Risk of Major Cardiovascular and Neurologic Events with Obstructive Sleep Apnea among Patients with Atrial Fibrillation
ConclusionAmong patients with AF, OSA is an independent risk factor for MACNE and, more specifically, stroke/SE.Graphical Abstract
Authors: Fan D, Yang S, Han Y, Zhang R, Yang L Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are widely known as critical regulators in isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity during the development of brain. Moreover, isoflurane could aggravate cognitive impairment in diabetic rats. The present study was designed to investigate the role and mechanism of miR-140-5p on isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity in diabetic rats. Firstly, a diabetic rat model was established by injection of streptozotocin (STZ) and identified by Morris water maze test. The result indicated that isoflurane treatment exacerbated STZ-induced cognitive impairment, as demo...
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and DevelopmentAuthor(s): Cui Chen, Min Zhou, Yuchen Ge, Xiaobo WangAbstractAging is a biological phenomenon in which the structure and function of organisms declining with the increasing of age. It has become a major risk factor of human diseases, including diabetes, cancers, cardiovascular diseases and neurodegenerative diseases. Silencing information regulator 2 related enzyme 1(sirtuin1, SIRT1) is an NAD+-dependent deacetylase, which has been reported to be involved in the regulation of cellular senescence and aging. The expression of SIRT1...
We report a case of a young male with no prior genitourinary history who presents to an emergency department with sudden onset gross hematuria, clot retention, and right-sided flank pain. On evaluation, he was found to have a renal artery aneurysm bleeding into his collecting system and underwent renal artery embolization and rapid resolution of his hematuria. Renal vascular pathology should be considered in the differential diagnosis and timely diagnosis of this condition is imperative as surgical interventions have proven to be life-saving. PMID: 32065873 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Petrossian RA, Dynda D, Delfino K, El-Zawahry A, McVary KT Abstract INTRODUCTION: The role of organized sleep in overall health and quality-of-life (QoL) is critical. Nocturia necessarily disrupts the normal sleep cycle and negatively impacts one's health, work productivity, and QoL. We investigated, for the first time in an exploratory pilot, the effectiveness of mirabegron for improving sleep disturbance and nocturia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, open-label 12-week trial evaluating the efficacy of mirabegron in 34 men and women with disordered sleep and lower urinary tract symptoms ...
Publication date: March 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &Endocrinology, Volume 8, Issue 3Author(s): Robert Stirrups
Publication date: March 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &Endocrinology, Volume 8, Issue 3Author(s):
Publication date: March 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &Endocrinology, Volume 8, Issue 3Author(s): Thomas S J Crabtree, Pratik Choudhary, Peter Hammond, Alistair Lumb, Alasdair McLay, Emma G Wilmot
Publication date: March 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &Endocrinology, Volume 8, Issue 3Author(s): Emma G Wilmot, Thomas Danne
ConclusionAn indication for AHI occurs relatively infrequently among hospitalized patients, but when present, AHI occurs in approximately 1 in 3 discharges. AHI appears to be related largely to the degree of hyperglycemia, and diabetes service involvement. Further studies are needed to understand the implications of AHI at hospital discharge on short and long-term outcomes in this population.
ConclusionsConsidering major health and economic problems posed by unrestrained diabetes epidemic in India, research in this area remains highly inadequate.
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