Effect of electrical stimulation combined with diet therapy on insulin resistance via mTOR signaling.

Effect of electrical stimulation combined with diet therapy on insulin resistance via mTOR signaling. Mol Med Rep. 2019 Oct 30;: Authors: Huang S, Tang N, Zhao H, Tang CL Abstract Insulin resistance (IR) is the impaired insulin response that causes decreased glucose tolerance. Electrical stimulation (ES) can improve insulin sensitivity in the skeletal muscle. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In the present study, the effect of ES and diet therapy on IR and the role of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway in the improvement of IR by ES were investigated. A total of 70 Sprague‑Dawley male rats were divided into five groups: Normal (n=10), IR control (n=15), diet (n=15), ES (n=15) and ES + diet (n=15) groups. An IR rat model was established by high‑fat and high‑carbohydrate diet for 5 weeks and confirmed by measurement of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), insulin, insulin sensitivity index (ISI) and IR index. ES on the Zusanli (ST36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Weiwanxiashu (EX‑B3) acupoints and the low‑fat and low‑carbohydrate diet demonstrated protective effects. The body weight, concentrations of FPG, insulin, triglycerides (TG), free fatty acids (FFA) and total cholesterol (TC) of the rats were detected. Pathologic changes in the liver and pancreatic tissues were assessed. Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were performed to determine the role of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling. Results demonstrated that...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research

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We reported higher values of hematocrit, hemoglobin, Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), White Blood Cell (WBC), Red Blood Cell (RBC) and lymphocytes for treated groups. Innate immune responses (Alternative complement activity (ACH50) in M2 and M3 group, total Immunoglobulin (Ig) and lysozyme in M3), mucosal immune parameters (ACH50, total Ig for M2 and M3 group and lysozyme in all treated groups) were enhanced. Activities of digestive enzymes (protease in all treated groups, amylase for 3 and 5%, while lipase only for 5%) and lower activity of liver ALT enzyme in individuals treated with high...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Microvascular ResearchAuthor(s): Mengjiao Liu, Kate Lycett, Melissa Wake, Mingguang He, Jessica A. Kerr, Richard Saffery, Markus Juonala, Tim Olds, Terry Dwyer, David P. Burgner, Tien Yin WongAbstractTraditional retinal microvascular parameters (smaller arteriolar and greater venular caliber) are associated with cardiovascular risk factors, pre-clinical vascular phenotypes and clinical cardiovascular events in adults. Although novel retinal microvascular geometric parameters showed analogous associations in adults, less is known whether these parameters are associa...
Source: Microvascular Research - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In conclusion, positive statistical association between serum cholesterol (total cholesterol, LDL-c and HDL-c) and chloride levels may suggest their similar modulation by AHF pathophysiology. Serum levels of total cholesterol, LDL-c and chloride contribute to patient survival. PMID: 31819314 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
Abstract Globally, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components which are the major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, is higher among patients with severe mental illness (SMI) compared to the general population. This is mainly due to the deleterious lifestyles characterized by physical inactivity, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, and unhealthy diets common among patients with SMI as well as due to cardiometabolic effects of psychotropic medications. Despite these conditions being highly prevalent among patients with SMI, little attention is given to these conditions during routine...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS In a rat model of maternal PCOS, exposure to androgens in utero resulted in dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota and metabolic disorders of the newborn female rats. PMID: 31815927 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Analyst, 2020, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/C9AN01679A, PaperKyu Shik Eom, Yi Jae Lee, Hye Won Seo, Ji Yoon Kang, Joon Sub Shim, Soo Hyun Lee To provide rapid and accurate determination of cholesterol, we have developed a simple, disposable, enzyme-based salivary cholesterol biosensor. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Analyst latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of one or more prognostic factors as well as the various risk prediction models can guide selection of ACS patient subgroups for which a prophylactic CEA should or should not be offered. Decisions to offer prophylactic CEA should weigh in factors like surgeon's experience and hospital expertise/volume. Asymptomatic patients not expected to live long enough to benefit from the procedure should not be considered for CEA, but should be offered best medical treatment. PMID: 31814375 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Angiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Angiol Source Type: research
ConclusionsComputational measures reflecting individual PVS size, length and width were more strongly associated with WMH, stroke and hypertension than computational count or visual PVS score. Multidimensional computational PVS metrics may increase sensitivity to detect associations of PVS with risk exposures, brain lesions and neurological disease, provide greater anatomic detail and accelerate sunderstanding of disorders of brain fluid and waste clearance.Graphical abstract
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsSeveral risk factors may play a role in evolution of MS. Our results show that smoking status, probably due to chronic vascular and neurotoxic effects of the cigarette components, can affect the brain damage from the early stages of MS. No association was observed with the other explored modifiable risk factors, although an effect due to the small sample size cannot be excluded.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractThe major role of conventional ultrasonography (US) can be divided into three processes: cancer screening, differential diagnosis, and assessment of the depth of tumor invasion. As US is a simple and minimally invasive modality, it is widely used for cancer screening and health checkups. Both gallbladder (GB) polyps and thickened wall of the GB are common US findings. On the contrary, US is prone to interference from gas echoes, and its diagnostic accuracy depends on both the US technology and the ability of sonographers. It is also important to be well acquainted with characteristic artifacts and how to manage the...
Source: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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