N-Terminal Fragment of Brain-Type Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP) as a Prognostic Marker in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Complicated by Dialysis-Dependent Renal Failure

Prognostic value of N-terminal fragment of the prohormone brain-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) was analyzed in patients with multiple myeloma complicated by dialysisdependent renal failure. The prospective study included 20 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. The concentrations of NT-proBNP were measured before antimyeloma chemotherapy. The median age of the patients was 67 (63-76) years. The median glomerular filtration rate was 4 (4, 5) ml/min/1.73 m2. For overall survival, the area under ROC curve was 0.75 and the cut-off point was 7000 pg/ml. At median follow-up of 17.3 months, the overall survival was 76.6 ±14.8 and 27.3±13.4% (p=0.02) for cases with NT-proBNP levels below and above the cut-off point, respectively. There were no cases of death due to cardiovascular causes. We concluded that the increase in serum concentration of NT-proBNP>7400 pg/ml is associated with the severity of kidney damage and the risk of non-cardiac mortality.
Source: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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At Massachusetts General Hospital, we pioneered simultaneous hematopoietic cell (HCT)/kidney transplantation from HLA-identical related donors for the treatment of hematological malignancies with end-stage renal failure. We have now extended this to HLA-haploidentical donors in a pilot trial. Six recipients, 5 of whom were conditioned with fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and total-body irradiation, underwent combined HCT/kidney transplantation from haploidentical donors; graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis included post-HCT cyclophosphamide, tacrolimus, and mycophenolate mofetil. One patient died as a result of com...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Transplantation, Brief Reports Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In order to ensure the safety and effectiveness of regular physical activity, exercise, and physical modalities in patients with metastatic bone disease or multiple myeloma, typical contraindications and considerations should be noted. PMID: 31267163 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Wien Klin Wochenschr Source Type: research
The phase 3 CLARION study compared carfilzomib-melphalan-prednisone (KMP) with bortezomib-melphalan-prednisone (VMP) in transplant-ineligible newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients. Patients were randomized 1:1 to KMP or VMP for nine 42-day cycles (C). Patients received carfilzomib on days (D) 1, 2, 8, 9, 22, 23, 29, 30 (20 mg/m2: C1D1, C1D2; 36 mg/m2 thereafter) or bortezomib on D1, 4, 8, 11, 22, 25, 29, 32 (1.3 mg/m2; D4, 11, 25, 32 omitted for C5-9). Melphalan (9 mg/m2) and prednisone (60 mg/m2) were administered on D1-4. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Nine hundred fifty-five patient...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoid Neoplasia, Clinical Trials and Observations Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings describe the most reported risk factors for preventability of oral anticoagulant-induced bleedings. These factors may be useful for targeting interventions to improve pharmacovigilance activities in our regional territory and to reduce the burden of medication errors and inappropriate prescription. Introduction Oral anticoagulant therapy is widely used for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation, or for the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (Raj et al., 1994; Monaco et al., 2017). Oral anticoagulants can be di...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion As a critical regulator of inflammation and cell survival, the NFκB pathway is a promising target for diagnosing and treating kidney diseases. For modulation of the NFκB pathway in the clinic, a number of molecules can effectively inhibit NFκB signaling by targeting the receptors, associated adaptors, IKKs, IκBs and transcriptional regulators (144). There is further clinical evidence on small-molecule inhibitors of IKKα and NIK from recent trials on anti-cancer therapies (145). These clinical trials showed that the cancer-selective pharmacodynamic response of DTP3, the co-inhibitor...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Authors: Martellosio JP, Leleu X, Roblot P, Martin M, Puyade M Abstract Serum free light chains (sFLC) assay is an important marker in plasma cell dyscrasia. It is thus recommended for the diagnosis of monoclonal gammopathy, together with serum protein electrophoresis and immunofixation. sFLC assay has also a prognostic value and is a criterion for treatment response and relapse of some monoclonal gammopathies. Three assays are currently available in France, the gold standard being the Freelite® assay, the two others requiring further validation. These three assays are not interchangeable during patient's follo...
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research
We present an interesting case of Cast Nephropathy and light chain tubulopathy in an 81-year-old female patient with Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia who required medical attention for worsening renal failure. Serum protein electrophoresis/Immunofixation showed IgM Kappa monoclonal gammopathy. Renal biopsy was remarkable for cast nephropathy and light chain tubulopathy. Furthermore on bone marrow biopsy a low grade B cell lymphoproliferative disorder with plasmacytic differentiation was present. This was most consistent with lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, accounting for 50-60 percent of total bone marrow cellularity, in a hyperc...
Source: Clinical Lymphoma and Myeloma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Med Insights Case Rep Source Type: research
We present a case of generalized CSH associated with extracellular crystalline nephropathy with a fulminant and fatal clinical course. Kappa light-chain crystals were found exclusively extracellularly within the tubular lumen, not within the tubular epithelial cells nor the histiocytes, and the massive presence of those precipitates led to the acute renal failure. Consequently, we review the renal involvement in CSH in the literature and discuss the unique mechanism of renal injury in this case.
Source: CEN Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
N Singh, N Pattanashetti, K Joshi, HS Kohli, KL Gupta, R RamachandranIndian Journal of Nephrology 2019 29(1):65-69 A 63-year-old diabetic gentleman with microvascular complications presented with advanced azotemia and anemia. He was stabilized with blood transfusion and hemodialysis. With the probable diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy-related end-stage renal disease, he underwent kidney transplantation. He had delayed graft function. Graft biopsy done on the 2nd postoperative day showed acute tubular necrosis. Graft biopsy repeated after 2 weeks for persistent graft dysfunction showed myeloma cast nephropathy (MCN) and li...
Source: Indian Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This analysis allows us to raise awareness about strengths and weaknesses in our management of MM patients. There is a need to promote an earlier detection, improve supportive care and reduce infection mortality. Greater availability of evidence-based recommended treatment options is required. Access to clinical trials is warranted if care is to be improved. PMID: 30621522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
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