Head and Neck Cancer Risk Prediction Models for the US Population from the INHANCE Consortium.

Head and Neck Cancer Risk Prediction Models for the US Population from the INHANCE Consortium. Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Nov 29;: Authors: Lee YA, Al-Temimi M, Ying J, Muscat J, Olshan AF, Zevallos JP, Winn DM, Li G, Sturgis EM, Morgenstern H, Zhang ZF, Smith E, Kelsey K, McClean M, Vaughan TL, Lazarus P, Chen C, Schwartz SM, Gillison M, Schantz S, Yu GP, D'Souza G, Gross N, Monroe M, Kim J, Boffetta P, Hashibe M Abstract Head and neck cancer (HNC) risk prediction models based on risk factor profiles have not yet been developed. We took advantage of the large database including 14 studies (1981-2010) in the US from the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology (INHANCE) Consortium to develop risk prediction models. Seventy percent of the data were used to develop HNC risk prediction models; the remaining 30% were used to validate the models. We used competing risk models to calculate absolute risks. The predictors included age, sex, education, race/ethnicity, alcohol drinking intensity, cigarette smoking duration and intensity or family history of HNC. The 20-year absolute HNC risk was 7.61% for a 60-year-old woman who smoked>20 cigarettes/day for>20 years, drank 3+ alcoholic drinks/day, was a high school graduate, with family history of HNC and was non-Hispanic White. The 20-year risk for men with a similar profile was 6.85%. The absolute risks of oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers were generally lower than those of oral cavity and laryngea...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

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Purpose of review This review attempts to give an update of epidemiological knowledge on head and neck cancers (HNC). Recent findings Worldwide, from 1990 to 2017, incidence rates for larynx and nasopharyngeal cancers decreased, whereas they increased for oro/hypopharyngeal cancers and lip/oral cavity cancers. They are still markedly higher among men than women. South Asia has the highest HNC incidence rate, followed by Europe, North America, and Australasia. Tobacco and alcohol remain the major risk factors. Rate of cancers attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV) among HNCs is highly depending on world region and...
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: HEAD AND NECK: Edited by Joël Guigay Source Type: research
ConclusionRéunion Island features some particularities in terms of incidence: women are less than half as likely as in Metropolitan France to develop any type of cancer, whereas incidence in males is among highest in France. The presentation of results in cancer registries could be improved in line with everyday practice in head and neck surgery.
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Benjamin Solomon, Richard J. Young, Danny RischinAbstractHead and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) comprises a heterogeneous group of tumors that arise from the squamous epithelium of the oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx and hypopharynx. While many HNSCCs are related to classical etiologic factors of smoking and alcohol, a clinically, genomically, and immunologically distinct subgroup of tumors arise from the epithelium of the tonsil and the base of tongue as a result of infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). In this revi...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionRéunion Island features some particularities in terms of incidence: women are less than half as likely as in Metropolitan France to develop any type of cancer, whereas incidence in males is among highest in France. The presentation of results in cancer registries could be improved in line with everyday practice in head and neck surgery.
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Benjamin Solomon, Richard J. Young, Danny RischinAbstractHead and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) comprises a heterogeneous group of tumors that arise from the squamous epithelium of the oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx and hypopharynx. While many HNSCCs are related to classical etiologic factors of smoking and alcohol, a clinically, genomically, and immunologically distinct subgroup of tumors arise from the epithelium of the tonsil and the base of tongue as a result of infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). In this revi...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Misawa K, Imai A, Mochizuki D, Mima M, Endo S, Misawa Y, Kanazawa T, Mineta H Abstract The aim of this study was to clarify the epigenetic regulation of ten eleven translocation protein (TET) family genes, which can provide insights into the mechanisms of tumorigenesis and the risk of disease recurrence in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). We generated methylation profiles of TET1, TET2 and TET3 genes in tumor samples obtained from 233 patients with HNSCC; these included 57 hypopharynx, 44 larynx, 69 oral cavity, and 63 oropharynx tumor samples. The mRNA expression and promoter DNA methylation...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Conclusion Réunion Island features some particularities in terms of incidence: women are less than half as likely as in Metropolitan France to develop any type of cancer, whereas incidence in males is among highest in France. The presentation of results in cancer registries could be improved in line with everyday practice in head and neck surgery.
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018 Source:Seminars in Cancer Biology Author(s): Benjamin Solomon, Richard J. Young, Danny Rischin Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) comprises a heterogeneous group of tumors that arise from the squamous epithelium of the oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx and hypopharynx. While many HNSCCs are related to classical etiologic factors of smoking and alcohol, a clinically, genomically, and immunologically distinct subgroup of tumors arise from the epithelium of the tonsil and the base of tongue as a result of infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). In this review we...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to describe patient characteristics, health resource utilization (HRU), and costs associated with treating recurrent or refractory head and neck cancer (HNC) among patients with disease progression in the community oncology setting. METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted by using data from the Vector Oncology Data Warehouse. Patients had been diagnosed with locally advanced or metastatic (stage III-IVc) HNC between January 1, 2007, and October 1, 2015. Patients also had evidence of at least 1 systemic anticancer therapy regimen following the ...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research
ConclusionsOS and HNC-specific survival differ among HNC sites. Pre-diagnosis cigarette smoking is a prognostic factor of the OS for patients with cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx, whereas pre-diagnosis alcohol drinking is a prognostic factor of OS and HNC-specific survival for patients with cancer of the larynx. Low educational level is an unfavourable prognostic factor for OS in laryngeal cancer patients.
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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