Sex-specific risk factors for cardiovascular disease in women-making cardiovascular disease real

Purpose of review Sex-specific differences in pathophysiology, prevalence, and impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors may explain the high cardiovascular mortality rates in women. Recent findings We review the sex differences in traditional risk factors (dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, and smoking) and nontraditional risk factors (menopause and hormones, pregnancy, inflammation and autoimmune diseases, anemia, depression, and migraines) and their prognostic and therapeutic implications. Summary Recent research indicates that with respect to traditional risk factors such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, and smoking, women appear to have a similar risk of CVD when compared to men. The risk is accelerated after menopause, possibly because of vascular and lipid profile changes. Pregnancy offers a unique opportunity and window to screen otherwise healthy women who may be at an increased risk of CVD in the future. Clinicians should be aware of other novel risk factors including inflammation, anemia, migraines, and depression, and further studies are warranted in order to identify therapeutic implications for these conditions and CVD risk.
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: PREVENTION: Edited by Andrew Pipe Source Type: research

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Source: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: REGIONAL ANESTHESIA AND ACUTE PAIN: DARING DISCOURSE Source Type: research
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Grants to support educational activities that complement and/or enhance the training of a workforce to meet the nation ’s biomedical, behavioral and clinical research needs. Institutions are encouraged to diversify their student and faculty populations to enhance the participation of individuals from groups identified as underrepresented in the biomedical, clinical, behavioral and social sciences. Geographic cover age: Nationwide -- National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Source: Funding opportunities via the Rural Health Information Hub - Category: American Health Source Type: funding
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