World Antibiotic Awareness Week

Professor Dame Sally Davies, England's Chief Medical Officer, recently warned that the world could face a  " post-antibiotic apocalypse.” She urged that, unless action is taken to halt the practices that have allowed antibiotic resistance to spread and ways are found to develop new types of antibiotics, we could return to the days when simple wounds, infections or routine operations, are life-threatening. To mark   World Antibiotic Awareness Week, 12th-18th November 2018,  we are highlighting Cochrane  evidence which supports decision-making in the appropriate use of antibiotics. Blog post:Antibiotic resistance - bacteria fighting back onEvidently Cochrane.  Blog post:Apocalypse now - antimicrobial resistance onEvidently Cochrane.  Blog post:Do the drugs work? Cochrane evidence on antibiotics in dentistry on theCochrane  Oral Health Blog.Blog post:  Why should I care about antibiotic resistance? onEvidently Cochrane.Press Release:Shared decision making and antibiotic use for acute respiratory  infections in primary care (read in Spanish).Improving antibiotic prescribing  in hospitalAntibiotics for preventing recurrent sore throatAntibiotics for sore throatTesting blood procalcitonin levels to decide when to start and stop antibiotics in adults with acute respiratory tract infections Biomarkers as point-of-care tests to guide antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections Antibioti...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

Related Links:

CONCLUSION: Prevalence of antibiotic use was high not only versus other hospitals in the region but globally including Africa, coupled with significant evidence of sub-optimal prescribing. Swift action is needed to improve future prescribing to reduce AMR. One or two areas should initially be targeted for quality improvement including development of local guidelines, documentation of antibiotic indications and/or stop/review dates. PMID: 33034234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Xyloglucan/gelose plus ORS was effective and safe in treating acute diarrhea in children. PMID: 33028102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Cirugía Española (English Edition)Author(s): Victoria Lucas-Guerrero, Mireia Pascua-Solé, José Luis Ramos Rodríguez, Anna Trinidad Borrás, Carlos González de Pedro, José María Jover Navalón, Pere Rebasa, Eduardo M. Targarona Soler, Xavier Serra-Aracil, on behalf of the Comisión Nacional de la Especialidad de Cirugía General y del Aparato Digestivo, de la Sección de Formación de la Asociación Española de Cirujanos
Source: Cirugia Espanola - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Source: European Journal of Sport Science - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Paola Bertoli, Veronica Grembi, Catalina Llaneza Hesse, Judit Vall Castelló
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The study ’s findings support the efficacy of tube weaning based on the published “Graz model of tube weaning” for children born with EA/TEF and indicate the necessity of specialized tube weaning programs for these patients.What is Known:• Children with esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula often suffer from feeding problems and tube dependency.• Different tube weaning programs and outcomes have been published, but not specifically for children with EA.What is New:• Evaluation of a large sample of children referred for tube weaning after EA repair.• Most children wi...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2020Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 75Author(s): Jian Zhang, Xiaohang Fu, Wenhui Li, He Li, Zhiwei Ying, Xinqi Liu, Liduan Yin
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): N. Morollón, R. Belvís, A. De Dios, N. Pagès, C. González-Oria, G. Latorre, S. Santos-Lasaosa
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Ebrahimi-Zadehlou P, Najafpour A, Mohammadi R Abstract PURPOSE: It is compulsory to make a tension-free, end-to-end repair in transected injuries. However, when it comes to longer defects, placement of an autograft or nerve conduits is required. The present study was designed to assess regenerative potential of silymarin nanoparticles loaded into chitosan conduit on peripheral nerve regeneration in a transected sciatic nerve model in rat. METHODS: In NML group left sciatic nerve was exposed through a gluteal muscle incision and after careful hemostasis skin was closed. In TSC group left sciatic nerve w...
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
More News: Antimicrobial Resistance | Blogging | Bronchiolitis | Children | Cough | Dentistry | Episiotomy | Gastroschisis Repair | Group A Streptococcus | Information Technology | Kidney Transplant | Kidney Transplantation | Men | Meningitis | Operative Vaginal Delivery | Otitis | Otitis Media | Pneumonia | Respiratory Medicine | Spain Health | Transplant Surgery | Transplants | Urology & Nephrology | Women