Hypertension and Arrhythmias

Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular risk factor and underlies heart failure, coronary artery disease, stroke, and chronic kidney disease. Hypertensive heart disease can manifest as cardiac arrhythmias. Supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias may occur in the hypertensive patients. Atrial fibrillation and hypertension contribute to an increased risk of stroke. Some antihypertensive drugs predispose to electrolyte abnormalities, which may result in atrial and ventricular arrhythmias. A multipronged strategy involving appropriate screening, aggressive lifestyle modifications, and optimal pharmacotherapy can result in improved blood pressure control and prevent the onset or delay progression of heart failure, coronary artery disease, and cardiac arrhythmias.
Source: Heart Failure Clinics - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 14 October 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Robert Loughnan, Diego L. Lorca-Puls, Andrea Gajardo-Vidal, Valeria Espejo-Videla, Céline R. Gillebert, Dante Mantini, Cathy J. Price, Thomas M.H. HopeAbstractAround a third of stroke survivors suffer from acquired language disorders (aphasia), but current medicine cannot predict whether or when they might recover. Prognostic research in this area increasingly draws on datasets associating structural brain imaging data with outcome scores for ever-larger samples of stroke patients. The aim is to learn brain-behavior trends from ...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate ultrasound time-harmonic elastography for quantifying aortic stiffness in vivo in the context of aging and arterial hypertension. Materials and Methods Seventy-four participants (50 healthy participants and 24 participants with long-standing hypertension) were prospectively included between January 2018 and October 2018, and underwent ultrasound time-harmonic elastography of the upper abdominal aorta. Compound maps of shear-wave speed (SWS) as a surrogate of tissue stiffness were generated from multifrequency wave fields covering the full field-of-view of B-mode ultr...
Source: Investigative Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 October 2019Source: Journal of Orthopaedic TranslationAuthor(s): Bing Chen, Bin Zi, Ling Qin, Qiaosheng PanAbstractAgeing population is now a global challenge, where physical deterioration is the common feature in elderly people. In addition, the diseases, such as spinal cord injury, stroke, and injury, could cause a partial or total loss of the ability of human locomotion. Thus, assistance is necessary for them to perform safe activities of daily living. Robotic hip exoskeletons are able to support ambulatory functions in elderly people and provide rehabilitation for the patients with...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Pregnancy Hypertension, Volume 18Author(s): Laura A. Magee, Evelyne Rey, Elizabeth Asztalos, Eileen Hutton, Joel Singer, Michael Helewa, Terry Lee, Alexander G. Logan, Wessel Ganzevoort, Ross Welch, Jim G. Thornton, Peter von DadelszenAbstractThe international CHIPS Trial (Control of Hypertension In Pregnancy Study) enrolled 987 women with chronic (75%) or gestational (25%) hypertension. Pre-eclampsia developed in 48%; women remained on their allocated BP control and delivered an average of two weeks later. ‘Less tight’ control (target diastolic BP 100 mmHg) achieved BP t...
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionsFindings from this study indicate that foetal rs5707 polymorphisms may play a significant role in PE/E development, especially among overweight or obese pregnant women in China.
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionThe technical considerations for performing a LeFort Colpocleisis include ruling out malignancy prior to surgery, adequate lateral channels for uterine drainage, the use of lidocaine with epinephrine, closure in multiple layers with excellent hemostasis and an aggressive posterior colpoperineorrhaphy.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: Editorial Source Type: research
Background: Inadequate self-care is linked to poor health outcomes in heart failure (HF). Self-care depends on decision-making abilities, but links between self-care and brain injury to executive decision-making regulatory areas (prefrontal cortices) are unclear. Objective: We investigated the relationships between HF self-care and status of prefrontal cortices. Methods: Magnetic resonance imaging–based diffusion tensor imaging was performed in 21 patients with HF (age, 53.8 ± 7.9 years; 15 men; left ventricular ejection fraction, 25.1% ± 6.1%), and self-care and executive function were measured...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES: Heart Failure Source Type: research
Conclusion We found that social support and executive function were associated with self-care in HF patients with MCI, whereas perceived control was associated with self-care in HF patients with intact cognition. Clinicians should develop tailored interventions to enhance self-care by considering the distinct factors associated with self-care based on the presence or absence of MCI.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES: Heart Failure Source Type: research
Conclusions: The findings confirmed that “the situation-specific theory of heart failure self-care” could be applied in this context.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES: Heart Failure Source Type: research
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