Occlusive radiation cerebral vasculopathy implies medical complexity: a case report

ConclusionLate-onset occlusive radiation vasculopathy is a potentially severe iatrogenic manifestation of radiotherapy that requires a high index of suspicion as an etiology of stroke in young population, especially those with coexistent meningioma that might be a strong indicator for occlusive radiation vasculopathy as the stroke culprit. We reviewed the available literature to better understand the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, and treatment options of occlusive radiation vasculopathy. Applying perfusion studies with acetazolamide measures the cerebrovascular reserve in patients with occlusive radiation vasculopathy, which could help in determining the appropriate available treatment option.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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In this study, most importantly, we found that TMP protects the BSCB integrity by modulating microglia polarization from M1 phenotype to M2 phenotype through activation of STAT3/SOCS3 and inhibition of NF-кB signaling pathways. Moreover, TMP significantly preserves the tight junction proteins, reduces the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β) and increases the secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-4, IL-10) from IFN-γ-stimulated BV2 microglia cells. Consequently, protection of the BSCB integrity leads to alleviation of clinical symptoms and demyelination in EAE mice. Therefore, TMP...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Neurobiol Source Type: research
This study provides direct evidence for the contribution of gut microbiota to the cognitive decline during normal aging and suggests that restoring microbiota homeostasis in the elderly may improve cognitive function. On Nutraceutical Senolytics https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/05/on-nutraceutical-senolytics/ Nutraceuticals are compounds derived from foods, usually plants. In principle one can find useful therapies in the natural world, taking the approach of identifying interesting molecules and refining them to a greater potency than naturally occurs in order to produce a usefully large therape...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstractischaemic stroke accounts for almost 11% of all deaths worldwide and has a high incidence of permanent disability among patients. Baicalein has many beneficial pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects. However, the neuroprotective effect of baicalein is still unclear. The current study scrutinizes the neuroprotective effect of baicalein against the ischaemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury via alteration of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB) and AMP-activated protein kinase/nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 AMPK/Nrf2 signaling pathway. Wistar rats were used for the current...
Source: Inflammopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Cerebral ischemia causes strong inflammatory response. Neumentix is a dietary supplement containing 14.9% rosmarinic acid and 29.9% total phenolic content, which was proved to be beneficial against inflammatory response. Therefore, we investigated Neumentix's effect on anti-inflammatory and blood brain barrier (BBB) disruption in transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) model mice. METHODS: After the pretreatment of vehicle or Neumentix 134 mg/kg/d, intraperitoneal injection (i.p.) (containing rosmarinic acid 20mg/kg/d) for 14 days, mice were subjected to tMCAO for 60 min and ke...
Source: Current Neurovascular Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Curr Neurovasc Res Source Type: research
Abstract Epilepsy comes after stroke as the most common chronic neurological disorder worldwide. Inflammation enhances neuronal hyperexcitability that could provide a background setting for the development of epilepsy. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of valproate (VAL), diclofenac (DIC), meloxicam (MEL), VAL + MEL and VAL + DIC in pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) kindled mice. Seventy mice were randomly allocated into 7 equal groups; Control, PTZ, VAL, DIC, MEL, VAL + MEL and VAL + DIC groups. Kindling was induced by PTZ (40 mg/kg, i.p.) injection ...
Source: Neurochemical Research - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Neurochem Res Source Type: research
(University of Virginia Health System) Focused ultrasound, the researchers hope, could revolutionize treatment for conditions from Alzheimer's to epilepsy to brain tumors -- and even help repair the devastating damage caused by stroke.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Conclusion Neurological presentation of AIS due to cardiac myxoma is similar to that of AIS with other etiologies, although clues suggesting a possible underlying cardiac myxoma can be detected in most cases. A timely diagnosis of cardiac myxoma in patients with AIS may favor prompt identification of candidates for endovascular therapy. Therefore, we suggest that in otherwise-healthy children presenting with AIS, transthoracic echocardiography should be performed early after stroke presentation. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  | &nb...
Source: Neuropediatrics - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
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Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
The American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (ACRM) offers an opportunity for members to be the guest editor of a Supplement to its journal, the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Archives). The goal of the ACRM supplements is to publish high quality scientific manuscripts, which are thematically organized and of interest to ACRM members and to the general readership of the Archives. We are interested in proposals in all fields of rehabilitation, but especially those of interest to the ACRM membership as indicated by the existence of special interest and networking groups for brain injury, spinal cord in...
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Organization news Source Type: research
In conclusion, elevated brain amyloid was associated with family history and APOE ε4 allele but not with multiple other previously reported risk factors for AD. Elevated amyloid was associated with lower test performance results and increased reports of subtle recent declines in daily cognitive function. These results support the hypothesis that elevated amyloid represents an early stage in the Alzheimer's continuum. Blood Metabolites as a Marker of Frailty https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/04/blood-metabolites-as-a-marker-of-frailty/ Frailty in older people is usually diagnosed in a sympt...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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