Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Raise Post-Op Heart Risk

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a condition in which the soft tissues of the throat relax and narrow the airways during sleep, may raise the risk of developing heart problems after surgery, according toresearch published this week inJAMA. In OSA, breathing stops and starts multiple times during sleep, resulting in snoring, gasping for air, poor sleep quality, morning headaches, daytime fatigue, irritability, and difficulty concentrating.The study, led by Matthew T. V. Chan, Ph.D., M.B.B.S., of the Chinese University of Hong Kong included 1,218 patients aged 45 years or older who had abdominal, vascular, or major orthopedic surgeries and were at risk for post-surgery heart-related complications. The patients underwent sleep studies at home or in the hospital the night before their procedures.Although none of the patients had been diagnosed with OSA previously, the sleep studies revealed that 67.6% of them had the condition. Among all patients, 11.2% had a severe form of OSA in which their breathing stopped and started at least 30 times during the night.In the 30 days after their surgeries, 21.7% of the participants with OSA developed heart and blood vessel complications, such as injury to their heart muscles, congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation (an irregular, fluttering heartbeat), and thromboembolism (clots that block blood vessels). Only 14.2% of those without OSA developed these complications. This represents a 50% greater risk in people with OSA, regardless of the...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: anesthesia cardiovascular disease heart problems JAMA Matthew Chan obstructive sleep apnea OSA sleep problems surgery Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: October 2020Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 130Author(s): Yafeng Wang, Delong Duo, Yingjun Yan, Rongyue He, Xinan Wu
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: De Giorgi A, Fabbian F, Di Simone E, Greco S, De Giorgio R, Zuliani G, Passaro A, Caselli E, Manfredini R, OUTCOME-INTMED-COV19 Study Collaborators Abstract OBJECTIVE: At the end of 2019, the Novel Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), spread rapidly from China to the whole world. Circadian rhythms can play crucial role in the complex interplay between viruses and organisms, and temporized schedules (chronotherapy) have been positively tested in several medical diseases. We aimed to compare the possible effects of a morning vs. evening antiviral administration in COVID patients. ...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that TPPU effectively lowers L-NAME-induced hypertension in rats. The mechanism of its antihypertensive effect is likely mediated by the suppression of ACE gene and protein expression, leading to a lower Ang II level. PMID: 32767352 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Chen GF, Cheng YR, Ye L, Wang MW, Zhou MY, Zhang F, Chen J, Feng ZH Abstract OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization reported a cluster of cases of pneumonia of unknown cause detected on December 31, 2019 in China. Unfortunately, a 34-year-old Italian nurse has committed suicide after testing positive for coronavirus. It was the second case of suicide by a nurse in an Italian hospital and occurred only a few days after the first suicide. These consecutive suicides have aroused concern, and it is necessary to investigate the psychological issues of the medical staff in Italy regarding the COVID-19. PMI...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) and β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) combined with chronic heart failure and its relationship with cardiac function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 100 cases of infants diagnosed with CHD combined with chronic heart failure in our hospital from July 2015 to July 2018 were selected as the experimental group, and 80 cases of healthy subjects underwent health examination in our hospital during the same period were selected as the control group. The levels of serum GDF-15 and ...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 August 2020Source: Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)Author(s): Manuel Anguita Sánchez, Juan Luis Bonilla Palomas, María García Márquez, José Luis Bernal Sobrino, Cristina Fernández Pérez, Francisco Javier Elola Somoza
Source: Revista Espanola de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Hirayama T, Morioka H, Fujiwara H, Iwamoto K, Kiyozuka T, Takeo H, Ikeda K, Kano O Abstract The frequency and risk of embolism by Lambl's excrescences (LEs) remain unclear. We herein report an autopsy case of LEs that caused cardioembolic stroke. A 74-year-old man with colon cancer was hospitalized for ischemic stroke. His D-dimer levels were elevated. Thus, a diagnosis of ischemic stroke with Trousseau syndrome was made. At the autopsy, we found LEs in the aortic valves and thromboembolism of the brain blood vessels. This finding demonstrated that fibrin clots had adhered to the LEs because of coagulation...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Yashima S, Takaoka H, Iwahana T, Takahashi M, Kondo Y, Ueda H, Saito A, Ito Y, Motomura N, Hiruta N, Ikeda JI, Matsumiya G, Kobayashi Y Abstract We treated a man with co-incident Marfan-like connective tissue disease with morphologic left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC). He underwent valve-sparing aortic root replacement because of aortic root dilation at 43 years old. Pathological findings of the aorta revealed cystic medio-necrosis, consistent with Marfan syndrome. He developed congestive heart failure caused by LVNC at 47 years old. His daughter had scoliosis, and he had several physical characteristi...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Lembo F, Cecchino LR, Parisi D, Portincasa A Abstract Radical ablative surgery is the gold standard treatment of head skin cancer. The authors expose their experience with a new artificial dermis (Pelnac®), analyzing retrospectively the overall morbidity and aesthetic outcomes. 16 consecutive patients underwent two surgical procedures under local anesthesia. The first involved the tumor removal and application of the ADM. In the second, the exposed tissue was covered with a split-thickness skin graft. On follow-up (6 months), tumor recurrences, quality of scars (using the Vancouver Scar Scale), and pat...
Source: Dermatology Research and Practice - Category: Dermatology Tags: Dermatol Res Pract Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2020Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): Viyayanand Nadella
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
More News: Anesthesia | Anesthesiology | Atrial Fibrillation | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery | China Health | Congestive Heart Failure | Headache | Health Management | Heart | Heart Failure | Hong Kong Health | Hospitals | Hypertension | Obstructive Sleep Apnea | Orthopaedics | Psychiatry | Sleep Apnea | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine | Snoring | Statistics | Study | Thrombosis