Increased Ca 2+ signaling in NRXN1 α +/− neurons derived from ASD induced pluripotent stem cells

ConclusionsThis is the first report to show that humanNRXN1 α+/ − neurons derived from ASD patients ’ iPSCs present novel phenotypes of upregulated VGCCs and increased Ca2+ transients, which may facilitate the development of drug screening assays for the treatment of ASD.
Source: Molecular Autism - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

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Abstract The human 15q13.3 microdeletion syndrome (DS) is caused by a heterozygous microdeletion (MD) affecting six genes: FAN1; MTMR10; TRPM1; KLF13; OTUD7A; and CHRNA7. Carriers are at risk for intellectual disability, epilepsy, autism spectrum disorder, and schizophrenia. Here we used the Df[h15q13]/+ mouse model with an orthologous deletion to further characterize molecular, neurophysiological, and behavioral parameters that are relevant to the 15q13.3 DS. First, we verified the expression and distribution of the α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), a gene product of the CHRNA7, in cortical and s...
Source: Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research
(Abstracted from Nat Comm 2019;10:3043) Epidemiologic associations have been made between advanced paternal age and increased offspring risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), schizophrenia (SCZ), congenital heart disease (CHD), epilepsy (EPI), and intellectual disability (ID). This association have been often attributed to de novo single nucleotide variants (dnSNVs) that occur 3 to 4 times more often in paternal compared with maternal germ cells.
Source: Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey - Category: OBGYN Tags: GYNECOLOGY: GENETICS Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results indicate the prevalence of multiple comorbidities varies across the lifespan in DS, and in adults, rates for psychiatric comorbidities show different patterns for males and females relative to expected population rates. Further, most health comorbidities are not associated with poorer cognitive outcomes in DS, apart from autism and epilepsy. It is essential for clinicians to consider such differences to provide appropriate care and treatment for those with DS and to provide prognostic information relating to cognitive outcomes in those with comorbidities.
Source: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We report here the derivation of familial iPSC lines from two controls and three ASD patients carrying NRXN1α+/−, using a non-integrating Sendai viral kit. The genotype and karyotype of the resulting iPSCs were validated by whole genome SNP array. All iPSC lines expressed comparable levels of pluripotency markers and could be differentiated into three germ layers.
Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The present study shows high prevalence rates for autism and its comorbid conditions among Iranian children and adolescents. It also reveals that there is a relationship between some maternal psychiatric disorders and the risk of autism. PMID: 31679355 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - Category: Middle East Health Authors: Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 August 2019Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Janneke R Zinkstok, Erik Boot, Anne S Bassett, Noboru Hiroi, Nancy J Butcher, Claudia Vingerhoets, Jacob A S Vorstman, Therese A M J van AmelsvoortSummary22q11.2 deletion syndrome is characterised by a well defined microdeletion that is associated with a high risk of neuropsychiatric disorders, including intellectual disability, schizophrenia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, anxiety disorders, seizures and epilepsy, and early-onset Parkinson's disease. Preclinical and clinical data reveal substantial ...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion: Compared with adults without CP, those with CP have an elevated prevalence of mental health disorders, some of which may be more pronounced in patients with comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders. Primary Funding Source: National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research. PMID: 31382276 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
The 16p11.2 microduplication is a rare form of chromosomal rearrangement that confers risk of multiple neuropsychiatric conditions including, schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, bipolar disorder and Rolandic epilepsy. The 16p11.2 chromosomal region contains 27 protein-coding genes however, the mechanism by which altered gene dosage in this region increases disease risk is still incompletely understood.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Albert Sanfeliu1, Karsten Hokamp2, Michael Gill1 and Daniela Tropea1,3*1Neuropsychiatric Genetics, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Trinity Translational Medicine Institute, St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland2Department of Genetics, School of Genetics and Microbiology, Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland3Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Trinity College Institute for Neuroscience, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, IrelandRett syndrome is a rare neuropsychiatric disorder with a wide symptomatology including impaired communication and movement, cardio-respiratory abno...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Discussion We have found that, in the human genome, the promoter regions of ID-associated genes are uniquely enriched in MER41 LTRs. More specifically, nine ID-associated genes that are putatively important in cognitive evolution exhibit MER41 LTRs in their promoter regions. As more than 100 families of HERV are integrated into our genome, it was important to determine whether our findings are specific to MER41 and to ID-associated genes, and if so to what extent. Among the 133 families of HERV explored here, MER41 is the only family whose LTRs were found with statistically high frequency in the promoter regions of ID-ass...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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