Remote transplantation of human adipose-derived stem cells induces regression of cardiac hypertrophy by regulating the macrophage polarization in spontaneously hypertensive rats

Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: Redox BiologyAuthor(s): Tsung-Ming Lee, Horng-Jyh Harn, Tzyy-Wen Chiou, Ming-Hsi Chuang, Chun-Hung Chen, Chi-Hsuan Chuang, Po-Cheng Lin, Shinn-Zong LinAbstractLeft ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertension has prognostic significance on cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Recently, we have shown that n-butylidenephthalide (BP) improves human adipose-derived stem cell (hADSC) engraftment via attenuated reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. This prompted us to investigate whether remote transplantation of BP-pretreated hADSCs confers attenuated LVH at an established phase of hypertension. Male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) aged 12 weeks were randomly allocated to receive right hamstring injection of vehicle, clinical-grade hADSCs, and BP-preconditioned hADSCs for 8 weeks. As compared with untreated SHRs, naïve hADSCs decreased the ratio of LV weight to tibia, cardiomyocyte cell size, and collagen deposition independent of hemodynamic changes. These changes were accompanied by attenuated myocardial ROS production and increased p-STAT3 levels. Compared with naïve hADSCs, BP-preconditioned hADSCs provided a further decrease of ROS and LVH and an increase of local hADSC engraftment, STAT3 phosphorylation, STAT3 activity, STAT3 nuclear translocation, myocardial IL-10 levels, and the percentage of M2 macrophage infiltration. SIN-1 or S3I-201 reversed the effects of BP-preconditioned ADSCs increase ...
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion Myocardial energy metabolism is a complex process, which consists of a network of biochemical reactions and pathways. The initial stage is energy substrate utilization due to its uptake and metabolism as well as following participation of intermediates in TCA cycle. Then mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation enables generation of ATP molecules, and finally, the creatine kinase system transports ATP from mitochondria to the sarcomeres. In the light of the foregoing evidence, metabolism of the heart subjected to pressure overload may be disturbed in all of this areas. In spite of differences among humans and an...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusion This paper summarizes the current findings regarding the anti-colitis activity of plant-derived alkaloids and shows how these alkaloids exhibit significant and beneficial effects in alleviating colonic inflammation. These natural alkaloids are not only promising agents for IBD treatment but are also components for developing new wonder drugs. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms or toxicological evaluation of most plant-derived alkaloids still require much scientific research, and their actual efficacies for IBD patients have not been verified well in field research. Thus, further clinical trials to elu...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 January 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Raphael José Ferreira Felizardo, Ingrid Kazue Mizuno Watanabe, Patrizia Dardi, Luciana Venturini Rossoni, Niels Olsen Saraiva CâmaraAbstractThe bacteria community living in the gut maintains a symbiotic relationship with the host and its unbalance has been associated with progression of a wide range of intestinal and extra intestinal conditions. Hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are closely associated diseases with high incidence rates all over the world. Increasing data have supported the involvement of gu...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In conclusion, the present study suggested that Rho kinase activated by PDGF-BB suppressed BMP-2-induced nuclear translocation of Smad1 via the MEK/mitogen-activated protein kinase and enhanced BMP-2-inhibited proliferation of PASMCs. PMID: 30603049 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
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