza, C. Aboa-Eboule, C. Truchot, L. Lorgis, M. Giroud, Y. Cottin, Y. BéjotIntroductionConsidering the benefits of smoking cessation, and evolving new tobacco-product consumption, such as e-cigarettes (e-cig), contemporary behavioral and psychosocial factors (PSF) associated with smoking after acute stroke or myocardial infarction (MI) remain to be investigated.MethodsFrom INEV@L, a prospective pilot study in ...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Is the reduction of salt in the bread consumed in Morocco could be a means of protection against cardiovascular diseases?
ConclusionThis study highlights the effectiveness of awareness campaigns through the KAP for reducing the use of salt in bread-making. Knowing that the daily consumption of bread in Morocco varied between 360 and 500 g, this reduction of 26.3% of the salt in the bread certainly has a very positive impact on the CVD protection. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Gender differences in management of acute coronary syndromes: Results from the French MONICA Registries
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): T. Goetsch, K. Biasch, S. Huo Yung Kai, M. Montaye, E. Aleshchenko, P. Amouyel, J. Dallongeville, J. Ferrières, M. MoitryBackgroundGender differences in the management of Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) have been described regarding delays before reperfusion and treatment procedures.PurposeTo compare medical care between genders in patients hospitalized for a first episode of ACS in the 3 French MONICA Registries.Material and methodsThe French MONICA registries based in three administrative regions were...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical presentation of acute coronary syndromes according to gender and age: Five-year analysis on 11,556 patients
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): S. Gbokou, B. Haas, S. Huo Yung Kai, M. Montaye, A. Meirhaeghe, K. Biasch, J. Ferrières, J. Dallongeville, M. MoitryBackgroundDifferences in symptoms of Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) according to gender are documented. There is no recent data from population-based registries in France.PurposeTo compare clinical presentation of ACS between genders in hospitalized patients.MethodsWe analyzed data from the French MONICA registries on 11,556 patients aged 35–74 and hospitalized for a first ACS betwe...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Hypercholesterolemia in France, from recommendations to management in real life: The French gap
ConclusionThis study showed that hyper LDLemia is a common metabolic disease in France, affecting 23.3% of the population. The cholesterol-lowering prescriptions in France are very far from the recommendations for practice. Less than a third of the patients who would justify treatment are actually treated. This gap between the recommendations and real life corresponds to a real loss of opportunity for patients. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the Tunisian population: The ATERA-survey
ConclusionThis survey found a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in a general population in Tunisia. This should lead to better develop a strategy to prevent cardiovascular diseases. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Comparison of the effect of different anti-diabetic therapy on bone profiles in postmenopausal women
ConclusionsWe hypothesized that only insulin monotherapy is associated to a reduced bone mineral density and content in type 2 diabetic postmenopausal women. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Systematic echo-doppler screening identifies subtle structural and functional cardiac abnormalities in type 2 diabetes mellitus without documented cardio vascular disease: DIACAR a prospective study
ConclusionIn a selected population of DM2 without documented CV disease, cardiac function assessed by EF and E/e’ was in the normal range in nearly all patients. By contrast, subtle abnormalities of LV and LA morphology as well as 2D global longitudinal strain were found in a significant proportion of these asymptomatic patients. These results suggest that a systematic screening of DM2 patients by doppler- echocardiography with 2D global longitudinal strain is useful for the early detection of cardiac abnormalities. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Screening for familial hypercholesterolemia from low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels at admission in the coronary care unit
ConclusionsScreening of FH in CCU should be routinely performed using the Dutch Score when LDLc is above 1.9 g/L. Individual and familial management of patients at high risk for FH screened in CCU should be optimized, both for diagnosis and therapeutic purposes. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Which obesity index is more compatible in predicting metabolic syndrome? A population based study?
