Defining the molecular evolution of extrauterine high grade serous carcinoma.

CONCLUSION: This study provides strong evidence suggesting that extrauterine HGSC arises from the fimbria of the distal fallopian tube. Furthermore, several potential pathways were identified which could be targeted by novel therapies for HGSC. These findings have significant translational relevance for both primary prevention and clinical management of the disease. PMID: 31493898 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gynecologic Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 3 February 2020Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Elizabeth K. Lee, Zhenying Tan-Wasielewski, Carol Aghajanian, Robert L. Coleman, Jennifer Curtis, Michelle S. Hirsch, Ursula A. Matulonis, Lewis C. Cantley, Gordon B. Mills, L. Austin Doyle, Joyce F. LiuAbstractPlatinum-resistant, recurrent, high grade epithelial ovarian carcinoma remains challenging to treat. Chemotherapy produces limited responses with modest survival benefits in the treatment of recurrent disease. In this context, targeted therapies may improve upon conventional therapies. PI3K/AKT pathway alterations are fr...
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
RARITAN, N.J., February 3, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today multiple data presentations from a robust solid tumor portfolio that will be featured at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary (ASCO GU) Cancers Symposium, taking place February 13-15 in San Francisco. Company-sponsored data presentations will include clinical results for ERLEADA® (apalutamide) and niraparib in prostate cancer; and BALVERSA™ (erdafitinib) in bladder cancer. “We are committed to improving outcomes in patients with prostate and bladder cancer where high unmet ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
Abstract High-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) is the most lethal gynecologic cancer. Emerging evidence suggests that tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play an immunosuppressive role in the tumor microenvironment and promote tumor growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis in ovarian cancer. Therefore, targeting TAMs in patients with ovarian cancer is an appealing strategy; however, all trials to date have failed. To improve the efficacy of this approach, we sought to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of the role of TAMs in ovarian cancer. We found that the developmental transcription factor GATA3 was highly e...
Source: Cellular Signalling - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Signal Source Type: research
Contributors : Hadar Brand ; Jasmine Jacob ; Keren LevanonSeries Type : Non-coding RNA profiling by arrayOrganism : Homo sapiens ; synthetic constructFallopian tube epithelium is the tissue-of-origin of most high grade serous papillary ovarian carcinoma. This tumor has been exensively investigated and sequenced but expression profiling data of normal fallopian tube epithelial cells is still rare. This project compares the miRNA profiles of high grade serous papillary ovarian tumors (FFPE and fresh frozen) to that of normal unmatched epithelial cells from resected fallopian tubes.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Non-coding RNA profiling by array Homo sapiens synthetic construct Source Type: research
Abstract Intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), an important adhesion molecule in the immunoglobulin superfamily, is expressed on many cell types. Recent studies have identified ICAM-1 as a potential oncogene that promotes the development of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC); it was also found to be associated with poor survival. However, the clinical significance of its expression in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) is unclear. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the significance of ICAM-1 expression in HGSOC. Data on ICAM1 expression and mutations in serous ovarian carcinoma (SOC) were obtai...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
tella Zannini High-Grade Serous Ovarian Carcinoma (HGSC) is the most incidental and lethal subtype of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) with a high mortality rate of nearly 65%. Recent findings aimed at understanding the pathogenesis of HGSC have attributed its principal source as the Fallopian Tube (FT). To further comprehend the exact mechanism of carcinogenesis, which is still less known, we performed a transcriptome analysis comparing FT and HGSC. Our study aims at exploring new players involved in the development of HGSC from FT, along with their signaling network, and we chose to focus on non-coding RNAs. Non-codin...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data suggest that dose-dense weekly paclitaxel (80 mg/m2) combined with low-dose triweekly cisplatin (20 mg/m2) is a potentially effective and highly tolerable front-line treatment in advanced EOC, FTC, and PPSC. Randomized trials comparing the outcome of this regimen to other standard therapies for FIGO stage IIIC–IV EOC, FTC, and PPSC are warranted.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ampagnola The majority of high-grade serous ovarian cancers originate in the fallopian tubes, however, the corresponding structural changes in the extracellular matrix (ECM) have not been well-characterized. This information could provide new insight into the carcinogenesis and provide the basis for new diagnostic tools. We have previously used the collagen-specific Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) microscopy to probe collagen fiber alterations in high-grade serous ovarian cancer and in other ovarian tumors, and showed they could be uniquely identified by machine learning approaches. Here we couple SHG imaging of serou...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In conclusion, these malignancies should be considered a single entity during treatment. IMPACT STATEMENT What is already known on this subject? Epithelial ovarian cancer is the second most common gynaecological cancer in women worldwide. There are different histological types including ovarian, tubal and peritoneal carcinomas in which malignant cells form in the tissue covering the ovary or lining the fallopian tube of peritoneum. Recent data have supported the view that these malignancies should be considered a single entity and should be treated the same way. What the results of this study add? In the present study, we ...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
ConclusionThe frequency of BRCA mutation in high grade serous carcinoma was 25.7%, none was found in high grade endometrioid carcinoma. High cost, unavailability of genetic testing, limited number of geneticists, may be barriers in limited resource countries. Selected patients especially high grade serous carcinoma should be considered initially.
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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