Occult Hepatitis B and Other Unexplored Risk Factors for Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Latin America.
In conclusion, OBI and other causes involved in the epidemiology of HCC in Latin America are unexplored risk factors. Genome-based research is required to decipher the role of gene-environmental interactions associated with chronic liver disease. Novel algorithms to detect OBI supported by basic/applied/clinical research are also needed. PMID: 29894289 [PubMed - in process]
This article overviews studies on epidemiology and impact of gastroparesis in the setting of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, with a view to estimating the possible burden of gastrointestinal dysfunction in PPDM. Further, the usefulness of quantifying gastrointestinal dysmotility is discussed. The gastroparesis cardinal symptom index has emerged as a standardised gastrointestinal dysmotility endpoint and its use in individuals after pancreatitis is justified. PMID: 29914234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: The intention and motivation to alcohol dependence treatment seem to be high at the beginning of the treatment, but recognition of the alcohol problems were low in highly dependent patients. Marital status was connected with an increased active component for readiness to change. The passive component (decreasing the ambivalence) was observed in the unmarried patients. PMID: 29919989 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Comment on "The influence of palatable high-energy diet in diet-induced obesity pregnant rats on offspring oxidative stress in liver". Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2018 Jun;22(11):3275-3276 Authors: Brunelli V, Perillo P, Milione S PMID: 29917218 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Our results, albeit preliminary, suggest that a curcumin-phospholipid formulation (Meriva®), administered as Norflo® tablets, may be feasible in the improvement of visual acuity and reduction of macular edema in patients with diabetic retinopathy. PMID: 29917217 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Chen Y, Men K, Li XF, Li J, Liu M, Fan ZQ Abstract OBJECTIVE: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are a new class of oral antidiabetic agents for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. However, the effects and safety of DPP-4 inhibitors in T2DM patients with renal impairment (RI) remain controversial. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of DPP-4 inhibitors in T2DM patients with moderate to severe RI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science database were searched for published randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which compared DPP-...
CONCLUSIONS: Children with type 1 diabetes mellitus can experience difficulties in cognitive functioning, as a consequence of high HbA1c. Additional research, involving a larger group of patients and a wider age range when the disease was diagnosed, will enable further findings on the occurrence of cognitive impairment in T1DM. PMID: 29917198 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: miR-1266 could inhibit cell proliferation and progression of papillary thyroid carcinoma via targeting FGFR2. Our findings might provide a new target for the diagnosis and treatment of papillary thyroid carcinoma. PMID: 29917195 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: ZFAS1 was overexpressed in NPC and was significantly related to tumor size, lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis of NPC. ZFAS1 could promote NPC by activating Wnt/β-catenin pathway. PMID: 29917194 [PubMed - in process]
Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma is the third most frequent cause of cancer death worldwide, particularly in Asia and Africa. Most cases complicate an underlying liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis B or C chronic virus infection or alcoholic abuse. But, following the current epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes, it appears that these diseases, associated in metabolic syndrome, are responsible for non alcoholic fatty liver disease at risk of HCC frequently before the stage of cirrhosis. Recent hypotheses consider that in the near future, cancer deaths due to HCC will overpass in USA those due to breast or colorec...
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