ConclusionIndependent of age and gender, CMI is good predictor factor in the diagnosis of the MS. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Association between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and bone mineral density and content in postmenopausal women
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): R. Cherif, M. Sakly, N. AttiaAimStudies on the relationship between serum lipid profiles and bone are controversial. We investigated the effect of different lipid profiles on bone parameters in postmenopausal women.MethodsA total of 81 postmenopausal women aged 50 years or older were recruited, not including women with a treatment likely to interact with bone metabolism as well as women diagnosed with osteoporosis. According to their lipid profiles, the population was subdivided into women with tota...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Place of cardiovascular comorbidities in hospitalized patients for exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
ConclusionIn our study, there is a close relationship between exacerbation of COPD and association with different cardiovascular comorbidities. These comorbidities influence both the symptoms and the life expectancy, hence the importance of a global management of comorbidities by a multidisciplinary team. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Predictors of adverse cardiovascular event in patients with a systemic RV: A prospective cohort study
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): A. Casalta, S. Baron, V. Nivet Antoine, G. Maruani, G. Soulat, P. Jean Louis, L. Iserin, E. Mousseaux, M. LadouceurBackgroundIn complete transposition of the great arteries (TGA) palliated by atrial switch operation, systemic right ventricle (sRV) failure and rhythm disturbances compromise survival. We aimed to determine predictive factors of severe cardiovascular events in this population.MethodsForty-eight adult patients with TGA palliated (36 males, median age = 32 years, IQR [23–35]) were ...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Right ventricular remodelling in CHD-PAH patients using 3D speckle tracking
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): P. Moceri, N. Duchateau, N. Dursent, X. Iriart, S. Hascoët, D. Baudouy, E. Ferrari, M. SermesantIntroductionSurvival in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) relates to right ventricular (RV) function. Whereas prognosis differs widely between PAH associated with congenital heart disease (CHD) and other causes of PAH, only little is known about differences in RV function.PurposeWe aimed at comparing RV function assessed by 3D-speckle-tracking in patients with CHD-PAH, other PAH aetiologies and healthy con...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Long-term follow-up of patients with tetralogy of Fallot and implantable cardioverter defibrillator
ConclusionsAppropriate therapies are frequent in patients with tetralogy of Fallot and ICDs, including in primary prevention. The relatively important proportion of ICD-related complication highlights the need for improving risk stratification in this population. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Early detection of left ventricular failure in right ventricular congenital heart diseases
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): A. Boet, J. Guihaire, E. Le Bret, G. Jourdain, S. Hascoët, V. Lambert, F. Antigny, C. Rucker-MartinBackgroundEarly detection of left ventricular (LV) failure is crucial to improve prognosis of patients with right ventricular (RV) overload.ObjectivesWe aim to assess whether LV function is precociously affected in 2 surgical porcine models of moderate (Fallot repaired) and severe RV dysfunction (progressive pulmonary hypertension HP) at in vivo and in vitro levels.MethodsThree animals of each surgical grou...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Is analysis of physiological late gestation ventricular-arterial disproportion futile?
ConclusionRemnant risk for coarctation in a foetal population with physiological late gestation asymmetry is 
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Performance of the “GUCH morbidity and mortality scores” in cyanotic and non-cyanotic adults with congenital heart disease
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): S. Cohen, S. Hascoët, J. Horer, R. Roussin, E. BelliBackgroundCyanotic adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) rely on life-sustaining adaptations to their chronic cyanosis and are at risk of adverse consequences if such adaptations are out of balance. They may benefit from surgical treatment options that were not available during their childhood. The “GUCH morbidity and mortality scores” were specifically designed to predict risks after surgery in ACHD and included comorbidities and pati...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Mid-term outcomes after percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation in complex right ventricular outflow tracts using the “folded” Melody® valve technique
ConclusionThe “folded valve technique” is a safe and feasible modification of the Melody® valve which provides favourable mid-term results without increased rate of valve related complications. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Infective endocarditis in children: A 10-year multicentric study
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): M. Selegny, S. Dirani, S. Cohen, F. Godart, I. Durand, P. Maragnes, B. Urbina-Hiel, E. Bourges-Petit, A. MathironBackgroundCongenital heart disease (CHD) represents a predisposing condition for the development of infective endocarditis (IE). In recent years, the reduction in the incidence of rheumatic heart disease, advances in cardiac surgery and the increased use of long-term central venous catheters (CVC) in subjects without CHD have changed significantly the epidemiology of the disease. We sought to evalu...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Anterograde blood flow associated with Blalock-Taussig shunts does not modify pulmonary artery growth compared with Blalock-Taussig shunt alone
