Re-emerging Lassa fever outbreaks in Nigeria: Re-enforcing “One Health” community surveillance and emergency response practice

This study assesses the current trends in re-emerging La ssa fever outbreak in understanding spatio-geographical reservoir(s), risk factors pattern and Lassa virus incidence mapping, inherent gaps and raising challenges in health systems. It is shown that Lassa fever peak endemicity incidence and prevalence overlap the dry season (within January to March) and reduced during the wet season (of May to November) annually in Sierra Leone, Senegal to Eastern Nigeria. We documented a scarcity of consistent data on rodent (reservoirs)-linked Lassa fever outbreak, weak culturally and socio-behavioural effective prevention and control measures integration, w eak or limited community knowledge and awareness to inadequate preparedness capacity and access to affordable case management in affected countries. Hence, robust sub/regional leadership commitment and investment in Lassa fever is urgently needed in building integrated and effective community “One Health” surveillance and rapid response approach practice coupled with pest management and phytosanitation measures against Lassa fever epidemic. This offers new opportunities in understanding human-animal interactions in strengthening Lassa fever outbreak early detection and surveillance, warnin g alerts and rapid response implementation in vulnerable settings. Leveraging on Africa CDC centre, advances in cloud-sourcing and social media tools and solutions is core in developing and integrating evidence-based and timely risk ...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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This study assessed whether the endemic status of this disease was stable or instable, which is important for disease control efforts. For this aim, 4115 sheep blood samples were collected from 81 cities in the seven geographical regions of Turkey. The diagnosis of Babesia ovis was made using microscopic and serological techniques. Thin blood smears were prepared from anticoagulated venous blood. Serum samples were screened for specific antibodies using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). Recombinant Babesia ovis secreted antigen 1 (rBoSA1) was used in the ELISA. The ...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Rebecca Peters, Mario StevensonAbstractZika virus (ZIKV) captured mass public attention in 2014–16 due to its potentially devastating teratogenic effects in unborn babies. Although recent years show a decline in disease activity as ZIKV settles into endemic New World cycles, the significant challenges that originally complicated its diagnosis remain, and linkages to foetal microcephaly make safe, accurate, and timely detection especially important. The present chapter seeks to define current direct and indirect immunological d...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
January 21, 2020As the number of new HIV infectionsrises in South Sudan and the country struggles to provide high-quality health care during an ongoing civil war,IntraHealth International is partnering with the Ministry of Health and health workers to make better care available to more people.In 2018, only 24% of people living with HIV in South Sudan knew their status and only 16% of people living with HIV were on treatment,according to UNAIDS. The epidemic is concentrated among certain groups that face barriers to health care and higher risks of infection, especially female sex workers, orphans, and vulnerable children. T...
Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: South Sudan HIV & AIDS Community Engagement Digital Health Human Resources Management Health in Conflict Social Services Source Type: news
The new virus has killed six and infected nearly 300 people in China, with confirmed cases in Taiwan, Thailand, Japan and South Korea. An expert says it can be transmitted by humans.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Epidemics World Health Organization Australia China Wuhan (China) SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) Respiratory Diseases Source Type: news
Colorized scanning electron micrograph of MERS virus particles (yellow) both budding and attached to the surface of infected VERO E6 cells (blue). Credit: NIAIDBy Ifeanyi NsoforABUJA, Jan 21 2020 (IPS) The coronavirus outbreak — which began in Wuhan, China, and causes a pneumonia-like illness — is raging across Asia, infecting close to 300 people and killing four. It was initially known to be transmitted from animals to human, and was just confirmed to be transmitted from human to human. The rapid nature of its origin and speed in transmission reminds us that national security is threatened when ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Global Headlines Health Source Type: news
Australian and the U.S. are now screening passengers that have flown in from Wuhan, as the death toll from the coronavirus outbreak in China rose to six.
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
The coronavirus outbreak, which has killed 6, began at a seafood and live animal market in Wuhan. It can spread among humans, officials confirm.
Source: Los Angeles Times - Science - Category: Science Authors: Source Type: news
There have been more than 300 confirmed cases of the flu-like coronavirus, which can be transmitted person-to-person.
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Doctors in China now say the coronavirus can be transmitted from person to person as the illness ’ death toll rises to six victims. Taiwan has reported its first sign of the disease: a woman who had visited Wuhan, where officials designated nine hospitals as treatment centers in an effort to contain the deadly virus. Ramy Inocencio reports from Wuhan, where scientists are trying to figure out how to contain the outbreak.
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Travelers from China will now have to undergo enhanced screening at three major U.S. airports for symptoms of a new coronavirus that has caused an outbreak of pneumonia in China
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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