Long-term cardiac-specific mortality among 44,292 acute myeloid leukemia patients treated with chemotherapy: a population-based analysis

Conclusion: Cardiac-specific mortality in AML patients receiving chemotherapy is higher than that in the general population.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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(Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard) Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a deadly blood cancer that kills most of its victims within five years. Chemotherapy has been the standard treatment for over 40 years, and while it often causes the cancer to go into remission, nearly half of patients experience disease relapse. Scientists at the Wyss Institute and Harvard SEAS have developed an injectable, biomaterial-based vaccine that, when combined with standard chemotherapy, caused complete and lasting recovery from and immunity against AML in mice.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: T cell senescence and exhaustion, together with impaired NK and γδ T cell function, are dominant aspects involved in immune dysfunction in AML. Non-invasive immune testing of blood samples could be applied to predict therapeutic reactivity, high risk for relapse and unfavorable prognosis. PMID: 31911547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
Conclusion A great deal of progress is being made in the matter of treating aging: in advocacy, in funding, in the research and development. It can never be enough, and it can never be fast enough, given the enormous cost in suffering and lost lives. The longevity industry is really only just getting started in the grand scheme of things: it looks vast to those of us who followed the slow, halting progress in aging research that was the state of things a decade or two ago. But it is still tiny compared to the rest of the medical industry, and it remains the case that there is a great deal of work yet to be done at all...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
uccisano Venditti Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), with an incidence increasing with age, is the most common acute leukemia in adults. Concurrent comorbidities, mild to severe organ dysfunctions, and low performance status (PS) are frequently found in older patients at the onset, conditioning treatment choice and crucially influencing the outcome. Although anthracyclines plus cytarabine-based chemotherapy, also called “7 + 3” regimen, remains the standard of care in young adults, its use in patients older than 65 years should be reserved to selected cases because of higher incidence of toxicity. The...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusion A great deal of progress is being made in the matter of treating aging: in advocacy, in funding, in the research and development. It can never be enough, and it can never be fast enough, given the enormous cost in suffering and lost lives. The longevity industry is really only just getting started in the grand scheme of things: it looks vast to those of us who followed the slow, halting progress in aging research that was the state of things a decade or two ago. But it is still tiny compared to the rest of the medical industry, and it remains the case that there is a great deal of work yet to be done at all...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Of Interest Source Type: blogs
ze Arnaud Pigneux Norbert Vey Karine Celli-Lebras Christine Terré Claude Preudhomme Hervé Dombret Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) encompasses heterogeneous entities with dismal outcomes. Intermediate and unfavorable-risk AML represent the most difficult-to-treat entities. We recently reported the benefit of the clofarabine-based consolidation (CLARA) regimen compared to the standard high-dose cytarabine (HDAC) regimen in younger AML patients. Here, we aimed at assessing the clinical significance of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-array alterations and their interactions with chemotherapy reg...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research
We report a 45-year-old male with a diagnosis of de novo AML harboring GATA2-MECOM rearrangement in conjunction with a related subclone with concomitant inv(3) and t(9;22). The patient was treated with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) which lead to disappearance of the inv(3)/t(9;22) subclone and subsequent expansion of the inv(3) ancestral clone. The patient was started on a 7+3 induction regimen with TKI but had persistent disease. He was placed on several additional treatment protocols and only achieved morphologic remission with a combination of fludarabine, cytarabine and filgrastim with TKI. Approximately 11.5 month...
Source: Cancer Genetics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ardi After intensive induction chemotherapy and complete remission achievement, patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are candidates to receive either high-dose cytarabine-based regimens, or autologous (ASCT) or allogeneic (allo-SCT) hematopoietic stem cell transplantations as consolidation treatment. Pretreatment risk classification represents a determinant key of type and intensity of post-remission therapy. Current evidence indicates that allo-SCT represents the treatment of choice for high and intermediate risk patients if clinically eligible, and its use is favored by increasing availability of unrelated or h...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) Patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are treated with anthracyclines are at a heightened risk of heart failure -- most often within one year of exposure to the chemotherapy treatment, according to a new study led by researchers at Penn Medicine. To help identify a patient's risk for heart failure following the treatment, researchers developed a risk score (0 to 21) based on clinical and echographic variables.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
In this study, the effects of 17f were evaluated on CML and AML cell lines that respectively acquired resistance to IM and cytarabine (Ara-C), a conventional therapeutic agent used in AML treatment. We showed that 17f strongly inhibits the growth and survival of resistant CML and AML cells when associated with IM or Ara-C. We also obtained evidence that 17f inhibits STAT5B but not STAT5A protein expression in resistant CML and AML cells. Furthermore, we demonstrated that 17f also targets oncogenic STAT5B N642H mutant in transformed hematopoietic cells.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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