This study sought to compare (PA) growth after mBTs shunt between T4F and AP/VSD.MethodsFrom 1995 to 2018, 79 mBTs were performed in infants (
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life correlates with time in therapeutic range in children under anticoagulants with INR self-monitoring
This study aimed to assess the correlation between time in therapeutic range (TTR) and quality of life (QoL) in children participating in a non-selective INR self-monitoring VKA-educational program.MethodsChildren aged from 2 to 18 years under VKA therapy were eligible for this prospective multicentre study. Clinical and demographic data were collected. Health-related QoL was assessed using the PedsQL 4.0 questionnaire. Correlations between QoL scores and TTR were measured.ResultsA total of 121 children were included in the study (mean age 9.6 ± 4.9 years old). Cardiac conditions represented the predominan...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Impact of intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia management on outcomes in adult patients with congenital heart disease
This study aimed to compare outcomes according to arrhythmia management.MethodsAll hospitalisations for IART in ACHD patients were retrospectively identified from medico-administrative database from September 2006 to September 2016. Outcomes of patients with IART managed with direct-current cardioversion (DCCV) were compared with patients referred for catheter ablation (CA). Atrial arrhythmia recurrence, death, stroke and first admission for heart failure (HF) were analyzed during follow-up.ResultsNinety-one ACHD patients with IART (baseline median age 38 years [IQR 29-50], male 64%, 45% moderate CHD and 41% complex CHD) w...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Single ventricle: Estimated cumulative irradiation during their life
ConclusionCT-scan contributed the most to global irradiation. Organ exposure will be further analysed. The reduction of medical irradiation remains a major goal for congenital cardiology teams and will need further improvement of technologies and practices. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

4D Flow versus Conventional 2D MRI for Measuring Pulmonary Flow after Tetralogy of Fallot Repair
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): M. Isorni, N. Boddaert, N. Ben Moussa, D. Bonnet, S. Hascoet, F. RaimondiBackgroundAfter tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair, pulmonary regurgitation and right ventricular function must be monitored. Conventional (2D) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is currently the clinical reference method for measuring pulmonary regurgitation. However, 4D CMR has been reported to provide a more comprehensive flow analysis than 2D CMR. We aimed to compare 4D CMR to 2D CMR for assessing pulmonary regurgitation and flow, as wel...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary arteries: Is unroofing procedure always appropriate?
ConclusionSurgical correction in AAOCA is mandatory for symptomatic and asymptomatic patients with evidence of myocardial ischemia under stress or restricted coronary artery segment. Surgical unroofing remains the gold standard but is not appropriated in all particular forms: alternative techniques should be considered in the latter. Surgical results are promising. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Factors influencing the participation of adolescents and young adults with a congenital heart disease in a transition education program: A multicenter controlled study
This study aimed to determine the factors that influenced the inclusion in this transition program.MethodsProspective controlled multicentre study carried out from November 2015 to January 2017 in southern France. Patients with any CHD aged 13 to 25 y were offered to participate in the program. During their annual check-up, they filled-out the same questionnaires. A multiple linear regression identified the explanatory factors for participation in the program.ResultsA total of 123 patients (mean age 19.6 ± 3.4 y) were included in the study, with 57 participants (group A) and 66 non-participants (group B). ...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Evaluation of self-testing INR in a French GUCH population with mechanical valve
ConclusionGUCH patients with mechanical valves, especially when present for ≥ 10 years, seem to validate Coaguchek, even though evaluation is hard since a great proportion of them did not attend follow-up appointment, stick to their old INR target and did not use the device as often as recommended. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Infective endocarditis in children
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): A. Rique, P. Aldebert, E. Aries, M. Orabona, V. Fouilloux, C. Ovaert, F. El LoualiIntroductionInfective endocarditis (IE) in children is unfrequent but potentially serious. The aim of the present study was to describe our pediatric population and to highlight the differences with the adult population.MethodsIn this retrospective monocentric cohort, 52 consecutive children with IE were included between January, 2000 and May, 2018.ResultsThe median age was 9 [4-14] years. Thirty-two (61.5%) children had congeni...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Teaching congenital cardiopathies through 3D printed models, is it always useful?
ConclusionsLearning of complex CHD is challenging even with the most advanced educational techniques. Visual access to all the defects presented by the 3D model is necessary for correct understanding of the model. Transparent printing materials allow for the students to simulate the flow trajects with probes. In our experience, virtual 3D models can be a great resource and even more when analysed on virtual reality devices. (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research