A Mysterious, Paralyzing Illness in Kids Is Worrying U.S. Health Officials: New Report

(NEW YORK) — One morning last fall, 4-year-old Joey Wilcox woke up with the left side of his face drooping. It was the first sign of an unfolding nightmare. Three days later, Joey was in a hospital intensive care unit, unable to move his arms or legs or sit up. Spinal taps and other tests failed to find a cause. Doctors worried he was about to lose the ability to breathe. “It’s devastating,” said his father, Jeremy Wilcox, of Herndon, Virginia. “Your healthy child can catch a cold — and then become paralyzed.” Joey, who survived but still suffers some of the effects, was one of 228 confirmed victims in the U.S. last year of acute flaccid myelitis, or AFM, a rare, mysterious and sometimes deadly paralyzing illness that seems to ebb and flow on an every-other-year cycle and is beginning to alarm public health officials because it is striking more and more children. Dr. Anthony Fauci, head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said it may bear similarities to polio, which smoldered among humans for centuries before it exploded into fearsome epidemics in the 19th and 20th centuries. Fauci, who published a report about the disease Tuesday in the journal mBio, said it is unlikely AFM will become as bad as polio, which struck tens of thousands of U.S. children annually before a vaccine became available in the 1950s. But he warned: “Don’t assume that it’s going to stay at a couple of hundred cases ev...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized illness medical onetime Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 14 October 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Ramiro Lizano Santamaria, Aamir Jeewa, Ari Cedars, Holger Buchholz, Jennifer ConwayAbstractThe use of ventricular assist device (VAD) support continues to increase and it is now considered part of the standard of care for most adult and children with end stage heart failure unresponsive to medical management. However, the application of VAD therapy in both the pediatric and adult population with congenital heart disease (CHD) has been less extensive and continues to face significant challenges. Nevertheless, the experience is...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 October 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Adam P. Deveau, Robert Sheldon, Connor Maxey, Deborah Ritchie, Steve Doucette, Ratika ParkashAbstractBackgroundVasovagal syncope occurs in>40% of individuals at least once in their lifetime. Sex-dependent differences in presentation and outcomes are not understood. We sought to determine differences in clinical presentation, treatment modalities and outcomes of vasovagal syncope between men and women.MethodsData was collected as part of the Prevention of Syncope Trials (POST) I and II, two multicenter, placebo-controlled, ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Fistarol F, De Stavola L, Fincato A, Bressan E Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the anatomical characteristics of the posterior region of the mandible and their surgical relevance related to bone harvesting procedures. Fifty retromolar cone beam computed tomography scans were analyzed considering the donor site anatomies. For each site, linear measurements were taken of cross-sectional scans to record perpendicular distances between the mandibular canal (MC) and the vestibular and crestal bone walls. Data showed that the distance from the MC to the vestibular bone wall is lower in the ramus ar...
Source: International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Tags: Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent Source Type: research
ConclusionMTV and TLG reflecting the metabolic tumor burden can predict OS in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma.ResumenObjetivoEl presente estudio evalúa el valor pronóstico de los parámetros metabólicos relacionados con el tumor primario en el 18F-FDG PET/TC pretratamiento en pacientes con adenocarcinoma pulmonar en fase avanzada.Materiales y métodosEste estudio retrospectivo incluyó 258 pacientes con adenocarcinoma pulmonar en fase avanzada a los que se les realizó un escáner PET/TC del pretratamiento y para quienes estaba disponible el receptor del factor ...
Source: Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
In conclusion, compared with placebo, Brazilian propolis supplementation did not influence the risk of atopic sensitization in infants and neither did it improve nor worsen nonspecific symptoms in either mothers or their infants. PMID: 31611924 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): B. Ramanjaneyulu, N. Venkatachalapathi, G. PrasanthiAbstractIn this research paper explores about biodegradable polymers such as Poly lactic acid (PLA), Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) and Tapioca cassava starch powder (TCSP) and their blends prepared using conventional method. The prepared bio degradable polymer blends are analyzed with the help of Universal testing machine (UTM-3969), scanning electron microscopy (SEM).On the weight basis PLA, ABS, and TCSP are transferred into binary and ternary blends such as PLA, ABS...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): A. Gowtham, G. Chaitanya, Jitendra Kumar Katiyar, Aayush Chandak, T.V.K. GuptaAbstractLaser cladding is an emerging technology for depositing coating material over the substrate with less dilution (
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
This study demonstrates a simple strategy to produce lightweight porous 3D CS/GO composite foams with biocompatibility, electrical conductivity, and decent mechanical and viscoelastic properties regulated by the composition. These foams are promising materials applicable in biomedical and environmental engineering and electrical devices.Graphical abstract
Source: Carbon - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 October 2019Source: Cell Reports, Volume 29, Issue 3Author(s): Juan-Vicente Bou, Ron Geller, Rafael SanjuánSummarySome viruses are released from cells as pools of membrane-associated virions. By increasing the multiplicity of infection (MOI), this type of collective dispersal could favor viral cooperation, but also the emergence of cheater-like viruses such as defective interfering particles. To better understand this process, we examined the genetic diversity of membrane-associated coxsackievirus infectious units. We find that infected cells release membranous structures (including vesicles) th...
Source: Cell Reports - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Food Quality and PreferenceAuthor(s): Aida T. Ardebili, Kyrre RickertsenAbstractSeveral studies have investigated the associations between personality traits and consumer behavior, but little attention has been paid to the role of personality traits in the acceptance of genetically modified (GM) food products or knowledge concerning the application of GM technologies. We used a large Norwegian survey to investigate the associations between personality traits, knowledge about GM use in agriculture, attitudes, and willingness to pay (WTP) to avoid GM foods. Using a ra...
Source: Food Quality and Preference - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
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