LBA7518-months relapse-free survival (RFS) and biomarker analyses of OpACIN-neo: A study to identify the optimal dosing schedule of neoadjuvant (neoadj) ipilimumab (IPI) + nivolumab (NIVO) in stage III melanoma

ConclusionsThe 18-mo FU confirms that durable RFS can be achieved with 2 cycles of neoadj IPI+NIVO without any additional adjuvant therapy. Pathologic response remains the strongest marker for RFS. TMB and IFN-y signature might serve as baseline markers identifying pts benefiting from neoadj IPI+NIVO. Neoadj 2 cycles IPI1+NIVO3 should be tested in a randomized phase III study versus adjuvant therapy.Clinical trial identificationNCT02977052.Legal entity responsible for the studyNetherlands Cancer Institute.FundingBMS.DisclosureE.A. Rozeman: Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: NanoString; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: MSD. A.M. Menzies: Advisory / Consultancy: BMS; Advisory / Consultancy: MSD; Advisory / Consultancy: Roche; Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Advisory / Consultancy: Pierre Fabre. O. Krijgsman: Research grant / Funding (institution): BMS. T.M. Van: Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: NanoString. A.C.J. van Akkooi: Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Amgen; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): BMS; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Novartis; Advisory / Consultancy: MSD-Merck; Advisory / Consultancy: Merck-Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy: 4SC. R.A. Scolyer: Advisory / Consultancy: MSD; Advisory / Consultancy: Neracare; Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis. J. Hansson: Advisory / Consultancy: BMS; Advisory / Consultancy: MSD; Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis. G.V. Long: Advisory / Cons...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Abstract The introduction of new therapeutic agents has revolutionized the treatment of metastatic melanoma. The approval of adjuvant anti-PD-1 monotherapy with nivolumab or pembrolizumab and dabrafenib plus trametinib has recently set a new landmark in the treatment of stage III melanoma. Now, clinical trials have shown that immune checkpoint blockade can be performed in a neoadjuvant setting, an approach established as a standard therapeutic approach for other tumour entities such as breast cancer. Recent studies suggest that a pathologic response achieved by neoadjuvant immunotherapy is associated with a long-t...
Source: The British Journal of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Br J Dermatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: irPR features are consistent across tumor types and treatment settings. Standardized, pan-tumor immune-mediated pathologic response criteria (irPRC) are defined and associated specimen-handling considerations are described. Future, prospective studies are merited to validate irPRC in larger datasets and to associate pathologic features with long-term patient outcomes. PMID: 31672770 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
Purpose of review The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the current development of immuno-oncology in the (neo)adjuvant setting. Recent findings Several checkpoint inhibitors (CPis) have been approved for the treatment of advanced solid cancers, mostly for unresectable metastatic setting. Thus, the next logical step is to explore the potential of CPi in earlier stages of the disease. Summary There are currently many ongoing trials investigating immunotherapy agents in the early setting in various tumor types, involving various CPis and other innovative immunotherapies, as well as combinations with eit...
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: INNOVATIVE AGENTS AND TREATMENT MODALITIES: Edited by Ahmad Awada and Steven T. Rosen Source Type: research
Conclusions: The %changes of SUVmax both on PET2 and PET3 could predict the outcome of patients with osteosarcoma of the extremities. The %changes of SUVmax on PET3 better predicted the outcome than histologic response.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Sarcoma/ Melanoma Source Type: research
Abstract Immunotherapy has led to unprecedented improvement in the treatment and prognosis of high-risk resectable and metastatic disease across cancer types. Nowhere is this better highlighted than in the management of advanced and metastatic melanoma with the introduction of molecularly targeted therapies and immune checkpoint inhibitors. Following their success in melanoma, immunotherapies have also been evaluated and their use approved in the management across a variety of other solid malignancies in the neoadjuvant, adjuvant, and advanced/metastatic setting. This review provides an overview of the current lan...
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Surg Oncol Clin N Am Source Type: research
Immunotherapy has led to unprecedented improvement in the treatment and prognosis of high-risk resectable and metastatic disease across cancer types. Nowhere is this better highlighted than in the management of advanced and metastatic melanoma with the introduction of molecularly targeted therapies and immune checkpoint inhibitors. Following their success in melanoma, immunotherapies have also been evaluated and their use approved in the management across a variety of other solid malignancies in the neoadjuvant, adjuvant, and advanced/metastatic setting. This review provides an overview of the current landscape of immune c...
Source: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Cancer immunotherapies utilizing immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have demonstrated durable efficacy in a proportion of patients with advanced/metastatic cancers. More recently, the use of ICIs for the adjuvant treatment of patients with surgically resectable melanoma have also demonstrated efficacy by improving relapse-free survival and in the case of ipilimumab (anti-CTLA-4) also improving overall survival. While promising, the effective scheduling of surgery and immunotherapy and its duration is not well elucidated. Recent preclinical studies suggest that surgery followed by adjuvant therapy might b...
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
Michal Yalon1†, Amos Toren1,2†, Dina Jabarin2, Edna Fadida3, Shlomi Constantini3 and Ruty Mehrian-Shai1* 1Pediatric Hemato-Oncology, Edmond and Lilly Safra Children's Hospital and Cancer Research Center, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel 2The Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel 3Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dana Children's Hospital, Tel-Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel Pediatric brain tumors are the most common solid tumor type and the leading cause of cancer-related death in children. The immune system plays an important r...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic benefit of combining the TAB004 antibody with Liposomal-MSA-IL-2 in immune competent and human MUC1 transgenic (MUC1.Tg) mouse models of PDA and investigated the associated immune responses. Treatment with TAB004 + Lip-MSA-IL-2 resulted in significantly improved survival and slower tumor growth compared to controls in MUC1.Tg mice bearing an orthotopic PDA.MUC1 tumor. Similarly, in the spontaneous model of PDA that expresses human MUC1, the combination treatment stalled the progression of pancreatic intraepithelial pre-neoplastic (PanIN) lesion to adenocarcinoma. Treatment with t...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The newly developed radiomic signature was a powerful predictor of LN metastasis and the radiomics nomogram could facilitate the preoperative individualized prediction of LN status. Introduction Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common malignant tumors and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide (1). Accurate evaluation of lymph node metastasis (LNM) status in GC patients is vital for prognosis and treatment decisions (2–4). Some histopathologic factors and biomarkers (e.g., lymphatic invasion, matrix metalloproteinase-2) are found to be able to predict LNM in GC, but mos...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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